Creative Commons:  Community by Contract? Stockholm, 8 May 2008 Mathias Klang [email_address]
One of the copyright problems today is…
 
Swedish Copyright Lag (1960) om upphovsrätt till litterära  och konstnärliga verk UPPHOVSRÄTTEN Ekonomisk rätt Ideell rätt...
What is protected? <ul><li>The literary, artistic & ”spiritual creation” </li></ul><ul><li>The creative form - but not mot...
Facts
How <ul><li>Automatic… but… </li></ul><ul><li>The work is “new/innovative” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not too simple </li></ul>...
Protection Length <ul><li>Creator - 70 years post mortem (year of death + 71) </li></ul><ul><li>Anonymous works - 70 years...
Idea/expression dichotomy…
Ideas Donald Duck by Walt Disney Arne Anka by Charlie Christensen
Motifs…
Mona Lisa - Leonardo da Vinci ca 1503
Marcel Duchamp 1919
David Teixidor Buenaventura 2001
 
 
 
Mona Lisa Ascii
Peter Blake Party with La Giaconda 1999
 
 
 
 
Mujahidin Mona Lisa by Banksy
Fountain - Duchamp (1917)
“ The creative act is not performed by the artist alone; the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world ...
Theoretical Foundations <ul><li>Culture is communication </li></ul><ul><li>Intertextuality & Meaning: The meaning of the a...
Whose copyright? <ul><li>Property owner </li></ul><ul><li>Mathias Klang </li></ul><ul><li>Shepard Fairey </li></ul><ul><li...
then we add technology…
In the beginning there was technology…
Life is organised around technology and it always has been! (this is not technological determinism)
Copyright is the logical expression of the analog world. It was created as a result of the printing press.  (Victor Hugo &...
Disruptive Technology
The disruption occurs when the technology, which is introduced effects the social arrangements around which we build our l...
 
Impulse: Control
What’s wrong with Command and Control? It relies to heavily upon coercion and cooperation.
Popular move from passive culture consumers to cultural developers… Whatever would Duchamp say?
Remix conflict
I've been around so long, I knew Doris Day before she was a virgin. Graucho Marx
Creative Commons
Property
Licensing system
Alternatives
Choose license
More info
Japanese
Bulgarian
Finnish
What is created? <ul><li>License Deed - Human readable </li></ul><ul><li>The License - Lawyer readable </li></ul><ul><li>M...
 
Esperanto
Castellans
Colombia
License
Metatext <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/se/&quot;> <img alt=&quot;...
Search Google - advanced Yahoo - advanced
Flickr 7/5:  <ul><li>19 293 116 bilder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(+ 605 972 sedan 17/4-08) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ca 30 00...
Day in the park Foto: 917press & Klang
 
 
 
 
 
Texts <ul><li>A Briefer History of Time - Eric Schulman </li></ul><ul><li>The Wealth of Networks - Yochai Benkler </li></u...
Criticism <ul><li>Political criticism - CC has not ensured ideological control (no copyleft) </li></ul><ul><li>Common Sens...
Alison Chiang
Growth
Thank you! Mathias Klang [email_address]
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Creative Commons May08

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Creative Commons and Copyright at Stockholm University 2008

