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ICTD2012 - Open Licenses Workshop Slides


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This workshop was conducted by Kathleen Ludewig Omollo on the first day of the ICTD 2012 Conference.

Learn how to share your knowledge with the world using open licenses. dScribe is a participatory open content production process used to produce rich educational resources from classes, conferences, and other learning environments. This workshop will focus on widespread sharing of the presentations and associated projects for ICTD 2012.

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Workshop abstract available at

This presentation and the embedded video are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license

Published in: Education, Technology
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ICTD2012 - Open Licenses Workshop Slides

  1. 1. Enabling Greater Access, Visibility & Use of Knowledge through Open Licenses Kathleen Ludewig Omollo International Program Manager University of Michigan Medical School Office of Enabling Tech. March 12, 2012 - ICTD 2012 Slides at: Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License( Copyright 2012 The Regents of the University of Michigan. Cover image CC:BY-SA Jessica Duensing (Flickr)
  2. 2. PATH•Copyright Trivia•What is “Open”?•Case Study: AfricanHealth OpenEducational ResourcesNetwork•Hands-On: Create,share, license yourown materials Image CC:BY-NC-SA werkunz (Flickr)
  3. 3. Image CC:BY gmahender (Flickr)
  4. 4. What rights are included in copyright?(hint: there are 5) Image CC:BY Ute Hagen (Flickr)
  5. 5. Copyright holders have the exclusive right to do andto authorize others to do the following:3. Reproduce the work in whole or in part4. Prepare derivative works, such as translations,dramatizations, and musical arrangements5. Distribute copies of the work by sale, gift, rental, orloan6.Publicly display the work7.Publicly perform the work
  6. 6. Under © it is illegal to:•Translate works (derivative)•Copy someone else’s photo, slides, report, orother work (without permission)•Dramatize a work (performance)•Reproduce in whole or in part (withoutpermission)•Make copies of a work (distribution) Image CC:BY OpenCage (wikipedia)
  7. 7. What is the purpose of ©? Image CC:BY ewiemann (Flickr)
  8. 8. Origin of Copyright (1710):“For the Encouragement of Learned Men toCompose and Write useful Books… the Authorof any Book or Books already Printed… in orderto Print or Reprint the same, shall have the soleRight and Liberty of Printing such Book andBooks for the Term of One and twenty Years…”- “An Act For the Encouragement of Learning”(a.k.a. The Statute of Anne) by Queen Anne ofEngland Image CC:BY-SA Loz Pycock (Flickr)
  9. 9. Origin of Copyright in U.S. (1788):“To promote the progress of Science andUseful Arts, by securing for limited times toauthors and inventors the exclusive right totheir respective writings and discoveries.”- U.S. Constitution Article I, Section 8, Clause8 (aka “The Progress Clause”) Image CC:BY-SA Loz Pycock (Flickr)
  10. 10. Takeaway:•Goal: To advanceknowledge•How: Exclusive rightson creative works forlimited times Image CC:BY-NC Cayusa (Flickr)
  11. 11. Notable International TreatiesRegarding Copyright:•1886: Berne Convention for theProtection of Literary and Artistic Works•1952: Universal Copyright Convention•1988: Berne ConventionImplementation Act•1995: Trade-Related Aspects ofIntellectual Property Rights Image CC:BY tuppus (Flickr)
  12. 12. “Limited times” = ? Image CC:BY TJ Morris (Flickr)
  13. 13. Which of these is necessary to copyright a work?A. Tangible form?B. Publication?C. Copyright symbol ©?D. Registration?E. Effort?F. Creative Expression?G. Uniqueness?
  14. 14. Which of these is necessary to copyright a work?
  15. 15. Copyright occurs automatically at the creation of a new work, when it is fixed in tangible form. This means that almostImage CC:BY Horia Varlan (flickr) everything is copyrighted-- not just published material but also your emails, your assignments, your letters, your drafts, your doodles, your snapshots, your blog posts...
  16. 16. What is a license?Licenses let people know how they may use a copyrighted work. Image CC:BY-SA lumaxart (Flickr)
  17. 17. Free PublicUnder some licenses to use, adapt, redistributeImage CC:BY-SA Colleen Simon (Flickr)
  18. 18. All Rights Reserved (default)
  19. 19. Types of Open Licenses: Creative Commons Some Rights Reserved (
  20. 20. BY :: Attribution You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but only if they give you credit.
  21. 21. NC :: Noncommercial You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but for noncommercial purposes only.
  22. 22. SA :: Share Alike You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work as long as any derivative work is licensed under the same license.
  23. 23. ND :: No derivatives You let others copy, distribute, and display your copyrighted work only if no changes, derivatives, are made.
  24. 24. Learning Creativity Sharing Public All Rights Domain Reservedleast restrictive most restrictive Adaptability means… Translation Localization Bridge materials Innovation Collaboration
  25. 25. Case StudyImage CC:BY Olibac (Flickr)
  26. 26. Challenges to Health Education in Africa•low budget, small workforce, high diseaseburden•scarce, aging, and emigrating teaching staff•not enough instructors or classroom spaces•repetitive instructional responsibilities•and….Image CC:BY Phil Roeder (Flickr)
  27. 27. large lectures & crowded clinical situations2 minute video interview: Image CC:BY-NC University of Ghana of 19 OER video interviews in Ghana:
  28. 28. When you look intextbooks it’s difficult tofind African cases. Thecases may be prettysimilar but sometimes itcan be confusing whenyou see something thatyou see on white skin sonicely and very easy topick up, but on the darkskin it has a differentmanifestation that may bedifficult to see.-Richard Phillips, lecturer,Department of Internal Image CC:BY-NC-SA Kwame NkrumahMedicine, KNUST (Ghana) University of Science and Technology
