Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Introduction to Open Educational         Resources for Health Training                  Kathleen Ludewig Omollo           ...
2PATH•Copyright Trivia•What is “Open”?•Example: African Health Open Educational Resources(OER) Network•How to Create Your ...
Image CC:BY gmahender (Flickr)   3
What rights are  included in  copyright?(hint: there are 5)                      Image CC:BY Ute Hagen (Flickr)   4
Copyright holders have the exclusive right to do andto authorize others to do the following:3. Reproduce the work in whole...
Under © it is illegal to:•Translate works (derivative)•Copy someone else’s photo, slides, report, orother work (without pe...
7What is the purpose of ©?                   Image CC:BY ewiemann (Flickr)
• 1710, Great Britain:“For the Encouragement of      Learned Men to Compose and Write useful      Books…” - Source: “An Ac...
9Notable International TreatiesRegarding Copyright:•1886: Berne Convention for theProtection of Literary and Artistic Work...
Takeaway:     •Goal: To advance     knowledge     •How: Exclusive rights     on creative works for     limited times10    ...
“Limited times” = ?11                   Image CC:BY TJ Morris (Flickr)
Which of these is necessary to          copyright a work?A.   Tangible form?B.   Publication?C.   Copyright symbol ©?D.   ...
Which of these is necessary to     copyright a work?                                 13
Copyright occurs automatically                             at the creation of a new work,                             when...
What is a license?Licenses let people know   how they may use a    copyrighted work.            Image CC:BY-SA lumaxart (F...
Free                                        PublicUnder some licenses to use, adapt, redistributeImage CC:BY-SA Colleen Si...
All Rights Reserved      (default)                      17
Types of Open Licenses:Creative Commons is one example           Some Rights Reserved         (www.creativecommons.org)   ...
BY :: Attribution    You let others copy, distribute, display, and    perform your copyrighted work but only if    they gi...
NC :: Noncommercial   You let others copy, distribute, display, and   perform your copyrighted work but for   noncommercia...
SA :: Share Alike   You let others copy, distribute, display, and   perform your copyrighted work as long as   any derivat...
Learning                                          Creativity                     Sharing    Public                        ...
Case Study: African                      Health OER NetworkImage CC:BY-NC Jon Milet Baker (Flickr)     23
Motivations:       Challenges to Health Education in Africa•low budget, small workforce, high diseaseburden•scarce, aging,...
large lectures &     crowded clinical situations25                     Image CC:BY-NC University of Ghana
26When you look intextbooks it’s difficult tofind African cases. Thecases may be prettysimilar but sometimes itcan be conf...
The mission of the AfricanHealth Open EducationalResources (OER) Network (est.2008) is to advance healtheducation in Afric...
Gather Existing Materials   Assist health professionals in finding materials that      are free, electronic, and openly li...
Example: KNUST and UG (Ghana)ChallengeElectronic learning activities arenot widespread; healthinstructors do not have time...
Example: Ghana     Challenge     Would like to focus     materials development on     clinical exams and surgical     proc...
31Community                     Usage•160 people                   •8500 views/motrained in open               on websitel...
Visualization of greatest word frequency in Youtube comments – from wordle.com.http://wiki.datawithoutborders.cc/index.php...
33Remix Example    Image CC:BY-NC-SA Saide and University of Botswana
Remix Example:  From This                 34
35                         Remix Example:                            To Thishttp://blogs.uct.ac.za/blog/oer-uct/2010/11/12...
Remix Example:  From This                 36
Remix Example:   To This                 37
38        Opportunities to Collaborate        http://openmi.ch/healthoernetwork-connect3 communities: audio conference + e...
How to share your own content     (or help someone else share theirs)39                       Image CC:BY-NC-SA 10000spoon...
