5 Star Rating System Webinar Final


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Understanding the 5-Star Rating System

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5 Star Rating System Webinar Final

  1. 1. Best Practice Webinar Series by DartChart, Inc. Understanding the 5-Star Rating Program for Nursing Home Compare Using Best Practice Charting to Increase your Facility’s Rating Presented by: Kevin Miller Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  2. 2. Session Agenda • Welcome and Program Overview • Speaker Credentials • Overview of the 5-Star Rating System • Charting as a best practice • How implementing Best Practices can increase your score • DartChart technology & corporate overview • Session Q&A quot;More than three million Americans rely on services provided by a nursing home at some point during the year,quot; said Kerry Weems, CMS acting administrator. quot;This should help consumers in narrowing their choices, but nothing should substitute for visiting a nursing home when making a decision,quot; Weems added. Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  3. 3. Speaker Bio Marilyn Burlenski, R.N., B.S.N. • President and CEO – Connecticut Alliance for Long Term Care • Nurse Monitor – State of Connecticut, Department of Public Health • 25 Years RN experience with a focus on SNF/PPS Consultation/MDS Consultation • Medical Record Documentation Consulting • Operations Management Consulting Session Moderator Kevin Miller, BS Psychology • 16 years medical technology and Healthcare software experience • 5 Years Experience consulting with Hospitals, SNF/LTC and Pharmaceutical MFG with HHS-OIG Healthcare Compliance Regulations • BS Psychology, Albright College Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  4. 4. Overview of CMS’ Rating System • Designed by CMS with 3rd-party feedback from consulting firms and consumers • Market-driven solution • Activated in December, 2008 • Consumer-facing web solution • Overall rating based on 3 metrics for performance measures – Health Inspections – Staffing (RN broken out) – Quality Measures – based on MDS • Contains over 200,000 records for health inspection alone Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  5. 5. Why is it important… • Public scrutiny is at highest level • Baby Boomers getting ready to retire • Healthcare technology and electronic information is changing rapidly • On the internet – no one can hide • Creation of a market-driven environment • Competition +regulation + litigation risk makes it more difficult to provide care and be profitable Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  6. 6. Customer Facing – Drives competition at the local level Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  7. 7. How the rating system works • Total of 5-stars in rating • Higher scores correlate to lower rating in each of the three rating categories • Weighted scores based on state and national averages • Health Inspections – Based on state-level inspections – Deficiencies rated by scope/severity – Need for Repeats visits to validate correction • Staffing – based on 2 measures; RN Hours and Total Staffing hours (RN, LPN and CNA) – Based on CMS Staff Time Measurement Studies • Quality Measures – Based on 10 of 19 QM’s posted on Nursing Home Compare – Include 7 long-stay and 3 short-stay metrics Almost one in four (22%) earned the lowest rating of one star. At the other end of the spectrum, about one in 10 (12%) earned five stars. The remaining 66% of participating facilities were distributed fairly evenly among the two, three and four star rankings. Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  8. 8. Rating Methodology – Health Inspection • Based on Federal regulations, national guidance and federally specified survey process • Calculated from points assigned to deficiencies • Variation exists between States • 5-Star System based on relative performance within a state • Facility performance based on ratings using the following criteria • Top 10 % receive 5-star • Middle 70 % receive 2-3-4 stars • Bottom 20% receive 1-star rating • Trying to measure facilities at the state level • An artificial bell curve? Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  9. 9. Rating Methodology – Health Inspection • Scoring rules based on health inspection results and the need for repeat visits • For health inspection result, points based on scope and severity • If scope/severity impact quality measures, additional points are assigned • Repeat visits – assigned for 2nd and beyond based on need for revisit • Most recent health inspections are weighted higher than previous inspections Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  10. 10. Rating Methodology – Staffing Domain • Correlation between RN staffing level and resident outcomes • Rating for this domain based on 2 measures • Total nursing hours per resident day • RN Hours per resident day • Data Source - CMS form CMS-671 (Long Term Care Facility Application for Medicare and Medicaid) entered into OSCAR • The specific fields that are used in the RN, LPN, and nurse aide hours calculations are • RN hours: Includes registered nurses (tag number F41 on the CMS-671 form), RN director of nursing (F39), and nurses with administrative duties (F40). • LPN hours: Includes licensed practical/licensed vocational nurses (F42) • Nurse aide hours: Includes certified nurse aides (F43), aides in training (F44), and medication aides/technicians (F45) Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  11. 11. Scoring Rules– Staffing Domain • 2 Staffing measures are given equal weight • RN Staffing and total staffing • Total staffing score based on the combined score for each • To receive a five-star rating, facilities must meet both RN and total nursing thresholds from the CMS Staffing Study. Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  12. 