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  • Creative Commons May08

    1. 1. Creative Commons: Community by Contract? Stockholm, 8 May 2008 Mathias Klang [email_address]
    2. 2. One of the copyright problems today is…
    3. 4. Swedish Copyright Lag (1960) om upphovsrätt till litterära och konstnärliga verk UPPHOVSRÄTTEN Ekonomisk rätt Ideell rätt Exemplarframställning Tillgängliggörande Spridningsrätt Visningsrätt Framföranderätt Rätt till namnangivelse Skydd för kränkande ändring Skydd för kränkande användning Överföring till allmänheten
    4. 5. What is protected? <ul><li>The literary, artistic & ”spiritual creation” </li></ul><ul><li>The creative form - but not motif/subject, facts or ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Idea/expression dichotomy </li></ul>
    5. 6. Facts
    6. 7. How <ul><li>Automatic… but… </li></ul><ul><li>The work is “new/innovative” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not too simple </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative Level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verkshöjd </li></ul></ul>
    7. 8. Protection Length <ul><li>Creator - 70 years post mortem (year of death + 71) </li></ul><ul><li>Anonymous works - 70 years after publication </li></ul><ul><li>Photographers – 50 years after the picture was taken </li></ul><ul><li>There are other lengths and exceptions… </li></ul>
    8. 9. Idea/expression dichotomy…
    9. 10. Ideas Donald Duck by Walt Disney Arne Anka by Charlie Christensen
    10. 11. Motifs…
    11. 12. Mona Lisa - Leonardo da Vinci ca 1503
    12. 13. Marcel Duchamp 1919
    13. 14. David Teixidor Buenaventura 2001
    14. 18. Mona Lisa Ascii
    15. 19. Peter Blake Party with La Giaconda 1999
    16. 24. Mujahidin Mona Lisa by Banksy
    17. 25. Fountain - Duchamp (1917)
    18. 26. “ The creative act is not performed by the artist alone; the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world by deciphering and interpreting its inner qualifications and thus adds his contribution to the creative act”
    19. 27. Theoretical Foundations <ul><li>Culture is communication </li></ul><ul><li>Intertextuality & Meaning: The meaning of the artifact lies in the observer (Barthes) and meaning is created through several texts (Kristeva). </li></ul>
    20. 28. Whose copyright? <ul><li>Property owner </li></ul><ul><li>Mathias Klang </li></ul><ul><li>Shepard Fairey </li></ul><ul><li>Anonymous artist </li></ul><ul><li>Anonymous artists </li></ul>
    21. 29. then we add technology…
    22. 30. In the beginning there was technology…
    23. 31. Life is organised around technology and it always has been! (this is not technological determinism)
    24. 32. Copyright is the logical expression of the analog world. It was created as a result of the printing press. (Victor Hugo & Berne)
    25. 33. Disruptive Technology
    26. 34. The disruption occurs when the technology, which is introduced effects the social arrangements around which we build our lives
    27. 36. Impulse: Control
    28. 37. What’s wrong with Command and Control? It relies to heavily upon coercion and cooperation.
    29. 38. Popular move from passive culture consumers to cultural developers… Whatever would Duchamp say?
    30. 39. Remix conflict
    31. 40. I've been around so long, I knew Doris Day before she was a virgin. Graucho Marx
    32. 41. Creative Commons
    33. 42. Property
    34. 43. Licensing system
    35. 44. Alternatives
    36. 45. Choose license
    37. 46. More info
    38. 47. Japanese
    39. 48. Bulgarian
    40. 49. Finnish
    41. 50. What is created? <ul><li>License Deed - Human readable </li></ul><ul><li>The License - Lawyer readable </li></ul><ul><li>Metatext - Machine readable </li></ul>
    42. 52. Esperanto
    43. 53. Castellans
    44. 54. Colombia
    45. 55. License
    46. 56. Metatext <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/se/&quot;> <img alt=&quot;Creative Commons License&quot; style=&quot;border-width:0&quot; src=&quot;http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-sa/2.5/se/88x31.png&quot; /> </a> <br /> <span xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot; href=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Sound&quot; property=&quot;dc:title&quot; rel=&quot;dc:type&quot;>klang i duschen</span> by <a xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; href=&quot;http://www.digital-rights.net&quot; property=&quot;cc:attributionName&quot; rel=&quot;cc:attributionURL&quot;>Klang</a> is licensed under a <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/se/&quot;>Creative Commons Erkännande-Ickekommersiell-Dela Lika 2.5 Sverige License</a>.
    47. 57. Search Google - advanced Yahoo - advanced
    48. 58. Flickr 7/5: <ul><li>19 293 116 bilder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(+ 605 972 sedan 17/4-08) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ca 30 000 per dag </li></ul></ul><ul><li>107 894 Stockholm </li></ul><ul><li>94 949 University </li></ul><ul><li>34 Stockholm University </li></ul>University Reflecting Pool - 917press
    49. 59. Day in the park Foto: 917press & Klang
    50. 65. Texts <ul><li>A Briefer History of Time - Eric Schulman </li></ul><ul><li>The Wealth of Networks - Yochai Benkler </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalism 3.0 - Peter Barnes </li></ul><ul><li>Community Created Content - Heitanen et al </li></ul><ul><li>Code version 2 - Lawrence Lessig </li></ul><ul><li>No Lobbyists as Such - Florian Muller </li></ul><ul><li>Peers, Pirates and Persuasion - John Logie </li></ul><ul><li>Trigger Happy - Steven Poole </li></ul><ul><li>Yttrandefrihet på Nät e t - Anders R. Olsson </li></ul>
    51. 66. Criticism <ul><li>Political criticism - CC has not ensured ideological control (no copyleft) </li></ul><ul><li>Common Sense - Not needed - too complicated </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-copyright position - CC is not a useful alernative and undermines copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion - Too many licenses confuses the situation </li></ul>
    52. 67. Alison Chiang
    53. 68. Growth
    54. 69. Thank you! Mathias Klang [email_address]

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