Its easiest to create open  content from the start.                              40
Start now by making a smallchange in how you create your         own content.                                41
What does this mean for you?http://open.umich.edu/share                               42
Hmm…Image CC:BY-NC-SAbetsyjean79 (flickr)   43
EXAMPLE DISCLAIMER                                         & TITLE SLIDEAuthor(s): John Doe, MD; Jane Doe, PhD, 2009Licens...
On Slide                 Learning about Orchids                                      45        Lady Finger                ...
Additional Source Information   Slide 3: Janeway. Immunobiology : The Immune System in Health and   Disease. Current Biolo...
What if you want to make yourexisting work available under       an open license?                                47
What types of third-party(i.e. created by someone other  than you) objects might you           encounter?                 ...
What should you do with them?                                49
main policy concerns to publicly sharing content     :: copyright : copyright law grants limited     exclusive rights to a...
possible actions   :: retain : keep the content because it is   licensed under an open license or is in the   public domai...
Discussion: OER for Ob/Gyn Residents             at SPHMMC                                  52
Content3.Which key elements in core curricula are amenableto self-learning?4.What are the relevant learning objectives for...
Obstetrics and Gynaecology OER from African Health OERNetworkhttp://www.oerafrica.org/healthoer orhttp://openmi.ch/healtho...
Pediatrics OER from African Health OER Networkhttp://www.oerafrica.org/healthoer orhttp://openmi.ch/healthoernetwork4.Clin...
Relevant Pharmacology OER from African Health OER Networkhttp://www.oerafrica.org/healthoer orhttp://openmi.ch/healthoerne...
Community Healthcare Worker materials from Open UniversityUK Health Education and Training in Africa (HEAT)http://www8.ope...
M1 Endrochrinology and Reproduction from University ofMichigan Medical Schoolhttp://open.umich.edu/education/med/m1/endo-r...
M2 Reproduction from University of Michigan Medical Schoolhttp://open.umich.edu/education/med/m2/repro/20104.Breast Lab5.G...
Policy3.Who owns the copyright to the materials intendedto be shared as OER - the faculty or the institution?4.Under which...
Professional Development3.Are teaching staff familiar with multimedia andinstructional design principles?http://www.youtub...
Technological Infrastructure3.What is the desired format of the OER (e.g. text-based, narrated lectures, video)?5.How will...
Concluding RemarksOER and content development are not an end but onefacet of an approach to enhancing instruction.     •Co...
Image CC:BY Karrie Nodalo (flickr)This presentation builds upon slides from otherOpen.Michigan team members, including:Emi...
Questions?     Kathleen Omollo: kludewig@umich.edu65                         Image CC:BY-NC-SA Oberazzi (Flickr)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Health OER intro to SPHMMC Ethiopia

1,024 views

Published on

Presentation by Kathleen Ludewig Omollo on April 26, 2012 to St Paul Hospital Millennium Medical College in Addis Ababa.

CC BY The Regents of the University of Michigan.