12. Rating Methodology – QM Domain • Developed for the MDS-based indicators for quality of care • Facility rating based on 10 of 19 of the QM’s posted in nursing home compare Long-Stay Residents: •Percent of residents whose need for help with daily activities has increased (9.1) •Percent of residents whose ability to move in and around their room got worse (9.3) •Percent of residents who had a catheter inserted and left in their bladder (5.2) •Residents with a urinary tract infection (6.1) •Residents who have moderate to severe pain (8.1) •Percent of high risk residents with pressure sores (12.1) •Residents who were physically restrained (11.1) Post-Acute Care (Short-Stay Residents): •Short-stay residents with delirium (13.1) •Short-stay residents who had moderate to severe pain (13.2) •Short-stay residents with pressure ulcers (13.3) Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  13. 13. Scoring Rules– QM Domain • Long stay measures are included if they are calculated for +30 assessments • Short stay measures are included if they are calculated for at least 20 assessments Missing Data • For facilities that have 4 of 7 QM measures, statewide averages are used for missing QM measures • Facilities that receive a QM rating are in one of three categories: • They have points for all of the QMs. • They have points only for the 7 long-stay QMs (long-stay facilities). • They have points only for the 3 short-stay QMs (short-stay facilities) • No values are imputed for nursing homes with data on fewer than 4 long-stay QMs and fewer than 2 short-stay QMs. No QM rating is generated for these nursing homes Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  14. 14. Overall Rating – Composite Measure Based on the five-star rating for the health inspection domain, the direct care staffing domain and the MDS quality measure domain, the overall five-star rating is assigned in five steps as follows: Step 1: Start with the health inspection five-star rating. Step 2: Add one star to the Step 1 result if staffing rating is four or five stars and greater than the health inspection rating; subtract one star if staffing is one star. The overall rating cannot be more than five stars or less than one star. Step 3: Add one star to the Step 2 result if quality measure rating is five stars; subtract one star if quality measure rating is one star. The overall rating cannot be more than five stars or less than one star. Step 4: If the Health Inspection rating is one star, then the Overall Quality rating cannot be upgraded by more than one star based on the Staffing and Quality Measure ratings. Step 5: If the nursing home is a Special Focus Facility (SFF) that has not graduated, the maximum Overall Quality rating is three stars. Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  15. 15. How Charting can impact your rating Charting Best Practices - Accuracy of data One of the primary drivers for skewed scores is Copy-Cat charting • Charting is typically manual documentation on a monthly flow sheet • Data copied from one shift to the next or one day to the next can dramatically impact and skew your CMS data • Can result in both revenue loss and “bad” data for 5-star rating scores • Best Practice – eliminate copy-cat charting by “masking” the previous shifts entry Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  16. 16. How Charting can impact your rating Charting Best Practices - Care Plan Compliance • Derived from MDS items • Ensuring data is in the system and accurate • Deficiencies for not adhering to Care Plan • Ensuring care plan adherence through best practices – 7-day trend reports – Manual data entry eliminated – Managerial intervention – Direct care compliance report provides verification of form completion in real time. – Compliance report provides management oversight of compliance/accuracy at any given moment. – Administrative compliance report provides oversight in real time Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  17. 17. How Charting can impact your rating Charting Best Practices – Natural Language Charting Cues • MDS uses verbal cues, not Natural Language • Can be confusing making it difficult for CNAs to understand • DC’s WebForms ADL format makes it easier for CNAs to understand ADL language • Talk Touch and Take the Weight – T-T-TW provides language familiar to CNA level staff and readily relates to ADL assistance level tasks. Much easier language for the staff and helps translate what they are doing with the residents – C.N.A understanding translates into accurate data on ADL assistance levels provided to the resident. Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  18. 18. How Charting affects your rating Charting Best Practices – Data Integrity • Garbage in = Garbage out • Direct reflection on MDS • Impact on Finance and Rating; Facility viability • Best practices can halt problems before they begin Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  19. 19. Dart Chart Supports a Best Practice Model • Designed for Best Practice model • Automates DNS and Administrative oversight DartChart best practice • Supports CNA understanding of ADL language users versus CMS metrics • Trend reports spot problems before MDS submittal 100% 10% 12% 29% • Doesn’t allow for copy-cat charting 80% 60% 5 Stars 40% 58% 4 Stars 78% 3 Stars and under 20% 13% 0% CMS Study 3 DaRT Chart YRS Users 3 YRS Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  20. 20. About DartChart Systems, Inc • Founded in 1997 – HQ, Milwaukee, WI • Electronic charting solution for SNF/LTC • Solution supports the entire MDS charting process • Reimbursement Optimization technology – directly impacts facility revenue • Only charting solution that bases its fees on revenue increases – shared risk/reward pricing model Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com
  21. 21. Questions & Next Steps • Q&A Session • Copy of today’s materials • Summer Education Series – CEU 100% 12% Programs beginning soon 33% 80% 14% • Online Demonstration of DartChart 60% 5 Stars 40% 4 Stars 74% 66% 3 Stars and under 20% Thank you for joining us! www.dartchart.com 0% CMS Study 3 DaRT Chart YRS Users 3 YRS Confidential And Proprietary www.dartchart.com