It creates positive self-esteem</li></li></ul><li>Diseases Caused By Lack of Exercise<br />Exercise Can Prevent Many Diseases<br /><ul><li>Cardiovascular Disease</li></ul>Pertains to the heart and blood vessels<br /><ul><li>Hypertension</li></ul>High blood pressure<br /><ul><li>Obesity</li></ul>When your body weight is 20% or more above recommended weight<br /><ul><li>Diabetes (type II)</li></ul>When the body cannot metabolize carbohydrates because the pancreas cannot produce insulin at all or produces insufficient amounts.<br />
Disease Prevention<br />Improve Nutrition<br />Children should reduce the amount of foods that are high in calories, high in sugar, foods that have a high fat content. Focusing solely on weight loss is not the answer. Prevention should be the focal point.<br />Increase Physical Activity<br />Children should have at least 60 minutes of physical activity a day. The main idea is to make a lifestyle change. <br />
CardiovascularHealth<br />What does the word cardiovascular mean?<br />Let’s break it down.<br /> Cardio means heart and vascular means blood vessels.<br /> Cardiovascular health is the health of your heart and blood vessels.<br /> Cardiovascular Endurance – the ability of the heart, the blood vessels, and the respiratory system to deliver oxygen efficiently for an extended time. <br /> In order to develop cardiovascular endurance, you must perform aerobic activity.<br /> Aerobic activities include walking, jogging, biking, jumping rope, aerobics and swimming.<br />
Do You Have A Healthy Heart?<br /><ul><li> A way to find out if you have a healthy heart is to do something fast paced, such as running up the stairs a few times.
Sit down and see how long it takes your heart rate to decrease.</li></ul> if it slows down quickly, then you have a healthy heart. <br /><ul><li> If it takes a little while for your heart rate to slow down, then your heart is unhealthy.</li></li></ul><li>Physical Activity, Exercise, Physical Fitness and Sports<br />How are they different?<br /><ul><li>Physical activity is any bodily movement that increases energy expenditure above rest.
Physical fitness is a group of physical attributes, all of which can be improved by engaging in appropriate exercise program.
Sports are activities that require specific skilled movements and are performed in organized game situations.</li></li></ul><li>Example ofPhysical Activity, Exercise, Physical Fitness and Sports<br />Physical Activity<br />Walking, Swimming<br />Exercise<br />Aerobic Routines, Riding a Bike<br />Sports<br />Skill Related Sports Activities<br />Physical Fitness<br />Weight Training, Stretching,<br />
Fitness and Your Weight<br /> The National Center for Health Statistics has issued a growth chart to help doctors decide if children are at a healthy weight, whether it may be overweight or underweight.<br /> This chart identifies height and weight percentiles for children ages 2 to 20. <br /> You have been a handout of the growth chart. (There are specific charts for boys and girls.)<br />Look at the chart. Find your height and weight and determine your percentage.<br />
Did You Know…<br />…the head makes up ¼ of the child’s total length at birth and about 1/6 at age 6.<br />… children in grades K-2 have short legs in relation to their upper bodies, therefore they are top heavy and fall more easily than adults do.<br />?<br />
BODY MASS INDEX <br />Body Mass Index (BMI) is a number calculated from a person's weight and height. BMI provides a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people and is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems.<br />How to determine your BMI<br />BMI is calculated based on your height and weight.<br />To determine your BMI use the formula below:<br /> BMI= body weight (in kg) / height squared (in meters)<br />
Lies About Exercise<br /><ul><li>Exercise is only important for adults.
Exercise is not helpful with the disease called juvenile diabetes.
It is not recommended that you exercise at least three days a week for at least 30 minutes a day.
Exercising makes you feel tired takes all your energy.</li></li></ul><li>The Truth<br /><ul><li>Exercise is important for adults and children. Children should exercise because it produce long-term lifestyle habits.
Exercise prevents obesity. Juvenile diabetes is brought on by obesity.
Exercising 3 times a week for 30 minutes each day helps you learn positive fitness habits that you will use throughout your lifetime.
Exercise actually gives you energy. It boosts your energy level and makes you feel great.</li></li></ul><li>True or False<br />1. Many people do not have the time to exercise.<br />2. The more you exercise, the better lifestyle habit you will have as you get older.<br />3. You must join a fitness center to do exercise routines.<br />4. Cardiovascular disease is caused by lack of exercise and only poor nutrition.<br />5. The only people that should exercise are those who are overweight.<br />
True or false<br />1. False. Everyone has the time to exercise. Fitting time for exercise in your schedule is feasible.<br />2. True. If you make exercise a routine at a young age, you will proceed to exercise as you get older.<br />3. False. It is not necessary to join a fitness center to exercise. You can exercise at home or at the park and many other places that are free.<br />4. False. Yes, those who are overweight should exercise, but those who are thin or at a healthy weight should exercise as well.<br />
Recognize How To Exercise<br /><ul><li>Always stretch before you begin your exercise regimen. Stretching before you exercise will prevent soreness and gets your body ready to perform.
Exercise at least 3 times a week and for at least 30 minutes each day. This will help your body get into a routine.
Do not over exert yourself when you exercise. Over exerting yourself could cause an injury.</li></li></ul><li>CHALLENGE YOURSELF<br />EXERCISE IS NOT AT CHORE<br />IT’S FUN<br />
Sources Cited<br /><ul><li>Dynamic Physical Education: </li></ul> For Elementary School Children; 16th Edition<br /> Robert P. Pangrazi and Aaron Beighle<br /><ul><li> National Center for Health Statistics
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health </li></ul> Promotion<br /><ul><li> WV Department of Education
Teaching Children About Health; 2nd Edition</li></ul> Estelle Weinstein and Efrem Rosen<br />