  29. 29. The mission of the AfricanHealth Open EducationalResources (OER) Network (est.2008) is to advance healtheducation in Africa by creatingand promoting free, openlylicensed teaching materialscreated by Africans to shareknowledge, address curriculumgaps, and support healtheducation communities.
  30. 30. Gather Existing Materials Assist health professionals in finding materials that are free, electronic, and openly licensed (i.e. expressly allow the general public to use, adapt, copy, and redistribute)APPROACH Facilitate Discussion Foster dialogue between health professionals around pedagogy, policy, peer review, and openness via onsite consultation, discussion lists, conference calls, and newsletters
  31. 31. Collection Other•12 institutions ••135 modules althoer: 7,000 visits/month•339 materials ••144 videos 10,000 visits/month,•906 minutes 1,500 is for African Health OER NetworkYouTube content•861K views •Accessed in over 190•795 favorites countries•173 comments Image CC:BY-NC-SA HeyThereSpaceman (flickr)
  32. 32. Visualization of greatest word frequency in Youtube comments – from
  33. 33. Remix Example Image CC:BY-NC-SA Saide and University of Botswana
  34. 34. Remix Example: From This
  35. 35. Remix Example: To This
  36. 36. Remix Example: From This
  37. 37. Remix Example: To This
  38. 38. Hands-On: Share your own content(or help someone else share theirs) Image CC:BY-NC-SA 10000spoons (Flickr)
  39. 39.
  40. 40. Its easiest to create open content from the start.
  41. 41. Start now by making a small change in how you create your own content.
  42. 42. What does this mean for you?
  43. 43. Hmm…Image CC:BY-NC-SAbetsyjean79 (flickr)
  44. 44. On Slide Learning about Orchids Lady Finger Phalaenopsis A Phalaenopsis hybrid add some extra information in the attribution: author, source (name and link), license (name and link) Lady Finger Orchid CC:BY aussiegall (flickr) phalaenopsis CC:BY audreyjm529 (flickr) A Phalaenopsis hybrid CC:BY-SA Zizonus (flickr)
  45. 45. Additional Source Information M P LE E XA Slide 3: Janeway. Immunobiology : The Immune System in Health and Disease. Current Biology Ltd./ Garland Publishing, Inc. 1997 Slide 4: Spinach is Good” Center for Disease Control; Life Magazine. January 17, 1938; rejon, Slide 5: Goody Two Shoes - McLoughlin Bros (New-York) 1888 Slide 6: Jot Powers, “Bounty Hunter”, Wikimedia Commons,, CC: BY-SA 2.0 the end of the presentation
  46. 46. What if you want to make your*existing* work available under an open license?
  47. 47. What types of third-party(i.e. created by someone other than you) objects might you encounter?
  48. 48. What should you do with them?
  49. 49. main policy concerns to publicly sharing content :: copyright : copyright law grants limited exclusive rights to authors of creative works :: product endorsement : avoiding the appearance of endorsing a 3rd party :: privacy : the protection of an individual’s (student, instructor, patient) privacy
  50. 50. possible actions :: retain : keep the content because it is licensed under an open license or is in the public domain :: replace : you may want to replace content that is not openly licensed (and thus not shareable) :: remove : you may need to remove content due to privacy, endorsement, or copyright concerns
  51. 51. Attribution Key for more information see: + Share + Adapt { Content the copyright holder, author, or law permits you to use, share and adapt. } Public Domain – Government: Works that are produced by the U.S. Government. (17 USC § 105) Public Domain – Expired: Works that are no longer protected due to an expired copyright term. Public Domain – Self Dedicated: Works that a copyright holder has dedicated to the public domain. Creative Commons – Zero Waiver This key is inserted as the Creative Commons – Attribution License second slide/page of all Creative Commons – Attribution Share Alike License University of Michigan open Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial License content to let people Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike License worldwide know how they GNU – Free Documentation License can or cannot use a given image or resource.Make Your Own Assessment { Content Open.Michigan believes can be used, shared, and adapted because it is ineligible for copyright. } Public Domain – Ineligible: Works that are ineligible for copyright protection in the U.S. (17 USC § 102(b)) *laws in your jurisdiction may differ { Content Open.Michigan has used under a Fair Use determination. } Fair Use: Use of works that is determined to be Fair consistent with the U.S. Copyright Act. (17 USC § 107) *laws in your jurisdiction may differ Our determination DOES NOT mean that all uses of this 3rd-party content are Fair Uses and we DO NOT guarantee that your use of the content is Fair. To use this content you should do your own independent analysis to determine whether or not your use will be Fair.
  52. 52. ActivityYou have been provided print-outs of:•Original slides with copyright, privacy, orendorsement issues•Recommended actions•Replacement imagesMatch the slides with their actions and, ifapplicable, their replacement images.Activity materials & Image CC:BY Nick Ward (Flickr)
  53. 53. Share Your Own Work from ICTD2012Tag your work “ictd2012-open”, upload to a websitethat supports Creative Commons:Presentations (e.g. DOC, PPT) on Slideshare: on Flickr: on YouTube: Image CC:BY-SA Quinn Dombrowski (Flickr)
  54. 54. Email: How To: African-produced health materials: thoerImage CC:BY-NC britbohlinger (flickr)
  55. 55. Image CC:BY Karrie Nodalo (flickr)This presentation builds upon slides from otherOpen.Michigan team members, including:Emily Puckett Rodgers, Pieter Kleymeer, GarinFons, Greg Grossmeier, Susan Topol, DaveMalicke, Ted Hanss, and Erik Hofer