A Primer in Open Licenses: How to Share and Remix Legally and Easily


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Talk given by Kathleen Omollo on behalf of the Open.Michigan initiative on May 14, 2014 as part of the Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources - Webinar Series.

Abstract at: http://oerconsortium.org/2014/05/02/may-14-a-primer-on-open-licenses-and-intellectual-property-how-to-share-and-remix-legally-and-easily/ or https://open.umich.edu/wiki/Abstract-CCCOERWebinar-May14.

Download PPT, PDF, notes, and MP4 for this presentation at http://open.umich.edu/node/9580/. You may also view the video at http://youtu.be/5yODqB3y53Y.

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A Primer in Open Licenses: How to Share and Remix Legally and Easily

  1. 1. A  Primer  in  Open  Licenses  and  Intellectual  Property:   How  to  Share  and  Remix  Legally  and  Easily                   Kathleen  Ludewig  Omollo    Open.Michigan  Ini7a7ve,  University  of  Michigan     May  14,  2014  –  CCCOER   Slides  at:  hIp://openmi.ch/cccoer14   Except  where  otherwise  noted,  this  work  is  available  under  a  Crea7ve  Commons  AIribu7on  4.0  License   (hIp://crea7vecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).  Copyright  2014  The  Regents  of  the  University  of  Michigan.   Cover  image  CC:BY-­‐SA  Jessica  Duensing  (Flickr)  
  2. 2. PATH   Image  CC:BY-­‐NC-­‐SA  werkunz  (Flickr)   2
  3. 3. Image  CC:BY  gmahender  (Flickr)   3
  4. 4. Yes  or  No:    Any  presenta7on  slides   that  I  would  use  in  the  classroom  I   could  also  publish  as  open   educa7onal  resources  simply  by   pos7ng  them  online.   4
  5. 5. A.  Free to access B.  Publicly Available C.  Terms of use that allows copies and adaptations D.  A and B E.  A, B, and C Which  of  these  are  quali7es  of  open   content?   5
  6. 6. A.  Publication B.  Copyright symbol © C.  Registration D.  B and C E.  None of the above Which  of  these  is  necessary  to   copyright  a  work?   6
  7. 7. A.  Tangible form? B.  Effort? C.  Creative Expression? D.  Uniqueness? E.  A and C Which  of  these  is  necessary  to   copyright  a  work?   7
  8. 8. Image CC:BY Ute Hagen (Flickr) Copyright is a bundle of 5 rights: •  Reproduce •  Derive •  Distribute •  Display •  Perform 8
  9. 9. A.  Publicly available information B.  Not under copyright (no rights reserved) C.  A and B What  is  the  “public  domain”?   9
  10. 10. •  Copyright •  Trademark •  Patents •  Trade Secrets Types  of  Intellectual  Property   Image  CC:BY-­‐NC  Cayusa  (Flickr)   10
  11. 11. Image CC:BY OpenCage (Wikimedia Commons) What is your intent with your content? 11
  12. 12. Image CC:BY Orin Zebest (Flickr) All rights reserved limits use, automatically 12
  13. 13. Open licenses mean some rights reserved Image CC:BY-SA opensourceway (Flickr) Learn more at open.umich.edu/share/license 13
  14. 14. Control vs. propagation 14 "Which path is right for you? It depends on your objective. Educational content is meant to be shared and an All Rights Reserved license is going to reduce your reach. If you need to retain full control over your content in the hopes of getting paid, that’s OK. But don’t pin this to false hope. You’re not going to get paid unless you’ve built up sufficient authority. The more you restrict your content, the more you reduce your chances of building authority.” http://edtechtimes.com/2013/12/03/content-strategy- control-content/
  15. 15. All Rights Reserved (default) 15 “All rights reserved” is the default. 15
  16. 16. Option: Creative Commons (two C’s instead of 1 C) (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/) 16 “Some rights reserved” is an alternative. 16
  17. 17. Image CC:BY Paul Albertella (Flickr) Open licenses enable revisions, remixes…17
  18. 18. such as copies… Image CC:BY-SA opensourceway (Flickr) 18
  19. 19. to online, ofine, semi-connected, print… 19
  20. 20. and translations… Image CC:BY NC SA Tobias Mikkelsen (Flickr) 20
  21. 21. Image CC:BY Tome Loh (Flickr) or other transformations. 21
  22. 22. e.g. Converting formats from laptop… Image CC:BY NC University of Ghana 22
  23. 23. http://open.umich.edu/blog/2012/01/31/ mobile-a-prototype-spurred-by-the-hype/ To mobile. Image CC:BY NC University of Ghana 23
  24. 24. Pause  for  Questions   Dkscully (flickr) 24
  25. 25. What  is  a  license?             Licenses  let  people  know   how  they  may  use  a   copyrighted  work.          Image  CC:BY-­‐SA  lumaxart  (Flickr)   25
  26. 26. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but only if they give you credit. BY :: Attribution 26
  27. 27. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work but for noncommercial purposes only. NC :: Noncommercial 27
  28. 28. You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work as long as any derivative work is licensed under the same license. SA :: Share Alike 28
  29. 29. You let others copy, distribute, and display your copyrighted work only if no changes, derivatives, are made. ND :: No derivatives 29
  30. 30. Custom license example 30 “This work is licensed under a Creative Common Attribution- NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. This license is available at creativecommons.org/licenses/ by-nc-sa/3.0/. You can see what the author considers commercial and non-commercial uses of this material as well as license exemptions in the Appendix titled Copyright Detail…” “I have added this section of the document to describe specific situations where I am giving my permission in advance to use the material in this book in situations that some might consider commercial.” Python for Informatics: Exploring Information, Chuck Severance CC BY NC SA, http://www.pythonlearn.com/book_008.pdf. Slides 29 - 31 contain excerpts from the copyright detail.
