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Bipolar disorder


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Bipolar disorder

  1. 1. Bipolar Disorder
  2. 2. Definition <ul><li>“ Pediatric Bipolar disorder (PBD), previously known as manic depression, is a mood disorder associated with recurrent episodes of mania and depression marked by extreme changes in mood, energy, and behavior in children. The cycles may be continuous and the mania and depression may overlap in time.” </li></ul>( Nielsen, Brief Reference of Students Disabilities, pg. 74
  3. 3. Definition #2 “MOOD SWINGS” <ul><li>“ Bipolar disorder is a condition in which people go back and forth between periods of a very good or irritable mood and depression. The &quot;mood swings&quot; between mania and depression can be very quick.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics <ul><li>There are two categories of characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>-Manic </li></ul><ul><li>-Depressive </li></ul>
  5. 5. Manic Characteristics <ul><li>- Need for sleep (can go for days without tiring) </li></ul><ul><li>Attention (moves constantly) </li></ul><ul><li>Regard of risk </li></ul>DECREASE <ul><li>Severe changes in mood </li></ul><ul><li>-(either extremely irritable or overly silly and elated) </li></ul><ul><li>- Energy </li></ul><ul><li>- Talking (too much or too fast) </li></ul><ul><li>- Changing topics </li></ul><ul><li>- Inflated Self-Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Hypersexuality </li></ul><ul><li>-(sexual thoughts, feelings, or behaviors) </li></ul><ul><li>Goal-directed activity or physical agitation </li></ul>INCREASE
  6. 6. Depressive Characteristics <ul><li>Persistent sad or irritable mood </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed </li></ul><ul><li>Significant change in appetite or body weight </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Physical agitation or slowing </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty concentrating </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide </li></ul>
  7. 7. Strategies for Educators <ul><li>If student is on medication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-continuing communication with parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-all personnel who are in charged of student’s medication should be listed on the permission form. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-have a list of times that student takes their medication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-teacher is to make certain that the student leaves to take medicine. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-be aware of medication side effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-have a signal with student so they know when to leave to take their medication </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Be Aware of Side Effects of Medication <ul><li>There are many side effects of medication </li></ul><ul><li>-Dehydration </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Student’s physician may want them to have a water bottle or juice with them at all times </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>- Gastrointestinal or Urologic </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allow student to leave the room at any time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have a prearranged signal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent hall pass </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>- Blurring of Vision </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce reading for student </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allow them to listen to recordings </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Tips for Teachers <ul><li>Create a daily check list for their students </li></ul><ul><li>Provide an handout for other faculty including </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Side effects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Needs of the student </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Read through the students IEP </li></ul>
  10. 10. Research Project <ul><li>Have all students participate in doing a research project on bipolar disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>- This could be done in areas of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>specific celebrity, music, entertainment, space, art, sports, television, and ratio, and more. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Refences &quot;Bipolar Disorder - PubMed Health.&quot; Bipolar Disorder. 29 Mar. 2011. Web. 30 July 2011. <>. Nielsen, Lee Brattland. &quot;Bipolar Disorder.&quot; Brief Reference of Student Disabilities --with Strategies for the Classroom. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin, 2009. 74-82. Print.