Published in: Education, Travel, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Health OER intro to SPHMMC Ethiopia

  1. 1. Introduction to Open Educational Resources for Health Training Kathleen Ludewig Omollo International Program ManagerUniversity of Michigan Medical School Office of Enabling Tech. April 26, 2012 – St. Paul Hospital Millennium Medical College Slides at: http://openmi.ch/sphmmc-oer-intro Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0). Copyright 2012 The Regents of the University of Michigan. Cover image CC:BY-SA Jessica Duensing (Flickr) 1
  2. 2. 2PATH•Copyright Trivia•What is “Open”?•Example: African Health Open Educational Resources(OER) Network•How to Create Your Own OER•Discussion: OER for Ob/Gyn at SPHMMC Image CC:BY-NC-SA werkunz (Flickr)
  3. 3. Image CC:BY gmahender (Flickr) 3
  4. 4. What rights are included in copyright?(hint: there are 5) Image CC:BY Ute Hagen (Flickr) 4
  5. 5. Copyright holders have the exclusive right to do andto authorize others to do the following:3. Reproduce the work in whole or in part4. Prepare derivative works, such as translations,dramatizations, and musical arrangements5. Distribute copies of the work by sale, gift, rental, orloan6. Publicly display the work7. Publicly perform the work 5
  6. 6. Under © it is illegal to:•Translate works (derivative)•Copy someone else’s photo, slides, report, orother work (without permission)•Dramatize a work (performance)•Reproduce in whole or in part (withoutpermission)•Make copies of a work (distribution) Image CC:BY OpenCage (wikipedia) 6
  7. 7. 7What is the purpose of ©? Image CC:BY ewiemann (Flickr)
  8. 8. • 1710, Great Britain:“For the Encouragement of Learned Men to Compose and Write useful Books…” - Source: “An Act For the Encouragement of Learning” by Queen Anne • 1788, U.S.: “To promote the progress of Science and Useful Arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.” • 1952, Universal Copyright Convention: “ensure respect for the rights of the individual and encourage the development of literature, the sciences and the arts.”8 Image CC:BY-SA Loz Pycock (Flickr)
  9. 9. 9Notable International TreatiesRegarding Copyright:•1886: Berne Convention for theProtection of Literary and Artistic Works•1952: Universal Copyright Convention•1988: Berne ConventionImplementation Act•1995: Trade-Related Aspects ofIntellectual Property Rights Image CC:BY tuppus (Flickr)
  10. 10. Takeaway: •Goal: To advance knowledge •How: Exclusive rights on creative works for limited times10 Image CC:BY-NC Cayusa (Flickr)
  11. 11. “Limited times” = ?11 Image CC:BY TJ Morris (Flickr)
  12. 12. Which of these is necessary to copyright a work?A. Tangible form?B. Publication?C. Copyright symbol ©?D. Registration?E. Effort?F. Creative Expression?G. Uniqueness? 12
  13. 13. Which of these is necessary to copyright a work? 13
  14. 14. Copyright occurs automatically at the creation of a new work, when it is fixed in tangible form. This means that almostImage CC:BY Horia Varlan (flickr) everything is copyrighted-- not just published material but also your lecture slides, your speaker notes, your drafts, your whiteboard/blackboard drawings, your snapshots... 14
  15. 15. What is a license?Licenses let people know how they may use a copyrighted work. Image CC:BY-SA lumaxart (Flickr) 15
  16. 16. Free PublicUnder some licenses to use, adapt, redistributeImage CC:BY-SA Colleen Simon (Flickr) 16
  17. 17. All Rights Reserved (default) 17
  18. 18. Types of Open Licenses:Creative Commons is one example Some Rights Reserved (www.creativecommons.org) 18
  19. 19. BY :: Attribution You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but only if they give you credit. 19
  20. 20. NC :: Noncommercial You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but for noncommercial purposes only. 20
  21. 21. SA :: Share Alike You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work as long as any derivative work is licensed under the same license. 21
  22. 22. Learning Creativity Sharing Public All Rights Domain Reservedleast restrictive most restrictive Adaptability means… Translation Localization Bridge materials Innovation Collaboration 22
  23. 23. Case Study: African Health OER NetworkImage CC:BY-NC Jon Milet Baker (Flickr) 23
  24. 24. Motivations: Challenges to Health Education in Africa•low budget, small workforce, high diseaseburden•scarce, aging, and emigrating teaching staff•not enough instructors or classroom spaces•repetitive instructional responsibilities•and….Image CC:BY Phil Roeder (Flickr) 24
