This leads into the low reporting on campus but high reporting of college age victims to the rape crisis center
= severe under reporting
ASERTAV is a UNLV task force that meets monthly
There’s only three shelter services for women fleeing violent situations in the greater Las Vegas area
**Las vegas has very few resources for victims of DV and SA
Donica – you can introduce this clip
**Gender stereotypes undermine, dismiss or justify the experience of violence based on the race and gender stereotype **Culture blaming refers to a belief by mainstream society that entire cultures are “more likely” to permit violence based on ethnicity. This becomes problematic because it forces us to think violence happens more often in certain communities
***Highlight that communities that have had negative encounters with law enforcement and the state are less likely to turn to law enforcement and the state to report violence
in recognition of the large Latino/a population in Las Vegas has developed “Problemas dos Todos” a community outreach program that brings RCC advocates to community centers and churches located in areas of the city with a large Latino/a demographic **At UNLV both PAAVE and the JNWC strive to incorporate cultural competent language into the peer training curriculum
Comom resources race gender,violence
Resources on Campusand the Community: Race, Gender and Violence 2009 PAAVE Presentation Karoline KhamisViolence Prevention Coordinator at JNWCMember: The Vagina Warriors, Spectrum
IntroductionThe goal of this discussion is to “shift the focus” of dominant conceptualizations of violence that maintain an idea of victims/survivors as typically white, heterosexual women. In addition, we aim to provide students with knowledge of campus and community initiatives for victims of violence. Ultimately, we aim to broaden the discussion of violence in different communities to effectively address violence as a social epidemic.
Overview Definitions Statistics Resources Violence in marginalized communities Cultural competency
Definitions Sexual Assault: a broader category that the Justice Department uses to classify rape, attempted rape and other violent felonies that fall short of rape (which is defined as strictly forced vaginal, anal or oral penetration) Assault/Battering: “Physical assault is a behavior that threatens, attempts, or actually inflicts physical harm, ranging from slapping and hitting to using a gun” (US Justice Department)
Definitions Marginalized: We use this term as a blanket term to encompass social identities that are not dominant and central in our society. This includes but is not limited to – race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, citizen status, class, physical and mental ability, age etc. Advocates: Go through extensive training to work directly with victims/survivors every step of the reporting and court processes immediately following experiences of violence.
Theoretical Framework Intersectionality - focuses on the intersections of race and gender and aims to provide visibility to the identities and experiences of multiple social identities Popularized through legal scholarship in Critical Race Theory but has been used widely through various social justice focused disciplines Extend the intersections to include the experience of domestic violence and sexual assault
UNLV Police Services Reports of Forcible Sex Offenses on Campus 2005 – 4 2006 – 0 2007 – 3 2008 - 1 *Often times these crimes occur and are reported outside of the jurisdiction of UNLV.
The Rape Crisis Center of SouthernNevada Gender: Female – 97% Male – 3% Race/Ethnicity: White – 58% Latino/Hispanic – 18% Black – 16% Asian – 3% Bi-racial – 2% Native – <1% Unknown/Other – <1% 43% of the total 833 reported victims in 2007 were between the ages of 19-29.
Protocol for Victims on Campus Go to a safe place Seek medical attention immediately. University Medical Center (UMC) is the only hospital that will do a rape kit. You may be injured more seriously than you realize. Medical evidence will be needed, if you decide to press charges. Call University Police (895-3668) or CALL 911. Reporting is not the same as pressing charges. Call the Counseling and Psychological Services (895-3627). Do NOT bathe, shower, douche, or change clothes until you have talked with the police or nurse. However, if you have already done these things, please do not let his stop you from seeking medical care. If you’ve changed clothes , place the clothes you were wearing in a paper bag and them to the hospital with you. Remember you may have an advocate to help every step of the way. Do not blame yourself-you are the victim of a crime.
ASERTAV Advocacy. Support. Educate. & Response Team Against Violence (ASERTAV) ASERTAV strives to coordinate a collaborative response to student, staff, and faculty members of our community who may have been affected by violence. Our goal is to communicate to survivors that they are not alone during their recovery by providing resources, advocacy and education. Members of the task force include campus and community organizations and local law enforcement
Nevada Network Against DomesticViolence Resource hub to advocacy, prevention programs and legislative lobbying Provides referrals to shelter services, including SafeNest and SAFE House Part of the ASERTAV task force A member of the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence
The Rape Crisis Center of SouthernNevada Las Vegas’ main resource for sexual assault victim advocacy Implements community programming to raise awareness Trains victim advocates in conjunction with UMC Provides referrals to UMC for sexual assault examinations (aka: rape kits) Represented on ASSERTAV task force
The Jean Nidetch Women’s Center The only on campus resource for referrals to community organizations Two on-staff, certified advocates (Christina Hernandez, Karoline Khamis – 895-4475) Member of ASERTAV task force Oversees all violence prevention programming on campus Provides twice a year peer education training (PAAVE) on domestic violence and sexual assault
Race, Gender and Violence The experience of violence carries much stigma in our society but there are other barriers that contribute to the lack of reporting: Lack of adequate services available Services that lack necessary tools to properly assess violence in marginalized communities Lack of sensitivity training for LE
Race, Gender and Violence How are experiences of marginalized races and ethnicities concerning sexual assault and domestic violence both perceived and treated in our society? Reporting is a “betrayal” to the community Differing gender stereotypes (black women as “too strong”, hypersexualization of Asian women) “That’s just how they are” – culture blaming
Race, Gender and Violence How do racial and ethnic stereotypes and cultural practices hinder one’s ability to access adequate resources? Language barriers Service locations Advocate and service provider visibility Institutionalized racism Citizenship status – fear of deportation
Culturally Competent ResponsesAs much as the experience of violence is isolating, services must reflect societal demographics to adequately serve a diverse community to prevent further isolation. How can this be achieved?
Cultural Competency The Rape Crisis Center – “Problemas dos Todos” PAAVE – Since January 2009, training included an entire session on cultural competency Jean Nidetch Women’s Center – programming on sexual assault and domestic violence infused into racial identity months (and LGBT pride, Women’s history months, and Disability Recognition as well!)
Take Back the NightResource Fair: The LGBT Center Planned Parenthood The Rape Crisis Center DV Task Force SAFE House S.A.F.E Nest United Coalition of Im/migrant Rights The Vagina Warriors CAPS Healthy Rebels
Student Activism - The Vagina Monologues and The Vagina Warriors Student Organization - The International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women
Conclusion The small amount of local resources must include cultural competency in order to address violence as a larger social epidemic Violence transcends all identity categories. It’s necessary to examine the specific manifestations of violence in each individual and intersecting community.
Resources Nevada Network Against Domestic Violence: http://www.nnadv.org/ The Rape Crisis Center of Southern Nevada: http://www.therapecrisiscenter.org/ The Jean Nidetch Women’s Center at UNLV: http://womenscenter.unlv.edu/
Resources on and off campus The Jean Nidetch Women’s SSC C RM 255, 895-4475 Counseling and Psychological Services SWRC Third floor, 895-3627 Police Services Confidential reporting: 895-3668 The Rape Crisis Center 24 hr hotline: 366-1640 S.A.F.E House 24 hr hotline: 564-3227