The castle in Malbork
The castle in Malbork
Where is the castle?
About the Castle

• The Castle in Malbork is the largest gothic castle in Europe. It was built in
1278 by Teutonic Knights...
Map of the castle
• There are three parts of the
castle: lower castle, middle
castle and high castle.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

1 –...
The high castle
The middle castle
Inside the middle castle
Bridge connecting the
middle and the high castle
Toilet tower

Main tower/Signal tower
The lower castle
Park of siege machines
• The park is near the castle
• In this park you can see:

- Battering ram
- Siege tower
- Large cr...
What was Teutonic Order?
• Teutonic Knights or Teutonic order are short
names for the Order of Brothers of the German
Hous...
History of Teutonic Knights
• In 1226 Polish prince Konrad Mazowiecki invited Teutonic Knights to
Poland. He did that, bec...
History – part 2
• There were many conflicts
between Poland and Teutonic
Order.
• In 1385 Poland and Lithuania
formed an a...
Battle of Grunwald
• On 15th July 1410 there was one of biggest medieval battles. It took
place on fields near village Gru...
Battle of
Grunwald
• In this battle
Polish,
Lithuanian and
Rutenian army
won! Urlich von
Jungingen and a
lot of Teutonic
k...
Reconstruction of the battle of Grunwald
• Every year there’s a
big reconstruction of
the battle of
Grunwald. About
1200 p...
Legend
• There were a few treasuries
inside the Malbork Castle. The
biggest one was heavy guarded.
Nobody could open its d...
More about Teutonic Order
• If you want to know more
about Teutonic order, you
can read a book or watch the
film „Teutonic...
Fragments of the film „Krzyzacy”
www.turystyka.torun.pl
http://www.znanenieznane.pl/zaplanuj-sam/artykuly/malbork
https://maps.google.pl/maps?q=malbork&ie=...
Thanks for watching!
PAWEL, RAFAL, MAGDA, DOMINIK
The castle in Malbork
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The castle in Malbork

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The castle in Malbork

  1. 1. The castle in Malbork
  2. 2. The castle in Malbork
  3. 3. Where is the castle?
  4. 4. About the Castle • The Castle in Malbork is the largest gothic castle in Europe. It was built in 1278 by Teutonic Knights. The castle is an example of a medieval fortress. It was built in Prussia. The Grand Master named it Marienburg (Mary's Castle). The town, which grew around it, was also named Marienburg. In 1309 capital of the Teutonic state was moved to Malbork.
  5. 5. Map of the castle • There are three parts of the castle: lower castle, middle castle and high castle. • • • • • • • • 1 – Great master’s palace 2 – Middle castle 3 – High castle 4 – towers 5 – toilet 6 – St. Anna’ s chapel 7 – Chapter house 8 – Great refectory
  6. 6. The high castle
  7. 7. The middle castle
  8. 8. Inside the middle castle
  9. 9. Bridge connecting the middle and the high castle
  10. 10. Toilet tower Main tower/Signal tower
  11. 11. The lower castle
  12. 12. Park of siege machines • The park is near the castle • In this park you can see: - Battering ram - Siege tower - Large crossbow - Catapult - And many, many more
  13. 13. What was Teutonic Order? • Teutonic Knights or Teutonic order are short names for the Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem. It was an order of knights. It was founded in XII century, during the crusades. • Teutonic knights were owners of the castle in Malbork • Their symbol is a black cross against white background. • The most important person in Teutonic order was the Grand Master.
  14. 14. History of Teutonic Knights • In 1226 Polish prince Konrad Mazowiecki invited Teutonic Knights to Poland. He did that, because pagan tribes from Prussia attacked his land many times and Polish knights needed help. • After a few years Teutonic Knights conquered Prussia and founded own country on its territory.
  15. 15. History – part 2 • There were many conflicts between Poland and Teutonic Order. • In 1385 Poland and Lithuania formed an alliance. Then Lithuanian great prince Jagiello was crowned the Polish king. Szczerbiec – Polish king’s coronation sword
  16. 16. Battle of Grunwald • On 15th July 1410 there was one of biggest medieval battles. It took place on fields near village Grunwald. Polish commander was the king Wladyslaw Jagiello and his adversary was the Grand Master of Teutonic Order Urlich von Jungingen. This music you can hear in the background is a song, which Polish knights sang before the battle. Polish knights Teutonic knights Lithuanian knights West–European knights
  17. 17. Battle of Grunwald • In this battle Polish, Lithuanian and Rutenian army won! Urlich von Jungingen and a lot of Teutonic knights were killed. • In 1878 Polish painter Jan Matejko painted the battle of Grunwald.
  18. 18. Reconstruction of the battle of Grunwald • Every year there’s a big reconstruction of the battle of Grunwald. About 1200 people „fight” in the reconstruction. Of course nobody is hurt. • The first reconstruction was in 1992.
  19. 19. Legend • There were a few treasuries inside the Malbork Castle. The biggest one was heavy guarded. Nobody could open its door, because only Great Treasurer had the keys. In spite of the protection, the treasury was robbed. The three bakers who worked in a bakery under the treasury made a hole in the ceiling. The coins started falling down on their heads. They left the castle, but Teutonic knights found them and killed.
  20. 20. More about Teutonic Order • If you want to know more about Teutonic order, you can read a book or watch the film „Teutonic Knights” (Polish title - „Krzyżacy”). They were tranlated into English and 25 different languages. The book was written by Henryk Sienkiewicz – Nobel Prize winner.
  21. 21. Fragments of the film „Krzyzacy”
  22. 22. www.turystyka.torun.pl http://www.znanenieznane.pl/zaplanuj-sam/artykuly/malbork https://maps.google.pl/maps?q=malbork&ie=UTF-8&ei=ZnAHU5yLNcPvswa7_IGACg&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ zabytkowe.net http://www.zamek.malbork.pl/index.php?p=wydarzenia&aid=69 www.brodabohemicalis.wz.cz historykon.pl it.wikipedia.org http://e-zabytek.nid.pl/Zabytek/szczegoly.php?ID=58 http://www.atlas.pl/malbork-zamek-szamszir-szabla-indoperska.html http://gosc.pl/gal/pokaz/1627395.Bitwa-pod-Grunwaldem-rekonstrukcja/26#gt http://www.newsweek.pl/g/i.aspx/670/0/newsweek/634147310439130000.jpg http://www.wilnoteka.lt/files/imagecache/320x240/images/article/field_picture/Grunwald.jpg
  23. 23. Thanks for watching! PAWEL, RAFAL, MAGDA, DOMINIK

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