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African Health OER Network - UNESCO Regional Forum, March 2012


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This presentation was given at the UNESCO Latin America Regional OER Forum in Brazil on March 28, 2012 by Kathleen Omollo and Greg Doyle.

The presentation is licensed under CC BY.

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African Health OER Network - UNESCO Regional Forum, March 2012

  1. 1. 1 The African Health OER Network:Motivations, Challenges, and Approach Greg Doyle University of Cape Town, Faculty of Health Sciences Kathleen Ludewig OmolloUniversity of Michigan, Medical School Office of Enabling Tech. March 28, 2012 – UNESCO Latin America OER Forum Slides at Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under aCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 License ( 2012 The Regents of the University of Michigan and the University of Cape Town. Image of Kakum Park: CC:BY-NC-SA Civitas Veritas
  2. 2. 2View from the bridge: the surrounding landscape Kakum National Park (Ghana)Image CC:BY-NC-SA Kalyan Neelamraju (Flickr)
  3. 3. 3 Motivations: Challenges to Health Education in Africa•low budget, small workforce, high diseaseburden•scarce, aging, and emigrating teaching staff•not enough instructors or classroom spaces•repetitive instructional responsibilities•and….Image CC:BY Phil Roeder (Flickr)
  4. 4. 4 large lectures &crowded clinical situations Image CC:BY-NC University of Ghana
  5. 5. 5When you look intextbooks it’s difficult tofind African cases. Thecases may be prettysimilar but sometimes itcan be confusing whenyou see something thatyou see on white skin sonicely and very easy topick up, but on the darkskin it has a differentmanifestation that may bedifficult to see.-Richard Phillips, lecturer,Department of Internal Image CC:BY-NC-SA Kwame NkrumahMedicine, KNUST (Ghana) University of Science and Technology
  6. 6. 6The mission of the AfricanHealth Open EducationalResources (OER) Network (est.2008) is to advance healtheducation in Africa by creatingand promoting free, openlylicensed teaching materialscreated by Africans to shareknowledge, address curriculumgaps, and support healtheducation communities.
  7. 7. 7 Gather Existing Materials Assist health professionals in finding materials that are free, electronic, and openly licensed (i.e. expressly allow the general public to use, adapt, copy, and redistribute)APPROACH Facilitate Discussion Foster dialogue between health professionals around pedagogy, policy, peer review, and openness via onsite consultation, discussion lists, conference calls, and newsletters
  8. 8. 8 Case Study: University of Cape Town (South Africa)Image CC:BY Olibac (Flickr)
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. 10 Raise OER awareness and Source content Clear copyright interest (volunteers) (dScribe)(seminars & w/s) UCT OER Production Package OER Process Publish OER Review OER Publicize OER (repository) (internal)
  11. 11. 11OpenContent becomes a Journal Article• Materials published as OER on OpenContent selected for publishing in the Journal of Occupational Therapy of Galicia, an open access journal for occupational therapists in the Spanish speaking world
  12. 12. 12How do people find us? 7,2 64 0 77 3,105 201 18 4 2 30
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14University of Cape Town (S. Africa)Challenges Approach•Unaware of OER •Awareness & advantages•Sustainability•Culture of not sharing •Encourage lecturers•Teaching 2nd to research •Revise Policy•Labour intensive •Self-help, manuals, 1-many•Inadequate & part time staff •Full time technology expert•Not including students •Proposals
  15. 15. 15 Advantages for UCT faculty• Improvement in quality of resources• Increased visibility for the authors and their institutions• Fosters collaboration among faculty members and staff• Provides opportunity to solve teaching and learning challenges• Raises awareness of OER developed elsewhere• International recognition by the international OER community• Development of additional OER by early adopters
  16. 16. 16 GhanaChallengeElectronic learning activities arenot widespread; healthinstructors do not have time tolearn multimedia skills.Approach•KNUST: Multidisciplinarycollaborations with the College of Image CC:BY-NC-SA Kwame NkrumahArt University of Science and Technology•University of Ghana (UG): Hire (KNUST)external multimedia specialists
  17. 17. 17 GhanaChallengeWould like to focusmaterials development onclinical exams and surgicalproceduresApproachUpdate informed consentprocedures to allow forpublic use Image CC:BY Alan Cleaver (Flickr)
  18. 18. 18 GhanaChallengeFaculty promotion and tenure policies favor research overteaching, journal publications over learning modules.Approach•Revise institutional policies to include OER amongperformance criteria and as a qualifying activity forreserved/protected time for lecturersVideo excerpt from KNUST: of 19 OER video interviews in Ghana: Image CC:BY-NC-SA Stephanie Pakrul (Flickr)
  19. 19. 19Community Usage•160 people •8500 views/motrained in open on websitelicenses •Accessed in 190+•115 authors countries•12 institutions •861K views on YouTubeCollection •795 favorites on•135 modules YouTube•339 materials •173 comments•144 videos (906 on YouTubeminutes) Image CC:BY-NC-SA HeyThereSpaceman (flickr)
  20. 20. 20Visualization of greatest word frequency in Youtube comments – from
  21. 21. 21 Opportunities to Collaborate communities: audio conference + email list•Partners Forum (senior leadership)•Tech (multimedia and tech support staff)•dScribe (students, ©)Newsletter Image CC:BY-SA lumaxart (Flickr)
  22. 22. 22 Image CC:BY Karrie Nodalo (flickr)Thanks to the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation andthe Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for their financialsupport, as well the founding members of the Network:University of Cape Town, University of the Western Cape,Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology,University of Ghana, the South African Institute for DistanceEducation, and University of Michigan.
  23. 23. 23 Questions?Kathleen Omollo: kludewig@umich.eduGreg Doyle: Image CC:BY-NC-SA Oberazzi (Flickr)