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Serbia has connected West with East for centuries – a land in which civilizations, cultures, faiths, climates and landscapes meet and mingle.

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  2. 2. REASONS TO INVEST IN SERBIA Serbia has connected West with East for centuries – a land in which civilizations, cultures, faiths, climates and landscapes meet and mingle. It is located in the center of the Balkan Peninsula, in southeastern Europe. The northern portion belongs to central Europe, but in terms of geography and climate it is also partly a Mediterranean country. Serbia is landlocked but as a Danube country it is connected to distant seas and oceans. Serbia is a crossroads of Europe and a geopolitically important territory. The international roads and railway lines, which run through the country’s river valleys, form the shortest link between Western Europe and the Middle East. With its outstanding location, a thriving real estate, widely available healthcare institutions, outstanding international schools and wide range of cultural and tourist attractions, Serbia is truly the right choice for foreign citizens and foreign investments. 1
  3. 3. Official name Republic of Serbia Form of state Počitical Structure Area Population Geographic Position Demoratic Republic President, Unicameral assembly with 250 seats 8,361 km2 7,12 milions South East Europe, central part of the Balkan Peninsula at the intersection of Pan European Coridors X and VII Temeprate continental, with monthly average temperature ranging between 0,70 C January and 17.50 C in July Serbian Christian Ortodox Roman Catholic, Islamic, Jewish, Protestant Belrgade: 1.639.121 Novi Sad: 335.701 Niš: 260.237 Dinar (RSD) 32.993 billion 4,543 eur Central European Time (GMT + 0,1:00) rs Climate Official Language Main Religion Other Religions Major Cities Currency GDP (2011) GDPpc (2011) Time zone Domaine internet Serbia is an internationally recognized leader in business reforms, as well as a proven investment location in the SEE. It offers highly capable intellectual capital and customs free access to the 15% of the world market. 2
  4. 4. THE ADVANTAGES OF INVESTING IN SERBIA            Favorable geographic position and geo politically important territory - As a logistics base, Serbia is the perfect location for a company to efficiently serve its EU, SEE or Middle Eastern customers. It has the most Improved Business Environment Quality human resources - Serbia offers a wide availability of highly qualified staff. Signed CEFTA agreement – Serbia is located at the center of the CEFTA zone with non-tariff access to the market of 30 million consumers Duty-free Access to a Market of 1 Billion Consumers The only country outside of CIS that has an FTA with the Russian Federation Reforming Business Start-Up-Simple procedures for setting up a company and registering it (5 days) Simple procedure in foreign trade and foreign investments Low Overhead Costs, favorable tax regime (for more information look above) Serbia is a home of the Largest Investors Belgrade, the capital, has been awarded as the City of the Future for Southern Europe 2007 by the FDi Magazine etc. GLOBAL MARKET Externally, Serbia can serve as a manufacturing hub for duty-free exports to a market of 1 billion people. It includes the European Union, the United States of America, the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Turkey, South East Europe, the European Free Trade Agreement Members and Belarus. This customs-free regime covers most key industrial products, with only a few exceptions and annual quotas for a limited number of goods. Upon the completion of negotiations with Egypt, the territory with duty-free access for Serbia will be increased by the population of additional 77 million. 3
  5. 5. SERBIA’S PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENTS MARKET European Union USA Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan CEFTA EFTA Turkey Total Market Size TRADE REGIME Preferential Trade Regime Generalized System of Preferences Free Trade Agreement Free Trade Agreement Free Trade Agreement Free Trade Agreement NUMBER OF INHABITANTS 494,070,000 302,558,000 168,640,600 29,990,542 13,000,000 75,000,000 1,083,259,142 Ma The free trade agreement with the Russian Federation makes Serbia particularly attractive to foreign investors and manufacturers since Serbia is the only country outside the Commonwealth of Independent States that enjoys customs - free trade with Russia. Goods produced in Serbia, or whose prevailing value is added in Serbia (at least 50% of ex works price of goods) are considered of Serbian origin and are subject to a 1% customs rate when entering the Russian market. The list of products excludes passenger cars, but automotive parts, trucks, buses and agricultural tractors can be exported at 1% customs rate. The free trade agreement between Serbia and Belarus stipulates mutual removal of customs duties and other taxes for numerous products. Goods produced in Serbia, or whose prevailing value is added in Serbia (at least 50% of ex works price of goods) are considered of Serbian origin and, if directly distributed, are subject to a 1% customs rate when entering the Belorussian market. This free trade regime does not apply to the following goods: passenger cars, tractors, buses and tires, although it does apply to automotive parts. The free trade agreement between Serbia and Kazakhstan took effect when Kazakhstan entered into a Customs Union with the Russian Federation and Belarus. Therefore, the free trade regime which Serbia has signed with Russia and Belarus has been expanded to include Kazakhstan. The Interim Trade Agreementbetween Serbia and the European Union enables customsfree export of all products originating from Serbia which are completely produced in Serbia or use materials originating from EU countries, Turkey, or countries in the EU accession process, provided that such products have undergone sufficient processing in Serbia. Furthermore, according to General Permission for Inward Processing, importing goods into Serbia with EU origin goes with 0% custom rates and no VAT. The free trade agreement between Serbia and EFTA countries (Norway, Liechtenstein, Iceland and Switzerland) allows Serbian exporters to export products to these countries without paying customs or other fees. Goods completely produced in Serbia, or which use materials originating from the EFTA countries, EU countries, Turkey, the Faeroe Islands, or countries in Euro-Mediterranean partnership (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and Palestinian Authority),are considered to be of Serbian origin, if they have only undergone minimal processing in Serbia. 4
  6. 6. The CEFTA (Central European Free Trade Area) agreement includes the following countries: Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, FYR Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia and the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. The Agreement stipulates accumulation of products origin, meaning that products exported from Serbia are considered of Serbian origin if integrated materials originate from any other CEFTA country, provided that such products have only undergone minimal processing, i.e. if the value added outside of Serbia is less than the value of the materials used in Serbia. Serbia and Turkey have signed a bilateral economic free trade agreement based on a trade liberalization model that allows Serbian exporters to sell their products customs-free to the sizeable Turkish market. Goods completely produced in Serbia, or which use materials originating from EU countries, or countries in the EU association process,are considered products of Serbian origin, provided that such products have undergone minimal processing in Serbia. These products must be distributed directly. Regime No. of Inhabitants 5
  7. 7. TARGETED INDUSTRIES Electronics Industry Sector Highlights • Significant investment track record - Siemens, Panasonic, Gorenje, Elrad, ATB, Gruner, Eaton • Manufacturing tradition and skillset in place • Sector of high priority - investors are entitled to more favorable investment incentive packages. Automotive Industry Sector Highlights • Wide availability of high-qualified staff; top technical education at both the secondary and tertiary levels. • Perfect geographic location for efficiently serving EU, SEE and Middle Eastern customers. • Sufficient capacity for even larger volumes of production. ICT Industry Sector Highlights • Serbia - home to 1,600 innovative IT Companies employing more than 14,000 people • Microsoft's 4th development center in the world opened in Serbia, evolving over time into an innovation center • Expertise in custom, high-end IT development services including web design, hardware, and software solutions Food processing Sector Higlights - Possibilities of the region • Processing / Packing meat and poultry • Processing / fruit and vegetables • Manufacture of prepared meals and food products • Fish farm and fish processing • Dried products and bakery industry • Production of dairy products • Production of beverages and beers, carbonated and non-carbonated soft drinks Spirits and wine industry Textile Industry Sector Highlights • One of the most price-competitive industries in Europe with a respectable tradition and vast availability of skilled workforce • Numerous business opportunities, primarily in yarn, fabric and ready-made garment production; more than 25 investors have already taken advantage of this opportunity • Existing FTAs all encompass textile products, enabling efficient access to various markets. 6
  8. 8. Renewable Energy Sector Highlights • Favorable conditions for energy production from almost all types of renewable energy sources. • The renewable energy market is unsaturated and ready to receive new investments. • Extensive marketing opportunities: stimulating feed-in tariff system on the local market and preferential export opportunities. REASONS TO LOCATE YOUR BUSINESS IN THE REGION OF SOUTH EAST SERBIA AND NIŠAVA DISTRICT • • • • • • Incentives European crossroads Human Resources Quality of life Streamlined investment procedures Supportive local governments South East Serbia is one of the five statistical regions of Serbia. The Region includes the following districts: Danube, Braničevo, Bor, Zaječar, Toplica, Nišava, Pirot, Jablanica and Pčinja. Division of Serbia into statistical regions was carried out in order to comply with EU countries that use the NUTS standards. Statistical rergion Southern and Eastern Serbia has no authorities and administrative chain of command. The region which includes Nišava, Pirot, and Toplica administrative districts has a total number of 14 municipalities and the City of Niš with 766 settlements. The total area of the territory is 7,716 km2, which makes 8.73% of the territory of the Republic of Serbia. According to Census 2011, 589,486 people inhabit the territory of this Region, which makes 7.86% of the population of the Republic of Serbia. The region is situated on the crossroads of Balkan and European roads, and has excellent national and international accessibility, considering the fact that Corridor X stretches along the entire region. The important fact is that the road infrastructure of Corridor X is followed by the railway infrastructure in its entire length. Special significance for the region represents the international airport Constantine the Great, ituated in Niš 7
