Lis201 xeroxparc final


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  • Lis201 xeroxparc final

    1. 1. Dealers of Lightning: Xerox PARC and the Dawn of the Computer Age
    2. 2. Dealers of Lightning <ul><li>Part One: Introduction to the staff of PARC through personal narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Part Two: An overview of the creations and inventions of PARC </li></ul><ul><li>Part Three: The marketing of PARC innovations </li></ul>
    3. 3. George Pake (center) breaks ground on PARC in 1970 The Creation of PARC
    4. 4. Bob Taylor <ul><li>Created the first distributed communications network or the ARPANET </li></ul><ul><li>Manager of Xerox PARC from 1970-1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Dreamt of creating a personal computer with a easily accessible interface </li></ul>
    5. 5. Alan Kay <ul><li>Dreamt of creating personal computers that children could use </li></ul><ul><li>“ The best way to predict the future is to invent it” </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration for the movie TRON </li></ul>
    6. 6. A Different Kind of Workplace
    7. 7. PARC’s Advantages <ul><li>Unlimited funding </li></ul><ul><li>Research talent </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>No deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm for learning </li></ul><ul><li>PARC had spent 90 million dollars by 1977 </li></ul>
    8. 8. Dreamer’s Paradise <ul><li>Bill English wanted to finish Engelbart’s work on Memex </li></ul><ul><li>Alan Kay wanted to create personal computers </li></ul><ul><li>Bob Taylor wanted to work on the visual interface of the computer </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Starkweather dreamed of implementing lasers in printer technology </li></ul>
    9. 9. Memex after Engelbart <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>William English had worked for Engelbart since 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to finish Engelbart’s work on hypertext, interactive video conferencing, multimedia displays </li></ul>Instead of finishing his work on the Memex, he ended up working on what would be called the Alto.
    10. 10. The Alto (1974) <ul><li>First personal computer </li></ul><ul><li>High resolution graphic computer </li></ul><ul><li>First work station with a built in mouse </li></ul>
    11. 11. Graphical User Interface
    12. 12. Laser Printer <ul><li>Created by Gary Starkweather </li></ul><ul><li>His boss at Xerox once told him “You’re to stop playing around with that laser stuff” and threatened to fire him </li></ul><ul><li>Transferred to PARC to create the first prototype laser printer </li></ul>
    13. 13. The Fall of PARC <ul><li>Failed to realize the potential of PARC’s innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Only successful launched product was the laser printer </li></ul><ul><li>Many researchers from PARC joined/ formed other corporations that marketed the products </li></ul>
    14. 14. PARC’s legacy <ul><li>Created a standard for the computer industry </li></ul><ul><li>Today we use PARC’s contributions in everyday life </li></ul><ul><li>Very Large Scale Integration (VSLI) is the integration of circuits into a single chip </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated circuits are found in computers, cell phones, and other digital appliances </li></ul> George Pake, the founder of PARC Scott Elrod, current Interim CEO, Vice President and Director of Hardware Systems Laboratory
    15. 15. You + PARC = <ul><li>Overlapping windows </li></ul><ul><li>Personal computer with mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Very Large Scale Integration (VSLI) </li></ul><ul><li>Superpaint (created Pixar) </li></ul><ul><li>Geometry Engine Chip (later created graphics like Jurassic Park) </li></ul>
    16. 16. PARC Today <ul><li>Incorporated as an independent research facility but still owned by Xerox </li></ul><ul><li>Still pioneering technological change but now across multiple industries and clients </li></ul><ul><li>“ We work … to invent, co-develop, and bring to market game-changing innovations by combining imagination, investigation, and return on investment for our clients” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    17. 17. Potential Bias Gaetano Borriello and Dick Lyon in 1981 <ul><li>The book concentrated on interviews with Xerox PARC staff </li></ul><ul><li>Other individuals or companies in the field may recall events differently </li></ul>Sanjay Mittal, Mark Stefik, and Danny Bobrow in 1982
    18. 18. Dealers of Lightning <ul><li>Interesting way of approaching computer science as we know it today </li></ul><ul><li>Narratives and personal experiences added personality </li></ul><ul><li>The reader feels as though they were there </li></ul><ul><li>Full detail of PARC’s staff and their experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Unique insight to how computer science and technology became what it is today </li></ul>
    19. 19. Read this book <ul><li>If you have an interest in technology or computer science </li></ul><ul><li>Especially if you work/ plan to work within the computer science field </li></ul><ul><li>If you are in LIS 201 </li></ul><ul><li>Do not need any previous knowledge of computers or technology </li></ul> Very nice!
    20. 20. Revolutionary <ul><li>Xerox PARC changed how computers are used today </li></ul><ul><li>Recreated the conceptions of computing, functionality of computers, and the future of computer science </li></ul> The cover of COMPUTER Magazine – September 1979