Reformed    Traditional <ul><li>Student centered </li></ul><ul><li>Active </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery oriented </li></ul><...
Research Findings Suggest <ul><li>Science argument is rare in classrooms but central to science; teaching focuses on recal...
What and When to Teach? <ul><ul><li>Are all science topics equal in their importance? (they’re not – believe it or not) </...
How to Teach? <ul><li>Even if the science topics are being taught in the order prescribed by the district curriculum plan,...
What, When, and How to Teach <ul><li>Consider  </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing the number of topics presented, focusing rathe...
Heidi Schweingruber, used with permission Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8
Committee Charge <ul><li>What do we know about how children learn science? </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean about how...
Key Findings <ul><li>Students in grades K-8 can do more in science than is currently asked of them </li></ul><ul><li>Scien...
Process Skills Measurement http://connect.larc.nasa.gov/programs/2004-2005/treasures/images/activitySu_6.jpg
The Measurement Activity <ul><li>Everyone teaches measurement skills, typically at the start of the year. You might concoc...
The Four Strands of Scientific Proficiency <ul><li>Students who understand science: </li></ul><ul><li>Know, use, and inter...
The Four Strands of Scientific Proficiency <ul><li>The four strands are interwoven in learning. Advances in one strand sup...
Ready, Set, Science! <ul><li>User friendly accounting of  the findings from  Taking Science to School </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Ready, Set, Science! <ul><li>Contains case studies that  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>illustrate core concepts, learning progress...
Growth: First Grade These case studies are elaborated in  Ready, Set, Science!  p. 115. Heidi Schweingruber, used with per...
Growth: Third Grade Ready, Set, Science!  p. 116 Heidi Schweingruber, used with permission
Growth: Fifth Grade Stem and leaf plot, p. 121 “ Bins” of ten, p. 122
Growth: Fifth Grade Used a 2D coordinate grid, p. 124 Median measure is at apex, p. 124
Growth: Fifth Grade Though axes are unlabeled, the Y axis is height, and the X axis is plant specimen number,  p. 120 Heid...
Resources for the What <ul><li>What are the core concepts? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Association for the Advancement ...
Resources for the When <ul><li>References for constructing a  learning progression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AAAS Atlas for Sc...
Resources for the How <ul><li>Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8 </li></ul><ul><li>Read...
Continue to think about the… <ul><li>What </li></ul><ul><ul><li>core concepts (as opposed to topics) </li></ul></ul><ul><l...
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Ready Set Science Week1

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New vision of science teaching and learning