  9. 9. INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL With a unique combination of high-quality and low-cost skill-set, Serbian workforce is widely regarded as a strong business performance driver. Serbia has fostered extensive relationships with western economies for decades. Throughout years of cooperation Serbian workers have received specific know-how and, having vast experience both in manufacturing and management, local staff requires minimum training to adopt cutting-edge technologies and assembly processes. Labor Supply The number of engineers, managers, and other specialists is sufficient to meet the growing demand of international companies. The labor market in Serbia has become truly vibrant as a rising number of international investors have opened their businesses in the country. International as well as local headhunting agencies operate in major Serbian cities, offering a full range of consulting services, including executive search, staff training, and salary surveys. Education System Since 2003, universities and colleges in Serbia have produced about 35,000 graduates, 1,000 Masters of Science, and 400 PhDs annually. Of the total number of graduates, technical universities account for approximately 30%. Management education in Serbia is provided through joint graduate and post-graduate courses and, in addition, international elementary and high schools are widely available in Serbia. They offer curricula in English, German, and French, including internationally recognized examinations. POPULATION BY EMPLOYMENT Serbia- totsl Population 15 years and over Unemployed Employed South-East Serabia 7431594 671143 1694229 171695 Woman 80100 1746000 306000 130000 8
  10. 10. INVESTMENT INCENTIVES             State Grants The National Employment Service Grants Corporate Income Tax Holiday Corporate Income Tax Credits Corporate Income Tax Holiday for Concessions Carrying Forward of Losses Avoiding Double Taxation Salary Tax and Social Insurance Charges Exemptions Annual Income Tax Deductions Value Added Tax Exemptions in Free Zones Customs-Free Imports Local Incentives State grants are offered for Greenfield and Brownfield projects in all industries, except for primary agriculture, the hospitality industry, retail, and the production of synthetic fibers and coal. For standard-scale Greenfield and Brownfield projects in the manufacturing, export-related services sector and tourism, non-refundable state funds are offered in the range between €4,000 and €10,000 per new job created within three years of the day of signing the contract on awarding funds. For large investors, special financial packages are available:  If a project's value exceeds €200 million, with the minimum of 1,000 new jobs created within 10 years, the state may award up to 17% of the investment's total value.  Large investment projects - investments of over €100 million that create a minimum of 300 new jobs within an agreed-upon timeframe of no longer than 10 years - can be subsidized for up to 17% of the project's value.  Large investment projects - investments of over €50 million and less than €100 million that create a minimum of 300 new jobs within an agreed-upon timeframe of no longer than 10 years - can be subsidized for up to 20% of the project's value. Medium-sized projects - investments of over €30 million that create at least 150 new jobs within 10 years of the day of signing of the agreement on awarding funds - are eligible to receive up to 17% of the total investment value 9
  11. 11. Financial Incentives Eligible Projects Amount of funding (€) Minimum Investment amount Minimum number of new, full time jobs created Investments of special Importance Up to 17 % of the total Investment amount € 200 million Large investment projects Up to 17 % of the total Investment amount Up to 17 % of the total Investment amount € 200 million Between 50€ Million and 100 € million 1.000 300 Mid-sized investment Projects Up to 17 % of the total Investment amount 50 € million 150 Financial Incentives Eligible investment projects Amount of funding € Minimum investment amount Minimum number of new, full time jobs created Direct investments Internationally Manufacturing sector marketable services Investments in the Investments in the 4th group of local 1th, 2nd and 3rd The entire administration and groups of local territory of the devastated administration and republic of Serbia regions devastated regions 4 - 10.000 for each 4 - 10.000 for each 4 - 10.000 for each new job created new job created new job created Strategic projects in the field of tourism The entire territory of the republic of Serbia 4 - 10.000 for each new job created € 500.000 € 1.000.000 € 500.000 € 5 million 50 50 10 50 The terms of financial incentive funding for investments of special importance are negotiated upon directly with the highest level of government. Applications for funding are submitted to the SIEPA after the announcement of a public call for the awarding of non-refundable funds. Following the completion of project scoring, funds are awarded to companies in accordance with the number of points received. 10
  12. 12. Extremely competitive environment provides second lowest corporate income tax in Europe, together with other favorable taxes and costs. Tax Rates Serbia's tax regime is highly conducive to doing business. Corporate income tax is the second lowest in Europe, while Value Added Tax is among the most competitive in Central and Eastern Europe. TAX RATES Value added tax Standard rate 20% Reduced rate Social Security Contribution 8% Pension and Disability Health insurance Unemployment insurance 13% 6,15% 0.75% For Legal Entities Corporate profit tax Taxes on dividends, shares in profits, royalties, interests and capital gains Personal income tax Wages and incomesof self-employed 15% 20% 10% 15% Prihodi od kapitala i kapitalni dobici Copyright,property, profits from gamblingand other types of income Annual income tax 20% 10/15% Value added tax VAT General rate-for mosttaxablesupplies Special rate - (lower rate of VAT Forbasic groceries, newspapers, utilities, etc. 20% 8% Value Added Tax The VAT rates are as follows:  The standard VAT rate - 20% (for most taxable supplies);  The lower VAT rate - 8% (for basic food stuffs, daily newspapers, utilities, etc.). 11
  13. 13. Labor costs Average salaries in Serbia are low enough to ensure cost-effective operating. Total costs for employers stand at merely 50% of the level in EU countries from Eastern Europe. Social insurance charges and Salary Tax amount to roughly 65% of the net salary but the tax burden for employers can be reduced through a variety of financial and tax incentives. Average Gross Monthly salary (EUR) Serbia Bosnia and Heryzgovina Hungary Slovakia Poland Czech Republic Croatia 508 660 771 805 846 999 1.048 Source. The Vienna Institute for international economics tudies Annual Income Tax Annualincome tax is paid by individuals- residents, including foreigners- residentswhose income ina calendar year wasbigger three times than the averageannual income per employeepaid in the Republicin the year forwhich the tax is determined, according to the nationalauthority responsible forstatistics. The annual income is taxed if exceeding the amount of threefold the average annual salary in Serbia. The tax rate is: - 10% for the annual income amounting up to 6 times average annual salary in Serbia, - 15% for the part of the annual income exceeding 6 times average annual salary in Serbia. MAYOR UTILITY FEES Item Amount High Voktage Electricity for Industrial consumers (Eur/KWh) 0.0112-0.0336 Middle Voltage Electricity for Industrial Consumers(Eur/KWh) 0.0123-0.0369 Low Voltage Electricity for Industrial Consumers(Eur/KWh) 0.0162-0-0487 Gas for Industrial consumers (Eur/m2) 0.3057 Water for Industrial Consumers (Eur/m2) 1.2800 Based on a sample of 22 municipalities Source : Electric Power Industry of Serbia, SRBIJAGAS,Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbi 12
  14. 14. STATISTICS Working populationof 15yearsand over Serbia - total 7.431.594 South-East Serbia 1.694.229 Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia 2012 Employed 2011 Serbia South-East Serbia Unemployed 671.143 171.695 Total 1.746.000 306.000 Unemployedlooking for jobfor the first time 78.827 15.287 Women 801.000 130.000 Employedbythemanufacturing 387.255 116.851 Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia 2012 Serbia - total South-East Serbia Number of companies -Serbia Total 83787 Micro 72191 Small 8958 Medium 2129 Big 509 Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia Numberof unincorporated Serbia enterprises by type Total Unincorporated Manufacturing Employment inmanufacturing 345719 39205 57259 94969 154826 South East Serbia Region 219156 36459 in the field of 41767 7487 Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia 2012 Employedby the degreeof expertisein 2011 Serbia - total 2253209 14590 119840 350705 1280692 157061 Without school Incomplete primary school Primary school Secondary school Viša škola Faculty, Academy. Higher 330321 education Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia South-East Region Serbia 494421 4789 38689 97030 271259 31526 53129 13
  15. 15. PROCEDURE OF COMPANY REGISTRATION The registration procedureisinitiated by filing anapplication for registrationto the Agency forBusiness Registers(APR) on a form thatcontains the datato be received. Registration applicationsareavailable at the AgencyforBusiness Registersin Belgradeand organizational unitsAPRwith proofof payment. Beograd, Brankova 25, Info center APR: 011 20 23 350 Register of Business Entities: Phone for information: 011 20 23 350 i 011 360 77 00 - Niš, Obrenovićeva bb, TPC Kalča, lamela b, lokal 40, Tel: 018 296 00 LTD START -UP PROCEDURE 1 2 3 4 5 Authentication of incorporation Act and Signature form by the Representative Court aqnd opening of a temporary banc account for share capital deposit Registration of incorporation Act and share capital deposit by business registry Make Stamp and seal Open a permanent business account with the commercial bank and transfer of share capital from temporary account Register with local tax authority and VAT registration Time to complete 1 day 3 days 1 day - less than half a day 1 day 1 day Total minimum of 7 working days for the procedures in the institutions of the Republic of Srebiua. All aditional time depends on the lowers and the prepaton of documents required. Types of registrations-company types: Joint Stock Company, Limited Liability Company, General Partnership or Limited Partnership. The minimum capital required is as low as RSD 100 for a Limited Liability Company and RSD 3,000,000 or more for a Joint Stock Company. The expedient and costeffective procedure of registration and incorporation at the Business Registers Agency, will cost you only €350 in fees. 14
  16. 16. WHY TO INVEST IN CITY OF NIŠ AND THE REGION Reasons to locate your business in the City of Niš: 1. European Crossroads - logistics, excellent market accessibility, Corridors X and VII and International Airport Constantine the Great 2. Human Resources – University, secondary school network, industrial tradition and competitive labor costs 3. Experience in FDI investment 4. Incentives – attractive subsidies, taxes and free trade agreements 5. Quality of Life – the third largest city in Serbia, the biggest one in Central Serbia. Economic, health, educational and cultural center of the Southeastern Serbia. Abundant cultural and historic heritage. 6. Streamlined Investment Procedures and Supportive Local Government 7. Investment Opportunities City of Nis became „Business Friendly Municipality“ and the best ranked local – selfgovernment according to National Alliance for Local Economic Development. EUROPEAN CROSSROADS City of Niš is one of the oldest cities in the Balkans. It is the third largest city in Serbia with 260. 237 citizens and the centre of the Southeastern region of the country. The city area covers 596.71 square km of five municipalities. City of Niš is the crossroads of the most important Balkan and European traffic routes. The territory of the City is intersected by three important directions of international road and railway traffic – several roads that connect the Balkans with Central and Western Europe, including Corridor X, and the axis which connects the Adriatic, Aegean and Black Sea intersect the territory of City of Niš INDUSTRIAL CENTER City of Niš is one of the most important industrial centres in Serbia, well-known for its industry of electronics and mechanical engineering, and the textile and the tobacco industry. Statistics show that the system of education is quite elaborate in our city: there are 50 000 pupils/students attending 32 primary and 21 secondary schools. There are 14 000 students at City of Niš University composed of 10 faculties. Region and City of Niš represent the crossroad of two most important corridors in this part of Europe. One of them, known as E75, connects central and western Europe with Greece and Macedonia, whereas the other, highway E80, leads to the east toward Sofia and Istanbul. Highway E75 that leads to Belgrade and Athens, lies only 2,5 km to the north, and can easily be accessed from both directions of the regional freeway R214. 15
