Information frihet & kontroll


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  • The Wicked Bible, sometimes called The Adulterous Bible or The Sinners' Bible, is a term referring to the Bible published in 1631 by Robert Barker and Martin Lucas, the royal printers in London, which was meant to be a reprint of the King James Bible. The name is derived from the compositors' mistake: in the Ten Commandments (Exodus  20:14) the word "not" in the sentence "Thou shalt not commit adultery" was omitted. This blunder was spread in a number of copies. About a year later, the publishers of the Wicked Bible were fined £300 and were deprived of their printer's license.[citation needed] The fact that this edition of the Bible contained such a flagrant mistake outraged Charles I of England and George Abbot, the Archbishop of Canterbury, who said then:I knew the tyme when great care was had about printing, the Bibles especially, good compositors and the best correctors were gotten being grave and learned men, the paper and the letter rare, and faire every way of the beste, but now the paper is nought, the composers boyes, and the correctors unlearned.[1]Wikipedia
  • Pornography, Barnpornography, KinaCensorship by ISP can take many forms but most generally fall into one of two categories. Either the censorship is carried out as part of a governmental recommendation or requirement or the censorship is undertaken as part of the corporate policy – which may in turn be a part of industry self-regulation or simply an individual corporation policy. One example of such as policy is the “Public Pledge of Self-Regulation & Professional Ethics for China Internet Industry” which requires ISP’s to inspect and monitor national and international sites and block access to harmful content.  In the case of China many companies are eager to take part in what promises to be a large and potentially profitable market. Therefore many companies are prepared to sign the Pledge to gain access to the Chinese market among the more notable signatories is the company Yahoo!. Paradoxically, when Yahoo! was compelled by the French Courts to prevent access of French Internet users to auction sites for Nazi memorabilia Yahoo! argued that such censorship was unconstitutional (Reidenberg 2001, Vick 2005).
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  • Information frihet & kontroll

    1. 1. InformationfrihetKontroll<br />Mathias Klang<br />
    2. 2. Finns rättigheter?<br />
    3. 3. Mytenomutveckling<br />3<br />
    4. 4. We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.<br />4<br />
    5. 5. Äryttrandefrihetviktigt?<br />
    6. 6. Sanningsargument<br /><ul><li>Andrasåsikterkanvararätt – vi ärinteofelbara. Sanningarförändrars.
    7. 7. Om vi inteutmanarsanningkommer den varalikadödsom en fördom</li></ul>John stuart mill “omfiheten”<br />
    8. 8. demoktatiargumentet<br />Yttrandefrihetenssyfteintesanning.Yttrandefrihetnödvändigtfördeltagande<br />Alexander Meiklejohn<br />
    9. 9. Toleransargument<br />Naturligimpulsatttystaneroliktänkande… yttrandefrihetinnefattaräven non-speech acts<br />John Bollinger “The Tolerant Society”<br />
    10. 10. Men ärcensurfel?<br />
    11. 11. Ondabibeln – feltryck (1631)<br />
    12. 12. Skadlig information<br />Kulturrelativism:<br />Anarchists Cookbook<br />
    13. 13. Pappa, vadgörfarbrorn med hamstern? <br />
    14. 14. Språk, kultur, verktyg<br />Förstacensorn<br />
    15. 15. George Orwell<br />“Circus dogs jump when the trainer cracks his whip but the really well-trained dog is the one that turns his somersault when there is no whip.”<br />
    16. 16. Rädslaförsociala, legalareprisalier<br />Andracensorn<br />
    17. 17. Tillståndkrävs<br />Tredjecensorn<br />
    18. 18. Kontrollavdistributionskanaler<br />Fjärdecensorn<br />
    19. 19. Louis Sebastian Mercier “Tableau de Paris”<br />Freedom of the press is only one form of freedom of expression. It is linked to a certain technology or technique and its importance diminishes with the development of other technologies which replace or complement the printing press.<br />
    20. 20.
    21. 21.
    22. 22.
    23. 23. Wemahundarna<br />
    24. 24. Teori<br />
    25. 25.
