Wh cr cold war notes

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Wh cr cold war notes

  1. 1. What was the Cold War? Lasted after WWII until the 1990’s Period of tension between the Soviet Union and the United States
  2. 2. Goals Collide The United States    Self-determination  Nations choose their government Democracy  Elected governments preferred Capitalism  People own all financial resources, and give government money through taxes The Soviet Union    Security  Didn’t want to be invaded again Rebuild nation Communism  Community owned all financial resources
  3. 3. Spheres of Influence develop Impose ideals and values in the areas that their troops liberated Soviet UnionEastern Europe United StatesGermany, Italy, and France
  4. 4. The Iron Curtain  Satellite government’s emerge in Eastern Europe        Poland Czechoslovakia Hungary Romania Bulgaria Yugoslavia Albania
  5. 5. Containment- Keep Communism where it is at    Don’t let communism spread to new places that aren’t satellites Weaken communism Show that capitalism is better
  6. 6. Strengthen American Policy of Capitalism     We send aid (money) to help nations in trouble Truman Doctrine  400 million in aid to Turkey and Greece Marshall Plan  Aid to Europe Created NATO  Alliance between U.S. and Western Europe
  7. 7. China “falls” to Communism    Nationalist and Communist forces battle in a civil war for control over China Mao Tse-tung’s Communists win creating the People’s Republic of China China and USSR sign a treaty of friendship and alliance in 1950
  8. 8. Korean War  While disarming Japanese troops in Korea after WWII, the USSR stayed in North Korea, while the US stayed in South Korea
  9. 9. Nuclear Race Begins    U.S. has nuclear technology Displayed they would use it Soviet Union began to develop and test their own nuclear technology
  10. 10. 1962: Cuban Missile Crisis       October 1962- American U-2 spy plan secretly photographs nuclear missile sites being built by the Soviet Union in Cuba San Cristobal photo Decided to have a naval blockade of Cuba Called it a quarantine 22nd- held a tv news conference Soviet Union agrees  U.S. cannot invade Cuba

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