  17. 17. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT CONSTANTINE THE GREAT The second by size in Serbia, Constantine the Great Airport is an important facility connecting Nis with the world. It was completelly renewed in 2003. Since then, it has operated international flights to Montenegro, Switzerland, and Turkey. The current tendency is to reintroduce traffic to other European locations, too. Important ifnormation:  Excellent weather conditions during the whole year, with a few foggy and snowing days  Alternative airport for the airports: Pristina, Belgrade, Podgorica, Tivat,  This airport was used as an alternative airport by the following airlines: Jat Airways, Aviogenex, Montenegro Airlines, Olimpic Airlines,… Thanks to a very good organization, passengers arrived to their final destination only a few hours after scheduled time.  The lowest airport service prices in Serbia. Runway:  Length: 2500 m  Width: 45 m Additional services:  Cargo/Customs terminal for the ground transportation of goods  Retail trade of the general type  Storing of the goods during the import process  Public transportation of the passengers by buses (Lines 34A and 34B)  Tourism and catering (the company “Aerodromturs”) International Airport Constantine the Great generates enormous investment potential of the City of Niš and is constantly a center of attention of many successful companies with great development solutions. HUMAN RESOURCES A quality of intellectual capital in Niš Region is based on an education system which schools highly educated people in almost all areas, but especially highly educated people in the areas of technical sciences and computer technologies. 16
  18. 18. STRONG SUPPORT OF LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT City of Niš has a great developing chance in the field of economy and development trend in the light of the SME sector and entrepreneurship. City of Niš participates with 4.13% of the total in the creation of national income of Serbia and with 84,31% in the creation of income of Niš District STREAMLINED INVESTMENT PROCEDURE:S         Local Economic Development (LED) Office, Capital Investment department Personal Assistant / project manager University of Niš support and assistance. City of Nis Call center Center for issuing building permits 17
  19. 19. OFFICE FOR LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Office for Local Economic Development was established within USAID MEGA Programme and the financial and technical support was provided through LEDIB Programme by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. OLED was established within the City of Niš Mayor’s Office, as an intermediary unit between the business sector and the City Administration and the main instrument for attracting investments. This Office is expected to become the main pillar for the City of Niš development and the main generator of its transformation into a regional center of development for Southern Serbia. Mission and goals Office forLocal Economic Development of the City is a unit with special position within the Mayor’s Office, intended for special purposes of:      improving the local economic development, attracting new investments, providing assistance through the investment process providing support to local business sector, promoting entrepreneurship and creating favorable preconditions for improving the quality of life, economic development of the City of Niš, through local economic development project initiatives, their management, monitoring and implementation. 18
  20. 20. INTELECTUAL CAPITAL A quality of intellectual capital in Niš Region is based on an education system which schools highly educated people in almost all areas, but especially highly educated people in the areas of technical sciences and computer technologies. Among 19 secondary school network, there are 5 technical schools (electronics, ICT and mechanical engineering), food production school, school of economics,school of commerce In the past 10 years, approximately 3.000 students a year graduate from elementary schools, approximately 4.000 from high schools and approximately 1.500 students graduate from The University of Niš, which is the second biggest university in Serbia.1.502 professors and teachers are employed in 13 faculties which make part of The University of Niš, founded in 1965. The University of Niš is a state-governed educational and research institution. At present, the University comprises 13 faculties: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture,  Faculty of Economy,  Faculty of Electronic Engineering,  Faculty of Medicine,  Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,  Faculty of Law,  Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics,  Faculty of Technology in Leskovac,  Teacher-training Faculty in Vranje,  Faculty of Occupational Safety,  Faculty of Fine Arts,  Faculty of Sport and Physical Education and  Faculty of Philosophy In the academic 2012/2013 year, the University of Niš numbers 27884 students at all study levels. There are 22531 students at the basic professional, the basic academic and the integrated studies, 60 of them are foreign students (mostly from Greece: 23, Montenegro: 7, Macedonia: 5, Jordan: 5, Germany 2, and 1 from each of the following countries: from Bulgaria, Slovenia, Turkey, USA, Australia). 1719 students attend master academic studies, 52 specialist professional studies, 10 specialist academic studies and 1377 doctoral academic studies. The teaching process at the University is covered by 1594 teaching staff members. From the foundation until the academic 2012/2013 year, 58557 students have graduated, 1347 of them are foreign students. 2528 postgraduates acquired their master’s degree and 1492 candidates defended their doctoral dissertations. The University of Niš was accredited as an independent public higher-education institution on January 31th, 2009. All its constituent Faculties were also duly accredited in line with the Law on Higher Education. 19
  21. 21. In compliance with the Law on Higher Education of the Republic of Serbia, by the Decision of the Commission of Accreditation and Quality Assurance of the Republic of Serbia, the faculties of the University of Niš were accredited, as well. City of Nis is defined as a center of electronics, ICT and mechanical engineering by Republic of Serbia Industrial development concept due to quality of intellectual capital, industrial tradition and availability of low-cost workforce. Human capital is based on well educated, fast learning, multilingual and IT literate people. This unique combination of high-quality and low-cost skill-set workforce in electronics, ICT and mechanical engineering is widely regarded as a strong business performance driver. 20
  22. 22. SUPPORT TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FREE ZONE SOUTH Free Zone South location in Niš represents one of the high priorities in the politics of the balanced regional development of The Republic of Serbia. The founding of the Free trade zone South in Niš and Prokuplje, on Donje Međurovo location and former “NITEX” textile industry complex (now owned by “Benetton” company), as well as on the location of The Industrial Zone in Prokuplje (where “LEONI” company operates), represents a part of a long-term strategy of the City of Niš, its municipalities, the Region of Niš, Prokuplje and Toplica District, and also all the companies and other parties interested in the development of the free trade zone. The founding of the Free trade zone South in Niš and Prokuplje will significantly, encourage and motivate investors from the neighboring countries. The most important economic and side effects of the Free trade zone South founding in Niš and Prokuplje, are reflected in:    Attracting and increasing the volume of foreign investments, as an intent to quicken regional development Connecting domestic and foreign partners, and also generating foreign currency inflow. Increasing the local workforce employment rate and improving standards and working conditions. 21
  23. 23.       Taking advantage of geostrategic location and strengthening the economic leading position, using the most favorable set of facilities for doing business in the region (especially between CEFTA agreement country members, which are, in some way “competitive” in attracting and acquiring new foreign investments) Concentrating services and necessities in one place – creating logistics center Acquiring and installing technically and technologically up to date programs Development of personnel resources Significant savings in founders’ companies business operations, as well as zone users companies Accomplishment of accompanying positive economic effects and overall industrial and non industrial development, outside the Free trade zone. BENEFITS OF INVESTING IN FREE ZONE: • • • • • • • Fiscal benefits (exemptions from any tax burden for FDI, VAT and specific local taxes) Free of custom duties on import of goods, equipment and raw material used in exporting production and construction material for building of infrastructure Financial benefits (free cash flow) Efficient administration (one stop shop) Simple and fast customs procedures (each zone has a Customs Administration Office) Local subsidies for using free zone infrastructure (Community offers low prices and service cost) A set of services is available to users under preferential terms (transportation, loading, reloading, freight forwarding services, insurance and banking services) ADVANTAGE • • • • • • • • • The intersection of Pan-European corridors no. 10 and no. 7 gives Europe an easy access to Middle East. Interim Trade Agreement with EU Free Trade Agreement with Russian Federation (0% customs rate) Free Trade Agreement CEFTA Free Trade Agreement with EFTA Free Trade Agreement with Belarus FreeTrade Agreement with Turkey Free Trade Agreement with Kazakhstan Corporate profit tax is a one of the lowest in Europe - 15% Law on VAT Convencies • • • In the free zone VAT is not paid for the goods provided for performing business activity, for which the taxpayer would have the prior tax deduction right in case of providing those goods for its operational needs out of the zone. VAT is not paid for providing to free zone users the transport and other services directly related to carrying in the goods into free zones, for purpose of performing business activities. General conveniences of VAT exemptions - For the goods temporarily imported within the customs procedure and actively refined with the storing system; - For the goods temporarily imported and exported in unchanged conditions; 22
  24. 24. For the goods for which the processing procedure has been approved under customs control; - For the goods for which storing procedure has been approved; - For the goods exempted from paying of customs duties and dues, on the basis of Law on Customs; VAT-exempted services to users: - Free zone area tenancy: open and closed storage, area for performing production and office activities; - Goods loading, reloading, unloading services; - International transport of goods related to import and export; - Intermediary services. - • INTERMODAL LOGISTICS CENTRE FREE ZONE SOUTH Project was approved by EU Municipal Infrastructure Support Program (EU MISP) in March 2012 Policy context - The European Commission White Paper – “Roadmap to the Single European Transport Area - ”Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system issued in Brussels, 28.3.2011”, amongst other key priorities, provides supports to the establishment of intermodal terminals in particular in the eastern parts of Europe, in order to reduce pollution and the formation of a faster, cheaper and healthier transport systems in the EU. Phase 1: Base infrastructure for 26.4 ha intermodal logistics and distribution centre, adjacent to Konstantin the Great Airport 2 2 Development of Logistics Centre (20,000m ) of which 3,000m will be utilised for office space - for customs, logistics and offices of the Free Zone users, and for the HQ of the Free Trade Zone “South”     2 Development of storage and warehousing(17,000m ) Development of other logistics/warehousing for private operator (based on plot of 8.4ha) Development of integrated road network to/from the centre and rail access arrangements Construction of about 2km of internal roads with street lighting Construction of new underground 35kV and 110kV electricity cable; new transformer stations 10/0.4kV, 630kVA and 10kV underground cable network  Installation of telecommunication system  Construction of about water supply pipelines  Construction of about of surface water drainage network  Construction of wastewater network with a Waste Water Treatment Plan (WWTP) 23