    26. 26. Thoreau<br />Shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them, and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once . . . To think that, if we should resist, the remedy would be worse than the evil. But it is the fault of the government itself that the remedy is worse than the evil . . . Why does it not encourage its citizens to be on the alert to point out its faults, and do better . . .?<br />We are sometimes obliged to defy the government<br />
    27. 27. Gandhi i “Young India”<br />Om en ledare är orättvis har hans medborgare skyldighet att inte lyda.<br />Fängelse är bättre än frihet vunnet genom att acceptera orättvisa.<br />Civil olydnad får aldrig förvandlas till allmän laglöshet. <br />
    28. 28. Martin Luther King<br />Letter from Birmingham Jail<br />Direkt aktion används för att komma till förhandling<br />Orättvis lag strider mot moralisk eller Guds lag.<br />
    29. 29. Birmingham Jail<br />“For years now I have heard the word ‘Wait!’…We must come to see…that ‘justice too long delayed is justice denied.’…One may well ask, ‘How can you advocate breaking some laws and obeying others?’ The answer is found in the fact that there are two types of laws: just and unjust...One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws.”<br />
    30. 30. Theory of Justice<br />I shall assume, as requiring no argument, that there is, at least in a society such as ours, a moral obligation to obey the law, although it may, of course, be overridden in certain cases by other more stringent obligations. <br />…a public, nonviolent, conscientious yet political act contrary to the law usually done with the aim of bringing about a change in the law or policies of the government.<br />
    31. 31. Hugo Adam Bedau<br />“committed openly…non-violently…and conscientiously…within the framework of the rule of law…with the intention of frustrating or protesting some law, policy or decision…of the government.”<br />
    32. 32. Peter Singer<br />...if the aim of disobedience is to present a case to the public, then only such disobedience as is necessary to present this case is justified...if disobedience for publicity purposes is to be compatible with fair compromise, it must be non-violent.<br />
    33. 33. Intifada verklighet men är detta en verklig bild?<br />
    34. 34. Kritik mot olydnad<br />Inte försvarbart i demokrati. Orätta lagar i en demokrati skall ändras i demokratisk form. <br />Endast möjlig om alla demokratiska vägar har försökts – olydnad som sista utväg.<br />Vi måste lyda lag – social kontrakt.<br />Förneka kontraktet<br />Acceptera kontraktet<br />
    35. 35. Civil Olydnad kriterier<br />Olydnad  Handling i syfte att framföra moralisk protest<br />Civil  offentlighet, öppenhet, beredd att ta emot konsekvenser<br />Icke-våldsam  Kan detta vara möjligt?<br />Rättfärdigande  konflikt mellan moralisk princip och lag.<br />
    36. 36. Technology = Communication = Society = Democracy<br />Teknologiärdemokrati<br />
    37. 37. Teknikkontrollerarvad vi görochtänker<br />
    38. 38. Amusing Ourselves to Death<br />Orwell <br />Boken kommer att förbjudas<br />Övervakning och rädsla<br />Propaganda och lögner<br />Kontrollsamhälle<br />Censur och straff<br />Smärta & Hat<br />Huxley<br />Ingen vill läsa<br />Passivitet och egoism<br />I-överflöd och irrelevans<br />Trivialsamhälle<br />Såpor & Sociala medier<br />Välbehag & Sensualism<br />
    39. 39. Education<br />Organization<br />Religion<br />Communication<br />Privacy<br />Culture<br />Protest<br />Access<br />Press<br />
    40. 40. Inga trottoarerpånätet<br />
    41. 41. Attkontrollerateknikärattkontrollerasamhälle…<br />Regulation of technology is the regulation of democracy<br />
    42. 42.
    43. 43.
    44. 44. och?<br />
    45. 45.
    46. 46. och?<br />
    47. 47. The disruption occurs when the technology, which is introduced effects the social arrangements around which we build our lives<br />DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY<br />
    48. 48.
