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Underemployed Workers Handout


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This is a handout that I created for a presentation that I gave on Underemployed Workers for my Culture and Work Class

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Underemployed Workers Handout

  1. 1. EDU  728  Culture  and  Work  Presentation  Spring  2011                                          Kimberly  Renee  Knowles     Underemployed  Workers  in  America   Underutilized,  Unpaid,  and  Unhappy     “…politicians and the popular press have made a low unemployment rate the symbol of wellbeing for American families. Largely ignored have been the economic and emotional problems of those who are underemployed in jobs requiring significantly less education and work experience than they possess, often in positions offering much lower wages, fewer benefits, fewer working hours, and less job security than in their last jobs (Feldman 1996:385).”   Primary  Concepts  to  Consider:     Re-­‐remembering,  Narrative,  Fiction/Artistic  Pursuits,  Vocational  Advice,  Mimesis,  Autopoeisis,  and  Imagination     Quotes    Re-­‐remembering    “To  embrace  the  future,  one  must  forget  the  past  in  a  gesture  of  inauguration,  beginning  and  rebeginning,  as  in  rituals  of  initiation.”    (Ricoeur  2004:504,  paraphrasing  Mark  Augé  in  Les  Formes  de  l’oubli)    “What  ‘godly  diversion’  as  Kierkegaard  calls  forgetting  the  worry  to  distingish  it  from  ordinary  distractions,  would  be  capable  of  bringing  man  to  consider:  how  glorious  it  is  to  be  a  human  being?  …Carefree  memory  on  the  horizon  of  concerned  memory,  the  soul  common  to  memory  that  forgets  and  does  not  forget.”    (Ricoeur  2004:505,  quoting  Kierkegaard)    Narrative    “A  conversation  is  an  event  during  which  several  things  take  place:  we  evaluate  ourselves  and  others,  we  tell  and  retell  our  story,  we  see  the  past,  and  we  pose  possibilities  for  the  future.”    (Herda  1999:72)    “Stories  allow  us  to  mediate  the  past  and  the  future  to  the  present,  to  bring  into  one  plot  many  inconsistencies  in  our  lives.”    (Herda  1997:37)    Fiction/Artistic  Pursuits    “…the  more  we  learn  about  emplotment  in  fiction,  the  more  we  learn  to  plot  our  own  lives  (that  is  how  to  combine  and  configure  the  various  elements  of  our  temporality  and  identity).”    (Kearney  2004:171)    “…art  is,  ‘an  open-­‐access  laboratory  of  imaginative  exploration.’”    (Kearney  quoted  in  Palmo  2010:142-­‐3)    “  its  mimetic  intention,  the  world  of  fiction  leads  us  to  the  heart  of  the  real  world  of  action.”    (Ricoeur  1981:296)     1    
  2. 2. EDU  728  Culture  and  Work  Presentation  Spring  2011                                          Kimberly  Renee  Knowles      Vocational  Advice    “…if  you  are  attracted  to  the  most  difficult  books  out  of  an  urgent  need,  and  can  spare  four  years  to  devote  yourself  to  them,  go  to  college…but  if  this  is  not  the  case…the  good  news  is  you  don’t  have  to  go  through  the  motions  and  jump  through  the  hoops  for  the  sake  of  making  a  decent  living.”    (Crawford  2009:53)    “...[seek]  out  the  cracks  where  individual  agency  and  the  love  of  knowledge  can  be  realized  today,  in  one’s  own  life.”    (Crawford  2009:87)    Mimesis    “When  we  look  at  the  already  figured  world,  the  take-­‐for-­‐granted  world  in  mimesis1  we  connect  this  to  the  new  world  we  want  to  live  in,  mimesis3,  we  see  ourselves  in  different  capacities:  we  see  a  self  enlarged  by  the  appropriation  of  a  proposed  world  which  interpretation  unfolds.”    (Herda  1997a:62  quoted  in  Herda  1999:77)    “With  Mimesis2  opens  the  kingdom  of  the  as  if.”    (Ricoeur  1984:64)    Autopoeisis    “Both  organizations  and  people  as  living  systems  need  to  continuously  renew  and  reconfigure  themselves  through  a  process  whereby  the  integrity  of  each  remains  in  place…successful  leadership  will  encourage  this  process.”    (Herda  1997:35,  speaking  of  autopoeisis)    Imagination    “If  we  cannot  imagine  how  our  organizations  could  improve,  we  can  never  live  in  a  world  different  from  the  current  conditions.”    (Herda  1999:77)    “…the  mode  of  being  of  the  world  opened  up  by  the  text  is  a  mode  of  the  possible,  or  better  of  the  power-­‐to-­‐be:  therein  resides  the  subversive  power  of  the  imaginary.”    (Ricoeur  1981:93)    “Thinking  poetically,  acting  poetically,  dwelling  poetically  are  all  modalities  of  imagining  poetically.    They  are  ways  of  realizing  the  fundamental  possibilities  of  what  we  are.    For  as  Emily  Dickinson  wrote,  ‘possibility  is  the  fuse  lit  by  the  spark  of  imagination.’”    (Kearney  2004:175)               2    
  3. 3. EDU  728  Culture  and  Work  Presentation  Spring  2011                                          Kimberly  Renee  Knowles       Bibliography     Books/Articles/Dissertations    Crawford,  Matthew        2009  Shop  Class  as  Soulcraft:  An  Inquiry  into  the  Value  of  Work.    New  York:  The  Penguin                  Press.    Feldman,  Daniel              1996  The  Nature,  Antecedents,  and  Consequences  of  Underemployment.    Journal  of                          Management  22:385-­‐407.    Herda,  Ellen              1997  Global  Economic  Convergence  and  Emerging  Forms  of  Social  Organization.  Paper                          presented  at  the  World  Multiconference  on  Systemic,  Cybernetics  and  Informatics,                          Venezuela,  July  7-­‐11.              1999  Research  Conversations  and  Narrative:  A  Critical  Hermeneutic  Orientation  in                          Participatory  Inquiry.  Westport,  Connecticut:  Praeger.    Jacobe,  Dennis            2011  Gallup  finds  U.S.  Unemployment  at  10.2%  in  Mid-­‐March.    Gallup.    Electronic                      Document,­‐Finds-­‐Unemployment-­‐Mid-­‐                    March.aspx,  accessed  April  28,  2011.    Kearney,  Richard                2004  On  Paul  Ricoeur:  The  Owl  of  Minerva.  England:  Ashgate  Publishing  Limited.    Palmo,  Maria              2010  The  Artistic  Process  in  Community  Development:  Disclosing  Cultural  Narrative                          and  Identity  Through  Art  Practices  in  Uganda.  Ph.D.  dissertation,  School  of  Education,                          The  University  of  San  Francisco.    Ricoeur,  Paul              1981  Hermeneutics  and  the  human  sciences:  Essays  on  language,  action  and                          interpretation:    Cambridge:  Press  Syndicate  of  the  University  of  Cambridge.            1984  Time  and  Narrative,  vol.  1.  Kathleen  McLaughlin  and  David  Pellauer,  trans.                          Chicago  and  London:  The  University  of  Chicago  Press.  (originally  published  1983)              2004  Memory,  History,  Forgetting.  Kathleen  Blamey  and  David  Pellauer,  translators.                          Chicago:  University  of  Chicago  Press.     Videos    Couric,  Katie        2004  Moms  Moving  Back  Into  the  Workforce.    Today  Show.    NBC,  October  21.    Stossel,  John              2009  Is  College  Worth  It?    ABC  20/20.    ABC,  January  16.     3    
  4. 4. EDU  728  Culture  and  Work  Presentation  Spring  2011                                          Kimberly  Renee  Knowles      Vargas,  Elizabeth              2009  Down  But  Not  Out:  From  Hedge  Funds  to  Pizza  Delivery.    ABC  20/20.    ABC,  March                          20.     Images    Gordon,  Jullien            2009  Letter  to  an  MBA.    The  Purpose  Finder.    Electronic  Document,            ­‐to-­‐an-­‐mba/      Hybrid  Lava              2010  Stunning  and  Beautiful  Digital  Manipulation  Art.    Hybrid  Lava:  for  Web  Designers,                        Designers,  and  Tech  Geeks.    Electronic  Document,­‐                      stuff/stunning-­‐and-­‐beautiful-­‐digital-­‐manipulation-­‐art/,  accessed  April  28,  2011.      Kobliner,  Beth            2010  Malemployment  on  the  Rise.    Beth’s  Blog.    Electronic  Document,            ­‐blog/tag/college?currentPage=2,  accessed  April                      28,  2011.      Undercover  Dragon              2008  Oman  Reduces  Oil  Price  Assumption  for  2009  Budget  from  $55  to  $45.    Muscat                          Confidential  (blog).    Electronic  Document,,                        accessed  April  28,  2001.     4