  25. 25. SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICALPARK NIŠ Scientific and Technological Park Niš (STP Niš), current city project in the progress, is an organization which will provide the infrastructure and services to help innovative companies to achieve business success in the market, especially in the area of high technologies Founders of STP Niš  Ministry of Education and Science  City of Niš  University of Niš Park activities:  Services  Infrastructural support to companies  Local and regional cooperation  Promotion of STP Niš Current state  Development of the main project  Location preparation  Forming the management for the promotion of the Park with the aim of ensuring the Park inhabitants by the end of the construction period Investors:  Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of Serbia,  European Investment Bank,  City of Niš,  University of Niš In the immediate vicinity of the Scientific and Technological Park Niš, there are: Faculties (Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering and Architecture), College of Professional Studies, Technical secondary schools (Electrical Engineering, 2 Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering), Student dorm and restaurant S. Sindjelić In the mere neighborhood there are airport, highway, city center, University BUSINESS INCUBATOR CENTER Business Incubator Center - BIC has been set up in the frame of the project ENTRANSE – Private Sector Development - financed by Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The project objective was establishing the business incubator and implementing the training programme for starting business with a clearly defined strategy to gradually grow into an industrial park.The basic concept of BIC is best explained in their mission aiming to “help the development of small and medium-size entrepreneurship through providing business premises, offering business and other services in the most critical stages of company development and thus influence the rise of employment and become a respectable initiator of the economic development of the Nis region. BIC has the capacity to accommodate 24 tenants. 24
  26. 26. CLUSTER OF ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES Niš City supports new trends in business networking and strongly believes that establishment and development of professional clusters should be priority in local government planning and should be integrated in local development concept. 28 small and medium enterprises, dealing with the production of electronic and electro mechanic devices as well as with information and communication technologies,2 scientific research institutions, 3 economic develepomentn isntitutions, formed cluster Ni-CAT, which ia among 6 best clasters in Serbia. NI CAT has a cohesiverole in the society linking all stakeholders in the areas of IT, automation, optoelectronics, elektromedicine and mechanical engineering. Besides the local companies the cluster members are the institutions which are supporting those companies: University of Niš Faculty of Electronics and Mechanics, Regional Chamber of Commerce Niš, Business Incubator Niš and Regional Development Association South. START - UP CLUSTERS With technical support of LEDIB 5 start-up clusters were registered by Nis Region Start-Up Cluster union as its business organization. By signing the cooperation memorandum with the union, the cooperation with RCE Nis, National Employment Service and the University of Nis as well as the cooperation with the entrepreneurs from Pirot, Kursumlija and Nis was established.      Agro start-up claster-26 members Textile start-up claster-18 members Construction start-up claster-36 members Cluster Service start-up -50 members Medical start-up-21members 25
  27. 27. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE NIRI Research and development isntitut NIRI hire top experts, PhDs in the field of automatic text analytics, data analytics, data warehousing and other areas of artificial intelligence. he project team consists of 11 experienced professors, PhD students and engineers. Leading engineers have more than 15 years of experience and are dedicated to the development and maintenance of complex software systems. NIRI has extensive experience in working with partners from Western countries CENTER OF EXCELLENCE AND INNOVATION – CEI Center of Excellence and Innovation was founded in Nis-Regional Chamber of Commerce, 2012. , with support from USAID Regional Competitiveness Initiative and the Nis Cluster of Advanced Technologies and Regional Development Agency South. CEI is an active member of a network of related centers in South East Europe, which provides associated services and experience. ICIT - INNOVATION CENTER FOR DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IInnovation Center for Development of Information Technologies ICIT on Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Niš is an organizational unit for the needs of universities and other entities:    organize, maintain and develop the information infrastructure provides a number of information systems and libraries organize, store, publish and issue information in classical and electronic form ICIT is focused on application development of the ICT industry and support the SME sector in the implementation of innovation. ICIT has successfully implemented more than 100 projects funded by the Ministry of Science and Environment, as well as bilateral projects with international partners in the field of industry SAMSUNG APPS LABORATORY IN NIŠ A product of long-term cooperation of Samsung company and Higher Technical school in Niš, for: • creating applications for mobile phones • 10 working stations for students, 2 working stations for professors, multifunctional areas for presenting Samsung products, projector, TV and white board for efficient lectures and presentations. • teachings from highly educated experts from Samsung company; • solving latest programming problems and applying new solutions from Samsung engineers • newest models of phones, tablet computers, TVs, so that applications, made in laboratory, get tested on newest models of Samsung phones. Students of the Higher Technical school are the only ones in the world who have opportunity to develop new software solution and solve latest programming problems in this type of laboratory. 26
  28. 28. EMPLOYMENT AND LABOR MARKET - NIS DISTRICT AND CITY OF NIS • • • • Unemployed persons in City of Niš - 36 289 – for the first two month 2013. Out of the total number of unemployed persons, 32,2%, or, respectively, 1/3 were the first-time job seekers. Among the first-time job seekers 55,2 % are woman In addition 67,8% persons were previously employed, what is the remaining 2/3 of the unemployed, out of which 46,5% are women. The biggest numbers, out of the total number of unemployed persons, are: • • • • • persons without occupation, which means unskilled workers and secondary school graduates (13.615 persons or 25,7%, - which is more than 1 / 4 ) From the field of mechanic – 8022 persons, Field of economy, law and administration - 6512 Trading and tourism – 4967 Average net salary in City of Niš (in first 6 months in 2013 ) - 326 € net Unemployed bylevel of educationin Serbia Total 745 187 University, Higher and secondary educational 301327 level Woman 388443 Sout-Easst Serbia 171 698 181295 Average earningsof employeesin legal entitiesby level ofeducation RSD Serbia Total Higher education High education Secondary schools Elementary school Highly qualified workers Qualified workers Semi-qualified workers Unskilled workers Sout-East Serbia 57580 90 023 60930 50854 35176 61488 43477 35942 31867 50363 74535 53548 46032 31793 65255 42225 35830 30769 27
  29. 29. UNEMPLOYMENT, NEEDS FOR WORKERS AND EMPLOYMENTBYOCCUPATIONAND GENDERIN JUNE2013TH FIEKD OF WORK /OCCUOATIONAL GROUPS UNEMPLOYED Total TOTAL 01 04 05 THE NEWLYREGISTERED Women Total Women 54.181 997 1.377 420 9 0 52 779 117 986 195 15 312 63 401 1.028 158 209 376 174 108 27 1 0 9 64 7 279 106 10 43 10 110 146 23 48 40 24 52 12 0 0 3 32 5 37 9 0 15 3 10 27 5 5 10 5 460 28 Occupationsof computer technology 2.037 2.651 764 24 0 176 1.537 150 8.500 3.580 370 1.025 275 3.250 4.694 799 1.258 1.515 662 01 Agriculture,food production and processing 01 Plant producers 02 Farmers and poultry producers 03 Fishermenand breedersof other animals 04 Veterinarians 05 Food processingand beverage 06 Tobacco manufacturers 04 Engineeringandmetalworking 18 Metal processing 19 Fittersand installers inmechanical engineering 20 Mechanicaldesigners and engineers 21 Mechanical Engineeringtechnologists 22 Mechanicsandmachinists 05 electrical engineering 24 Electric Power 25 electricians 26 Electronic engineers 27 telecommunications occupations 25.607 111 11 2 UNEMPLOYMENT AND EMPLOYMENTBY EDUCATIONALATTAINMENT AND GENDERDURING THE MONTHOF JULYIN 2013,NIS DISTRICT TOTAL EDUCATIONAL OLEVEL I IV Total Women Total VII 2013 54.284 25.712 10.676 4.638 17.977 9.660 5.203 3.161 VII 2012 Unemployed persons Women Total VII-1 Women Total Women 53.161 26.272 11.004 5.259 17.480 9.746 4.571 2.756 Index 97,02 88,19 102,84 99,12 113,83 114,70 9.081 4.256 2.332 5.675 2.992 2.080 1.304 17.079 100,12 9.479 95,80 4.472 95,17 2.629 88,70 5.612 101,12 3.098 96,58 1.741 119,47 1.110 117,48 VII 2013 2.328 1.153 389 203 957 480 285 182 2.650 1.294 537 272 982 506 283 177 Index 87,85 89,10 72,44 74,63 97,45 94,86 100,71 102,82 VII 2013 489 262 89 34 153 92 49 32 VII 2012 Employed from the evidence 97,87 17.099 VII 2012 New registred 102,11 VII 2013 VII 2012 Index First time seeking job 1.078 582 179 75 434 267 78 34 Index Deleted from the evidence 45,36 45,02 49,72 45,33 35,25 34,46 62,82 94,12 VII 2013 2.986 1.335 660 329 1.003 469 292 167 VII 2012 3.189 1.424 737 365 1.035 483 292 148 Index 93,63 93,75 89,55 90,14 96,91 97,10 100,00 112,84 28
  30. 30. LABOR CHART FOR NIŠAVA DISTRICT Contributions paid by the employer Pension and disability insurance Health insurance Unemployment insurance - 11.00% - 6,15 % - 0,75 % Contribution paid by the employee Pension and disabiliy insurance Health insurance Unemployment insurance Personal Income Tax Labor law Woorking week Overtime - 11.00% - 6,15 % - 0,17 % -12.00 % - 40h - up to 8h per week – not more than 4h a day 8 hours per week, not more than 4 hours per day Overtime is paid +26% of the salary! No. of shifts - According to Labor low there is work in the night shift and work in shifts THE AVERAGE MONTHLYSALARY INSERBIA 2013. godina Month "Sl. glasnik RS" Salary Amount Januar 2013. Februar 2013. Mart 2013. April 2013. Maj 2013. Jun 2013. Jul 2013. Avgust 2013. 18/2013 28/2013 38/2013 46/2013 55/2013 65/2013 76/2013 85/2013 54.447 60.199 57.628 64.249 57.921 61.399 60.896 61.797 Chain index 83,6 110,6 95,7 111,5 90,2 106,0 99,2 101,5 Salary without taxes and contributions Amount Chain index 39.197 43.371 41.689 46.530 41.821 44.394 44.182 44.770 83,5 110,6 96,1 111,6 89,9 106,2 99,5 101,3 AVERAGEQUARTERLY SALARY PEREMPLOYEEIN SERBIA Year 2013 Quarter First quarter 2013. Seconf quarter 2013. "Sl. glasnik RS" 38/2013 65/2013 Salary 57.401 61.190 THE AVERAGE ANNUALSALARY INSERBIA Year 2012 Year 2012. "Sl. glasnik RS" 8/2013 Salary 689.160 29