  31. 31. Custom license example 31 “ • If you are printing a limited number of copies of all or part of this book for use in a course (e.g. like a coursepack), then you are granted CC-BY license to these materials for that purpose. • If you are a teacher at a university and you translate this book into a language other than English and teach using the translated book, then you can contact me and I will granted you a CC-BY-SA license to these materials with respect to the publication of your translation. In particular you will be permitted to sell the resulting translated book commercially. If you are intending to translate the book, you may want to contact me so we can make sure that you have all of the related course materials so you can translate them as well.”
  32. 32. Custom license example 32 “Of course, you are welcome to contact me and ask for permission if these clauses are not sufficient. In all cases, permission to reuse and remix this material will be granted as long as there is clear added value or benefit to students or teachers that will accrue as a result of the new work.”
  33. 33.     How  can  you  simply  integrate     open  licenses  into  your  work?     33
  34. 34. 1. License your own work. 2. Use openly licensed works. 3. Attribute authors of the works from step 2. 4. Share your work publicly online. http://open.umich.edu/share 34
  35. 35. Kathleen Ludewig Omollo University of Michigan - Open.Michigan Initiative Audience: University of Nairobi School of Public Health Download slides: http://openmi.ch/uon-aug2013 Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. (hIp://crea7vecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).  Copyright 2013The Regents of the University of Michigan. 35 Introduction to Open Licenses Open Education for Collaboration, Flexibility, and Global Visibility
  36. 36. Phalaenopsis audreyjm529 orchis galilaea CC:BY-SA judy_breck (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ Angraecum viguieri GNU free documentation orchi (wikipedia) Author,  Title,  Source,  License   Attributions within page 36
  37. 37. Attributions page at end Title  slide:  CC:  Seo2  |  Rela7vo  &  Absoluto  (flickr)   hIp://www.flickr.com/photos/seo2/2446816477/  |   hIp://crea7vecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en     Slide  1  CC:BY-­‐SA  Jot  Powers  (wikimedia  commons)   hIp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bounty_hunter_2.JPG  |  hIp:// crea7vecommons.org/licenses/by-­‐sa/2.0/   Slide  2  CC:  BY-­‐NC  Brent  and  MariLynn  (flickr)   hIp://www.flickr.com/photos/brent_nashville/2960420853/  |  hIp:// crea7vecommons.org/licenses/by-­‐nc/2.0/deed.en   Slide  3  hIp://www.newvideo.com/productdetail.html?produc7d=NV-­‐AAE-­‐71919   Slide  4  Public  Domain:  hIp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hummer-­‐H3.JPG     Slide  5  Source:  Undetermined  from  a  variety  of  searches  on  Monster  Truck  Documentary   Slide  6    Source:  Mega-­‐RC.com     hIp://www.mega-­‐rc.com/MRCImages/Asscd_Mnstr_GT_ShockOPT.jpg   Slide  7  CC:BY-­‐NC  GregRob  (flickr)  hIp://www.flickr.com/photos/gregrob/2139442260/  |   hIp://crea7vecommons.org/licenses/by-­‐nc/2.0/deed.en     Slide  8    CC:BY  metaphor91  (flickr)  hIp://crea7vecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en       37
  38. 38.     Interested  in  addi7onal  training     and  prac7ce?     38
  39. 39. 39 open.umich.edu/dScribe
  40. 40. Attribution Key for more information see: http://open.umich.edu/wiki/AttributionPolicy Use + Share + Adapt Make Your Own Assessment Creative Commons – Attribution License Creative Commons – Attribution Share Alike License Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial License Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike License GNU – Free Documentation License Creative Commons – Zero Waiver Public Domain – Ineligible: Works that are ineligible for copyright protection in the U.S. (17 USC § 102(b)) *laws in your jurisdiction may differ Public Domain – Expired: Works that are no longer protected due to an expired copyright term. Public Domain – Government: Works that are produced by the U.S. Government. (17 USC § 105) Public Domain – Self Dedicated: Works that a copyright holder has dedicated to the public domain. Fair Use: Use of works that is determined to be Fair consistent with the U.S. Copyright Act. (17 USC § 107) *laws in your jurisdiction may differ Our determination DOES NOT mean that all uses of this 3rd-party content are Fair Uses and we DO NOT guarantee that your use of the content is Fair. To use this content you should do your own independent analysis to determine whether or not your use will be Fair. { Content the copyright holder, author, or law permits you to use, share and adapt. } { Content Open.Michigan believes can be used, shared, and adapted because it is ineligible for copyright. } { Content Open.Michigan has used under a Fair Use determination. } 40
  41. 41.     Takeaways     41
  42. 42. •  1 - All rights reserved is the default. •  2 - When you share publicly, you need permission. •  3 - Open licenses are an alternative to share effectively and to amplify the reach and visibility of your work. Takeaways 42
  43. 43. Email: open.michigan@umich.edu Website: open.umich.edu Facebook: http://openmi.ch/mediafb Download these slides: http://openmi.ch/cccoer14 Presentation by Kathleen Ludewig Omollo. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of Michigan. Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. Closing This presentation builds upon slides and discussions with other Open.Michigan team members, including: Kathleen Omollo, Emily Puckett Rodgers, Pieter Kleymeer, Garin Fons, Greg Grossmeier, Susan Topol, Dave Malicke, Ted Hanss, and Erik Hofer. 43