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British history intro


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an introduction of UK, and its magnificent history.

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British history intro

  2. 2.  Prehistoric Britain (5000 BC - c. 100 BC) Britain before the Romans came: stone, bronze, iron ages, construction of stonehenge, earthworks, Druids, the Celts.
  3. 3. The CeltsCeltsThe story ofWales beginswith a groupof tribescollectivelyreferred to asthe Celts.
  4. 4.  Roman Britain (55 BC - 410 AD) From Julius Caesars first attempt at conquest to the final days of Roman administration in Britain: rebellion, subjugation, advent of Christianity, barbarian invasions, withdrawal.
  5. 5.  Early British Kingdoms (410 - 598) After the Roman influence ceased, the activities of the British people: westward movement, intrigues & alliances, power struggles, explosion of missionary activities, plague, Saxon invasions.
  6. 6.  Early British Kingdoms (599 - 937) Continuing activities of the British people: further westward movement, more intrigues & alliances, more power struggles, more Saxon invasions, religious strife with Roman Catholicism.
  7. 7.  Anglo Saxon England (597 - 687) The coming of St. Augustine, triumph of Rome- oriented Christianity, Saxon control of island, rise of Mercia, Offas Dyke.
  8. 8.  Anglo Saxon England (688 - 801) Rise of Wessex, King Ine establishes his law, Venerable Bede, Viking invasions. Anglo Saxon England (802 - 898) Triumph of Egbert, development of Wessex dynasty, Viking wars, Alfred the Great, St. Swithun, Peace of Wedmore, the Danelaw.
  9. 9.  Medieval Britain (1066 - 1487) Conquest, consolidation, feudal system, Magna Carta (English History 1215), codification of laws, individual rights, Welsh & Scottish wars, murder of a king, Black Plague, Hundred Years War, Peasants Revolt, religious unrest, Princes in the Tower, Wars of the Roses.
  10. 10.  The Reformation & Restoration Period (1486 - 1689) Emergence of Britain into modern era: rise of Tudors, Dissolution of Monasteries, religious struggles, discovery, Elizabeth I, unification of Scottish & English crown, overthrow and restoration of monarchy.
  11. 11.  Life and Reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1533 - 1603) The life and dramatic reign of a woman who must be considered to be in the top rank of English monarchs.
  12. 12.  The first Queen Elizabeth, called "Gloriana" by Edmund Spenser in "The Faerie Queene", was born in 1533 to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. At the time of her accession to the throne in 1558, England was a militarily weak, religiously divided backwater, outside the mainstream of continental culture. Elizabeth, the last of the Tudor monarchs, died without leaving an heir at seventy years of age. Her reign turned out to be one of the most institutionally, geo-politically, artistically and culturally significant in British history and must have exceeded even the most hopeful expectations for it. This, in our view, qualifies her to be considered in the very top rank of British monarchs.
  13. 13. Mary Queen of Scotswho conspired with English nobles totake the English throne for herself To Mary, queen of Scots, October 1586 You have in various ways and manners attempted to take my life and to bring my kingdom to destruction by bloodshed. I have never proceeded so harshly against you, but have, on the contrary, protected and maintained you like myself. These treasons will be proved to you and all made manifest. Yet it is my will, that you answer the nobles and peers of the kingdom as if I were myself present. I therefore require, charge, and command that you make answer for I have been well informed of your arrogance. Act plainly without reserve, and you will sooner be able to obtain favour of me. Elizabeth
  14. 14. House of StuartJames I of England from the period March 24,1603–March 27,1625.
  15. 15.  The Age of Empire (1689 - 1901) Bill of Rights, limits on monarchy, political awakening, war with colonies, Union of Crowns 1707, Gothic revival, industrial revolution, scientific development, literary & artistic golden age.
  16. 16. Bibliography AUDIOS ENCELTA Y LENGUAS DE INGLATERRA MEDIEVAL. beowolf were this poemcome from