  31. 31. FOREIGN INVESTMENTS       • • Phillip Moris International, Tobacco Industry, USA YURA Corporation, Automotive Industry, South Korea SHINWON -YURA eltec–Automotive Industry, South Korea JOHNSON ELECTRIC - Automoto Industry, Hong Kong BENETTON Group, Textile industry, Italy METRO CASH & CARRY, Trade, Germany LMB Soft, Electronics / Medical,Germany HARDER DIGITAL, Electronics/Optical, Germany Benlianh food / Kozmetik plus, Food processing, Bulgaria • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Batiquoque, Mechanical Engineering, Construction, France KOPEX MIN, Mechanical Engineering, Construction, Poland VOSSLOH COGIFER, Mechanical Engineering, France Benlian Food, Food processing, Bulgaria ERGO MADE, Furniture, Denmark PCB Factory, Electronics, France ENGEL, Electronics, Spain MESSER TECHNOGAS, Industrial Gas, Germany SEAVUS, IT, Sweden/Macedonia ARCADIA, IT, USA TROXO, IT, Sweden IDEA, Trade, Croatia JYSK, Trade, Denmark INTEREX, Trade, France/Bosnia MERCATOR, Trade, Slovenia OMV, Trade/Petrol station, Austria LUKOIL, Trade/Petrol station, Russia MOL, Trade/Petrol station, Hungary NIS Petrol, Trade/Petrol station, Russia Vulkan gume, NIŠ • 30
  32. 32. INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES With its geostrategic position within Serbia and the Balkans, Niš has great potential for industrial and logistics development.Many investment incentives contribute to the attractiveness of this investment low labor costs and production, one of the lowest corporate tax rates in Europe - 10% ; new road infrastructure;strong manufacturing activity in the Central and Eastern European countries and many other countries.This is one of the most attractive location with gratest potential for industrial and logistics development in the Balkans CITY OF NIS MAYOR INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS ONGOING AND WITH POTENTIAL FOR INTERNATIONAL FUNDING: City of Niš Clinical Center Construction – Ongoing 40 milion euro Science and Technology Park TEHNIS Niš – Ongoing 10 milion euro  City of Nis WWTP (Waste Water Treatment Plant) o (Prepared Feasibility Study, and Location determined)  City of Nis Regional Solid Waste Management Project o (Prepared Feasibility Study, and Location determined)  Former Electronic Industry - Brownfield Industrial Park 2    2 o (520.000 m of land and 200.000 m of buildings with 50% public ownership) o (Prepared Feasibility Study, and Location determined) City of Nis Railway By-Pass Development o (Prepared Feasibility Study, and Location determined - Implementation started) City of Nis Airport Development Project o (Passenger Terminal and Traffic) o (Prepared Feasibility Study, and Location determined) City of Nis – Intermodal Logistic Centre Free Zone South o (Feasibility Study in progress) 31
  33. 33. GREENFIELD AND BROWNFIELD LOCATIONS NIŠKA BANJA SPA - LOZNI KALEM LOCATION Location represents unique combination of natural wealth and business opportunities and it is an excellent investment concept – sport & recreation with health & spa, divisible on smaller loations Niška Banja Spa is only 10 km from the City of Niš center and has always been a cozy, pleasant and healthy place for relaxation, summer holiday sightseeing, medical treatments and rehabilitation. It offers healing water springs, pleasant climate and excellent medical assistance. Niska Banja Spa is situated in the eastern part of the City of Nis and it is just 1 km away from Niska Banja Spa center. Furthermore, the site enjoys easy access from all means of transport, Niš Airport is only 10km away and Corridor 10 – one of the main European highways few kilometers away. In the sphere of Medicine, Niška Banja heals coronary and blood vessel diseases, increased blood pressure and rheumatic disorders. It also offers the treatment of orthopedic injuries, body weight control, anti - cellulite treatments and postoperative rehabilitation. 32
  34. 34. Healing waters are used for drinking and bathing in Niska Banja. There are five different sources temperature from 28 to 39 C and the average yield of approximately 50 liters per second. Spa water contains sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, hydrocarbons, sulfate, chloride and nitrate as well as dissolved and colloidal silicon dioxide, iron and aluminum oxides and free carbonic acid. In addition to the water, the gas Radon (used for inhalation) and sinter (used for mud pack therapy). Under forest-covered Koritnik hill, rich in freshair, thermal waters and radon gas, Nish spa was used by the Romans, two millennia ago. Recreation Facilities/Aqua Park/Hotel/Spa Center/ Shopping Mall/Retail Park Terms of construction Plan of general regulation defines the purpose of the land: • Sport and Recreation center, • Tourism, Health, Recreation, Commercial center • Business, Commerical and Trade center. Size: 27 ha 40 a 4 m2 Ownership: City of Niš 33
  35. 35. FREE TRADE ZONE SOUTH – IZ DONJE MEDJUROVO NIŠ Location The property is located at the southern exit of the City of Niš which provides accessibility to all kinds of vehicles. The city airport is near; the railway is passing through the zone and Coridor X is 2 km away. The size is approx. 274 ha and it is divided into smaller lots. It is intended for light industry, logistics and respective services. Development: Free zone South has been established in May 2012 Current tenants - greenfield investments: • • • • YURA Corporation, South Korea, over 1500 jobs DYTECH, Italy, 403 jobs, SHINWON - South Korea, over 300 jobs, LMB SOFT, Germany, 100 jobs Infrastructure The location is connected to the waste water network, water supply network, gas, optical network and internal roads INDUSTRIAL ZONE EAST NIŠ Industrial Zone East, total land P - 73,7 ha, consists of :  the Greenfield which amounts up to 20 ha and  the Brownfield within the former Electronic Industry which covers 53.7ha Owned by the Republic of Serbias: 20 ha Greenfield According to the General Urban Plan it is intended for industry, storages and services. Infrastructure: Connected to electricity, gas, water , optic network, sewerage and has its own roads network. 34
  36. 36. INDUSTRIAL ZONE EAST – BROWNFIELD, TECHNOLOGY PARK AND INCUBATOR NIŠ Technology Park and Incubator Nis is an attempt of recovering a brownfield industrial area of former Electronic Industry Nis. According to these potentials, the strategic development envisages Technology Park and Incubator TEHNIS Niš being developed in a form of a park and an incubator within the industrial zones and technology parks of a national importance. Size of the Brownfield zone: 77,4 ha Area for new Brownfield investments: 101.000 m 2 Infrastructure The location is connected to the waste water network, water supply network, gas, optical network and internal roads. HISTORY OF EI Holding Corporation Electronic Industry (EI) Nis in reconstruction - BROWNFIELD Since its establishment, Electronic Industry has developed itself from a company of simple organization with limited production capacity and a small number of workers to a large complex business system with a wide range of products of high technological level and a large number of employees. The company started working on 10.04.1948. when RR Zavodi (RR Institutions) were established in Nis for the production of radios. In the following years, the company mastered the 35
  37. 37. Production of:  Electron (vacuum) tube (1951  X-ray tubes and black and white TV tubes (1952)  Switches, button and potentiometers (1955)  KT devices (1957)  Speakers (1959)  Transistor radios (1960) Electronic Industry Nis had approximately 26,000 employees (about 18,500 only in Nis) and more than 50 companies with the following production programs: medical equipment, - Electro medicine, railway signaling, telecommunications equipment, metal products, televisions and radios, washing machines, semiconductors, meters and teleprinters, Military program, color cathode and electronic tubes, Program of computer technology, - Maintenance, system protection and energy supply Program After the year 2000, owing to the lack of privatization concept for the whole EI complex, individual purchasing of companies by private enterprises commenced. Therefore, today there are about 100 private companies doing business in EI, engaged in production, trade and services, and employing approximately 1,800 employees. The government of the RS in 2006. made a decision regarding the introduction of restructuring programs into the Holding Corporation (HC) and a privatization consultant was appointed. The Concept of restructuring and privatization was designed for the HC and its subsidiaries in the form of developing a Science and Technology Park (STP). EXISTING COMMUNAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND EI COMPLEX FACILITIES                Business, industrial and storage area – 220,000 m2 Restaurant Technical school Ambulance and pharmacy Physical protection and fire protection of the objects and persons Water supply and sewage system Reni Wells (with horizontal pipes) and industrial water wells Electrical network with the system 35/10/04 KVA Gas station with reloading stations Heating plant with steam and hot water system network and a system or storage and reloading of crude oil, rail-car Roads – about 5 km, driveways and fire roads – 4km. Parking lot of 2 hectares Parks and green areas – about 40 hectares Industrial railway, crane for loading heavy loads Public and local telephone network INFRASTRUCTURE AND LOGISTICS   2 21,000 m of business and production area Energetic capacity/installed capacity of 5 megawatts (2 electrical substations) 36
  38. 38.     Water supply network with two connections Compressed air network Possibility of connection to the gas Excellent transport communications with the loading and unloading ramp Companies in the former EI complex:    150 companies Business Association Medianum Biggest companies: 1. Jugo-Impex, 2. Jugo-impex E.E.R. 3. Engel System, 4. HD Sova, 5. Ei PSB Factory, 6. Tagor Electronic, 7. Yumis, 8. Benlian foods, 9. Eco food „STRENGTHENING OF LOCAL LAND MANAGEMENT IN SERBIA „ Ministry of Environmental Protection and Spatial Planning of RS and GIZ-AMBERO Consulting Belgrade are conducting project „Strenghtening of Local Land Management in Serbia“ Project duration: 6 years, throught 2 phases of the project Technical assistance – Analysis of Ownership and Development of Detailed Regulation Plan and Reparcelation Project for the Science-technology Park – TEHNIS Result – Feasibility Study 37
  39. 39. INDUSTRIAL ZONE EAST –Greenfield, Centar za vinogradarstvo Ownership: City of Niš Total area: ≈ 20 ha – construction land (yellow) Purpose according to the new general plan: business and trade complex, industry Infrastructure: electricity, gas, water, sewerage INDUSTRIAL ZONE NORTH NIŠ, P=650 ha Location North Niš Industrial Zone is located in the northeastern part of the City. Within the very Industrial Zone there is a traffic crossroad, a freeway intersecting the railway Belgrade-Niš-Sofa-Istanbul and Belgrade-NišThessaloniki-Athens. Its southern side borders with the City of Niš International Airport Constantine the Great Development The development of the Industrial Zone, covering more than 200 ha out of which the majority is private property, started in the ‘90s, but it was not until lately that the investors started coming. Infrastructure 38
  40. 40. The infrastructure is available in the bordering parcels and in some parts there is also a secondary network including access roads, water supply and sewerage system, electricity, gas and telecommunication networks. INDUSTRIAL ZONE WEST , Ivana Milutinovića, NIŠ IZ West - P = 248,4 ha Ivana Milutinovića street - Owned by the City: 15 ha According to the General Urban Plan it is intended for industry, storages and services. Infrastructure: electricity, gas, water, sewerage 39
