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Unit 8 Study Guide
1. What is the
main religion of
the Arabs?
Islam
2. Which cultural group
practice a wide variety of
religions, which include
Islam, Christianity, as well
as their traditio...
Bantu
3. The belief in the power of
the golden stool and Animism,
the belief that all plant,
animals, and trees have souls,
is c...
Ashanti
4. Why did
Europeans first take
an interest in the
African continent?
To search for
natural resources
to fuel the
Industrial
Revolution
5. Which cultural
group follows a
strict form of
Islam?
Swahili
6. How did the artificial
boundaries of Africa, set up by
Europeans, cause problems?
Artificial boundaries split tribes
and kinship groups that were
friendly to each other and
forced rival ethnic groups
toge...
7. What was The
Berlin
Conference of
1884?
A meeting held in Berlin
Germany where European
countries met to divide
Africa into European
controlled colonies
8. Explain the Pan-African
movement.
An idea that there is a
global Africa made up of
Native Africans and
descendants of African
slaves and migrants
across the...
9. What is nationalism?
Pride in one’s country
10. The __________is
separated from the coast of
Africa by the Atlas
Mountains.
Sahara Desert
11. The ___________ is the
largest desert in the world.
Sahara Desert
12. The
____________region is
mostly grasslands.
.
Savanna
13. ________________ is the
biggest threat to the African
Rainforest today.
Over population
14.The _____________
Desert is located in
southern Africa
Kalahari
15. ______________is the
longest river in Africa.
The Nile River
16. Which main
river in Africa
crosses the
equator twice?
The Congo River
17. Why did European
powers colonize Africa?
They wanted
Africa’s rich
natural resources
18. Which South African
leader was responsible for
ending apartheid?
F.W. de Klerk
19. At the Berlin Conference,
European nations agreed to
divide up the African
continent. What was the
main goal of the Eu...
To gain control
of Africa’s rich
natural
resources
20. Which lake is the
largest in Africa?
Lake Victoria
21. _________________ is
forced control of one
nation by another nation.
Colonization
22. What was the African
national Congress created
to do?
To bring all races together
and end apartheid
23. What is the
international law term that
refers to large scale
violence?
Crimes against
humanity
24. Who granted the release
of Nelson Mandela from
prison?
F.W. de Klerk
25._________________ is
the pre-planned murder of
an entire national, racial,
political, or ethnic group.
Genocide
26. Which
geographical
feature would be
considered a trade
barrier?
The Sahara
Desert
27. What is the

difference between
a religious group
and an ethnic
group?
An ethnic group is made
up of people who have
similar language and
culture and who often
share common values and
religion
28. What is colonization?
Forced control of
one nation by
another nation
29. Why did Africans in
Kenya and Nigeria want
independence from Europe?
To gain control of
their own lands
and government
30.What are
artificial
boundaries?
Country boundaries
that do not follow
religious or ethnic
lines; usually
created by an
outside country.
31. What is apartheid?
Official policy of racial
segregation in South
Africa involving
political, legal, and
Economic
discrimination against
peop...
32. Why was the African
National Congress created?
To bring people of
all races together
to end apartheid
33. What is civil war?
Fighting between
different groups
to gain political
power
34. What caused
many of the civil
wars in Africa?
Artifical political
boundaries and
partitioning
35. Why was the
Pan-African
movement
created?
To unite the people
of Africa and to
develop a unified
political identify
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Unit 8 study guide

