Health screening and health of the nation

1,474 views

Published on

A Level PE - WJEC - Health of the Nation

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,474
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
364
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
32
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  •  Has responsibility for the state of the nation’s health and promoting healthy lifestyles – Smoking, drinking, exercise promotion and healthy eating
  • Health screening and health of the nation

    1. 1. Evaluation of Health Status
    2. 2. Health Screening & monitoring of exercise programmes and physiological testing
    3. 3. Methods of health screening             A PAR-Q is a Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire and should be completed before significantly increasing your activity levels. Have you sought medical advice for a heart condition? Do you experience chest pains? If answer yes to any – must seek Do you have a bone or joint problem? medical advice before exercising Do you have low or high blood pressure? Are you pregnant? If no – can gradually start to Are you a diabetic? increase exercise levels Are you an asthmatic? Are you over 60 years of age? Have you had an injury in the last 6 months? Have you had a cold in the last 2 weeks? Do you know of any reason why you should not increase your physical activity?
    4. 4. Methods of health screening   Many companies (including the NHS) offer Health Screening to give you a full picture of your current state of health and your long-term health prospects. E.g.
    5. 5. Methods of health screening       Medical and lifestyle questionnaire Dietary assessment BMI Guide to healthy living Personalised medical report and recommendations Lifestyle consultation with nurse Consultation with doctor
    6. 6. Methods of health screening  Measurements –    Blood pressure , Body composition (height, weight, hip to waist, BMI and body fat percentage) Blood Tests –   Cholesterol profile, Diabetes  Other Investigations –   Cardiovascular risk score Urine analysis (3 tests for diabetes infection and kidney function), Blood in stool test (Over 45) (may indicate bowel cancer) Resting ECG
    7. 7. Methods of health screening Female specific tests  Breast cancer awareness Male specific tests  Testicular cancer awareness  Breast examination  Testicular examination  Mammography (Over 40 if selected)  Prostate cancer blood test (Over 50 if selected)  Cervical cancer screening (including HPV if clinically appropriate)
    8. 8. Health of the Nation Similar stuff to last year
    9. 9. Health of the nation •Current concerns and trends in relation to physical fitness, obesity and cardiac problems •Influences on health – notion of personal autonomy and external factors influencing lifestyle choices •Health promotion and regulation. Exercise adherence. •Policies and initiatives •Body and self image – naturalist and constructionist views of the body and the role of the media.
    10. 10. Reduction in Physical Fitness levels is due to: More TV viewing and video games Reduction in PE at school Urban environments discouraging physical activity Decline in children walking and cycling to school But should we simply allow people to be as fit or unfit as they choose? (notion of personal autonomy/choice) Body image/Self-image - How does the media affect this?
    11. 11. 1 in 4 11-15 year olds is classified as obese in England Increase in Obesity levels is due to: •Lack of activity - Positive Energy balance •Fast food •Wrong sort of food – not a balanced diet Coronary heart disease is the single most common cause of death in the UK Overall CVD is estimated to cost the UK economy £30.7 billion a year The majority of CHD is potentially preventable.
    12. 12. Exercise raises basal Metabolic rate so maintains negative energy balance so reduces weight. Exercise Maintains bone density Also raises metabolic rate for up to 5 hours after exercise Helps control blood insulin/glucose levels Lowers blood pressure and keeps arterioles flexible so reducing hypertension and risk of Heart attack/stroke Increases HDL Cholesterol so reducing fatty build up in arteries
    13. 13. Health problems resulting from obesity CORONARY HEART DISEASE ATHEROSCHLEROSIS HYPERTENSION HEART ATTACK TYPE 2 DIABETES HIGH CHOLESTEROL STROKE LDL (BAD) v HDL (GOOD)
    14. 14. Has responsibility for the state of the nation’s health and promoting healthy lifestyles – Smoking, drinking, exercise promotion and healthy eating Page 3 onwards of student notes
    15. 15. Exercise Adherence – sticking to your exercise plan Fifty percent of those who begin an exercise program will drop out within six months. (New Years resolutions) We can help ourselves to stick to exercise programmes by: • Decide where you are going to exercise best. (at home or at he gym or pool etc.) – avoid distractions •Choose activities you enjoy and keep the sessions short to start with. •Set realistic goals and write out your goals somewhere in full view. •Monitor your progress •Establish a routine so physical activity becomes a habit •Find an exercise partner then you are less likely to let each other down.
    16. 16. Exam Questions      Each group has an exam question As a group you will try and construct a rough outline to the question on the flipchart paper You will compare this with the mark scheme Plan a presentation on how to answer this question and the key aspects of the topics covered that you need to know You will present this in Tuesday’s lesson

    ×