Intro & 5 themes


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Intro & 5 themes

  1. 1. Welcome! Agenda for Wednesday, August 28 • Warm-Up: Why study geography? • Presentation: The fields of Geography, 5 themes • Activity: “Pictionary” • Practice: Identifying the 5 themes in the everyday world • Closure
  2. 2. Warm-Up: Answer as many of the following as you can. Be prepared to discuss. Why is it important to study geography? In what ways is it useful in real life? Which careers might be associated with geography? How can knowledge of geography help you in other academic areas? Why We Need to Teach Geography
  3. 3. The Field of Geography • Geography: the study of Earth and its people
  4. 4. Physical Geography: the study of natural features on the surface of Earth • Things that can be seen (landforms) and felt (weather)
  5. 5. Human Geography: study of people as they have spread across Earth • Who lives where? Why? How? • Human-made features like towns, dams & roads
  6. 6. Why Themes? • The 5 themes are important because they help the geographer describe the use of space. • Location, Place, Movement, Region, Human- Environment Interaction
  7. 7. Location: Where is it? Why is it there? • Absolute Location – Exact – Latitude/longitude • Paris is at 48⁰ North latitude and 2⁰ East longitude – Street address • TCCHS is located at 4717 Bailey Road • Relative Location – Depends on a point of reference. Near, far, a short drive, etc. – Described by landmarks, time, direction or distance. • A few miles from Pearland Town Center • Across from Turner High School
  8. 8. Think about… • When might it be important to use absolute location? • Describe a scenario where using relative location would be beneficial.
  9. 9. Place: What is it like? • Physical characteristics like landforms, climate bodies of water or vegetation • Human characteristics such as roads, buildings, culture & beliefs
  10. 10. Regions: How are places similar or different? • Areas defined by their physical & human characteristics • Geographers divide the world into regions to help them interpret information
  11. 11. Formal Regions • Are based on the related characteristics of an area (language, religion, climate) – Many formal regions have natural boundaries – Commonly defined b continental area and similar cultures
  12. 12. Functional Regions • Functional regions are based on connections between places; have a “hub” or central area – Ex. A city and its suburbs
  13. 13. Perceptual Regions • Are based on people’s feelings and attitudes of an area • Likely to change over time • Can be based on stereotypes and influenced by travel, movies and reading • Ex. Dixie, Aggieland Tornado Alley
  14. 14. The World Dived into 7 Regions, Each with a Population of 1 Billion
  15. 15. Human-Environment Interaction: How do people relate to the physical world? • We depend. – We need rivers for transportation. • We adapt. – We wear clothing to protect us from the weather. • We modify. – We use heaters and air conditioners in our homes.
  16. 16. What do you think of when I say… • A hot, sunny climate is perfect for ________. • A cold climate with a lot of snow is perfect for ________. • Summer in Texas is the perfect time to ________.
  17. 17. Movement: How are people and places linked? • Linear, time & psychological • Movement of People – Cars, trains, planes, animals • Movement of Products – Trucks, trains, planes • Movement of Information/Ideas – Cell phones, computers, TV, radio, newspapers
  18. 18. Types of Distance Linear Distance • How far across the earth something travels. Time Distance • Amount of time it takes something to travel Psychological Distance • The way people view distance
  19. 19. Questions… • How can physical geography affect linear distance? • List some modern inventions that have shortened time distance. • How far away is “far”? What influences your perception of what is “far”?
  20. 20. Ask MR. HELP • M- Movement • R- Region • HE- Human Environment Interaction • L- Location • P- Place
  21. 21. “Pictionary” Theme Tells us… Example Picture/Symbol Location Place Region Human- Environment Interaction Movement
  22. 22. Practice • Identify the themes of geography in the following photos:
  23. 23. Venice, Italy
  24. 24. Lake Tahoe, Nevada
  25. 25. Times Square, New York
  26. 26. Grand Canyon, Arizona
  27. 27. Sahara Desert, Africa
  28. 28. Hoover Dam & Bypass Bridge on Lake Mead, Nevada
  29. 29. Practice • Are the following regions formal, perceptual, or functional?