Chapter01 allen7e

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EDU 221 Children With Exceptionalities

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Chapter01 allen7e

  1. 1. Chapter 1 An Inclusive Approach to Early Education ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. Inclusion Defined • Inclusion means that children with special needs attend school with normally developing peers. • Inclusion is belonging, being valued, and having choices. • Inclusion is accepting children and families and encouraging their participation. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. Inclusion in Perspective • Forget and hide—children with disabilities were placed in institutions, and families were told to forget about them. • Screen and segregate—people with disabilities now had civil rights. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  4. 4. Inclusion in Perspective (continued) • Identify and help—children were now identified earlier, so treatment could begin earlier. • Include and support—Americans with Disabilities Act is passed and inclusion begins. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  5. 5. Rationale for Inclusive Early Education • Ethical issue—segregated classes for children with disabilities often do not have the materials, funding, and support of regular classrooms, making their education inadequate. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  6. 6. Rationale for Inclusive Early Education (continued) • Socialization issue—through inclusion equal social status is implied: – Children of varying abilities grow up together, and acceptance is mainstream. – Re-entry into the social norms is not necessary, because they are already a part of the norm. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  7. 7. Rationale for Inclusive Early Education (continued) • Developmental issues – Children with and without disabilities are provided lessons that enhance their level of development. – Children learn from each other. – Children model appropriate interactions with others. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. Rationale for Inclusive Early Education (continued) • Cost issue—cost is actually reduced, because existing program structures are already in place. – Segregating typical and atypical children actually costs more and is a duplication of services. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  9. 9. Supporting Inclusion: Implications for Teachers • Structuring child-child interactions – The teacher needs to focus her activities on encouraging play between children with and without activities. – After a period of imitating each other’s behaviors, children will begin to play together on their own. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  10. 10. Supporting Inclusion: Implications for Teachers (continued) • Planning classroom activities – Activity-based approach has the teacher develop lessons based on typical preschool activities and incorporate IFSP and IEP goals at the same time. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  11. 11. Supporting Inclusion: Implications for Teachers (continued) • Professional collaboration – Interdisciplinary teams are developed and must work together to meet the needs of the individual child. – Professionals share their strengths to improve the child’s educational outcomes. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  12. 12. Benefits of Inclusion • Benefits for children with disabilities – Gains are made in • social competence • social play • developmental domains • higher levels of play ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  13. 13. Benefits of Inclusion (continued) • Benefits for typically developing children – Developmental outcomes • These do not suffer; in fact, typically developing children continue to grow in skill development and benefit from the lower staff/child ratio. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  14. 14. Benefits of Inclusion (continued) • Peer tutoring – Children benefit from explaining what they know to someone else. – Explaining their knowledge to a peer makes it more special because they are helping a friend. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  15. 15. Benefits of Inclusion (continued) • Developing sensitivity – Understanding differences – Becoming aware of our strengths and weaknesses – Not being afraid to ask for help ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  16. 16. Benefits of Inclusion (continued) • Benefits for families – Parents’ attitudes become more positive over time as they see • their children become more accepting of differences • their children become more comfortable around all people ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  17. 17. Benefits of Inclusion (continued) • Benefits for society – As the children grow into adults, they are • more accepting of individual differences • more mature in their responses around others • able to respect others for what they can do ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  18. 18. Concerns and Challenges of Inclusion • Will special needs be served? – Parents and professionals often feel that they cannot meet the needs of the child. – Are specialized services going to be available? – If so much time is spent on children with disabilities, will the typical children feel shortchanged? ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  19. 19. Concerns and Challenges of Inclusion (continued) • Concerns about inappropriate behaviors – Normally developing children will begin to imitate inappropriate behaviors of children with disabilities. • This is unfounded and false. • Children will not imitate unusual or stereotypical behaviors. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  20. 20. Concerns and Challenges of Inclusion (continued) • Will special needs children be teased? – Not if given good role models who answer questions honestly and support friendships ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
  21. 21. Final Thoughts • Inclusion is the law. • There are more benefits than downfalls. • Society will be more accepting of all individuals. • Cost should not be a deterring factor. • Try it; you might like it. ©2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.

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