Lis201 xeroxparc final

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  • Lis201 xeroxparc final

    1. 1. Dealers of Lightning: Xerox PARC and the Dawn of the Computer Age http://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2008-04/peek-inside-parc
    2. 2. Dealers of Lightning <ul><li>Part One: Introduction to the staff of PARC through personal narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Part Two: An overview of the creations and inventions of PARC </li></ul><ul><li>Part Three: The marketing of PARC innovations </li></ul>http://blog.paxholley.net/2010/11/19/microsoft-windows-1-0-was-released-25-years-ago-today/ http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-illustration-7705768-greek-god-zeus-with-lighting.php http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NzlG28B-R8Y
    3. 3. George Pake (center) breaks ground on PARC in 1970 The Creation of PARC http://screenrant.com/twilight-zone-movie-screenwriter-robf-17890/ http://www.theregister.co.uk/2010/09/20/parc_40th_anniversary/
    4. 4. Bob Taylor <ul><li>Created the first distributed communications network or the ARPANET </li></ul><ul><li>Manager of Xerox PARC from 1970-1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Dreamt of creating a personal computer with a easily accessible interface </li></ul>http://www.livinginternet.com/i/ii_ipto.htm
    5. 5. Alan Kay <ul><li>Dreamt of creating personal computers that children could use </li></ul><ul><li>“ The best way to predict the future is to invent it” </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration for the movie TRON </li></ul>http://www.comicsonline.com/book/export/html/8 http://unrev.stanford.edu/presenters/alan_kay/alan_kay.html http://dwtsinfo.com/index.php?q=Alan%20Kay http://dwtsinfo.com/index.php?q=Alan%20Kay
    6. 6. A Different Kind of Workplace http://c21org.typepad.com/ http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/print/9186198/Xerox_PARC_turns_40_Marking_four_decades_of_tech_innovations?taxonomyName=Applications&taxonomyId=18
    7. 7. PARC’s Advantages <ul><li>Unlimited funding </li></ul><ul><li>Research talent </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>No deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm for learning </li></ul><ul><li>PARC had spent 90 million dollars by 1977 </li></ul>http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/centralamericaandthecaribbean/mexico/2988256/Mexican-military-seizes-26m-in-cash.html http://managerofwealth.wordpress.com/ http://www.kraka.com/DesignPortfolio/tivoli.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6ILsMTEDEw
    8. 8. Dreamer’s Paradise <ul><li>Bill English wanted to finish Engelbart’s work on Memex </li></ul><ul><li>Alan Kay wanted to create personal computers </li></ul><ul><li>Bob Taylor wanted to work on the visual interface of the computer </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Starkweather dreamed of implementing lasers in printer technology </li></ul>http://www2.parc.com/ops/members/brown/storytelling/JSB.html
    9. 9. Memex after Engelbart <ul><li>http://histinf.blogs.upv.es/page/3/ </li></ul><ul><li>William English had worked for Engelbart since 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to finish Engelbart’s work on hypertext, interactive video conferencing, multimedia displays </li></ul>Instead of finishing his work on the Memex, he ended up working on what would be called the Alto.
    10. 10. The Alto (1974) <ul><li>First personal computer </li></ul><ul><li>High resolution graphic computer </li></ul><ul><li>First work station with a built in mouse </li></ul>http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/Shustek/ShustekTour-05.html http://www.parc.com/content/news/media-library/alto_children_9.5x7.5.jpg
    11. 11. Graphical User Interface http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/blampson/38-altosoftware/Backup/WebPage.html http://www.crestock.com/image/331242-flamenco-dancer.aspx
    12. 12. Laser Printer <ul><li>Created by Gary Starkweather </li></ul><ul><li>His boss at Xerox once told him “You’re to stop playing around with that laser stuff” and threatened to fire him </li></ul><ul><li>Transferred to PARC to create the first prototype laser printer </li></ul>http://www.sfu.ca/sfunews/sfu_news/archives_2003/sfunews02060307.shtml http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/Shustek/ShustekTour-05.html http://www.whoateallthepies.tv/date/2008/02/page/3
    13. 13. The Fall of PARC <ul><li>Failed to realize the potential of PARC’s innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Only successful launched product was the laser printer </li></ul><ul><li>Many researchers from PARC joined/ formed other corporations that marketed the products </li></ul>http://obamapacman.com/2010/03/myth-copyright-theft-apple-stole-gui-from-xerox-parc-alto/
    14. 14. PARC’s legacy <ul><li>Created a standard for the computer industry </li></ul><ul><li>Today we use PARC’s contributions in everyday life </li></ul><ul><li>Very Large Scale Integration (VSLI) is the integration of circuits into a single chip </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated circuits are found in computers, cell phones, and other digital appliances </li></ul>http://www.parc.com/newsroom/media-library.html George Pake, the founder of PARC http://www.parc.com/about/people/57/scott-elrod.html Scott Elrod, current Interim CEO, Vice President and Director of Hardware Systems Laboratory
    15. 15. You + PARC = <ul><li>Overlapping windows </li></ul><ul><li>Personal computer with mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Very Large Scale Integration (VSLI) </li></ul><ul><li>Superpaint (created Pixar) </li></ul><ul><li>Geometry Engine Chip (later created graphics like Jurassic Park) </li></ul>http://kaispace.wordpress.com/2010/10/11/15-directors-meme/
    16. 16. PARC Today <ul><li>Incorporated as an independent research facility but still owned by Xerox </li></ul><ul><li>Still pioneering technological change but now across multiple industries and clients </li></ul><ul><li>“ We work … to invent, co-develop, and bring to market game-changing innovations by combining imagination, investigation, and return on investment for our clients” </li></ul><ul><li>-www.parc.com/about </li></ul>http://www.cultofmac.com/whats-next-for-the-ipad-a-tabletop-ipad-according-to-xerox-parc-circa-1991
    17. 17. Potential Bias Gaetano Borriello and Dick Lyon in 1981 http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/Retrospective4.html <ul><li>The book concentrated on interviews with Xerox PARC staff </li></ul><ul><li>Other individuals or companies in the field may recall events differently </li></ul>Sanjay Mittal, Mark Stefik, and Danny Bobrow in 1982 http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/Retrospective4.html
    18. 18. Dealers of Lightning <ul><li>Interesting way of approaching computer science as we know it today </li></ul><ul><li>Narratives and personal experiences added personality </li></ul><ul><li>The reader feels as though they were there </li></ul><ul><li>Full detail of PARC’s staff and their experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Unique insight to how computer science and technology became what it is today </li></ul>http://www.corbisimages.com/Enlargement/90009-115.html
    19. 19. Read this book <ul><li>If you have an interest in technology or computer science </li></ul><ul><li>Especially if you work/ plan to work within the computer science field </li></ul><ul><li>If you are in LIS 201 </li></ul><ul><li>Do not need any previous knowledge of computers or technology </li></ul>http://dreamalittledream.ca/10-travel-blogs-we-give-two-thumbs-up/ Very nice! http://tribewithted.mlblogs.com/archives/2009/09/
    20. 20. Revolutionary <ul><li>Xerox PARC changed how computers are used today </li></ul><ul><li>Recreated the conceptions of computing, functionality of computers, and the future of computer science </li></ul>http://www.computerhistory.org/internet_history/internet_history_70s.html The cover of COMPUTER Magazine – September 1979

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