Fall Protection for Aerial Lifts

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This presentation covers when aerial lifts should be used, common misuses and ways to address those misuse issues.

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  • LJB provides engineering, architectural and safety consulting services to many public and private clients. The divisions I represent focuses on safety and specifically, fall protection. In some ways, it is easier to explain what LJB does not do versus what we do. We do not sell equipment. Although equipment is a very important manner to protect workers from hazards, there are more important aspects to consider when creating a sustainable program. While we know all of the manufacturers from our work on the ANSI Z359 committee, we do not sell any equipment.
  • LJB provides engineering, architectural and safety consulting services to many public and private clients. The divisions I represent focuses on safety and specifically, fall protection. In some ways, it is easier to explain what LJB does not do versus what we do. We do not sell equipment. Although equipment is a very important manner to protect workers from hazards, there are more important aspects to consider when creating a sustainable program. While we know all of the manufacturers from our work on the ANSI Z359 committee, we do not sell any equipment.
  • Discuss how I love fall protection. While it is something that is just a part of your job, I, as well as many other at LJB, have dedicated our career to this topic. That is the reasons you see that I am registered as a PE and CSP. In fp, you never have a project that is completely safety or completely engineering. No matter what the solution, there are always aspects of both that need to be considered. For example for a personal fall arrest system, there are obvious structural aspects like the design of the rail or horizontal lifeline to which you attach, the connection to thee building structure, the building structure itself. On the other hand, making sure that a fall arrest system should even be used, is a safety related item. Same as specifying the correct equipment, procedures and training.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • You could strike the lift, the ground or be suspended. What about the worst case if you overturn the lift?
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Use of planks to increase working height on scissor lift, also not allowed
  • Use of planks to increase working height on scissor lift, also not allowed
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • The analogy deals with your behaviors while using the piece of equipment while protected – with a harness in a lift or with a seat belt in a car. The seat belt in a car is for an accident. While we don’t go driving and expect to crash, we wear the seat belt in the case that we do. We use the car as it is designed and under normal operating guidelines. The harness and lanyard should serve the same purpose – to protect when there is an accident. We shouldn’t do risky behaviors assuming the harness and lanyard will automatically protect us for any event.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • In the one picker the person hit the ground, in the other the person hit the boom. OSHA talks about hitting the lower level, while ANSI talks about hitting an obstruction.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Agenda for this module Make sure we discuss where we will split up the presentation.
  • Fall Protection for Aerial Lifts

    1. 1. LIFT EQUIPMENT
    2. 2. THANK YOU FOR JOINING US <ul><li>To learn more about fall protection from LJB Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ljbfallprotectionblog.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Podcasts – 60 Seconds for Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.ljbinc.com/safetybydesign </li></ul></ul><ul><li>YouTube video </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dk7F8UJxnLU </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>LJB Inc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three divisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety division focused on fall protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Program management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Risk assessments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abatement design </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Thom Kramer, P.E., C.S.P. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Principal in LJB Safety division </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15+ years experience in fall protection industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359 Senior Executive Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chairman of ANSI Z359.6 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chairman of ANSI Z359.17 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Society of Safety Engineers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2011 PDC Program Subcommittee Chair </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Society for Fall Protection, President </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. LEARNING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Identify the different types of lifts commonly used </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss uses and limitations related to lift equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Review requirements for vacating or entering an aerial lift </li></ul>
    6. 6. REFERENCES AND SOURCES <ul><li>LJB training material </li></ul><ul><li>Joe Shaw </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliance Industries, fall protection equipment manufacture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jeffrey Stachowiak </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Preventing a Catapulting Event in an Aerial Work Platform” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunbelt Rentals (USA), Safety Training Director </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. AGENDA <ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><li>Use and limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Vacating or entering </li></ul><ul><li>Closing </li></ul>
