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  1. 1. My Wall Bogota DC Colombia Year 2012 Number 1 free publicationUrban Cultures: fashion or mode of expression? An urban tribe is a group of people that behaves according to the ideologies of a subculture that he/she originates and it is developed in the atmosphere of a city or urban helmet. According to the Encyclopedic Dictionary of Sociology the concept of Tribe is defined in the Following way: «Ethnic unit that is characterized by the same language and cultural, the collective conscience and the feeling of common ownership, as well as for the residence place in common or the emigration. For the tribe they are essential the common symbols, the stable traditions and the sale collective hegemónico.» Some critics and analysts say that the phenomenon of the urban tribes is not nothing else that the search of the youths for that identity so missed. When a youth joins to a society that possesses the same tendencies and thoughts that him, this you/he/she will be identified as much with the group as with her symbols. It is necessary to highlight that some tribes are more intolerant to a group of opposed tendencies than other, that which could take to the violence. The identity of each one of these tribes will vary according to its ideology and according to the same person, for example, while the skinheads is of violent tendencies, the hippies don’t compete against any group, because they are pacifist and there is not group some that is they entirely opposed. In 1985, French sociologist Michel Maffesoli coined the term urban tribe. It gained widespread use after the publication of his Le temps des tribus: le déclin de l’individualisme dans les sociétés postmodernes (1988). Eight years later, this book was published in the United Kingdom as The Time of the Tribes: The Decline of Individualism in Mass Society. According to Maffesoli, urban tribes are microgroups of people who share common interests in urban areas. The members of these relatively small groups tend to have similar worldviews, dress styles and behavioral patterns. Their social interactions are largely informal and emotionally laden, different from latecapitalism’s corporate-bourgeoisie cultures, based on dispassionate logic. Maffesoli claims that punks are a typical example of an“urban tribe”Five years after the first English translation of Le temps des tribus, writer Ethan Watters claims to have coined the same neologismin a New York Times Magazine article. This was later expanded upon the idea in his book Urban Tribes: A Generation RedefinesFriendship, Family, and Commitment. According to Watters, urban tribes are groups of never-marrieds between the ages of 25 and 45who gather in common-interest groups and enjoy an urban lifestyle, which offers an alternative to traditional family structures.. PAGE 2 URBAN TRIBES: TYPES AND CHARACTERISTIC Enter To:
  2. 2. HistoryEDITORIAL The proposal consists on creating a newspaper directed the students of the school CEIC citadel, this it will consist on emphasizing in the English language, by means of the handling of topics of interest for the students. The school counts with approximately 3.450 children students, the objective is to treat topics of interest, facilitating the access to public’s variety, that is to say that the newspaper is not alone read by the youths of the superior grades, but for educational and personal of the community that he/she sits down attraction for the topics tried in the newspaper. The topic of the tribes or urban subcultures, at the moment it is evident in the society; of course that a school would be a good sample inside this society to approach this topic; to be something stranger for many of people that surround to these groups, the idea it is to explain that they are the tribes or urban subcultures which with their ideals, expression forms, antecedents and development in the society; also starting from these practices as the rejection is generated toward the members of these groups, like in the schools, in some occasions, these they can be victims of the school bullying. These topics are treated in the English language, that is to say the use of the second language is implemented, worked in the school, to count the topics mentioned previously, this way it is generated in the students an interest for the practice of the language. The school Kamila Angelica Torres Roncancio is looking for to implement the English language, in all the subjects, that is to say that the students, use English in its day- to-dayness that in each subject the English language is used with the assiduity that Spanish is used; the educational of English demand their students to speak in all moment in English, and until carrying out their conversations using this language. they were carried out surveys to inclination and the blog, with the possibility that the students and readers of the newspaper can suggest that they would like to read in the same one. Handling will be made of one it paginates web in which the users rot to find the information of the project, the interviews that are carried out, the virtual newspaper and some activities of interest, they will also have groups of interest in the social nets as Twitter and Facebook. Through it paginates it web they were carried out surveys, to know that you fear that they interest the students, to treat them in the newspaper. This project had the support of an educational one of English of the school that knows the capacity of the students to learn the English language, besides the topics that could be of its interest. At the moment topics as the tribes or urban subcultures are very present in the society, and every time but young they are linked to these groups, without knowing the bottom topic that contains each one, exactly their characteristics, ideals, etc... in the schools we find the presence of these groups, which