  25. 25. large lectures & crowded clinical situations25 Image CC:BY-NC University of Ghana
  26. 26. 26When you look intextbooks it’s difficult tofind African cases. Thecases may be prettysimilar but sometimes itcan be confusing whenyou see something thatyou see on white skin sonicely and very easy topick up, but on the darkskin it has a differentmanifestation that may bedifficult to see.-Richard Phillips, lecturer,Department of Internal Image CC:BY-NC-SA Kwame NkrumahMedicine, KNUST (Ghana) University of Science and Technology
  27. 27. The mission of the AfricanHealth Open EducationalResources (OER) Network (est.2008) is to advance healtheducation in Africa by creatingand promoting free, openlylicensed teaching materialscreated by Africans to shareknowledge, address curriculumgaps, and support healtheducation communities. www.oerafrica.org/healthoer 27
  28. 28. Gather Existing Materials Assist health professionals in finding materials that are free, electronic, and openly licensed (i.e. expressly allow the general public to use, adapt, copy, and redistribute)APPROACH Facilitate Discussion Foster dialogue between health professionals around pedagogy, policy, peer review, and openness via onsite consultation, discussion lists, conference calls, and newsletters 28
  29. 29. Example: KNUST and UG (Ghana)ChallengeElectronic learning activities arenot widespread; healthinstructors do not have time tolearn multimedia skills.Approach•KNUST: Multidisciplinarycollaborations with the College of Image CC:BY-NC-SA Kwame NkrumahArt University of Science and Technology•University of Ghana (UG): Hire (KNUST)external multimedia specialists 29
  30. 30. Example: Ghana Challenge Would like to focus materials development on clinical exams and surgical procedures Approach Update informed consent procedures to allow for public use30 Image CC:BY Alan Cleaver (Flickr)
  31. 31. 31Community Usage•160 people •8500 views/motrained in open on websitelicenses •Accessed in 190+•115 authors countries•12 institutions •861K views on YouTubeCollection •795 favorites on•135 modules YouTube•339 materials •173 comments•144 videos (906 on YouTubeminutes) Image CC:BY-NC-SA HeyThereSpaceman (flickr)
  32. 32. Visualization of greatest word frequency in Youtube comments – from wordle.com.http://wiki.datawithoutborders.cc/index.php?title=Project:Current_events:A2_DD 32
  33. 33. 33Remix Example Image CC:BY-NC-SA Saide and University of Botswana
  34. 34. Remix Example: From This 34
  35. 35. 35 Remix Example: To Thishttp://blogs.uct.ac.za/blog/oer-uct/2010/11/12/from-uct-opencontent-to-a-journal-article
  36. 36. Remix Example: From This 36
  37. 37. Remix Example: To This 37
  38. 38. 38 Opportunities to Collaborate http://openmi.ch/healthoernetwork-connect3 communities: audio conference + email list•Partners Forum (senior leadership)•Tech (multimedia and tech support staff)•dScribe (students, ©)Newsletter(http://openmi.ch/healthoernetwork-newsletter) Image CC:BY-SA lumaxart (Flickr)
  39. 39. How to share your own content (or help someone else share theirs)39 Image CC:BY-NC-SA 10000spoons (Flickr)
  40. 40. Its easiest to create open content from the start. 40
  41. 41. Start now by making a smallchange in how you create your own content. 41
  42. 42. What does this mean for you?http://open.umich.edu/share 42
  43. 43. Hmm…Image CC:BY-NC-SAbetsyjean79 (flickr) 43
  44. 44. EXAMPLE DISCLAIMER & TITLE SLIDEAuthor(s): John Doe, MD; Jane Doe, PhD, 2009License: Unless otherwise noted, this material is made available under the terms ofthe Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/We have reviewed this material in accordance with U.S. Copyright Law and have tried to maximizeyour ability to use, share, and adapt it.Copyright holders of content included in this material should contact open.michigan@umich.edu withany questions, corrections, or clarification regarding the use of content.For more information about how to cite these materials visit http://open.umich.edu/privacy-and-terms-use.Any medical information in this material is intended to inform and educate and is not a tool for self-diagnosis or a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcareprofessional. Please speak to your physician if you have questions about your medical condition.Viewer discretion is advised: Some medical content is graphic and may not be suitable for all viewers.
