King george's war


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King george's war

  1. 1. King George’s War (1744-1748)
  2. 2. <ul><li>This war was between us, the British Colonists, and the French. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France have been constantly fighting in wars all around the world, and now this rivalry has been brought to North America. The continuous battles between these two countries is the reason behind this war being fought. Due to the succession of Maria Theresa of the Austrian throne, the entire European nations were split into two sides, either agreeing or disagreeing. This case caused conflicts between other claimants (who wanted the throne), furthermore causing a widespread crisis throughout Europe about the succession of the Holy Roman Empire Britain and France were once again apart. For this reason, France declared war on us in 1744. While fighting battles in Europe, many also happened in North America, mostly between the northern British colonies and New France. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What was king george’s war? <ul><li>The war was the 3rd of the four French and Indian Wars. </li></ul><ul><li>This war was in the middle of the ‘War of the Austrian Succession’ wherein we were allies with Austria. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How the war started <ul><li>We were already in war with France in the War of the Austrian Succession, but war was formally declared between us and the French on March 1774. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Where and when did it happen? <ul><li>The war was during the Austrian queen Maria Theresa’s ascending of the Hapsburg throne. </li></ul><ul><li>This war was fought mainly on some of our provinces in America. They were New York, Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, and Nova Scotia. </li></ul><ul><li>The war started on May 23, 1744 when the French raided our fishing port in Canso, Nova Scotia. It ended in 1748 with many of our people dead mostly in New York and Massachusetts. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Events of the war <ul><li>The war started on May 23, 1744, when the French raided our fishing port in Canso, and then planned an attack on Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1745, our forces, lead by William Shirley, captured Fortress Louisbourg, which was our greatest victory in the war. However, eventually returned to France after the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, resulting in a status quo antebellum at the end of the war in 1748. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Events of the war (cont.) <ul><li>On November, 28, 1745, Saratoga, New York was destroyed by the French and their Native American allies, more than one hundred people were killed. Because of that, settlements of our people north of Albany were abandoned. </li></ul><ul><li>Further attacks were made by the French in 1746 on the fort of Massachusetts, and by the American Indians in 1748 on Schenectady, New York. </li></ul>
  8. 8. aftermath of the war <ul><li>In 1748, we lost a lot of our men in the colonies during the course of the four year war. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of people died and were captured in New York which lead to the abandoning of the British settlement in Albany. </li></ul><ul><li>During the French attack on Massachusetts in 1746, eight percent of those who died in that colony were only men. </li></ul>