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Surveillance in the Simulacrum

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Surveillance & Buadrillard's Simulacrum

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Surveillance in the Simulacrum

  1. 1. Surveillance in the Simulacrum Mathias Klang @klangable mklang@fordham.edu
  2. 2. The dominant narrative & the gaze
  3. 3. Resistance to Power? 1. Classical Liberalism (18th century) Juridical Power (the monarch decides over right to death) 2. Neo-liberalism power beyond juridical (Measurement & norms) 3. Biopower (statistics & labelling)
  4. 4. Power was exercised mainly as a means of deduction, a subtraction mechanism, a right to appropriate a portion of the wealth, a tax of products, goods and services, labor and blood, levied on subjects… a right of seizure… it culminated in the privilege to seize hold of life in order to suppress it. Foucault History of Sexuality v1 p 136
  5. 5. Is it art?
  6. 6. Diego Velazquez Las Melinas 1656
  7. 7. Thomas Gainsborough Mr and Mrs Andrews (1750)
  8. 8. John Singleton Copley Portrait of Sam Adams (1772)
  9. 9. Expressionism Edvard Munch The Scream (1893)
  10. 10. Dadaism Marcel Duchamp Fountain
  11. 11. Abstract Expressionism Jackson Pollock Number 10 (1949)
  12. 12. Pop Art Andy Warhol Red Disaster (1973)
  13. 13. Without a dominant narrative power is redefined. Control by desire. So is Bogard saying that being able to predict the actions of a population is a more effective form of control than making the population think it is constantly being watched? Do you believe that people want to be ‘private’ in certain aspects of their life because of over-surveillance or has there always been an innate feeling that we are being watched? Does constant surveillance morph people’s personalities over time? if simulations are truly a way of surveilling, or something else? Are simulations a violation of privacy if they are not technically real?
  14. 14. Baudrillard “…asserts that, as simulation ascends to a dominant position in postmodern societies, the sign’s traditional function of representation, i.e. its power to “mirror reality” and separate it from false appearances, comes to an end, along with its role in the organization of society.” p34
  15. 15. “The utopian goal of simulation…is not to reflect reality, but to reproduce it as artifice; to “liquidate all referentials” and replace them with signs of the real. The truth of the sign henceforth is self- referential and no longer needs the measure of an independent reality for its verification.
  16. 16. INSERT IDEA CHANEL How Is Orphan Black An Illustration of the Simulacrum? | Idea Channel | PBS Digital Studios https://youtu.be/Eg7Z_28Uk6g
  17. 17. Baudrillard shares Foucault’s sense that the panoptic model of enclosure and its disciplinary logic are historically finished.
  18. 18. The discipline enforced by panoptic surveillance evolves into a general “system of deterrence,” in which submission to a centralized gaze becomes a general codification of experience that allows no room for deviation from its model. In post- panoptic society, subjectivity is not produced by surveillance in the conventional sense of hierarchical observation, but by codes intended to reproduce the subject in advance.
  19. 19. “…power does not vanish, but becomes simulated power, no longer instantiated and invested in the real, but rather reproduced in codes and models.”
  20. 20. We are not determined by norms. We are determined by the repeated performance of norms. Judith Butler
  21. 21. “In a sense, all signification takes place within the orbit of the compulsion to repeat; ‘agency’, then, is to be located within the possibility of a variation on that repetition.” Judith Butler, Gender Trouble, p 185
  22. 22. Surveillance as Biopower How does personal technology increase the constant surveillance of our bodies? Is invisibly guiding people towards information that reinforces their biases (presumably what they want) a form of corporate efficiency, informational slavery, or both? Does this type of surveillance bother us? Why not? But how can we really trust algorithms in surveillance?
  23. 23. Labelling is Power “To be GOVERNED is to be watched, inspected, spied upon, directed, law-driven, numbered, regulated, enrolled, indoctrinated, preached at, controlled, checked, estimated, valued, censured, commanded, by creatures who have neither the right nor the wisdom nor the virtue to do so.” Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
  24. 24. The new normal IQ, Standardized testing, BMI… Meritocracy
  25. 25. Security Theatre

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