  45. 45. On Slide Learning about Orchids 45 Lady Finger Phalaenopsis A Phalaenopsis hybrid add some extra information in the attribution: author, source (name and link), license (name and link) Lady Finger Orchid CC:BY aussiegall (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ phalaenopsis CC:BY audreyjm529 (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/Phalaenopsis hybrid CC:BY-SA Zizonus (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/
  46. 46. Additional Source Information Slide 3: Janeway. Immunobiology : The Immune System in Health and Disease. Current Biology Ltd./Garland Publishing, Inc. 1997 Slide 4: Spinach is Good” Center for Disease Control; Life Magazine. January 17, 1938; rejon, http://openclipart.org/media/files/rejon/11221 Slide 5: Goody Two Shoes - McLoughlin Bros (New-York) 1888 Slide 6: Jot Powers, “Bounty Hunter”, Wikimedia Commons, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bounty_hunter_2.JPG, CC: BY- SA 2.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/Example at the end of the presentation 46
  47. 47. What if you want to make yourexisting work available under an open license? 47
  48. 48. What types of third-party(i.e. created by someone other than you) objects might you encounter? 48
  49. 49. What should you do with them? 49
  50. 50. main policy concerns to publicly sharing content :: copyright : copyright law grants limited exclusive rights to authors of creative works :: product endorsement : avoiding the appearance of endorsing a product or organization :: privacy : the protection of an individual’s (student, instructor, patient) privacy 50
  51. 51. possible actions :: retain : keep the content because it is licensed under an open license or is in the public domain :: replace : you may want to replace content that is not openly licensed (and thus not shareable) :: remove : you may need to remove content due to privacy, endorsement, or copyright concerns 51
  52. 52. Discussion: OER for Ob/Gyn Residents at SPHMMC 52
  53. 53. Content3.Which key elements in core curricula are amenableto self-learning?4.What are the relevant learning objectives for theOER modules used/created?5.Where may existing OER be used wholely oradapted for the curriculum?6.In what ways can you adapt OER from anotherinstitution to fit SPHMMC context? 53
  54. 54. Obstetrics and Gynaecology OER from African Health OERNetworkhttp://www.oerafrica.org/healthoer orhttp://openmi.ch/healthoernetwork4.Caesarean Section5.Episiotomy & Repair6.Examination of the Pregnant Woman7.Procedures in Obstetrics and Gynaecology8.Sexually-Transmitted Diseases and Pelvic Infections9.Total Abdominal Hysterectomy10.University Certificate in Midwifery11.Textbook of Urogynaecology12.Surgical Repair of Vesico-Vaginal Fistulae (VVF)13.Clinical Examinations in Gynaecology Collection, including: 1. Basic Guidelines and History Taking 2. General Physical Examination in Gynaecology 3. Examination of the Abdomen 4. Pelvic Examination 54
  55. 55. Pediatrics OER from African Health OER Networkhttp://www.oerafrica.org/healthoer orhttp://openmi.ch/healthoernetwork4.Clinical Examinations in Paediatrics Collection, including: 1. General Physical Examination 2. Examination of the Respiratory System 3. Examination of the Cardiovascular System 4. Examination of the Abdomen 5. Overview of the Central Nervous System (CNS) 6. CNS Examination of Smell and Sight 7. CNS Examination of Facial Nerve and Hearing 8. Examination of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) 9. CNS Examination of the Legs 10. Examination of the Musculoskeletal System 11. Examination of the New Born: Part 1 12. Examination of the New Born: Part 2 13. Examination of the Ear, Nose, and Throat Systems5.Case Scenarios In Pediatric Practices6.Gastric Lavage Procedure Animation7.South African Child Gauge 2009/2010 55