    49. 49. IMPULSE: CONTROL<br />
    50. 50. Free Software<br />ANTIDOTE?<br />
    51. 51. REGULATION<br />From Command and Control to Fuller & Lessig<br />
    52. 52. What’s wrong with Command and Control?<br />It relies to heavily upon coercion and cooperation.<br />
    53. 53. ONLINE OFFLINE<br />“We are forming our own Social Contract. This governance will arise according to the conditions of our world, not yours. Our world is different.” (Barlow 1996)<br />
    54. 54. Law<br />Social Rules<br />Contextual & programed<br />Architecture<br />Regulatory Metaphor<br />
    55. 55. Lessig (1999)<br />
    56. 56. Informationskontrol: Lokal<br />software4parents, matewatcher<br />
    57. 57. Kontrol: Organisation<br />Universitetet, Företag<br />
    58. 58. Kontrol: Stat<br />Kontrol<br />
    59. 59. metoder<br />
    60. 60. Filter<br />Vitlister<br />Svartlister<br />Innehållsanalys<br />
    61. 61. Privatizing Censorship<br />Censorship<br />Non-technical/self censorship<br />“Public Pledge of Self-Regulation & Professional Ethics for China Internet Industry” <br />Responsibility on the signatories:<br />Inspect & monitor foreign & domestic sites<br />Block harmful information <br />
    62. 62.
    63. 63. Movie: hitler parody<br />
    64. 64. Google, en censor?<br />
    65. 65. Konflikten<br />Vi skyddas mot stat men infrastrukturenärprivat<br />
    66. 66. YES, PRIME MINISTER, 1986, EPISODE 1: THE GRAND DESIGN<br />Movie: Salami Method<br />
    67. 67. Web2.0 Ocensurerbar?<br />
    68. 68. Teknooptimism?<br />
    69. 69. My Space<br />Digg<br />Twitter<br />YouTube<br />Linkedin<br />Blogger 1999<br />2001<br />2003<br />2005<br />2000<br />2002<br />2004<br />2006<br />Ning<br />Second Life<br />Spotify<br />Skype<br />Facebook<br />Wikipedia<br />
    70. 70. Wikipedia censoredTPD Dömda (överklagas)BloggarefängsladeFacebookstraffassocialt<br />
    71. 71. exempel…<br />
    72. 72. Tunisian prison map<br />
    73. 73. Facebook<br />Groups and Causes<br />Petition to Get Rid of "is" from Facebook Status Update! <br />"Stop the Great HSBC Graduate Rip-Off”<br />“Support the Monks’ Protest in Burma”<br />
    74. 74.
    75. 75. Hacktivism<br />Digital civil olydnad.<br />Snabb form av politisk protest.<br />Teknologi möjliggör att flera kan delta.<br />London 2003 anti-krig demonstrationer över 1 miljon demonstranter.<br />
    76. 76. Första försöket<br />Sit-in 1960<br />1998 DoS anfall mot Mexico’s presidents hemsida<br />8,000 hacktivists deltog i syfte att blockera siten  stöd för Zapatista rebellerna i Chiapas. <br />
    77. 77. Hacktivism mjukvara<br />Floodnet<br />Demonstranter använder mjukvara som skickar meningslös information till site. Mjukvara begär att få tillgång till icke-existerande sidor på siten.<br />Swarm<br />Liknar floodnet men möjliggör attack mot flera siter samtidigt.<br />Zombie<br />Användning av hackade maskiner för att koordinera anfall utan ägarens (av den hackade maskinens) vetskap.<br />
    78. 78. Three way handshake (Gibson:<br />Denial of Service - technology<br />
    79. 79. TARGETING TECHNOLOGY<br />Case 3: The Lufthansa Case<br />DoS<br />
    80. 80. Hacka hemsidor<br />April 2003 - Irish Aviation Authority (<br />The people of Ireland demand that the Irish Government deny access to Shannon Airport to the U.S. military…The Irish people are told they live in a democratic, neutral country. Where is the democracy in the Irish government deciding without the vote of the people, that U.S. murderers have access to Shannon Airport?<br />Nothing deleted.<br />
    81. 81. Web Grafitti <br />Livets Ord  "Dödens Ord”<br />
    82. 82. Livets ord 2<br />Paradise lost ?<br />
    83. 83. Livets ord 3<br />
    84. 84. Case 6<br />COMMUNICATION<br />
    85. 85. Movie Bush Shoe attack<br />
    86. 86. Movie: Starbucks protest<br />
    87. 87. Movie Single Danish Mother<br />
    88. 88. Thank you!<br />