  41. 41. BROWNFIELD EI HOLDING KORPORACIJA No Cpompany name Object name Realestate Cadastre Niš No. Certificate of titel No Parcel Overall size Po of object (m2) LOCATION NIŠ 1. Floors Kind of property 78.930 Ei HOLDING COORPORATION ad , Niš, ID 07210892 8.279 1.1. Novi Komerc – IV floor 1.2. Deaf Room, ground floor 1.3. Building Components Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 11 10998/8 342 own 146 10998/17 122 holder 33 10998/30 5.723 own Basement 1.856 Ground floor 1.140 I floor 314 II floor 821 III floor 296 IV floor 1.4. Eight building 1.296 Niš-Ćele Kula 49 10998/46 1.176 own Ground floor I floor 577 II floor 140 III floor 1.5. 198 261 Tool room Niš-Ćele Kula 74 10998/71 456 own Ground floor 59 I floor 397 1.6. Syndicate –Independence Niš-Ćele Kula 1.7. Compressor house balloon 1.8. 1.9. Building IRIN – Annex - I floor Building IRIN – III floor 1.10. Ambulance 1.11. School 10998/94 67 Holder Niš-Ćele Kula 10998/98 16 Holder Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 10998/139 77 103 10998/140 300 own 89 10998/86 724 Share holder Niš-Ćele 93 90 10998/87 1.624 Share 40
  42. 42. Kula 2. property Ei KOMERC, doo, Niš, matični broj 07211295 10.028 2.1. Warehousefloorelements 2.2. New Commerce Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 9 10998/6 2.122 own 11 10998/8 1.799 own Basement-ground floor 648 III floor 813 IV floor 338 2.3. Old Promet – I floor 2.4. Warehouse for finished goods Ground floor Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 15 10998/12 615 holder 17 10998/14 1.774 holder 459 I floOr 2.5. Wooden warehouseGround floor Warehouse for paints and varnishes - ground Finished goodswarehouseGround floor 2.6. 2.7. 3. 3.1. 1.315 Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš- 9 10998/25 235 holder 9 10998/39 455 holder 9 10998/65 3.028 Ei TELEVIZIJA, doo, Niš, ID No 07211015 own 15.697 3.2. CustomswarehouseGround floor color sets 3.3. Elevator near Collor sets 3.4. Eight Building Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 18 10998/15 1.324 holder 18 10998/40 3.907 own 18 10998/42 15 49 10998/46 5.211 holder own Basement 526 Ground floor 4.325 I floor 3.5. 3.6. 3.7. 3.8. 3.9. 3.10. 3.11. 3.12. 360 Annex I - next to Eight Building Annex III - next to Eight Building Annex II – hall ( next to Eight Building ) - basement Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula monitor production ground floor Green storage - ground floor Green storage - ground floor Hawk magazine– ground floor Hawk magazine– ground floor Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 18 10998/49 174 own 18 10998/51 231 own 18 10998/52 201 own 10998/54 375 10998/58 1.549 10998/59 582 78 10998/75 1.793 holder 18 10998/76 335 holder 18 own 41
  43. 43. 4. Ei ELMAG, doo, Niš, ID No 07211872 4.1. 4.555 Power stationOldturnover -Transformer station andsubstationbuildingeigh t Basement 4.2. Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 10 10998/19 10 49 10998/46 1.103 switchyard 4.4. Reciprocating Compressors - ground floor Warehouses 4.5. 4.6. 4.11. Ware hous chemicals -paint shop Management and workshops Power stations andsubstations – building SD- basement, groundfloor Transformer station – building Tool room, basement, ground floor Water station - ground floor Tanks forprocess water 4.12. Gas station 4.7. 4.8. 4.9. 4.10. 5. own 849 Ground floor 4.3. holder 254 Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 10 10998/55 183 own 59 10998/56 753 own,hol der Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 10 10998/62 494 own 10 10998/63 20 holder 10 10998/64 1.476 holder 69 10998/66 319 holder Niš-Ćele Kula 72 10998/69 52 own Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 10 10998/103 91 own 10 10998/109 20 own 118 10998/121 34 holder Ei COMPONENTS Niš, mb 06793690 5.006 5.1. warehousechemicals 5.2. ManagementandProductio n Basement Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 47 10998/24 175 33 10998/30 holder 4.165 own 928 Ground floor 1.248 I floor 620 IIfloor 898 III floor 391 5.3. Technical gasstation ground floor Niš-Ćele Kula 46 10998/43 156 holder 5.4. Station for technicalgases – bunker - ground floor Niš-Ćele Kula 47 10998/44 191 holder 5.5. Management Niš-Ćele Kula 48 10998/45 319 Groundfloor 113 I floor 206 42
  44. 44. 6. Ei INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONIC ELEKTRONIKA, doo, Niš, mb 07360754 6.1. 1.236 Chemical Store - ground floor Management and production Basement 6.2. Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 6913 10998/41 54 49 10998/46 1.182 1.046 Ei METAL, doo, Niš, mb 07211031 7.1. own 136 I floor 7. holder 6.875 Management and production Basement Niš-Ćele Kula 69 10998/66 6.044 holder 517 Ground floor 5.385 I sprat 142 7.2. Air ventsgalvanizing 7.3. Air ventsgalvanizing 7.4. Warehouse and plants for water treatment in electroplating Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 70 10998/67 20 holder 70 10998/68 20 holder 70 10998/72 295 holder Basement, ground floor ground floor , sprat 7.5. Soko magazine - ground floor metalstorage - shed 7.6. 8. 159 Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 78 10998/75 254 holder 143 10998/136 242 holder Ei ČEGAR, doo, Niš, mb 07210922 13.563 8.1. Management-shelter 8.2. Management and production 9. 136 Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 86 10998/84 515 own 86 10998/83 13.048 own Ei AIR CONDITIONING , doo, Niš, mb 17430327 9.1. 2.313 Eight building Niš-Ćele Kula 49 10998/46 1.737 own Basement Ground floor 10. 10.1. 932 II floor 9.2. 758 47 Soko magazine - ground floor Niš-Ćele Kula 78 10998/75 Ei 7. OKTOBAR, doo, Niš, mb 07318359 576 holder 1.982 Eight building Niš-Ćele Kula 49 10998/46 1.769 own 43
  45. 45. Basemen Ground floor 11. 32 I floor 10.2. 297 1.440 Garages Niš-Ćele Kula 127 10998/134 Ei IRIN, doo, Niš, mb 07308515 11.1. 213 holder 3.410 11.2. Building IRIN – three floors Trafo station 11.3. Building IRIN-KVALITY Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula Niš-Ćele Kula 100 10998/97 1.011 144 10998/99 9 103 10998/140 own 2.390 holder own II floor III floor 580 Attic 12. 930 880 Ei FACTORY METAL COMPONENTS, doo, Niš, mb 07211007 12.1. 2.480 Management and production Basement Niš-Ćele Kula 69 10998/66 2.480 88 Ground floor 13. 14. 2.392 Ei SYSTEMS, doo, Niš, mb 17211749 13.1. 775 Building Ei Honeywell Niš-Ćele Kula 107 10998/107 Ei SASTAVNI DELOVI, doo, Niš, mb 07210949 14.1. holder 775 own 2.731 Sapoce in the building Niš-Ćele Kula 69 10998/66 2.731 holder II floor 1.357 III floor 1.374 LOKATION ŽITORAĐA 1. 1.1. Ei HERCULEM, doo, Žitorađa, mb 17552228 9.636 Management and production Boiler roomwithcoal store Žitorađa 3487 5300/38 7.845 own Žitorađa 3487 5300/38 636 own Žitorađa 3487 5300/38 170 own 1.1. Storageof flammablematerials Shelter Žitorađa 3487 5300/38 757 own 1.1. storagebottles Žitorađa 3487 5300/38 54 own 1.1. 1.1. 44
  46. 46. 1.1. Reception Žitorađa TORAL TEHNIS 3487 5300/38 174 own 88.566 BROWNFIELD LOCATIONS 1. BASIC INFORMATION : EI Televizija d.o.o. Location: Real-estate Cadaster Niš Location name: EI Televizija d.o.o. LAND AND BUILDING SIZE: Total land size (m2): 18039 Total object surface (m.): 16790 LOCATION DESCRIPTION: Buildings are locatednext to therailway lineand the roadNis-Sofia, about 6 km from thecity of Nis, and the distance from thelocation ofNisairport isabout 15km. 2. BASIC INFORMATION : EI Metal Location: Real-estate Cadaster Niš Location name: EI Metal LAND AND BUILDING SIZE: Total land size (m2): 0 Total object surface (m.): 6875 LOCATION DESCRIPTION: Buildings are locatednext to therailway lineand the roadNis-Sofia, about 6 km from thecity of Nis, and the distance from thelocation ofNisairport isabout 15km. 3. BASIC INFORMATION : EI Jugorendgen ad Location: Real-estate Cadaster Niš Location name: EI Jugorendgen ad LAND AND BUILDING SIZE: Total land size (m2): 15680 Total object surface (m.): 12378 45
  47. 47. LOCATION DESCRIPTION: This partof the complex"Electrical Industry"was usedfor the production ofx-ray machines. The site consistsof 10.000m2 production halls,warehouses3.500m2 and 2.500m2in the basement andthreestoryadministration building. The site isintended forindustrialactivity, with well-equipped infrastructure 4. BASIC INFORMATION : Pomoravlje a.d Location: Real-estate Cadaster Niš Location name: Pomoravlje a.d LAND AND BUILDING SIZE: Total land size (m2): 58986 Total object surface (m.): 12560 LOCATION DESCRIPTION: Formerfactorypaint. City ofNis, near the airport'' Constantine The Great'' (300m), , Close to the highwayNis-Belgrade(800m), two railway tracks in the factory,Filling Station withoverheadstored reservoircapacity of850m3 LEND AND OBJECTS Total land size (m2): 58986 Total object surface (m.): 12560 1. Paints andvarnishes8822m2 2. Central warehouse of728m2 3. Proizvodnja suvih boja 250 m2 4. Productionof drypaint250m2 5. Administration Building 850 m2 6. Warehouse370 m2 7. Entrance/porter building 130 m2 8. Boiler room offer:Differentoptionson request Construction land Advantages:        City of Nis Vicinity of airport „Constantine the Great “ (300 m) Vicinity of high way Ni[/Belgrade, corridor X (600 m) Two railway tracs inside the factory Above groundstorage tankswith capacity of 850m3 Shippingandcustoms (300 m) Posibility of creatingothercontentson the land property 46
  48. 48. 5. BASIC INFORMATION : MIN (Mechanic industry Nis) Location: Real-estate Cadaster Niš Location name: MIN (Mechanic industry Nis) LAND AND BUILDING SIZE: Total land size (m2): 105359 Total object surface (m.): 90084 LOCATION DESCRIPTION: Location , Sumadijska 1 Street, area of30 ha ofthe co/co-ownersafter privatization of the business organizations, the most importantobjectsof societywhichwereterminatedafterthe privatization contractin restructuring / MIN Vagonka, MIN Lokomotiva and MIN Specijalna vozila Average monthly rent for a factory/industrial unit in a prime location (per m2 Euro)Rental values for business premises Rental rates in the pedestrian zone of the City of Niš generally range € 40-50/m2/month, however certain units achieve even up to € 80/m2/month. The high-street and downtown are the primary preferred shopping areas of the City of Niš. Rental levels for non-anchor tenants in shopping centers generally range between € 30-50/m2/month. Rental rates in old-style shopping centers and department stores generally range between € 1020/m2/month depending on the location, size and condition of the premises. Rental values for industrial and warehousing facilities Rental levels of old industrial premises in Serbia are still between € 1.5-3.0/m2/month. Average rental levels for old industrial facilities in the City of Niš are at the lower end of Serbia average, standing at € 12/m2/month. Demand for modern warehouse facilities in Serbia is still unmet and average rental rates in this segment of the industrial market reach € 3-6 m2/month. Rental level is mostly determined by an object’s amenities, ceiling height, location and accessibility. The City of Niš could be found in the level between € 3-5/m2/month. 47
  49. 49. TARGETED INDUSTRIES - CITY OF NIŠ WHY TO INVEST IN THE SECTORS OF: 1. ELECTRONIC / MECHANIC / AUTOMOTIVE 2. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES 3. FOOD PROCESSING SECTOR OF ELECTRONIC AND MECHANICAL INDUSTRY / AUTOMOTO LONG HISTORY OF ELECTRONIC INDUSTY IN NIS At the beginning of the 60s of the XX century, City of Niš, as one of the biggest centers in the Republic of Serbia, with the developed industry and wide network of various institutions, established the Technical Faculty that comprised: the Department of Mechanical Engineering, the Department of Civil Engineering, the Department of Architecture and the Department of Electronics With its geographical position and size, developed industry and a wide network of infrastructure, Niš was eligible to become a university and electronic center.From the moment when the first graduated student defended his diploma paper till today, 5509 candidates obtained diplomas of the Faculty of Electronic Engineering in Niš, 516 defended master theses, and 187 candidates defended doctor theses. An unavoidable cornerstone for the establishing of the Faculty of Electronic Engineering was laid by Zavodi PP, later The Electronic Industry in Niš , that made Niš - well known CITY OF ELECTRONIC INDUSTRY The company Electronic Industry Niš started working on 10.04.1948. when RR Zavodi (RR Institutions) were established in Nis for the production of radios. In the following years, from 1951 till 1960, the company mastered the production of: Electron (vacuum) tube, X -ray tubes and black and white TV tubes, Switches, button and potentiometers, KT devices, Speakers and Transistor radios (1960) In later years, Electronic Industry Nis had approximately 26,000 employees (about 18,500 only in Nis) and more than 50 companies with the following production programs: medical equipment, - Electro medicine, railway signaling, telecommunications equipment, metal products, televisions and radios, washing machines, semiconductors, meters and teleprinters, Military program, color cathode and electronic tubes, Program of computer technology, - Maintenance, system protection and energy supply Program After the year 2000, owing to the lack of privatization concept for the whole EI complex, individual purchasing of companies by private enterprises commenced. Therefore, today there are about 100 private companies doing business in EI, engaged in production, trade and services, and employing approximately 1,800 employees 48
