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IGSN: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples

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Presentation at AGU Fall Meeting 2018. Abstract at https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm18/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/351542: PIDs such as DOI and ORCID have been successfully implemented globally and across disciplines to identify track and relate digital objects and persons, respectively. In recent years, the International Geo Sample Number (IGSN) has also seen increasing uptake as a PID for physical samples that ensures unambiguous citation and tracking of physical samples and links samples to data and publications.
Originally developed for the solid Earth Sciences, the IGSN has evolved into an international system for all disciplines that need to refer to physical samples. IGSN leverages the existing Handle system as its technical basis and follows, while following the example of DataCite for its governance structure and technical architecture. The recent expansion of the IGSN beyond the geosciences confirms the power of its concept and implementation, but imposes substantial pressures on the existing capacity and capabilities of the IGSN architecture and its governing organization. Significant updates to the IGSN organisational and technical architecture are necessary at this point to keep pace with the growing demand and expectations. The current business model needs to be revised as it is no longer able to sustain the organization through the necessary professionalization of its operations.
A recent award from the Sloan Foundation is now supporting activities to re-design and improve the existing organization and technical architecture of the International Geo Sample Number (IGSN) for it to be able to respond to, and support in a sustainable manner, the rapidly growing demands of a global and increasingly multi-disciplinary user community in a landscape of maturing research data infrastructures.

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IGSN: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples

  1. 1. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International BoundariesSession IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries IGSN: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples Kerstin Lehnert1, Jens Klump2 1Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, USA 2CSIRO, Perth, Australia 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 1
  2. 2. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Persistent Identifiers Help integrate data & services globally and across domains 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 2 Background research Cruise DOI Samples IGSN Dataset publication Dataset DOI Funding FundRef# Article publication Publication DOI ORCID Researchers
  3. 3. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries IGSN: A Good Fit for this Session • This session is about: • Integrating data and services • in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences • across Community, National, and International Boundaries • The IGSN was about: • Integrating sample catalogs & data • in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences • across Community, National, and International Boundaries • BUT: IGSN is now going beyond ESES 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 3
  4. 4. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Persistent Identifiers for Samples • Different approaches in different domains or none at all • IGSN • Life Science Identifiers • UUID • DOI • CETAF URI 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 4
  5. 5. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Convergence on Sample Identifiers • 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 5
  6. 6. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Project IGSN 2040: “Defining the Future of the IGSN as a Global Persistent Identifier for Material Samples” “develop a strategic plan and roadmap that will guide the IGSN system in its next chapter so it will be able to fulfill its mission of providing persistent, sustainable, and reliable PID services to the international science community.” 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 6 Funded by the Alfred E. Sloan Foundation PIs: Kerstin Lehnert, Jens Klump, Lesley Wyborn
  7. 7. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries What is the IGSN? • Globally unique & persistent identifier for physical specimens and samples • Connects physical samples to digital data, making them Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable (FAIR) • federates sample metadata catalogs (F, A, R) • links publications to online metadata profiles (I, R) • allows previously impossible linking and integration of sample- based observations across data systems • paves the road toward advanced data mining of sample-based data 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 7
  8. 8. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries IGSN • Originally developed for the Geosciences; • Design driven by the needs of a community of researchers, collection curators, and data infrastructure providers; • Leveraged the Handle system as the technical basis for the IGSN; • followed the example of DataCite for its governance structure and technical architecture. 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 8 http://igsn.github.io (documentation) https://github.com/igsn (repository)
  9. 9. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries IGSN Architecture 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 9 IGSN 2005 IGSN 2011
  10. 10. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries IGSN Adoption: Success! • International non-profit organization established in 2011 • IGSN e.V. registered as non-profit in Germany • 24 members in 5 continents • Members are organizations that want to provide registration services (Allocating Agents) • geological surveys of the US, UK, Australia, and Korea • large data service providers such as ARDC, SAEON • research organizations and national labs (GFZ Potsdam, CSIRO Australia, CNRS France) • universities (e.g., Columbia University, Curtin University, Oregon State University 2/15/2018Organic Biomarker Data Workshop 10
  11. 11. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Challenges for IGSN Architecture & Organization • Rapidly growing demands of a global and increasingly multi-disciplinary user community • growing diversity of sample types • widely varying level of system usage by different Allocating Agents • Within a landscape of maturing research data infrastructures • business model cannot sustain the organization through the necessary professionalization of its operations 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 11 Vegetation sampling Water sample Biological sample
  12. 12. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries IGSN 2040 Project: Objectives Design a trustworthy, stable, and adaptable architecture for the IGSN as a persistent unique identifier for material samples, both technically and organizationally. • attract, facilitate, and satisfy participation within and beyond the Geosciences, • be a reliable component of the evolving research data ecosystem, • be recognized as a trusted partner by data infrastructure providers and the science community alike. 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 12 “In order to be useful and reliable, PID registration and resolution systems need to be trustworthy and sustainable.” [Wittenburg et al. 2017]
  13. 13. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Designing the New IGSN • scale to a rapidly growing membership • ensure more professional management for trustworthy & sustainable services. 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 13 Organization Architecture • accommodate new and more diverse use cases. • ensure solid technical foundation to provide for trustworthy & sustainable services. • facilitate synchronization of IGSN with other PID infrastructures such as DataCite and ORCID
  14. 14. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Project Workplan 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 14
  15. 15. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Project Steering Committees • International (Australia, France, Germany, Japan, South Africa, UK, USA) • Multi-disciplinary (Earth Science, Life Science, Archaeology, Information Science) • Representation of diverse stakeholders (national surveys, data & sample networks, PID specialists, etc.) • Representation of relevant PID organizations (DataCite, ORCID) 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 15 Simon Cox Anusuriya Devaraju Kirsten Elger Martin Fenner Doug Fils Dirk Fleischer Wim Hugo Xiaogang Ma Jess Robertson Natasha Simons Ramona Walls Patricia Cruse Adrian Burton Helen Glaves Dimitri Koureas Lindsay Powers Erin Robinson Denis-D. Rousseau Yasuhiro Murayama Shawn Ross Organization Architecture
  16. 16. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Toward Application Across Domains • Common PID platform • Common core metadata • Common core vocabularies • Flexibility for domain-specific needs 2/15/2018Organic Biomarker Data Workshop 16 Credit: Lesley Wyborn
  17. 17. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Synopsis • The IGSN has successfully established a PID system for samples in the Earth Sciences, and adoption is growing. • Adoption is unexpectedly and rapidly expanding into other domains and globally due to lack of alternatives that enable linking of data, publications, & samples. • Exploding number (>6.7 million samples!) and diversity of samples require IGSN architecture to become more scalable and flexible. • The range of size and diversity of organizations that participate in the IGSN e.V. require a revisions of the organizational and business model to become a sustainable and trustworthy partner in the maturing research data infrastructure. • The IGSN is undertaking a major strategic planning effort funded by the Sloan Foundation. • The future name should reflect that IGSN is a PID for applications beyond Geo 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 17
  18. 18. Session IN21A: Integrating Data and Services in the Earth, Space, and Environmental Sciences Across Community, National, and International Boundaries Thanks! www.igsn.org info@igsn.org 12/11/2018IN21A-01: Toward a Mature and Generic Persistent Identifier for Samples 18 Coming soon: The new IGSN web site!

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