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Ready Set Science Week1

  1. 1. Reformed Traditional <ul><li>Student centered </li></ul><ul><li>Active </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>Thorough, deep </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitative </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Centered </li></ul><ul><li>Passive </li></ul><ul><li>Fact Listing </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Broad </li></ul><ul><li>Fast paced </li></ul>Introduction to Course Philosophy
  2. 2. Research Findings Suggest <ul><li>Science argument is rare in classrooms but central to science; teaching focuses on recall rather than model-based reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom norms (teacher, textbooks provide answers) in tension with building scientific models from evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Curricula and standards “mile wide, inch deep” ( TIMSS ) </li></ul><ul><li>Layout of standards is based on grade level, rather than science concept relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Modules/kits are common but remain discrete and disconnected </li></ul>
  3. 3. What and When to Teach? <ul><ul><li>Are all science topics equal in their importance? (they’re not – believe it or not) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When should specific topics be taught and in what sequence? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. How to Teach? <ul><li>Even if the science topics are being taught in the order prescribed by the district curriculum plan, students can still lack conceptual understanding and scientific habits of mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? Please respond now. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What, When, and How to Teach <ul><li>Consider </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing the number of topics presented, focusing rather on a few core concepts in science (the What) </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a research based learning progression (the When) </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating science proficiency so students acquire scientific habits of mind as well as process skills and content knowledge (the How) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Heidi Schweingruber, used with permission Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8
  7. 7. Committee Charge <ul><li>What do we know about how children learn science? </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean about how we should teach science? </li></ul><ul><li>What further research is needed? </li></ul>Heidi Schweingruber, used with permission
  8. 8. Key Findings <ul><li>Students in grades K-8 can do more in science than is currently asked of them </li></ul><ul><li>Science standards and curricula contain too many topics given equal emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Science classrooms typically provide few opportunities for students to engage in meaningful science </li></ul><ul><li>Good science teaching requires more than expert knowledge of science content </li></ul>Heidi Schweingruber, used with permission
  9. 9. Process Skills Measurement http://connect.larc.nasa.gov/programs/2004-2005/treasures/images/activitySu_6.jpg
  10. 10. The Measurement Activity <ul><li>Everyone teaches measurement skills, typically at the start of the year. You might concoct a series of stations; students move from station to station, practicing using graduated cylinders, meter sticks, and balances. They might measure a book, the volume of water in a receptacle, the size of a box and the mass of some objects. Then students are assessed. Do they all answer correctly when quizzed over which instrument measures which concept in what kind of units? Not usually. It may be because these process skills are divorced from any real science content, thus lacking an anchor to which students can associate meaning. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Four Strands of Scientific Proficiency <ul><li>Students who understand science: </li></ul><ul><li>Know, use, and interpret scientific explanations of the natural world </li></ul><ul><li>Generate and evaluate scientific evidence and explanations </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the nature and development of scientific knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Participate productively in scientific practices and discourse </li></ul>Heidi Schweingruber, used with permission
  12. 12. The Four Strands of Scientific Proficiency <ul><li>The four strands are interwoven in learning. Advances in one strand support advances in the others. </li></ul><ul><li>The strands emphasize the idea of “knowledge in use” – that is students’ knowledge is not static and proficiency involves deploying knowledge and skills across all four strands. </li></ul><ul><li>Students are more likely to advance in their understanding of science when classrooms provide learning opportunities that attend to all four strands. </li></ul>http://www . columbianrope.com/ GoldlineNylon.htm Heidi Schweingruber, used with permission
  13. 13. Ready, Set, Science! <ul><li>User friendly accounting of the findings from Taking Science to School </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eight Concise chapters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich, descriptive case studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions for discussion </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Ready, Set, Science! <ul><li>Contains case studies that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>illustrate core concepts, learning progressions, and scientific proficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>encompass the what and when in a holistic way, rather than compartmentalizing science content separate from process skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>convey how teachers facilitate science proficiency in their students </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Growth: First Grade These case studies are elaborated in Ready, Set, Science! p. 115. Heidi Schweingruber, used with permission
  16. 16. Growth: Third Grade Ready, Set, Science! p. 116 Heidi Schweingruber, used with permission
  17. 17. Growth: Fifth Grade Stem and leaf plot, p. 121 “ Bins” of ten, p. 122
  18. 18. Growth: Fifth Grade Used a 2D coordinate grid, p. 124 Median measure is at apex, p. 124
  19. 19. Growth: Fifth Grade Though axes are unlabeled, the Y axis is height, and the X axis is plant specimen number, p. 120 Heidi Schweingruber, used with permission
  20. 20. Resources for the What <ul><li>What are the core concepts? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Association for the Advancement of Science Benchmarks for Scientific Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Science Education Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Taking Science to School acknowledges there is not a finite list although Benchmarks might come close </li></ul>
  21. 21. Resources for the When <ul><li>References for constructing a learning progression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AAAS Atlas for Science Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NSDL Science Literacy Maps </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Resources for the How <ul><li>Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8 </li></ul><ul><li>Ready, Set, Science </li></ul><ul><li>Middle School Portal 2 (MSP2) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>funded through NSF - developed specifically for grades 5-8 mathematics and science middle school teachers </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Continue to think about the… <ul><li>What </li></ul><ul><ul><li>core concepts (as opposed to topics) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><ul><li>as part of a cross grade level learning progression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How </li></ul><ul><ul><li>facilitating scientific proficiency by attending to the four strands of scientific proficiency </li></ul></ul>

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