Copyleft in Science, Software and Culture Mathias Klang [email_address]
Mumbai is the metaphor This is a city of creation, interpretation, adaptation, imagination, production,reproduction constr...
Disruptive Technology Effects of Technology Regulation on Democracy
Life is organized around technology (and always has been)
The disruption occurs when the technology, which is introduced effects the social arrangements around which we build our l...
Findings <ul><li>Regulation brings with it unintended & undesirable consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Undesirable consequence...
But let me begin in a strange place…
Fountain - Duchamp (1917)
“ The creative act is not performed by the artist alone; the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world ...
…deciphering… <ul><li>The key to science, software and culture is the ability to decipher </li></ul><ul><li>Without this w...
Science Without the ability to decipher is “dead” dogma
Software Without the ability to decipher is stagnation
Culture Without the ability to decipher is unintelligible
Copyleft is about maintaining the right to decipher
Philosophical Origins The desire to create an infrastructure that encourages deciphering, tinkering and adaptation
Starting this Thanksgiving I am going to write a complete Unix–compatible software system called GNU (for Gnu’s Not Unix),...
The problem with freedom …is freedom
In Software - freedoms to… <ul><li>…run the program, for any purpose.  </li></ul><ul><li>…study how the program works, and...
Copyleft By using copyright law the creator can allow deciphering, tinkering and adaptation - while maintaining these righ...
Basic Howto <ul><li>State copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Add distribution terms </li></ul><ul><li>Give everyone the rights to...
GNU General Public License <ul><li>2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it….and copy and...
So much for infrastructure What about science and culture
Science is strange in many ways…
Science <ul><li>As scientists we struggle hard to maintain the myth of scientific freedom despite the fact that we are str...
Culture is at war Or rather: the discourse of war has entered the cultural domain
From Consumers to Producers Threatening the “content” industry
Copyleft as inspiration Creative Commons Open Access Remix Culture Reclaiming the public sphere
These are exciting times & this is going to be an exciting day Thank You!
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Copyleft in Science, Software & Culture

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  • Copyleft in Science, Software & Culture

    1. 1. Copyleft in Science, Software and Culture Mathias Klang [email_address]
    2. 2. Mumbai is the metaphor This is a city of creation, interpretation, adaptation, imagination, production,reproduction construction, deconstruction…
    3. 3. Disruptive Technology Effects of Technology Regulation on Democracy
    4. 4. Life is organized around technology (and always has been)
    5. 5. The disruption occurs when the technology, which is introduced effects the social arrangements around which we build our lives
    6. 6. Findings <ul><li>Regulation brings with it unintended & undesirable consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Undesirable consequences are reduced by involving users in the regulation process </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory democracy and design </li></ul>
    7. 7. But let me begin in a strange place…
    8. 8. Fountain - Duchamp (1917)
    9. 9. “ The creative act is not performed by the artist alone; the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world by deciphering and interpreting its inner qualifications and thus adds his contribution to the creative act”
    10. 10. …deciphering… <ul><li>The key to science, software and culture is the ability to decipher </li></ul><ul><li>Without this we cannot contribute </li></ul>
    11. 11. Science Without the ability to decipher is “dead” dogma
    12. 12. Software Without the ability to decipher is stagnation
    13. 13. Culture Without the ability to decipher is unintelligible
    14. 14. Copyleft is about maintaining the right to decipher
    15. 15. Philosophical Origins The desire to create an infrastructure that encourages deciphering, tinkering and adaptation
    16. 16. Starting this Thanksgiving I am going to write a complete Unix–compatible software system called GNU (for Gnu’s Not Unix), and give it away free to everyone who can use it (Stallman 1983)
    17. 17. The problem with freedom …is freedom
    18. 18. In Software - freedoms to… <ul><li>…run the program, for any purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>…study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs. </li></ul><ul><li>…redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor. </li></ul><ul><li>…improve the program, and release your improvements to the public </li></ul>
    19. 19. Copyleft By using copyright law the creator can allow deciphering, tinkering and adaptation - while maintaining these rights in the derived product
    20. 20. Basic Howto <ul><li>State copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Add distribution terms </li></ul><ul><li>Give everyone the rights to use, modify, and redistribute the program's code or any program derived from it. </li></ul><ul><li>Condition that all future users have same rights. </li></ul>
    21. 21. GNU General Public License <ul><li>2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it….and copy and distribute such modifications or work…provided that you also meet all of these conditions: </li></ul><ul><li>b) You must cause any work that you distribute or publish…to be licensed…under the terms of this License. </li></ul>
    22. 22. So much for infrastructure What about science and culture
    23. 23. Science is strange in many ways…
    24. 24. Science <ul><li>As scientists we struggle hard to maintain the myth of scientific freedom despite the fact that we are struggling with copyrights, patents, trademarks, trade secrets, funding and access (to data, equipment etc) </li></ul>
    25. 25. Culture is at war Or rather: the discourse of war has entered the cultural domain
    26. 26. From Consumers to Producers Threatening the “content” industry
    27. 27. Copyleft as inspiration Creative Commons Open Access Remix Culture Reclaiming the public sphere
    28. 28. These are exciting times & this is going to be an exciting day Thank You!

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