    8. 8. AGENDA <ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><li> > Scissors lifts </li></ul><ul><li> > Fork lift baskets </li></ul><ul><li> > Articulating lifts </li></ul><ul><li>Use and limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Vacating or entering an elevated lift </li></ul><ul><li>Closing </li></ul>
    9. 9. SCISSOR LIFTS
    10. 10. SCISSOR LIFTS <ul><li>Must include a platform with an access point, a self-closing access gate or slide bar, a solid top rail,mid-rail, & toe board </li></ul><ul><li>Railings permanently attached </li></ul><ul><li>Personal fall protection not required by OSHA when operating or riding in a scissor lift </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA Letter of Interpretation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May 22, 1998 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 12. FORKLIFT ELEVATED PLATFORM
    12. 13. FORKLIFT ELEVATED PLATFORM <ul><li>ANSI B56.1 </li></ul><ul><li> > Platform requirements </li></ul><ul><li> > Platform attachment </li></ul><ul><li> > Control requirements </li></ul><ul><li>www.itsdf.org </li></ul>
    13. 14. FORKLIFT ELEVATED PLATFORM <ul><li>Attached to powered industrial trucks </li></ul>
    14. 15. <ul><li>Sorry for not including the image here, but we need to protect the interests of those that provided this image </li></ul>
    15. 16. AERIAL LIFTS <ul><li>Boom supported aerial lifts </li></ul><ul><li>Articulating arm boom aerial lifts </li></ul><ul><li>Truck mounted bucket aerial lifts </li></ul>
    16. 17. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS <ul><li>OSHA 1910 subpart F </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA 1926 subpart L </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI A92 series </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A92.2 for Vehicle-Mounted Rotating and Elevating Work Platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A92.5 Boom-Supported Elevating Work Platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A92.6 Self-Propelled Elevating Work Platforms </li></ul></ul>
    17. 18. AERIAL LIFTS <ul><li>Anchoring to an adjacent pole, structure or equipment while working from an aerial lift is NOT permitted </li></ul>
    18. 19. AERIAL LIFTS <ul><li>Truck mounted bucket aerial lifts should NOT be moved while the boom is elevated in a working position with personnel in the bucket </li></ul><ul><li>Except for equipment specifically design for this type of operation </li></ul>
    19. 20. AERIAL LIFTS <ul><li>Workers should stand firmly on the floor of the basket </li></ul><ul><li>Workers should NOT sit or climb on the railings of the basket </li></ul><ul><li>Do NOT use planks, ladders or other devices that allow the worker to gain additional reach </li></ul>
    20. 21. AGENDA <ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><li>Use and limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catapulting action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anchorage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vacating or entering </li></ul><ul><li>Closing </li></ul>
    21. 22. CATAPULTING ACTION <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul>
    22. 23. CATAPULTING ACTION <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IPAF website video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ipaf.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul>
    23. 26. CATAPULTING ACTION <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition of surface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other vehicles or objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment condition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul>
    24. 27. CATAPULTING ACTION <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-use inspection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operator actions/behavior </li></ul></ul>
    25. 28. CATAPULTING ACTION – KEY POINTS <ul><li>The purpose of the harness/lanyard is. . . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To keep workers inside the protection of the guardrails and in the platform should you be bounced upward or catapulted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Because once your body leaves the inside of the basket/platform you can still be seriously hurt even with proper personal fall arrest protection. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Even getting bounced around inside the platform can lead to serious injuries </li></ul></ul></ul>
    26. 29. WORKING LEVEL <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul>
    27. 30. <ul><li>Sorry for not including the image here, but we need to protect the interests of those that provided this image </li></ul>
    28. 31. <ul><li>Sorry for not including the image here, but we need to protect the interests of those that provided this image </li></ul>
    29. 32. <ul><li>Sorry for not including the image here, but we need to protect the interests of those that provided this image </li></ul>
    30. 33. <ul><li>Sorry for not including the image here, but we need to protect the interests of those that provided this image </li></ul>
    31. 34. WORKING LEVEL <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geometry of lift </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obstructions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrong equipment for task </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul>
    32. 35. WORKING LEVEL <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boom Type Platforms from www.ipaf.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is strongly recommended that a full body harness with an adjustable lanyard (used to provide work restraint and adjusted to be as short as possible) is used when working from a boom type Mobile Elevating Work Platform (MEWP). </li></ul></ul></ul>
