Real v. Fake News
Principles of Journalism
Professor Neil Foote
Public Journalism - Revisited
Joseph Faina: “Public Journalism is a joke:
The case for Jon Stewart and Stephen
Colbert”
...
Journalism a key player in
democracy
Information dissemination
Representation
Deliberation
Conflict resolution
Accountabil...
Public Journalism: „Neo-Modern
Paradigm‟
4
Journalism
Investigates
Creates
conversation
Generates
social empathy
Encourages
accountability
Informs
„Public Journalism‟
Acknowledge public‟s ability to act
Acknowledge the role of self-governance
Role of journalism in p...
So what should journalists do?
1. Focus on consequences
a) Beyond just who to vote for, which
„side‟ of issue to support
2...
So what should journalists do?
3. Frame issues on whom they affect
the most – implications on the
community
8
Stewart v. Colbert
Comedians or Journalists?
Satirists v. Pundits
Facts v. Opinion
Context v. Regurgitation
Analysis ...
Most Trusted Person in Journalism?
10
Humor, Parody, Satire
Humor: „Analytical, critical, and
rational‟
Parody: Mimicry and imitation
Satire: „Most overtly p...
How „Political Satire‟ Impacts Us
 How we talk about these series issues
 Viewers of The Daily Show and Colbert
Report b...
Ted Koppel
“They don‟t pretend to be
journalists…They are doing a better
job than the real journalists.”
---Ted Koppel, cr...
On the other side:
“Journalists have a really inconvenient thing
they‟ve got to go through: a process of
trying to [the st...
What about these sites?
 Fark: http://fark.com
TheOnion: http://theonion.com
FactCheck.org:
http://factcheck.org
15
The Risks
False information
Confusing
Out of Context
Misleading
Opinionated
Mean-spirited
 “Trivialization”
16
Journalists must:
Be obligated to the truth
Be obligated to accuracy
 Be balanced
Be transparent
Be independent
Hold...
Discuss within your groups
Do the Daily Show and The Colbert
Report help/hurt journalism?
Explain drawing off the core
e...
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Real v.fakenews(1)

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  • As you go through these, you might consider not only giving examples of stories that perform each of these functions, but stories that at first glance look like they’re doing so, but are actually not/ This is a way of talking about the distinctions – visited again in Chapter 2 – among news, information and journalism, as well as of talking about all the kinds of things masquerading as journalism in the media.
  • Real v.fakenews(1)

    1. 1. Real v. Fake News Principles of Journalism Professor Neil Foote
    2. 2. Public Journalism - Revisited Joseph Faina: “Public Journalism is a joke: The case for Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert” Davis Merrit (Public Journalism and Public Life: 1998)  More than just telling the news  More than Objectivity  Traditional news today: Ineffective for engaging the public 2
    3. 3. Journalism a key player in democracy Information dissemination Representation Deliberation Conflict resolution Accountability
    4. 4. Public Journalism: „Neo-Modern Paradigm‟ 4
    5. 5. Journalism Investigates Creates conversation Generates social empathy Encourages accountability Informs
    6. 6. „Public Journalism‟ Acknowledge public‟s ability to act Acknowledge the role of self-governance Role of journalism in promoting „foment and agitation‟ Today, cable discussions turn into shouting matches Public turned off by the „winners‟ v. „losers‟ 6
    7. 7. So what should journalists do? 1. Focus on consequences a) Beyond just who to vote for, which „side‟ of issue to support 2. Focus on real problem of issue a) More than the „horse race‟ or „political gamesmanship‟ b) Uncover the overarching themes 7
    8. 8. So what should journalists do? 3. Frame issues on whom they affect the most – implications on the community 8
    9. 9. Stewart v. Colbert Comedians or Journalists? Satirists v. Pundits Facts v. Opinion Context v. Regurgitation Analysis v. Chronicling 9
    10. 10. Most Trusted Person in Journalism? 10
    11. 11. Humor, Parody, Satire Humor: „Analytical, critical, and rational‟ Parody: Mimicry and imitation Satire: „Most overtly political genre‟ – scrutinize public behavor 11
    12. 12. How „Political Satire‟ Impacts Us  How we talk about these series issues  Viewers of The Daily Show and Colbert Report better engaged  Bridging the gap between news, politics and journalists  Humor unites – or divides groups  If you don‟t like the joke, go elsewhere to find the facts 12
    13. 13. Ted Koppel “They don‟t pretend to be journalists…They are doing a better job than the real journalists.” ---Ted Koppel, created ABC‟s Nightline/veteran journalist 13
    14. 14. On the other side: “Journalists have a really inconvenient thing they‟ve got to go through: a process of trying to [the story] right. … I don‟t think journalists should try to get more hip. Journalists have to learn the one lesson which is important, which is to try to get it right.” - Robert Thompson, director of the Bleier Center for Television and Popular Culture at Syracuse University. 14
    15. 15. What about these sites?  Fark: http://fark.com TheOnion: http://theonion.com FactCheck.org: http://factcheck.org 15
    16. 16. The Risks False information Confusing Out of Context Misleading Opinionated Mean-spirited  “Trivialization” 16
    17. 17. Journalists must: Be obligated to the truth Be obligated to accuracy  Be balanced Be transparent Be independent Hold a forum for public discussion 17
    18. 18. Discuss within your groups Do the Daily Show and The Colbert Report help/hurt journalism? Explain drawing off the core elements of journalism we‟ve discussed to date. 18

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