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Seminar Paper on Child Sexual Abuse


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Seminar paper on Child Sexual Abuse. 2nd Year practical exam of Integrated Social Work Practice, BASW

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Seminar Paper on Child Sexual Abuse

  1. 1. 2071 – 07 – 24 – MONDAY PREPARED BY : SANTOSHI PANDEY MAMATA DHAKAL RAJEEV MAHARJAN Seminar Paper on Child Sexual Abuse
  2. 2. Part 1 Introduction
  3. 3. “Child sexual abuse is the involvement of a child in sexual activity that he or she does not fully comprehend, is unable to give informed consent to, or for which the child is not developmentally prepared and cannot give consent, or that violates the laws or social taboos of society.
  4. 4. Statement of Problem more than 70% of abusers are immediate family members or someone very close to the family 30% of all perpetrators of sexual abuse are related to their victim 60% of the perpetrators are family acquaintances, like a neighbor, babysitter or friend 10% of the perpetrators in child sexual abuse cases are strangers
  5. 5. Sexual assault: adult touches a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification Sexual exploitation: adult victimizes a minor for advancement, sexual gratification Sexual grooming: social conduct of a potential child sex offender who seeks to make a minor more accepting of their advances
  6. 6. Magnitude of Problem local print media reports for the year 2012/13 indicates that defilement is the highest form of abuse leading with 23%. Over 50% of the reported cases are of children between the ages 0-10 years. The abuser is usually someone known to the children such as parents, grandparents, neighbors, caretakers, close relatives, family friends, teachers, religious leaders, etc... Often parents do not understand the seriousness of Child Sexual Abuse and are reluctant in helping the child. Most abuse is ongoing and involves more than one incident. Children in difficult circumstances such as children with disabilities, children living on the streets, children in conflict situations are particularly vulnerable and at higher risk of being abused.
  7. 7. Causes and Effects Cause Poverty Lack of education Mental and physical ill health Effect Psychological effects – ADHD , ODD , OCD Physical effects – Injury Biological effects – HIV and Sexual diseases
  8. 8. History The first published work dedicated specifically to child sexual abuse appeared in France in 1857 The first national estimate of the number of child sexual abuse cases was published in 1948 Child sexual abuse became a public issue in the 1970s and 1980s In 1986, Congress passed the Child Abuse Victims Rights Act giving children a civil claim in sexual abuse cases The number of laws created in the 1980s and 1990s began to create greater prosecution and detection of child sexual abusers
  9. 9. During the 1970s a large transition began in the legislature related to child sexual abuse Megan’s Law which was enacted in 2004 gives the public access to knowledge of sex offenders nationwide "By the early 21st century, the issue of child sexual abuse has become a legitimate focus of professional attention The global prevalence of child sexual abuse has been estimated at 19.7% for females and 7.9% for males, according to a 2009 study published in Clinical Psychology
  10. 10. Most child sexual abuse is committed by men; studies show that women commit 14% to 40% of offenses reported against boys and 6% of offenses reported against girls
  11. 11. Case Study An Orphan’s Success 12 year old Ayoushma Lama (name change) was an orphan with memory of her parents. Her uncle admitted her to Gokarna School in Kathmandu. She was well-mannered, studying grade 4, and an excellent student. One day a boy from the orphanage abused her. After that day, she had worried and fears in her eyes constantly. She entered Antardristi on June 9, 2008 and immediately received counseling. She had great success, and soon smiles were once against her face. She was coping very well with her trauma and in a follow up session after leaving Antardristi, her principle told us that she had improved and was once against interested in her studies and appeared to be living as she was before.
  12. 12. Laws and polices The Interim Constitution of Nepal, in force since 2007, contains extensive rights provisions that apply regardless of age, but also a number that specifically address the rights of children: Art. 8(3): Any child in the territory with unknown parents is considered a citizen until his or her father or mother can be traced. Art. 22(1): Children have the right to an identity and a name. Art. 22(2): Children have the right to be nurtured, to basic health and to social security. Art. 22(3): Children have the right to be free from physical, mental and any other form of exploitation. Art. 35(9): The Government should provide social security to vulnerable groups including children.