  50. 50. NIŠ UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING Today the Faculty of Electronic Engineering in Niš represents a prestigious educational and scientific research organization that successfully follows the developments in electronic engineering, information and communication technologies in the world, and which represents a basis for a modern economy in the technological development of our country in the 21st century, with its study programs of professional, bachelor, master and doctoral studies The Faculty of Electronic Engineering enrolls up to - 540 students for the first degree studies - 352 students for second degree studies - up to 100 students for third degree studies. The teaching process at the Faculty of Electronic Engineering is performed by 166 teachers and associates Syllabi of the subjects, adapted to the requests of modern economy and technical engineering. provide knowledge necessary for certain fields, such as: computer science and informatics, multimedia systems, industrial control systems, industrial electrical power engineering, telecommunication systems and technologies and applied electronics. Basic academic studies After the two first years at the study programe. Students can choos more specialized fields within existing modules:  Electric Power Engineering  Electronic Components and Microsystems  Electronics and Microprocessor Technology  Computer Science and  Telecommunications  Control Systems 49
  51. 51. Through the study program Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, students gain competencies to design, produce, test and maintain devices and systems, as well as necessary software logistics in the field of electric power engineering, microelectronics, electronics, computer science and informatics, telecommunications and control systems. Master academic studies present the continuation of basic academic studies with programs:  Control Systems with modules: Automatic Control Systems and Computer Control Systems and Measurement Engineering.  Telecommunications  Computer Science and Informatics with 3 modules: computer engineering, Information Technologies and Software Engineering  Electronics and Microprocessor Technology with two modules: Electronic Components and Microsystems (ECM) and Electronics and Microprocessor Technology (EMT)  Electrical Power Engineering - Special goals of the study program Electrical Power Engineering are aimed at additional education in the fields of exploitation and planning of electrical power networks, electrical machines, regulated electrical drives and their design, measurement and information systems in industry, electric traction, the application of telecommunications in power engineering, electromagnetic compatibility and static electricity in industry Doctoral academic studies - Departements :  Control systems departmant (works on robotics and automation problems)  Electronics departmant (works on computer aided design of Electronic Circuits)  Power engineering departmant (works on energy transmission systems)  Mathematics departmant (works on new matematical -numerical- models)  Measurements departmant (works on new measurement methods and tools)  Microelectronics departmant (works on energy harvesting problems and new electronic circuits)  Computer Science departmant (works on new information systems)  Telecommunications departmant (works on filter and feding problems)  Departmant of Theoretical Electrical Engineering (works on permanent magnet problems and new mathematical models for fast field computation)  General education departmant (mproves foreign language knowledge and business correspondence skills) Laboratories Teaching laboratories - The Laboratory for Telecommunications - TheLaboratory for microwave technique and satellite television - Laboratory for electro-acoustics Research and scientific laboratories: - Laboratory for Telecommunication Systems - Laboratory for Telecommunication networks and Audio signal processing - Laboratory for microwave and sub millimeter technique and wireless communications - Laboratory for multimedia communications - Laboratory for Computer Graphics and Geo-Information systems (CG&GIS Lab) - CIITLab Laboratory (Computation Intelligence and Information Technologies Laboratory) - Laboratory for parallel, distributed and specialized computer systems 50
  52. 52. - Laboratory for Intelligent information systems, InfosysLab laboratory Laboratory for medical informatics Laboratory for Device Characterization Laboratory for Electrical Materials Laboratory for Modeling and Simulation of Microelectronic Devices and Microsystems (MICROSIM) Laboratory for Applied Physics Laboratory for vacuum and gas technology Laboratory for electrical measurements, Laboratory for electronic measurements and Laboratory for measuring systems FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NIŠ Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Nis (FME) is an independent department of the University of Nis. It was established at 1960. The faculty employs 50 research & teaching assistants, 10 research assistants, 8 assistant professors, 10 associate professors, 30 full professors and 42 administrative staff. Separate organizational structure is formed for the purpose of the research and development, which is performed in 6 accredited laboratories and 4 research departments, coordinated by the faculty institute office. 51
  53. 53. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the University of Niš provides three levels of academic studies:    the first studying level – basic academic studies; the second studying level – graduate academic studies – master the third studying level – doctoral (PhD) academic studies. Studies are organized in the fields of - Energy and Process Engineering Information and Production Technologies Engineering and Industrial Management Machine Construction Development and Engineering Mechatronics and Control Traffc Engineering Transport and Logistics In the Department of Mechanical Engineering following centers are working: Center for Development and design of machinery (CERP), Center for Quality and Standards, Center for Welding and Welded Structures, Centre for transfer of new technologies (TTC), Training Center, Center for Applied Mathematics, Center for Transportation and Logistics, Center for nonlinear dynamics and the active construction. In addition to these centers of Mechanical Engineering in Nis, there are centers that operate as a separate organizational unit of the Faculty, as follows: Regional Center for Energy Efficiency, Innovation Centre for Information Technology, Center for engines and vehicles ICIT –Innovation Centre for Information Technology ICIT is focused on the development for the application of ICT in industry and support to SMEs in the implementation of innovative research results. ICIT has conducted numerous projects, funded by the Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection, as well as bilateral, for customers in the industry. Innovation Centre for Information Technology was founded in 2002 with the assistance of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Development, on the basis of the innovation centers. The center is characterized by excellent results in many fields of research and implementation of ICT in collaboration with global industry, government and public sector. ICIT has successfully developed more than 100 local and international projects in recent years, primarily in the field of ICT education, innovative research and development and capacity building. In addition to research full-time, in ICIT's development center work a number of external consultants. The range of skills and experience ICIT's staff has been successfully applied in practice for over 10 years, particularly in the following areas:     Organization and implementation of training, international workshops and seminars; Development of e-banking, e-government applications and content management, library information systems and e-training for numerous local and European companies; Consulting for business development and e-business processes and use different tools, international cooperation and the inclusion of ICT projects in Serbia; Design and implementation of flexible PLM, CAD / CAM solutions and providing high quality services for international manufacturing companies; 52
  54. 54.  Years of training in ICT - databases, e-business and Java programming courses for different target groups CIT operates in almost built, modern research facility with 58 work stations at more than 1000 square meters of space, with the most modern, powerful and reliable communication and energy infrastructure, meeting rooms, rooms for presentations and recreational facilities FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS The academic studies at I degree studies (3 year academic studies) and II degree studies (2 year postgraduate academic studies and 1 year specialized academic studies) are organized within the following areas: – Mathematics, – Informatics, – Physics, – Chemistry, – Geography, – Biology. The III degree studies have 4 study programs of doctoral studies in the following areas: – Mathematics – Informatics – Physics – Chemistry. The Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics prepares its students for the number of activities in the industry, IT companies, State bodies, stock exchanges, banks, touristic organizations, and for the variety of other activities. Founded in 1999. FACULTY OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETU Faculty of Occupational Safety in Nis is an educational and scientific institution which organizes and implements academic and professional study programmes at all study levels, innovation of knowledge, and other forms of professional education and development. The Faculty conducts basic, applied and developmental research pertinent to its accredited activities. The Faculty has advisory and professional bodies, or Chairs for related courses:  CHAIR OF SYSTEM RESEARCH IN SAFETY AND RISK  CHAIR OF PREVENTIVE ENGINEERING  CHAIR OF ENERGY PROCESSES AND SAFETY  CHAIR OF WORKING AND LIVING ENVIRONMENT QUALITY  CHAIR OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND HUMANIZATION OF WORKING AND LIVING At the Faculty of Occupational Safety there are 19 laboratories for different purpose’s. Laboratories were equipped for teaching purposes, but also through the work of the Institute of the Faculty and cooperation and services provided to other organizations. 53
