Kalani LaFrancis Media Goddesskalanilafrancis@gmail.com
Plagiarismis derived from two Latin words; plagiarius which means an abductor, and plagiare which means to steal.
The definition of plagiarism is: a. copying text from a source b. turning in a paper written by someone else c. using someone else’s ideas without citation d. All of the above
Plagiarism is essentially taking the work of others and attempting to pass it off as ones own. which is the un-credited use (both intentional and unintentional) of somebody elses words or ideas. attempting to blur the line between one’s own ideas or words and those borrowed from another source.
Sincewe cannot always be original it is entirely acceptable to present another person’s ideas in your work. However, it must be done properly to avoid plagiarism.
“When you use someone elses words, youmust put quotation marks around them andgive the writer or speaker credit by revealingthe source in a citation. Even if you revise orparaphrase the words of someone else or justuse their ideas, you still must give the authorcredit in a note. Not giving due credit to thecreator of an idea or writing is very muchlike lying."
Teachers play an adversarial role as the “plagiarism police” instead of a coaching role as educators. http://www.plagiarismchecker.com/ One of many anti-plagiarism sites for teachers with a gianormous pile of stuff to do….plagiarism po po!
Students are natural economizers. Many students are interested in the shortest route possible through a course. Thats why they ask questions such as, "Will this be on the test?" Copying a paper sometimes looks a the shortcut through an assignment, especially when the student feels overloaded with work already. The purpose of the course is to learn and develop skills and not just "get through." The more you learn and develop your skills, the more effective you will be in the future lives.
Students are faced with too many choices, so they put off low priorities. With so many things to do (both academic & recreational), many students put off assignments that do not interest them. A remedy here would be to customize the research topic to include something of real interest to the students or to offer topics with high intrinsic interest to them.
Students may have poor time-management skills or they may plan poorly for the time and effort required for research-based writing, and believe they have no choice but to plagiarize. Some students are just procrastinators, while others do not understand the hours required to develop a good research paper, and they run out of time as the due date looms. Thus, they are most tempted to copy a paper when time is short and they have not yet started the assignment.
Students may fear failure or fear taking risks in their own work. Some students fear that their writing ability is inadequate. Fear of a bad grade and inability to perform cause some students to look for a superior product. Sadly, these students are among those least able to judge a good paper and are often likely to turn in a very poor copied one. Reassuring students of the help available to them (your personal attention, a writing center, teaching assistants, online writing lab sites, etc.) may give them the courage to persevere.
Studentsmay view the course, the assignment, the conventions of academic documentation, or the consequences of cheating as unimportant.
A few students like the thrill of rule breaking. The more angrily you condemn plagiarism, the more they can hardly wait to do it.
B. CHEATING: Receiving or giving aid on a test or examination. Test or examination includes any work performed for which a grade is received. Plagiarism is a violation of the Honor Code. Plagiarism is the act of using someone elses words or ideas as your own without giving proper credit to the source:
(1) When you quote anothers words exactly you must use quotation marks and a footnote (or an indication in your paragraph) to tell exactly where the words came from, down to the page number(s). (2) When you mix anothers words and ideas with your own in one or more sentences, partially quoting the source exactly and partially substituting your own words, you must put quotation marks around the words you quote and not around your own. Then you cite the source, down to the page number(s). [See (1) above]
(3) When you paraphrase anothers words or ideas, that is, when you substitute your words for anothers words but keep those idea(s), you do not use quotation marks, but you must cite the source, down to the page number(s). [See (1) above] (4) When you use only anothers idea(s), knowing that they are the others ideas, you must cite the source of that idea or those ideas, down to the page number(s). [See (1) above] (5) Citing the source means giving, as a minimum, the author, the title of the book, and the page number.
It is unethical It is illegal It is against all academic code of conduct It robs the plagiarizer of important skills. It robs the original writer of their intellectual property.
Plagiarism is stealing. In written work, student are expected to identify the ideas which are not their own and give appropriate credit to the source. To do otherwise is to mislead the reader/instructor and receive unwarranted credit. Bottom line, it is cheating. When students sign their names to paper they are authenticating that all the work has been accomplished by themselves.
When borrowing another person’s words, use quotation marks and include complete reference (author’s name, date, pages). Internet sources must also be acknowledged. When borrowing another person’s ideas, acknowledge their origin. Do not paraphrase another writer’s words and pass them off as your own.
Ifyou use someone else’s words, data, etc., use quotation marks and give a complete reference. Ifyou borrow someone else’s ideas, give a complete reference.
Text that has been copied word for word from the original document without any quotation marks that would indicate that the passage is a quote. Even though you mention your source, you use many of the author’s words without quotation marks. Ifyou paraphrase without indicating the original source. Even though most of the words have been changed, the sentence structure has remained the same.
http://plagiarism.org/resources/facts-and- statsINSERT ‘em here yo!
Howmany of you believe that cheating is wrong? How many of you have cheated?…the gap between what students believe and their actions does not bode well for future generations. The Ethics of American Youth: 2010 Rutgers Survey Comments
Why would someone write a book? How do you remember things you have read or seen? Why are there laws against plagiarism? How are ideas “property”?
Vanilla Ice vs Queen & Bowie Vanilla Ice became a household word for a while, not because of his talent, but because of the copyright infringement that occurred in 1990 when it came to light that he had sampled Queen and David Bowie’s “Under Pressure” without consent or license. Ice Ice Baby hit number one on the charts in the United States and Vanilla Ice became the one ‘under pressure’. Vanilla Ice altered the rhythm of the baseline thinking he would thereby avoid any question of credit, royalties, license or even permission. This case never went to court as it was clear that Vanilla Ice had stolen the sample without permission. He settled out of court with Queen and David Bowie for an undisclosed but very likely very high amount. Ice Ice Baby has been released in many different versions, since then, with all of the legal procedures followed.
Writing and Style Guide for University Papers and Assignments, www.sciencessociales.uOttawa.ca/guide- en.asp Academic Writing Help Centre Writing Kit, tools prepared by SASS www.sass.uottawa.ca/writing/kit/