    33. 36. WORKING LEVEL
    34. 37. IPAF PUBLICATION
    35. 38. EQUIPMENT MANUAL
    36. 39. EQUIPMENT MANUAL
    37. 40. PRACTICAL APPLICATION <ul><li>Purpose of the harness/lanyard . It is NOT: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used so the occupants can climb onto the guardrails or out of the platform or gain additional height by standing on any other objects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So the occupants can lean out over the guardrails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Much protection if the lift tips over. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A harness/lanyard has to be considered the LAST line of defense. </li></ul><ul><li>Sorry for not including the image here, but we need to protect the interests of those that provided this image </li></ul>
    38. 41. KEY POINTS <ul><li>Analogy for aerials lifts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harness and lanyard in aerial lift: fall protection Seat belt in car: crash protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harness and lanyards should restrain the user </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fall protection options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guardrail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall arrest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall restraint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“User determination within manufacturer’s limitations and/or recommendations” </li></ul></ul>
    39. 42. ANCHORAGE <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul>
    40. 43. <ul><li>Sorry for not including the image here, but we need to protect the interests of those that provided this image </li></ul>
    41. 44. <ul><li>Sorry for not including the image here, but we need to protect the interests of those that provided this image </li></ul>
    42. 45. <ul><li>Sorry for not including the image here, but we need to protect the interests of those that provided this image </li></ul>
    43. 47. ANCHORAGE
    44. 48. ANCHORAGE <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal industry uniformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal guidance to user </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We’ve always done it that way and no one has gotten hurt….Yet.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul>
    45. 49. ANCHORAGE <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anchorage as low as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lanyard shortened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snap hook that meets: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.1-2007 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.12-2009 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    46. 50. KEY POINTS <ul><li>ANSI Z92.5-2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall arrest systems, beyond the anchorage, are not part of the aerial work platform and are to be specified and supplied by the user of the aerial work platform. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You might ask: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What about compatibility? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What about falling outside the lift while connected to lift? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What about clearances? </li></ul></ul>
    47. 51. KEY POINTS - CLEARANCES <ul><li>Sorry for not including the image here, but we need to protect the interests of those that provided this image </li></ul>
    48. 52. AGENDA <ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><li>Use and limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Vacating or entering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Closing </li></ul>
    49. 53. ANSI A92.6 “ If permitted by the manufacturer, personnel shall only vacate or enter a raised aerial platform by following the guidelines and instructions provided by the manufacturer.”
    50. 54. VACATING OR ENTERING <ul><li>Why is it done? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No other feasible way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transferring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swing gate or lift bar? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anchorage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lanyard </li></ul></ul>
    51. 55. SNORKEL TB80
    52. 56. GENIE
    53. 57. GENIE
    54. 58. AGENDA <ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><li>Use and limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Vacating or entering </li></ul><ul><li>Closing </li></ul>
    55. 59. TAKE-AWAYS <ul><li>Causes and results of catapulting events </li></ul><ul><li>Lift usage to minimize catapulting events </li></ul><ul><li>Correct use of anchorages in lifts </li></ul><ul><li>Correct use of harness and lanyards in lifts </li></ul><ul><li>Aerial lift industry is still developing requirements </li></ul>
    56. 60. ACTION ITEMS <ul><li>Determine how lifts are being used </li></ul><ul><li>Keep workers in lifts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low, compatible anchorages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortened lanyards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Review this material with them </li></ul><ul><li>Develop procedure when exiting is safest method </li></ul>
    57. 61. LEARNING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Identify the different types of lifts commonly used </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss uses and limitations related to lift equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Review requirements for vacating or entering an aerial lift </li></ul>
    58. 62. LIFT EQUIPMENT

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