  56. 56. Relevant Pharmacology OER from African Health OER Networkhttp://www.oerafrica.org/healthoer orhttp://openmi.ch/healthoernetwork4. One Step Pregnancy Dipstick Test 56
  57. 57. Community Healthcare Worker materials from Open UniversityUK Health Education and Training in Africa (HEAT)http://www8.open.ac.uk/africa/heat/heat-resources4.Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health5.Antenatal Care6.Communicable Diseases7.Family Planning8.Health Education, Advocacy and Community Mobilisation9.Health Management, Ethics and Research10.Hygiene and Environmental Health11.Immunization12.Integrated Management of Newborn and Childhood Illness13.Labour and Delivery Care14.Non-Communicable Diseases, Emergency Care and Mental Health15.Nutrition16.Postnatal Care 57
  58. 58. M1 Endrochrinology and Reproduction from University ofMichigan Medical Schoolhttp://open.umich.edu/education/med/m1/endo-repro/winter2008/4.Syllabus5.01.26.09: Histology of the Endocrine System6.01.28.09(a): Nutrition Assessment7.01.28.09(b): Histology of the Male Reproductive System 58
  59. 59. M2 Reproduction from University of Michigan Medical Schoolhttp://open.umich.edu/education/med/m2/repro/20104.Breast Lab5.Gestational Lab6.Ovary Testes Lab7.Uterine Lab8.03.15.11: Your Patient Has Breast Cancer Until You Prove She Doesn’t9.03.16.09: Clinical Aspects of the Menstrual Cycle10.03.18.09: Clinical Aspects of Gynecologic Diseases11.03.19.09: Benign and Malignant Diseases of the Testis and Scrotum12.Ob/Gyn Learning Resources from the African Health OER Network13.Surgical Excision of a Multi-Lobular, Recurrent, Bartholin Duct Cyst14.Daily Schedule: M2 Reproduction15.03.18.09(a): Gynecologic Diseases16.03.18.09(b): Abortion17.03.18.09(c): Ovary Pathology18.03.19.09(a): Testicular Disease19.03.19.09(b): Testicular Pathology20.03.20.09: Androgens 59
  60. 60. Policy3.Who owns the copyright to the materials intendedto be shared as OER - the faculty or the institution?4.Under which Creative Commons license will theOER be shared?5.How will you ensure the quality of the OER?6.If you intend to include record video or audio for ademonstration (e.g. surgical procedure), how will youobtain permission from patients or students beingrecorded?http://open.umich.edu/education/med/oernetwork/guid 60
  61. 61. Professional Development3.Are teaching staff familiar with multimedia andinstructional design principles?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-fGBoacMRxE5.Do teaching staff know where to find OER andother open content to adapt for their own OER?http://open.umich.edu/share/use7.Who will be responsible for assisting and trainingfaculty with technology and instructional design forOER? (e.g. existing technology or library staff) 61
  62. 62. Technological Infrastructure3.What is the desired format of the OER (e.g. text-based, narrated lectures, video)?5.How will you use to distribute the OER (e.g. mediatypes, file formats, soft copy or hard copy)?7.What are the technological factors affecting OERproduction and dissemination? (e.g. student andfaculty access to & attitudes toward technology,classroom environment, network instrastructure,technology support staff) 62
  63. 63. Concluding RemarksOER and content development are not an end but onefacet of an approach to enhancing instruction. •Collection of 19 video interviews in Ghana about OER: http://www.youtube.com/playlist? list=PLF4EC45F2B54D6112 •Open Health at UMMS Video: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=LGtevQ9xCkIImage CC:BY Willi Heidelbach (Flickr) 63
  64. 64. Image CC:BY Karrie Nodalo (flickr)This presentation builds upon slides from otherOpen.Michigan team members, including:Emily Puckett Rodgers, Pieter Kleymeer, GarinFons, Greg Grossmeier, Susan Topol, DaveMalicke, Ted Hanss, and Erik Hofer 64
  65. 65. Questions? Kathleen Omollo: kludewig@umich.edu65 Image CC:BY-NC-SA Oberazzi (Flickr)

×