are discrimination main characters in some occasions; this as point of reference of the school bullying. On the other hand you practice them artistic that has each one of these groups to be expressed, what some would call vandalism, others would call art. in some editions they talked each other at the moment about topics of cultural interest, they will be sections “special”; also sections as “history”, in which you/they were topics through the history (according to the topic of the edition), “Belong” it will be the section in which a testimony will be included of who makes part of the treated topic, of a member of the community or who is bound to the topic; in the section “Leader” it was spoken of you lead them of the community and of their paper inside her. The intention of the newspaper is to be able to capture the attention of the readers that you/they will be the students and members of the community CEIC in this case. 2
  3. 3. History URBANTRIBES:TYPES AND CHARACTERTICAn urban tribe is a group of people thatbehaves according to the ideologies of a Identifying As with other subcultures, sexual subcultures adopted certain styles ofsubculture that they originates and it is subcultures fashion and gestures to distinguish themdeveloped in the atmosphere of a city or The study of subcultures often consists from the mainstream.urban helmet. of the study of symbolism attached Homosexuals expressed themselvesAccording to the Encyclopedic to clothing, music and other visible through the gay culture, consideredDictionary of Sociology the concept of affectations by members of subcultures, the largest sexual subculture of theTribe is defined in the Following way: and also the ways in which these same 20th century. With the ever increasing«Ethnic unit that is characterized by symbols are interpreted by members acceptance of homosexuality in the earlythe same language and cultural, the of the dominant culture. According to 21st century, including its expressionscollective conscience and the feeling Dick Hebdige, members of a subculture in fashion, music, and design, the gayof common ownership, as well as often signal their membership through culture can no longer be considered afor the residence place in common a distinctive and symbolic use of style, subculture in many parts of the world,or the emigration. For the tribe they which includes fashions, mannerisms, although some aspects of gay cultureare essential the common symbols, and argot. like leathermen, bears, and feeders arethe stable traditions and the powerful Subcultures can exist at all levels of considered subcultures within the gaycollective sale. organizations, highlighting the fact movement itself. The butch and femmeSome critics and analysts say that the that there are multiple cultures or value identities or roles among some lesbiansphenomenon of the urban tribes is combinations usually evident in any also engender their own subculture withnot nothing else that the search of the one organization that can complement stereotypical attire, for instance dragyouths for that identity so missed. When but also compete with the overall kings.A late 1980s development, thea youth joins to a society that possesses organisational culture. In some cases, queer movement can be considered athe same tendencies and thoughts that subcultures have been legislated subculture broadly encompassing thosehim, this will be identified as much against, and their activities regulated or that reject normativity in sexual behavior,with the group as with her symbols. curtailed. and who celebrate visibility and activism.It is necessary to highlight that some The wider movement coincided withtribes are more intolerant to a groupof opposed tendencies than other, that Sexual subcultures growing academic interests in queer Further information: Sexuality and studies and queer theory. Aspects ofwhich could take to the violence. gender identity-based cultures sexual subcultures can vary along otherThe identity of each one of these tribes The sexual revolution of the 1960s cultural lines. For instance, in the Unitedwill vary according to its ideology led to a countercultural rejection of States, the term down-low is used to referand according to the same person, for the established sexual and gender to African-American men who do notexample, while the skinheads is of norms, particularly in the urban areas identify themselves with the gay or queerviolent tendencies, the hippies don’t of Europe, North and South America, cultures, but who practice gay cruising,compete against any group, because Australia, and white South Africa. and adopt a specific hip-hop attire duringthey are pacifist and there is not group A more permissive social environment this activity. urban lifestyle, whichsome that is they entirely opposed. in these areas led to a proliferation of offers an alternative to traditional family sexual subcultures—cultural expressions structures. of non-normative sexuality. 3
  4. 4. SPECIAL Day on the last Sunday in February. between peoples, and the struggle forThe first national Women’s Day was peace. But still, women’s day must beobserved on 28 February 1909 in the Female members of the Australian celebrated as are other holidays.”United States following a declaration Builders Labourers Federation march From its official adoption in Russiaby the Socialist Party of America. In on International Women’s Day 1975 in following the Soviet Revolution in 1917August 1910, an International Women’s Sydney the holiday was predominantly celebratedConference was organized to precede the In 1913 Russian women observed their in communist and socialist countries. Itgeneral meeting of the Socialist Second first International Women’s Day on was celebrated by the communists in ChinaInternational in Copenhagen. Inspired in the last Sunday in February (by Julian from 1922, and by Spanish communistspart by the American socialists, German calendar then used in Russia). In 1917 from 1936.