John Adams

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John Adam's Presidency, Alien and Sedition Acts and XYZ Affair

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John Adams

  1. 1. John Adams 3.5.09
  2. 2. Election of 1796 <ul><li>Democratic Republicans : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federalists: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Adams and Thomas Pinckney </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BIG ISSUES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jay’s Treaty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*****According to the constitution, the person with the most electoral votes becomes President, the next highest total becomes Vice President.***** </li></ul>
  3. 3. So who’s President? Vice-President? Candidate Political Party Electoral Votes John Adams Federalist 79 Thomas Pinckney Federalist 51 Oliver Ellsworth Federalist 11 Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republican 68 Aaron Burr Democratic-Republican 30 Samuel Adams Democratic-Republican 15
  4. 4. Why is this a problem? Maybe I should just run again?
  5. 5. XYZ Affair <ul><li>France objects to Jay’s Treaty </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jay’s Treaty = Britain pays U.S. for damage to ships, U.S. pays Britain money they owed to merchants. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ That favor’s the British! You said you were NEUTRAL!” –The French </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What does France do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start seizing American Ships! (just like the British had) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American People want war! </li></ul><ul><li>President John Adams wants to stay Neutral! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sends representatives to France to discuss the rights of neutral nations. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. X Y Z If you want to meet with Talleyrand, give him $250,000. Then Lend France 10 Million Not a sixpence!
  7. 7. XYZ Affair <ul><li>When American’s find out they are outraged </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Millions for defense, but not a cent for tribute!” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tribute = Bribe </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>American People want war! </li></ul><ul><li>Adams does not ask congress for war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But does build Frigates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Frigates = fast sailing ships with many guns </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Alien and Sedition Acts <ul><li>The Federalists manage to get four important laws through congress: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alien Act </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>President can force any alien (or foreigner), thought to be suspicious to leave </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2 . Naturalization Act </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must live in America for 14 years before becoming an American </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Alien Enemies Act </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If an alien’s (foreigner’s) home land is at war with the United States they could be sent back. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Sedition Act </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens can be fined or jailed if they criticize the government </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. WHY IS THIS A PROBLEM?

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