Wwi battle fronts4


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Slides of the various battlefronts during WWI. Notes include information about the Schiefflen Plan to eliminate the Western Front.

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Wwi battle fronts4

  1. 1. Section 4: BattleFRONTS
  2. 2. Support for War1. There was a “fatal attraction for war” a. Exhilarating release from everyday life b. A glorious adventure c. War would rid the nations of selfishness d. Spark a national re- birth based on heroism
  3. 3. Support for War2. Feeling was war would be over in a few weeks a. Ignored the length and brutality of the American Civil War (prototype to World War I) b. Belief that modern industrial war could not be conducted for more than a few months c. They would be “Home by Christmas”
  4. 4. Soldiers Mobilized 14 12 10Millions 8 6 4 2 0 France Germany Russia Britain
  5. 5. The Schlieffen Plan - Germany1. Plan: Avoid fighting a two front war2. Invade Western Front first3. After defeating France concentrate on the Eastern Front
  6. 6. “Belgium is a country, not a road”1. August 2, 1914 Germany declared war on France – Why??? – The Schlieffen Plan!2. King Albert I of Belgium denied permission3. August 4,1914, Great Britain declared war on Germany for violating Belgian’s neutrality
  7. 7. The Schlieffen Plan’sHis Destructive Nature
  8. 8. TheWestern Front 8 min
  9. 9. Battle of Verdun 1. Germans planned offensive assault on French fortress, Verdun 2. Believed French would defend fortress at all costs 3. Battle of Verdun meant to kill, injure as many French soldiers as possible 4. Result: 700,000 casualties in 10 months of fighting
  10. 10. The Battle of the Somme July 1916 1. British (General Haig) launched attack in Somme River area to pull German troops away from Verdun 2. Main assault during 1916, but no major breakthrough 3. Both sides lost a great number of troops  British suffered nearly 60,000 casualties on the 1st day of fighting
  11. 11. The Somme – July, 1916
  12. 12. TheEastern Front
  13. 13. The Eastern Front1. Eastern Front was much more mobile than the Western Front2. Germany & Austria-Hungary were joined by Bulgaria in Sept. 19153. Success: Central Powers attacked & eliminated Serbia from war4. Loss of life very high  1915: 2.5 million Russians killed, captured, or wounded
  14. 14. Turkish Cavalry in Palestine
  15. 15. Ottoman Empire Enters WWI Ottomans entered the war in 1915 on the side of the Central Powers 1. Wanted to acquire Russian territory 2. Turks slaughtered millions of Armenians to get their land 3. Britain wanted to protect trade routes to India  Arabs promised their own country if they would join with Britain against the Ottomans
  16. 16. The“Colonial” Fronts 4 min
  17. 17. The Colonial Front1. Africa is the forgotten front of World War I2. World War I started in Africa in 19143. Largest war of its times on African soil4. French trading post in West Central Africa found itself at odds with a formerly peaceful German post For no other reason than their parent countries were at war5. The Allied failed in their attempt to defeat Central Powers on the Colonial Front6. Conflict on the Colonial Front ended in 1918
  18. 18. Sikh British Soldiers in India
  19. 19. Fighting in Africa Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen [German E. Africa] British SikhMountain Gunners
  20. 20. Fighting in Africa3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade
  21. 21. French colonial marine infantry from Cochin, China - 1916
  22. 22. War on the Home Fronts Government Actions Government Control1. Winning new type of war 1. Sought to control public required use of all society’s opinion resources 2. Censored newspaper reports about fighting to keep from2. Total war - governments discouraging public took stronger control of citizens’ lives 3. Created propaganda, information to a. New controls changed influence opinions & nations’ industries & encourage volunteers economies  Posters, pamphlets, article b. Factories produced s about enemy’s brutal military actions equipment, citizens conserved food & other 7 min 2.5 min
  23. 23. War on the Home FrontWomen during WWI1. Millions of men were at battle2. Work on home front was done by women a. Some worked in factories producing war supplies b. Others served as nurses to the wounded3. The contributions of women to the war effort: a. Transformed public views of women b. Helped women win right to vote 7.5 min
  24. 24. The War at Sea1. The U-Boat threat to  If a boat was Britain meant that vital bombed at supplies were not sea, troops & arriving, leaving people supplies would in Britain losing faith in not arrive for the war and illness those fighting and increased also the people in2. A British Blockade Britain would be meant German starved for supplies were not supplies. arriving as well.3. People still at home, as well as those fighting, were suffering because of the war at 3.75 min
  25. 25. 10 min Russian Revolution 10 min1. Russian people were unhappy with the success of the war Germany/Austria beating Russians2. Changes in Russian gov’t a. Lenin transported to power b. Mensheviks (moderates) victorious3. Bolshevik counter revolution began4. Russia withdrew from war Germany ready to have a single front war
  26. 26. War around the World1. WWI was also fought in Asia & Africa2. Japan declared war on Germany a. Part of military agreement with Great Britain b. Japanese captured German colonies in China3. British & French attacked German colonies in Africa4. Allied Colonies scattered around world made contributions to war a. Some colonists worked as laborers to keep armies supplied b. Others fought in battles in hopes of winning independence - Hopes were in vain5. Over 30 nations officially took sides in WWI
  27. 27. A Multi-Front War