[5] After the founding of theSocialist Luise Zietz proposed the demonstrations marking International People’s Republic of China on Octoberestablishment of an annual ‘International Women’s Day in Saint Petersburg on the 1, 1949 the state council proclaimed onWoman’s Day’ (singular) and was last Sunday in February (which fell on 8 December 23 that March 8 would be madeseconded by Clara Zetkin, although no date March on the Gregorian calendar) initiated an official holiday with women in Chinawas specified at that conference.Delegates the February Revolution. given a half-day off.(100 women from 17 countries) agreed Following the October Revolution, the In the West, International Women’s Daywith the idea as a strategy to promote equal Bolshevik Alexandra Kollontai persuaded was first observed as a popular eventrights, including suffrage, for women.[4] Lenin to make it an official holiday in the after 1977 when the United NationsThe following year, on 18 March, 1911, Soviet Union, and it was established, but General Assembly invited member statesIWD was marked for the first time, by was a working day until 1965. On May 8, to proclaim March 8 as the UN Day forover a million people in Austria, Denmark, 1965 by the decree of the USSR Presidium women’s rights and world peace.Germany and Switzerland. In the Austro- of the Supreme Soviet International (source wikipedia)Hungarian Empire alone, there were Women’s Day was declared a non-working300 demonstrations.In Vienna, women day in the USSR “in commemoration ofparaded on the Ringstrasse and carried the outstanding merits of Soviet womenbanners honouring the martyrs of the Paris in communistic construction, in theCommune.Women demanded that women defense of their Fatherland during thebe given the right to vote and to hold Great Patriotic War, in their heroism andpublic office. They also protested against selflessness at the front and in the rear,employment sex discrimination. Americans and also marking the great contributioncontinued to celebrate National Women’s of women to strengthening friendship
  5. 5. SPECIALTHE WOMAN.... According to GABOIf it has not still gone the scalpel by yourskin,if you don’t have you implant of silicona insome part of your body,if the fats don’t generate you trauma, if youhave never suffered ofanorexy, if your stature doesn’t affect yourpersonal development,if when you go to the beach you prefer tohave a good time in the sea and notto be on a towel during hours, if youbelieve that thefidelity yes it is possible and you practiceit, if you know how youhe/she prepares a rice, if you can prepare acomplete lunch,if your priority is not to be blond to as ofplace, if not youyou get up a.m. at 4:00 o’clock to be ableto reach to make you the oneblower, if you can go out with sack of calm to a woman this way...... _ What a man is?sudadera to theremain silent one Sunday without a drop of That it feels proud of having it as partner.... _ A man will be an imperfect creature,make-up in the face... with many tricks, he will make traps, That he knows how to play it as a virtuous it will be important…, we go that he musician he plays itsYOU ARE IN ROAD OF will give you problems… But it will be lover instrument...EXTINCTION.... WELCOME! stronger and quicker than you and he will like to hunt and to kill things. He/she will That it fights to their side sharing all their have a simple aspect, but I eat you these lists, fromTHE SWEET FLAVOR OF AN complaining, I will create him in such a to wash plates and to assist tripones, untilEXQUISITE WOMAN way that satisfies your necessities. Neither returning him those it will be very clever and it will highlight massages and cares that she lavished himAn exquisite woman is not that that more in infantile things as to stick and to give have to kicks to a ball. He/she will always needtheir feet, if not that that has one alone that The truth, partners men, it is that the your advice to act sanely.her ago women in thatreally happy. Does _ Sound well _ Eva he/she said while of being ‘Very male’ they take us great he/she lifted the brow irónicamente._ journey...A beautiful woman is not the youngest, Which the trick is?neither the thinest, neither How silly we have been - and we are -the one that has the smoothest complexion when we value the one _Tendrías a condition. As it will beor the hair more arrogant and narcisista, you will make I only give for the vistosidad of theirattractive, it is that that with only a frank him believe that I made him first. He/she packing...and open remembers, it is our secreto…de woman tosmile and a good advice can be happy the woman. Silly and a thousand times fool the manlife. that eats mierda in the remain silent, having an exquisitímo dishA valuable woman is not that that has at home.holding, neithermore academic positions, it is that that - Gabriel García Marquez -sacrifices their dreamtemporarily to make happy to the other A HISTORY ABOUT EVA AND THEones. PARADISEAn exquisite woman is not the most In the paradise, one day Eva called to God:burning (although if methey ask to me, all the women are very _ Has a problem.burning... Thosethat we are outside of focus we are the _ Which the problem is Eva?_ I Knowmen) but the one that that you have created me that you havehe/she vibrates when only making love given me this beautiful garden, wonderfulwith the man that loves. animals and the snake with which die from laugh, but I am not completely happy…An interesting woman is not that that isflattered _ How that is Eva?when being admired by their beauty andelegance, he/she is that woman _ is alone and I am also fed up with eatingfirm of character that can say NR. apples.And a MAN........ An EXQUISITE MAN is _ Eva, in such a case, I have a solution. Ithat that values will create a man for you.
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  8. 8. LEADER