Pugfest2010 Final


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This power point was presented at PugFest 2010 in Milwaukee by Dr Ken Lambrecht owner of Westside Family Pet Clinic & 4 Paws Swim & Fitness in Madison WI to address the specific wellness issues of pugs that can be addressed with preventative nutrition which includes Ideal Weight and evidence based supplements.

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Pugfest2010 Final

  1. 1. Preventative Pug Nutrition = Ideal Weight + Evidence Based Feeding & Supplements<br />Ken Lambrecht DVM<br />Medical Director Westside Family Pet Clinic<br />Fitness & Rehab Director 4 Paws Swim & Fitness<br />klambdvm@westsidefamilypet.com<br />
  2. 2. Preventative Nutrition is one of the key steps to longevity, wellness & vitality!<br />
  3. 3. My recommendations for long & healthy pug life (with vitality!)<br />Keep them as close to their Ideal Weight as you possibly can<br />Choose food & supplements that have scientific evidence and are specific to breed wellness<br />Practice dental homecare to keep dental visits & related anesthesia minimized<br />Read and learn all you can about pet nutrition<br />Use your veterinarian as a resource <br />
  4. 4. Pet Food is…an emotional issue <br />
  5. 5. Your resources<br />Your family veterinarian<br />Articles/books by experts<br />Evidence based studies/products<br />Pet food retailers (be careful)<br />Internet (be VERY careful)<br />
  6. 6. Canine Wellness as taught by “Travis”my buddy for 14 years<br />OCD of shoulder<br />Hip dysplasia <br />Osteoarthritis<br />“Pink” Canine tooth<br />Laryngeal Paralysis <br />Cognitive disease/Hearing loss <br />
  7. 7. Cousins?<br />
  8. 8. They make it tough on us!<br />
  9. 9. Why is ideal weight so important?<br /> “Purina Study” published in May 2002<br />Showed that ideal weight dogs lived an average of 15% longer and had fewer health problems <br /> A Labrador’s expected life is 12-13 yrs and it stays lean its entire life should add 2+ yrs) Pugs being smaller….should live even longer!<br />www.purina.com/science/research/DogMoreYears.aspx<br />
  10. 10. Based on the “Purina study” we built Westside Family Pet Care Center<br />
  11. 11. Most common wellness issues in all dogs seen at veterinary clinics <br />80% of pets have dentistry issues<br />40 to 50% over their Ideal Weight<br />20% have osteoarthritis<br />5-10% allergies<br />5 to 10% heart, kidney other organ problems<br />
  12. 12. What diseases are more common in PUGS that we MIGHT be able to prevent?<br />Dental plaque & tartar = periodontitis<br />Skin problems (allergy & skin fold pyoderma)<br />Heat stroke/intolerance/palate issues<br />Patellar luxation & Legg Calve Perthes<br />Mast cell tumors<br />Eye problems KCS (dry eye), corneal ulcers<br />
  13. 13. Breed specific preventative nutrition in 5 breeds<br />Retrievers orthopedic disease, weight management, cataracts<br />Yorkshire Terriers periodontitis, patella luxations, weight management<br />Beagles weight management<br />Boxers higher rates of cancer<br />Pugs dental issues, weight management, patella luxations, eyes, skin<br />
  14. 14. DENTAL PREVENTION<br />
  15. 15. Preventing DENTAL PROBLEMS with nutrition<br />
  16. 16. Internal organ problems are caused by dental disease<br />Kidney, heart, diabetes, pancreatitis, discospondylitis (spine infection), others<br />
  17. 17. Professional 12 step dental cleanings require anesthesia <br />“It’s not a matter of IF they will need their teeth cleaned it’s a matter of WHEN …..so make sure they are ideal weight = better anesthetic risk” Dr Dave Brunson DVM AVCA<br />
  18. 18. In national surveys only 4% of clients brush their pet’s teeth daily!<br />
  19. 19. Proven effective ingredients<br />Chlorhexidene<br />Hexametaphosphate<br />Zn gluconate<br />CET Enzymatic toothpaste <br />“Friction” = tooth brushing, rawhides, chewing<br />VOHC approved foods (Hills T/D & Oral Care, Purina DH)<br />NOT hard bones!<br />
  20. 20. Prevention by Nutritional Products <br />Daily brushing is still the best!<br />
  21. 21. Veterinary Oral Health Council<br />vohc.org<br />
  22. 22. Preventing overweight problems<br />
