Constitutions upload


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  • Think about how you communicate!From:
  • Trade, war, taxation, treaties, unanimity, public order
  • "perpetual vibration between the extremes of tyranny and anarchy"
  • Nobility, ERA, DC voting rights
  • Interstate highway system, affordable care act, regulated gambling, curbed the sale of sawed off shotguns, subsidized college scholarships, food safety, women’s rights
  • Majority rule enhanced through amendment
  • Constitutions upload

    1. 1.  Professional communications  Subject line  Use an appropriate salutation  Hi, Dr. Oldmixon; Dear Dr. Oldmixon  Don’t expect an instant response  Think about why you’re writing and ask a question  Close with your name and class  Sincerely, John Doe, PSCI 1040 How to email a professor
    2. 2. The US and Texas Constitutions
    3. 3. Revolution to Constitution
    4. 4. A little history…  Home Rule  French and Indian War, 1754-1763  Stamp Act of 1765  Tea Act of 1773  Intolerable Acts  First (1774) and Second (1775) Continental Congresses
    5. 5. When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed • July 4, 1776 • Thomas Jefferson Declaration of Independence
    6. 6. Articles of Confederation, 1781-1789  Revolutionary War, 1775-1783  Confederation  How is the national government structured?
    7. 7. What was wrong with the Articles?
    8. 8. Crafting the Constitution
    9. 9. Fundamental Problem “If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal control on government would be necessary….You must first enable government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.” Madison, F51 • How do you create an effective government that does not encourage tyranny? • No good examples
    10. 10. Representation of States  Virginia Plan – state population  New Jersey Plan – state equality  The Great Compromise
    11. 11.  Northern interests  Southern interests  Three-fifths Compromise  Logroll Slavery and Economics
    12. 12. Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States …according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. Three-fifths compromise
    13. 13. The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person. Kicking the can on slavery
    14. 14. No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State. Exports
    15. 15. • Separation of powers • Checks and balances • Federalism Design Principles
    16. 16. Confidence in the men of our choice is that parent of despotism; it is jealousy and confidence which prescribes limited constitutions to bind down those whom we are obliged to trust with power. ~ Jefferson
    17. 17.  1789  State level constitutional conventions, 9  Federalists and Anti-Federalists  Bill of Rights, 1791 Ratification
    18. 18. Amending the Constitution
    19. 19.  >10k offered, 33 proposed, 27 ratified  Broad consensus  Higher law It’s difficult and rare!
    20. 20. • What do they do? Successful Amendments
    21. 21.  Federalism  Women’s suffrage (19th Amendment)  Prohibition (18th Amendment)  Interpretation  “lay and collect taxes”  “The Congress shall have Power To...regulate Commerce...among the several States....” Adaptability
    22. 22.  A new constitution every generation  “The earth belongs always to the living generation.” Time for a new constitution?
    23. 23. How the United States has changed since Constitution was ratified? Given the changes, think about the ways in which the Constitution might be changed.  Rights  The president  The Congress  Federalism
    24. 24. Liberty Order  Federalist 10  Electoral filters  Appointed judges  No referenda  Senate representation  Franchise Limits to majority rule
    25. 25. The Texas Constitution
    26. 26.  Federalism  Texas has had seven!  Constitution of 1866  Constitution of 1869  Reconstruction Act of 1867  Dems in 1872 States constitutions
    27. 27.  Liberal versus statutory  The Grange  Principles  Limited government  Popular sovereignty  Separation of powers Constitution of 1876
    28. 28.  Goals  Bill of Rights  Traditional articles  Tremendous detail Design and Structure
    29. 29. Amendment Process Proposal Statement Publication Vote
    30. 30. • Weak executive • Part-time legislature • Elected judiciary • Special elections Problems?