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Unit 8 study guide

  1. 1. Unit 8 Study Guide
  2. 2. 1. What is the main religion of the Arabs?
  3. 3. Islam
  4. 4. 2. Which cultural group practice a wide variety of religions, which include Islam, Christianity, as well as their traditional beliefs (the power of magic and curses)?
  5. 5. Bantu
  6. 6. 3. The belief in the power of the golden stool and Animism, the belief that all plant, animals, and trees have souls, is central to what cultural group?
  7. 7. Ashanti
  8. 8. 4. Why did Europeans first take an interest in the African continent?
  9. 9. To search for natural resources to fuel the Industrial Revolution
  10. 10. 5. Which cultural group follows a strict form of Islam?
  11. 11. Swahili
  12. 12. 6. How did the artificial boundaries of Africa, set up by Europeans, cause problems?
  13. 13. Artificial boundaries split tribes and kinship groups that were friendly to each other and forced rival ethnic groups together that were always in conflict with eachother
  14. 14. 7. What was The Berlin Conference of 1884?
  15. 15. A meeting held in Berlin Germany where European countries met to divide Africa into European controlled colonies
  16. 16. 8. Explain the Pan-African movement.
  17. 17. An idea that there is a global Africa made up of Native Africans and descendants of African slaves and migrants across the world
  18. 18. 9. What is nationalism?
  19. 19. Pride in one’s country
  20. 20. 10. The __________is separated from the coast of Africa by the Atlas Mountains.
  21. 21. Sahara Desert
  22. 22. 11. The ___________ is the largest desert in the world.
  23. 23. Sahara Desert
  24. 24. 12. The ____________region is mostly grasslands. .
  25. 25. Savanna
  26. 26. 13. ________________ is the biggest threat to the African Rainforest today.
  27. 27. Over population
  28. 28. 14.The _____________ Desert is located in southern Africa
  29. 29. Kalahari
  30. 30. 15. ______________is the longest river in Africa.
  31. 31. The Nile River
  32. 32. 16. Which main river in Africa crosses the equator twice?
  33. 33. The Congo River
  34. 34. 17. Why did European powers colonize Africa?
  35. 35. They wanted Africa’s rich natural resources
  36. 36. 18. Which South African leader was responsible for ending apartheid?
  37. 37. F.W. de Klerk
  38. 38. 19. At the Berlin Conference, European nations agreed to divide up the African continent. What was the main goal of the European nations?
  39. 39. To gain control of Africa’s rich natural resources
  40. 40. 20. Which lake is the largest in Africa?
  41. 41. Lake Victoria
  42. 42. 21. _________________ is forced control of one nation by another nation.
  43. 43. Colonization
  44. 44. 22. What was the African national Congress created to do?
  45. 45. To bring all races together and end apartheid
  46. 46. 23. What is the international law term that refers to large scale violence?
  47. 47. Crimes against humanity
  48. 48. 24. Who granted the release of Nelson Mandela from prison?
  49. 49. F.W. de Klerk
  50. 50. 25._________________ is the pre-planned murder of an entire national, racial, political, or ethnic group.
  51. 51. Genocide
  52. 52. 26. Which geographical feature would be considered a trade barrier?
  53. 53. The Sahara Desert
  54. 54. 27. What is the difference between a religious group and an ethnic group?
  55. 55. An ethnic group is made up of people who have similar language and culture and who often share common values and religion
  56. 56. 28. What is colonization?
  57. 57. Forced control of one nation by another nation
  58. 58. 29. Why did Africans in Kenya and Nigeria want independence from Europe?
  59. 59. To gain control of their own lands and government
  60. 60. 30.What are artificial boundaries?
  61. 61. Country boundaries that do not follow religious or ethnic lines; usually created by an outside country.
  62. 62. 31. What is apartheid?
  63. 63. Official policy of racial segregation in South Africa involving political, legal, and Economic discrimination against people of color.
  64. 64. 32. Why was the African National Congress created?
  65. 65. To bring people of all races together to end apartheid
  66. 66. 33. What is civil war?
  67. 67. Fighting between different groups to gain political power
  68. 68. 34. What caused many of the civil wars in Africa?
  69. 69. Artifical political boundaries and partitioning
  70. 70. 35. Why was the Pan-African movement created?
  71. 71. To unite the people of Africa and to develop a unified political identify

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