  13. 13. Effort Made The Role of the Family: The Role of the Teacher: The Role of NGO’s: The Role of Probation and Welfare Officers: The Role of the Police:
  14. 14. Part 2 Interview
  15. 15. Interview with Expert Interview with NGO official Interview with media person Interview with government official
  16. 16. Interview with Expert Name: Nirajan Thapaliya Working Organization: TRIAL Designation: Human Rights Adviser What are the role of NGO’s, INGO’s and Government to control Child Sexual Abuse? What are the challenges? What do you think the possible improvement that should be in this field?
  17. 17. Interview with NGO official Name: Vinita Adhikari Name of the organization: Antardristi Designation: Psychologist/Director What are the challenges and opportunities faces by NGO while working in the field? What is the contribution of NGO to make law in this particular issue? What suggestion do you like to give to the people who want to come in this field?
  18. 18. Interview with media person Name: Janak Thapaliya Name of the organization: Rajdhani Dainik Designation: Senior editor How media is portraying the issue of child sexual abuse? How did media aware the issue of child sexual abuse? How the media maintain the confidentially of the victims?
  19. 19. Interview with Government Official Name: Dubi Maya Lama Name of the organization: Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare Designation: Inspector What are the strategies of government to minimize child sexual abuse? How is government monitoring NGO and INGO’s working with child sexual abuse? Why public are unsatisfied with the work done by the government?
  20. 20. Part 3 Strategy
  21. 21. Vision - To create a society where child rights are protected, basic needs are fulfilled, respect their dignity, and protect from violence from individual, family to nation. Goal - Child sexual abuse is openly discussed / expressed to minimized Child sexual abuse in Nepal. Objectives 1. To provide awareness about child sexual abuse. 2. To make strict rule and regulation to be implement by the government. 3. To develop the protection home for the victims.
  22. 22. Strategy No. 1 Empowering children through skills development training. Activities Target Population Level Objectives Expected Outcomes Indicators Of Success 1. Vocational training on cooking and tailoring. Children victims of child sexual abuse. Mezzo To enable or uplift the status of children. Children became self dependent. Getting employment opportunity in restaurant. 2. Life skills training like driving, computer training, etc. Children Mezzo To enhance the status of children. To engaged in trained activity. Children use computer.
  23. 23. Strategy No.2 Conducting awareness program through education. Activities Target Population Level Objectives Expected Outcomes Indicators Of Success 1. To include child sexual abuse course as a subject matter in textbook. All the students. Mezzo To aware the children about child sexual abuse. Knowledge gained by the children shared to others in future. Children aware other about child sexual abuse. 2. Developing the apps through which the child sexual abuse issues are recorded and minimized. Children Micro To know the factual data of child sexual abuse. It helps in planning and implementation. Numbers of cases are registered by children through apps.
  24. 24. Strategy No. 3 rehabilitation and re-integrate children to their families. Activities Target Population Level Objectives Expected Outcomes Indicators Of Success 1. Establishing protection home for the victims. Victims of child sexual abuse. Mezzo To prevent them from crisis level. The child is engage in some skillful activities. The victims is back to her/his normal life and activities. 2. Community awareness programs in presence of victims. All the people of community. Mezzo Re-integrate the victim in society. Involvement of victims in community works/festivals. Victims engaging his/her daily life.
  25. 25. Strategy No.4 Pressuring the government for policy refining through change in policy. Activities Target Population Level Objectives Expected Outcomes Indicators Of Success 1. Policy change Government stakeholder Macro To ensure the right of children. Justice to the victims and punishment to abuser. Victims and citizen are satisfied with justice system. 2. Proper documentation of the cases and success stories. All the people/ government. Macro To improve the existing laws and policy. Policies are changed and practiced by all the people. Implementation of policies.
  26. 26. Conclusion
  27. 27. Thank you “Let’s work together to protect the child”