Teach Tomorrow in Oakland-SPED.8.16.10


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  • Separate but Equal
  • Teach Tomorrow in Oakland-SPED.8.16.10

    1. 1. Special Education Overview Teach Tomorrow in Oakland Professional Development August 16, 2010 Holy Names University Kimberly Mayfield, Ed.D.
    2. 2. Do Now <ul><li>First Experiences with SPED Quick Write: </li></ul><ul><li>Describe first time you saw or were educated with a person with special needs (Describe your emotions, thoughts and assumptions). </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is Special Education? <ul><li>Think : What is your definition of special education? </li></ul><ul><li>Pair: Share your individual definitions with a partner </li></ul><ul><li>Share: Share keywords with the class </li></ul>
    4. 4. Legal Precedent <ul><li>1896 Plessey v. Ferguson </li></ul><ul><li>1954 Brown v. Board of Education </li></ul>
    5. 5. Characteristics of Special Education Laws <ul><li>Access to education </li></ul><ul><li>Accurate classification of students </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate instructional programs including a full range of services </li></ul><ul><li>Procedural Safeguards </li></ul>
    6. 6. Disability Categories in Federal Law <ul><li>Autism </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf-blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Deafness </li></ul><ul><li>Hard of hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Mental retardation </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Orthopedic impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Other health impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Specific learning disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Speech or language impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Traumatic brain injury </li></ul><ul><li>Visual impairment </li></ul>
    7. 7. Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 P.L.-94-142 <ul><li>Special Education </li></ul><ul><li>Related Services </li></ul><ul><li>Handicapping Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Child Find </li></ul><ul><li>Free Appropriate Public Education </li></ul><ul><li>Due Process </li></ul><ul><li>Parent (Parent Surrogate) Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Least Restrictive Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Individualized Education Program </li></ul><ul><li>Nondiscriminatory Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality </li></ul>
    8. 8. The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 P.L. 93-112 Section 504 <ul><li>No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States…shall, soley by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance or under any program or activity conducted by any Executive agency or by the United States Postal Service. (29 U.S.C.SS794) </li></ul>
    9. 9. Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 P.L. 108-445 <ul><li>Highly Qualified Sped Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in paperwork </li></ul><ul><li>Revised state performance goals and student participation in state and local assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of child find: homeless and mobile populations </li></ul><ul><li>Student performance focus not just on compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Response to intervention may define eligibility for services </li></ul>
    10. 10. Eligibility <ul><li>High Incidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Larry P Case </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disproportionate Representation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low Incidence </li></ul>
    11. 11. Eligibility for Specific Learning Disability <ul><li>Specific Learning Disability is defined as follows, if and only if: </li></ul><ul><li>The child does not achieve commensurate with his/her age and ability levels in one or more of the areas listed...when provided with learning experiences appropriate for the child’s age and ability levels, and </li></ul><ul><li>The team finds that the child has a severe discrepancy between achievement and intellectual ability in one or more of the following areas: </li></ul><ul><li>Oral expression Listening comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Written expression Basic reading skill </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics calculation Mathematics reasoning </li></ul>
    12. 12. Making Content Accessible <ul><li>Key Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Modifications </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations </li></ul><ul><li>Accommodations </li></ul><ul><li>Approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Intelligences </li></ul>
    13. 13. Principles of Universal Design for Learning <ul><li>Equitable Use </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible Use </li></ul><ul><li>Simple and Intuitive Use </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptible Information </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance for Error </li></ul><ul><li>Low Physical Effort </li></ul><ul><li>Size and Space for Approach and Use </li></ul>
    14. 14. Lesson Planning <ul><li>Anticipatory Set </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Directed Instruction (In put) </li></ul><ul><li>Practice (Guided and Independent) </li></ul><ul><li>Checks for understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Closure </li></ul>
    15. 15. Strategies for Instruction <ul><li>Three Stages of Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapting Instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modify material and activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change teaching procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alter task requirements </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Nine Types of Adaptations <ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Level of Support </li></ul><ul><li>Input </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty </li></ul><ul><li>Output </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Substitute Curriculum </li></ul>
    17. 17. Who am I: Famous people with disabilities <ul><li>Some people have names on their backs </li></ul><ul><li>They will ask yes or no questions to guess the name on their back </li></ul><ul><li>Use in class resources (laptops , smart phones other people) to find out what disability your person has/had </li></ul><ul><li>Share with the class </li></ul>
    18. 18. Assessment <ul><li>How many disability categories are in federal law? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the most common disability category? </li></ul><ul><li>How do 504 plans differ from IEP’s? </li></ul><ul><li>List 3 types of adaptations </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the discrepancy model used for eligibility. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Here are some wonderful sites to visit <ul><li>Universal Design for Learning : </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.udlcenter.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Intelligences: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/mi/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated unit: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HHscV48VBrg&feature=related </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated Instruction: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cast.org/publications/ncac/ncac_diffinstructudl.html </li></ul>