  23. 23. Dangers of pets being overweight<br />Skin infections<br />Breathing difficulty/Respiratory problems<br />Joint problems<br />Diabetes Mellitus<br />Heart problems<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25. The tough questions!<br /> 1) How is Ideal weight defined?2) How do we accomplish it?<br />
  26. 26. Ideal weight defined<br />By Purina study<br />Weight at 1 year of age (usually)<br />The “fingers below your knuckles” test<br />Abdominal tuck & waist<br />Is partially breed specific<br />
  27. 27. Steps to achieving Ideal weight<br />HAVE AN EXPERT ASSESSMENT DONE<br />KNOW THE CALORIES in everything your pet eats = watch those treats!<br />MEASURE EACH FEEDING (feed 2x /day)<br />DON’T LEAVE FOOD OUT for munching/grazing<br />PROVIDE CONSISTENT exercise<br />
  28. 28. Body Condition Score (BCS) is a vital step in our nutritional assessment of pets<br />
  29. 29. Calories in food & treats<br />Foods range from 242 to over 500 Cal/cup<br />Treats are often very high (Pigs ear =170 Cal)<br />Dog Food labels NOT required to show Cal/cup<br />Dog Food bag “amt to feed” charts are NOT reliable <br />12 lb pug only requires 250-350 food calories<br /> and 25 to 35 treat Calories per day to maintain Ideal Weight<br />
  30. 30. Calories vs exercise ????<br />Which is more effective…. increased exercise ……..or …….reduced calories????<br />
  31. 31. Pugs exercise differently!<br />
  32. 32. Getting & keeping pets at their ideal weight<br />
  33. 33. We have had over 200 dogs in our weight loss programs since 2007<br /><ul><li> “Iron Dogs” 5 to 20% over ideal
  34. 34. “Biggest 4 Pawed Losers” 20% or more over ideal
  35. 35. “Fat Cats” over 20% of ideal
  36. 36. “Iron Cats” 5 to 20% over ideal
  37. 37. “Special care” arthritis, etc</li></ul>Dog Pack Challenge a 3 or 5 dog team in same category <br />
  38. 38. Preventing Osteo-arthritis<br />
  39. 39. Nutritional prevention of Osteoarthritis <br />
  40. 40. Osteoarthritis Treatment<br />
  41. 41. Fish oils (EPA & DHA)<br />Joint supplements<br />Probiotics, prebiotics<br />Anti-oxidants<br />Evidence based supplements<br />
  42. 42. Fish Oils = EPA & DHA <br />Osteoarthritis<br />Inflammatory skin disease<br />Kidney &heart disease, cancer<br />Periodontal disease(AVDS meeting Oct 09)<br />Many other diseases in people that may be the same in pets<br />www.Consumerlab.com<br />Bauer JE. I Am Vet Med Assoc 2006, 229:680-684.<br />Caterson B, et al. Hills European Symposium Genoa, Italy, Apr 2005:14-18.<br />Smith CE, et al. J Vet Inter Med 2007, 21:265-273.<br />Soukup, Jason DVM AVDC American Veterinary Dental Forum Oct 2009<br />
  43. 43. Fish oil challenges/Issues<br />Dosing of EPA 20mg/lb EPA 60 lb dog = 7 human capsules for anti-inflammatory dose<br /> Pugs 10 to 14 lb = 1 to 2 capsules/day <br />Quality, purity, odor, adds calories<br />Flax seed/oil is NOT well converted by pets to EPA <br />Daily compliance (pills vs liquids vs Rx foods) is the issue<br />Consumerlab.com<br />
  44. 44. Joint supplements<br />
  45. 45. Challenges/Issues<br />In a major study 84% of labeled human products were not what the label stated<br />Not FDA regulated<br />Active ingredients = Glucosamine & Chondroitin sulfate w/ ASU (DASUquin ®), and pernna green lipped mussel (Glycoflex ®) both have studies that show positive effects<br />Need to get these from your veterinarian only until better regulation/testing becomes available <br />Consumerlab.com<br />
  46. 46. Emerging Evidence Based Supplements<br />Probiotics<br />Carnitine<br />Antioxidants (Vit E, Isoflavones, etc)<br />Many others<br />
  47. 47. My recommendations for long & healthy pug life (with vitality!)<br />Keep them as close to their Ideal Weight as you possibly can<br />Choose supplements that have scientific evidence that support breed specific wellness<br />Practice dental homecare to keep dental visits & related anesthesia minimized<br />Read and learn all you can about pet nutrition<br />Dialogue with your veterinarian <br />
  48. 48. Facebook.com/westsidefamilypet<br />www.westsidefamilypet.com<br />www.breedspecificwellness.blogspot.com<br /> Have a great Pugfest! <br /> The Staff of WFPC & 4 Paws Swim & Fitness<br />