  55. 55. Laboratories: Chemical Laboratory, Noise and Vibration Laboratory, Ecotoxicology Laboratory, Electro Laboratory Laboratory for Thermo-technical Examinations, Air Pollution Control Laboratory,Information Technology Center, Physics Laboratory, Artificial Neural Networks Laboratory, Laboratory for Risk and Accident Management, Laboratory for Safety Systems of Machines and Transportation Devices, Water Protection Laboratory, Fire Alarm Systems Laboratory, Explosion Protected Electrical Devices Laboratory, Electromagnetic Radiation Laboratory, Ergonomic and Health Risks Laboratory, Environmental Protection Economics and Ecological Management Study, Study for Economics and Organization Researches in the area of Occupational Safety and Fire Protection, Technical Fire Protection Study On completion of the study programme, the student becomes professionally competent for:                     ecological risk assessment, developing local strategies of sustainable development and environmental protection, assessing effect on the environment and making study reports on the effect assessment and on the strategic effect assessment, making study reports on assessing risk from hazardous materials, devising prevention plans and programs for hazardous material accidents, their sanitation and recovery, conducting integrated pollution prevention and control and creating documentation on the integrated license, evaluating efficiency and effectiveness of processes, equipment, and devices as they relate to environmental protection measures, projecting systems and devising and realizing plans and programs for environmental protection monitoring, creating and updating a registry of conditions and pollutants, preparing reports and reporting on the environmental condition, realizing procedures for waste and hazardous material management, establishing and developing an integrated system of management, providing supervision in environmental protection, organising environmental protection in a business system, education and management of knowledge about environmental protection, managing projects and innovations in a system for environmental protection, developing metrics and methods to assess the effectiveness of an environmental protection system, applying IT in Environmental Engineering, developing engineering ethics pursuing doctoral studies in the same or related areas. 54
  56. 56. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ICT is among the most vibrant and the fastest growing Serbian sectors Information technology, along with education and development, in recent years, have been recognized by the state as well as the City of Nis and the region, as an important aspect for the development of society and the Serbian economy. Modern IT production in Serbia and in the region, are:  manufacturers and distributors of computer and computer equipment  manufacturers and distributors of computer services and computer software Serbian IT industry in 2011  A total of 1,704 active enterprises, which created revenues higher than 1 million RSD,  A total number of employees is 14,876 and represents 10% of total workforce in Serbia.  The average number of employees is 8.7 and  The average revenue and added value - per employee, were €80,034 and €26,598, respectively.  The number of IT companies increased by 5.6% in comparison to 2010. Why Particularly IT Investments? The main reasons are: IT infrastructure is the important condition for economy, society and government development; For taking part in global economy the IT industry requires significantly smaller resources than the other industries; IT industry is significantly cheaper but more profitable than other industries; ICT industry development prevents the “brain drain”. Why to invest in IT in NIš?     system provides graduates with an excessive theoretical knowledge university education has been under reform, introducing new curricula in line with the Bologna Accords significant involvement in development of new innovative products cooperation of existing IT companies with companies from other sectors that are operating in the area related to the targeted product: General Statistics-Serbia GDP (absolute): €29.5 billion (per capita: €3,994) GDP - composition by sector: Manufacturing (18.3%); Real estate, renting and other business services (16.4%); Wholesale, retail and repairs (12.8%); Agriculture, hunting, forestry and water works supply (11.2%); ICT (6.1%) and Others (35.1%) 55.2% of households have personal computers 47.5% of households have Internet access 83.9% of households have mobile phones 143 Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop 55
  57. 57. 42.6 Fixed telephone lines/100 pop; 98.5% digitalised network Per cent of GDP spent on R&D: less than 0.8% (government fund estimated on 0.5%) Per cent of GDP spent on Education: 2.4% IT COMPANIES IN CITY OF NIS Troxo - Sweden company with development office in Nis, founded in 2001. Troxo has been developing applications for the web hosting industry and web 2.0 companies,provide outsourcing, web development and PHP development services Youngculture - Swiss Software Engineering firm, specialized in development of web-based e-business solutions, founded in 1996. Youngculture was founded in 1996, and has headquarters in Zurich, Switzerland, and branches in Belgrad and Nis, Serbia. Motion DSP - USA Company with development office in Nis. They develops video enhancement software that improves the quality video, including mobile phones, digital cameras Accordia - USA company, with headquarter in New York and office in Nis. Running server-client applications, web applications and similar. Uni4Gold i- domestic company that, oriented on business application and banking systems development for domestic market. Energosoft - company based in Novi Sad, with the office in Nis, engagedin designinganddevelopinginformation systems andtelecommunications networks,deliveryof active andpassivenetworkequipment. Ates nearsourcing - Swiss , outsorsing company, with an office in Niš Ilumnis - company headquartered in Toronto, Canada, with an office in Nis, specialized for marketingsystems, datacleaning, business intelligenceanddata warehousing. Horisen - company headquartered in Switzerland; with offices in Serbia located in Paracin and Nis; software development in mobile and web applications Autview - joint Austrian and Serbian capital, with head office in Novi Sad and development office in Nis.They work full cycle custom development and outsourcing Irvas - company from Nis that provides services in the area of software development, information systems, and sales of computer and communication equipment Digit -domestic firm headquartered in Belgrade, with an office in Nis. Beside software development, they also sell HP computer equipment and provide trainingof ITstaff intheir owncenter with license of OracleUniversity. Cim college -a company from Nis providing consulting services for management systems implementation, and software development and implementation ING Software - young domestic company founded in 2009 in Nis. They are development and offshore outsourcing company, providing R&D, software engineering, SEO, industrial design and IT consulting services. IT on the FACULTY OF ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING  Computer Science and Informaticswith 3 modules: computer engineering, Information Technologies and Software Engineering The aim of the study program Computer Science and Informatics at the master academic studies is education of students for acquiring academic title master engineer of electrical engineering and computer science. Master engineers have the knowledge of the highest degree 56
  58. 58. in the field of computer science and informatics. After finishing master academic studies, master engineers are competent for the following tasks: independent or team work in the computer and software industry at the development and maintenance of complex systems and products, team work in development and research projects of developmental centers, institutes and other academic institutions in the field of computer science and informatics. They are also competent for teaching in the field of computer science and informatics in high schools or tertiary educational institutions (as teaching associates). PRIVATE FACULTY METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY Metropolitan University has four faculties: Faculty of Information Technology – FIT Faculty of Management - FM Faculty of Digital Art - FDU Faculty of Sport and Tourism - Tims The Faculty of Information Technology, Metropolitan University, comprises: Bachelor studies in INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY with majors in:  Information Systems  Software Engineering  Software Development for Computer Games Graduate studies in INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND SYSTEMS with majors in:  Software Engineering  Information Systems  Information Security PhD studies in INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY with majors in:  Software Engineering  Bioinformatics  Information Security The Faculty of Information Technology, the founder of Metropolitan University, was the first in the country to obtain work permit from the Ministry of Education which includes distance learning – through the Internet, due to the most up-to-date technologies it applies. 57
  59. 59. FOOD PROCESING POSSIBILITIES OF THE REGION        Processing / Packing meat and poultry Processing / fruit and vegetables Manufacture of prepared meals and food products Fish farm and fish processing Dried products and bakery industry Production of dairy products Production of beverages and beers, carbonated and non-carbonated soft drinks spirits industry water production and bottling poroduction and packaging of fruit juices beer production wine productionž Recognizing the need to provide agriculture and rural areas due consideration, the City of Niš has established a Directorate for Agriculture and Rural Development Indicators Data for the Region -:Nis, Leskovac, Merosina, Doljevac and Gadzin Han. The region covers parts of central and southern Serbia. It spreads over 2.261 km2, which represents 2,55% of the territory of the RS. Region covers parts of two administrative districts: Leskovac is administrative center of the Jablanicki district, while Nis, Merosina, Gadzin Han and Doljevac belong to Nisava district. Nis is the administrative center of the Nisava district. The region's population is 442.543 inhabitants, or 6,21% of total population of Serbia. Working capacity in the region Data Working population, 2002 % of active population Total employment Total unemployment Unemployment rate Average gross wage Average net wage Leskovac 104.241 66.71 26.122 23.439 26 393 283 Nis 173.151 69.12 64.314 36.947 36 439 317 Gadzin Han 5.621 53.72 1.670 1.514 45 355 257 Doljevac 12.589 64.36 1.505 2.778 58 357 254 Merosina 9.014 60.86 1.210 2.438 55 309 222 Source: 58
  60. 60. Agriculture landThe share of agriculture land in total land surface varies between 56% (Leskovac) and 75,9% (Doljevac). Table - Land surface, % of agricultural land and no. of cadastral municipalities Admin. Unit Land surface, km2 Agricultural land, % Cadastral municipalities Serbia 88.407 65.8 Leskovac 1025 56.0 140 Nis 597 63.4 73 Merosina 193 75.8 22 Gadzin Han 325 72.7 34 Doljevac 121 75.9 16 Source: Annual year book - Municipalities in Serbia, 2012 Land price Land price vary a lot, and depend on a number of factors, like position, quality, condition etc. Common price is 4.000-6.000 Euros per ha, but in a number of cases this price can be higher or lower. Meadows and pastures are cheapest land, and commonly price of this land is low. Price of arable land is higher, and can increase significantly if land plot is huge, located around river (possibility for irrigation) or in vicinity of the village. In these cases land price can reach more than 10.000 Euros. More common situation is renting of land. Common price for renting is 50-100 E/ha/year. Rented arable land is expensive, while renters have to pay in cash for rented land. The region has 135.771 ha of agricultural land, of which 86.481 ha (63.70% of total agricultural land) of the highest quality, arable, land. Table - Agriculture land structure Land type Agriculture land Arable land, totally - Cereals - Industrial crops - Vegetables - Fodder Orchards Vineyards Meadows Pastures Leskovac Nis 57.404 38.172 24.240 37.836 21.478 11.566 930 19 5.364 5.447 3.359 3.248 4.925 7.695 Gadzin Han 17.085 8.711 3.370 2.681 5.242 1.853 3.250 1.963 9.292 Doljevac Merosina Totally, Share, ha % 135.771 100 86.481 63.70 51.440 37.89 9.186 7.377 5.580 14.260 10.743 6.684 9 0 2 960 0.71 1.045 3.678 1.153 206 2.010 4.976 1.066 404 252 393 306 858 1.397 1.395 1.473 454 544 1.406 11.553 16.166 8.090 7.551 9.748 24.227 8.51 11.91 5.96 5.56 7.18 17.84 Source: Annual year book – Municipalities in Serbia, 2012 In the examined region there are around 9.748 ha of meadows and 24.227 ha of pastures. The pastures and meadows are usually not cultivated lands 59