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Broadcast news(1)

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Broadcast news(1)

  1. 1. Broadcast News JOUR 2300 – Principles of News Mayborn School of Journalism
  2. 2. Source: News Writing and Reporting, Chip Scanlan
  3. 3. TV Broadcast Newsroom Positions News Director • Top person in the news department, responsible for hiring, firing, promoting, budgeting and working with other department heads. Producer • “Architect of the newscast”. • Determines what stories will be in a show as well as their placement. • Decides the packaging of a story • Determines if it will be a reader, anchor voiceover Source: Principles of Convergent Journalism. Chapter 7
  4. 4. TV Broadcast Newsroom Positions Assignment Editor • Also known as “assignment manager” • Traffic cop of the newsroom • Maintains future files; monitors police, fire and emergency services scanners, coordinates films crews with producers Anchor • “Talent” • Host the news • Also serve as reporters, particularly in smaller markets • Usually started out as a reporter Source: Principles of Convergent Journalism. Chapter 7
  5. 5. TV Broadcast Newsroom Positions Reporter • Covers events • “Neutral witness” or observer of major event • Responsible for conducting interviews, working with photographer to capture video and audio Photographer • Photog, cameraman, photographer • Drive satellite truck, run the equipment, set up lights, make the live shot work Source: Principles of Convergent Journalism. Chapter 7
  6. 6. TV Broadcast Newsroom Positions Video Editor • Often works as a photographer, too • Handle all network feed • Need to work fast on deadline Graphic Artist • Works with reporters and producers in newsroom and with advertising • Skilled in image, animation and multimedia Source: Principles of Convergent Journalism. Chapter 7
  7. 7. TV Broadcast Newsroom Positions Studio production staff • Includes director, technical director, audio technician, floor manager, and studio camera operators Librarian / archivist • Knows where to find the archived videos Field producer/editor • Combination of a producer and editor who works in the field with a reporter • Gathers and edits information and makes sure complete stories are sent back to newsroom Source: Principles of Convergent Journalism. Chapter 7
  8. 8. Key Principles It’s all about the visuals • Compelling, exciting and interesting images • Reporter or anchor is the narrator of these images “Live and latebreaking” • Timeliness element looms large • “This just in…” • Balancing “live” coverage with packages based on breaking news stories that occurred earlier in the day
  9. 9. Key Principles Keep it Simple • Anchors/reporters copy – their scripts must be written in present tense, using active verbs in short sentences • Writing visually “Live and latebreaking” • Timeliness element looms large • “This just in…” • Balancing “live” coverage with packages based on breaking news stories that occurred earlier in the day
  10. 10. Basic terms • B-roll • Background images of scene • Reader: • Most basic kind of story. • No pictures • Anchor or reporter readers a script • Typically 20 seconds • VO: Voice over • News anchor introduces a story, then after a sentence view sees video of story • Typically 20-30 seconds • VSOT: Voiceover/Sound over tape • Typically 25 seconds to a minute
  11. 11. Basic terms cont. Package • A reporter’s recorded story • Anchor introduces it • Packages run from 1:15 to 1:45 • Include stand-up open, stand-up close, Video Essay • Telling stories with pictures
  12. 12. Let’s listen to the pros Broadcast Journalism 101 with NBC's Mara Schiavocampo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Av04xCQXSw TV News Skills https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DV6-QE7tYPI Bob Schieffer and the Future of News https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t6GRnXuswIU Carole Simpson- 40 Years as a Broadcast Journalist https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7F2kjU7qpG4
  13. 13. I. Preproduction and reporting 1. Find a story • Research it • Plan who you’re going to interview • Make appointment • Get equipment
  14. 14. 2. Field production 2. Go to location • Arrive at least 10-15 minutes early, if possible • Introduce yourself to key sources • Set up camera • Shoot B-roll
  15. 15. II. Field production cont. 3. Record Interview • Keep it short • Record your best three questions • Be firm, polite and direct • Shoot cutaways
  16. 16. II. Field production cont. 4. Shoot b-roll • Be aware of public, private property • Capture elements that help viewer • Wide, medium and tight • Capture MOTS: man on the street interviews, if appropriate
  17. 17. II. Field production cont. 5. Write Script • Choose sound bites • Include as man facts and information as possible
  18. 18. II. Post Production 6. Record (lay down) Voice Track • Take a look at sample script • See flow of video, audio, natural sound, stand-ups
  19. 19. II. Post production cont. 7. Lay B-Roll •Set up sequences •Keep pacing consistent
  20. 20. II. Post production cont. 8. • You’re Export on the air to tape, DVD or post
  21. 21. Advantages of Broadcast News • You’re a witness to important events in real times • Real time • Powerful visuals, capturing human drama • Short, concise, crisp http://www.slideshare.net/cressman/deconstructing-tv-news-10299478
  22. 22. Disadvantages • Limited airtime • Broadcasts defined in seconds, minutes • Most half-hour newscasts usually on 20 to 22 minutes of actual news • Sometimes out of context • Entertainment driven • “Good news” hard to top murders, fires or mayhem, particularly in local news http://www.slideshare.net/cressman/deconstructing-tv-news-10299478
  23. 23. Disadvantages • Limited airtime • Broadcasts defined in seconds, minutes • Most half-hour newscasts usually on 20 to 22 minutes of actual news • Sometimes out of context • Entertainment driven • “Good news” hard to top murders, fires or mayhem, particularly in local news http://www.slideshare.net/cressman/deconstructing-tv-news-10299478
  24. 24. Types of TV News Reporting • Breaking News • Taped stories (packages) • Planned major events • Live reporting • Streaming (online) http://www.slideshare.net/cressman/deconstructing-tv-news-10299478
  25. 25. Terms You Need to Know • Ratings: Nielsen • Impact of Social Media: http://socialguide.com • Local v. network • Cable v. broadcast • Correspondent, editor, producer, anchor, creative director • Live v. taped http://www.slideshare.net/cressman/deconstructing-tv-news-10299478
  26. 26. SOURCE: http://tvbythenumbers.zap2it.com/2013/10/30/tv-ratings-tuesday-ncis-los-angeles-trophy-wife-rise-the-voicehits-low-ncis-supernatiural-the-goldbergs-steady/212395/
  27. 27. Local TV Trends • Extended times for broadcast news…but more time hasn’t translated to more views
  28. 28. Local TV trends cont. • More hours of news ….
  29. 29. Discussion Question You’ve just been named the news director of a local TV station that it No. 3 in the ratings. Your competitors are known for their happy-go-lucky broadcasts that feature crime stories, pet stories and festivals. You’ve been known for your investigative packages and instudio interviews with news makers. What would you do to improve your station’s ratings? How would you change your coverage? How would you use the Internet or social media to engage viewers?

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