Space exploration

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Space exploration

  1. 1. Exploration of Space<br />
  2. 2. Rockets History<br />China 1100s<br />Flaming arrows<br />British 1812<br />Military<br />Germany WWII<br />V2 (England)<br />
  3. 3. Rocketry<br />Forces<br />Thrust<br />Exploding gas <br />Velocity<br />Forward motion of rocket<br />Orbital velocity (Force need to orbit Earth)<br />Escape velocity (Force need to leave Earth)<br />40,200 Km per hour or 11 Km per second<br />
  4. 4. Stages<br />
  5. 5. Space Race<br />Sputnik 1 (1957) USSR<br />First object to be in orbit<br />Luna 1 (1959) USSR<br />First object to fly by moon<br />Venera 1 (1961) USSR<br />First to fly by Venus<br />
  6. 6. Space Race<br />Mariner 4 (1964) USA<br />First to fly by Mars<br />Luna 9 (1966) USSR<br />First moon landing<br />Apollo 8 (1968) USA<br />First Human fly by moon<br />Apollo 11 (1969) USA<br />First Human on Moon<br />Neil Armstrong<br />
  7. 7. Space Race<br />Venera 7 (1970) USSR<br />First Venus Landing<br />Mars 3 (1971) USSR<br />First Mars Landing<br />Apollo 15 (1971) USA<br />First vehicle on Moon<br />
  8. 8. Space Race<br />Pioneer 10 (1972) USA<br />First spacecraft to Jupiter<br />Pioneer 11 (1973) USA<br />First to Saturn<br />Skylab (1973-1979) USA<br />First orbiting space station<br />Mariner 10 (1975) USA<br />First to visit Mercury<br />
  9. 9. Space Race<br />Helios 2 (1976) USA/Germany<br />43 million Km of Sun<br />Voyager 2 (1977) USA<br />Uranus & Neptune (1989)<br />ICE (1978) USA<br />Comet Tail<br />
  10. 10. Space Race<br />Space Shuttle (1983-2011)<br />Reusable spacecraft<br />
  11. 11. Space Race<br />Vega/Sakigake/Giotto/Suisei (USSR/Japan/Europe)<br />1985<br />All fly to Halley’s comet<br />Mir (1986-2001) USSR<br />Largest space station<br />Hubble Space Telescope (1990) USA/Europe<br />First High resolution telescope in orbit<br />
  12. 12. Space Race<br />NEAR (1996) USA<br />Asteroids and comets<br />Mars Pathfinder (1997) USA<br />First rover on a planet<br />Cassini/Huygens (1997) Europe/USA<br />Saturn system and Titan moon<br />
  13. 13. Space Race<br />International Space Station (1998-2020) “World”<br />(50 People visited = up to 6 at a time)<br />Can be seen by unaided eye at night<br />
  14. 14. Space Race<br />Mars Rovers (2003) USA<br />Spirit & Opportunity (still driving on Mars)<br />New Horizons (2006) USA<br />Visit Pluto/Charon<br />
  15. 15. Space Debris<br />20,000 large objects<br /> > 4 in<br />2007<br /> China shoots down satellite (massive debris)<br />Feb 2009<br /> Two satellites collide by accident<br />

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