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Drugs in sport
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Drugs in sport

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Drugs in sport

  1. 1. Drugs in Sport
  2. 2. Types of Drugs used in SportThere are five main categories of drug that are bannedbecause experts believe they may give an unfair advantage:•Anabolic steroids - these help athletes to build muscle, andto recover faster from training;•Peptide hormones - these are substances that occurnaturally in the body, but which produce similar effects to theanabolic steroids;•Strong analgesic painkillers - such as morphine and otheropiates;•Stimulants - drugs like amphetamines and cocaine canraise the heart rate and may improve performance;•Diuretics - chemicals that help the body to lose fluids, andmay, for instance, be useful in helping boxers to meet theirfighting weight.
  3. 3. But - Some cold and cough remedies includebanned stimulants such as ephedrin and pseudo-ephedrinAndAsthma inhalers contain steroids and Betablockers are used to treat Heart conditions
  4. 4. Tommy Simpson was one of Britainsmost successful cyclists, yet hismemory is plagued with controversyafter he "rode himself to death".
  5. 5. Bodybuilders v natural bodybuilders
  6. 6. Who Cares? – Let them take what the want…..Surely the fascination with is just to see what thehuman body can produce –The Olympic motto is Fortius, Altius Maximuswhich means – Stronger, Higher, FasterBut what about Role Models? – the kids seethe stars and want to copy them!!!!
  7. 7. All athletes want to get the edge - the linebetween legal and illegal is easy to cross - Creatine is sold legally over the counter in synthetic form as an amino acid powder. It helps build muscle and speeds recovery from training. Trypthophan or 5HT - claimed to boost production of the "fight or flight" hormone adrenalin Glutamine - claimed to reduce fatigue, build muscle and boost the immune system A recent national newspaper poll of top athletes found that more than half admitted taking Creatine.
  8. 8. British Cycling:David Brailsford from the GB team comments, "Ithink its fair to say the problem exists… and Ithink once you accept there is a problem you cango out and openly try to do something about it."David says that Great Britain is doing somethingabout it, with new programmes being put intoplace.Under the new system all riders in Team GB willhave to submit to monthly drugs tests. "That waywe can ensure that anyone who rides for Britain isclean," explains David.
  9. 9. What more can be done?• Better tests• Different sanctions – Zero Tolerance? Lifetime bans? (2 yrs in cycling)• Spread out prize money – Less need to win!• Better Education
  10. 10. Every world-class event is somehow tainted by "doping", the use of illicit performance-enhancing drugs.• Are the Olympic Committee turning a blind eye or in a state of denial• Is the business side of the games too important?• The IOC has even been accused of "covering-up" the drug epidemic in sport, but critics contend that the organization has sometimes discarded positive drug test results in fear that the image of the Games would suffer.
  11. 11. Random Drug Testing - How does it work? The testing officer approaches the sportsman to be tested and shows them his UK Sport accreditation. From this point on they must have the official with them at all times, until the test is complete The sportsman signs the Sample Collection Form. He gives his name, the event he has been competing in and an address for notification of the test results.
  12. 12. Inside the designated dopingcontrol area, the athlete selectsa pot to hold their urine sample.They are given a choice of atleast three pots.Having washed their hands,the athlete takes the pot andproduces the sample. Theirmidriff and genitals must beclearly visible so the testingofficer can see the urine goingdirectly from body to pot.
  13. 13. The athlete takes a fresh lidfrom a selection offered bythe testing officer and sealsthe sample.There must be at least 75millilitres of urine for thesample to be valid. If theathlete cannot produce enoughin one go, the test is put onhold until they can.
  14. 14. The athlete is asked to choosefrom a selection of sealedsample boxes. While thetesting officer dons rubbergloves, they check the seal isunbroken. Inside the box are the red A and blue B sample bottles. Checking that the seal is unbroken, the athlete tears open the cellophane packaging.
  15. 15. In full view of the tester, theathlete then re-opens his sealedurine sample and pours equalamounts into the A and Bsamples. He leaves a small amount ofurine in the original pot.The athlete screws lockable lidsonto the two sample bottles. Thebottles are turned upside downto make certain there is noleakage.
  16. 16. The tester takes the remainderof the sample and checks it tomake sure the specific gravity(concentration) and pH (acidity)are within the agreed limits. Ifthe athlete has drunk too muchwater, the urine may be too weakto be tested.The sportsman is asked todeclare if they have taken anymedication in the last sevendays, and if so, what product,when and how much. Even ahousehold drug likeparacetemol must be included.
  17. 17. The athlete signs having beenasked to double-check all theinformation on the form, fromthe time and date of test to hisor her own name, address andevent. The tester fills in a Chain of Custody form, which states the number of samples, whether they are in or out of competition, the sport and the sports governing body. The samples are identifiable only by a barcode - there is no reference whatsoever to the athletes identity. Then they are sent by courier to the Lab.
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