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Marketing Research

Introduction To Marketing Research

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Marketing Research

  1. 1. Chapter One Introduction to Marketing Research
  2. 2. Figure 1.1 Introduction to Marketing Research: An Overview Definition of Marketing Research Fig. 1.2 A Classification of Marketing Research Marketing Research Process Fig 1.3 Fig 1.4 The Role of Marketing Research in Decision Making Fig 1.5 The Information Value Chain for Marketing Research Fig 1.6 Application to Contemporary Issues Technology Ethics International Be a DM! Be an MR! Experiential Learning Opening Vignette What Would You Do?
  3. 3. Figure 1.1 Introduction to Marketing Research: An Overview (cont.) Application to Contemporary Issues Technology Ethics International Be a DM! Be an MR! Experiential Learning Opening Vignette Marketing Research Industry Selecting a Research Supplier Fig 1.7 Table 1.1 Careers in Marketing Research The Role of Marketing Research in MIS and DSS Fig. 1.8 and 1.9 What Would You Do?
  4. 4. Definition of Marketing Research <ul><li>Marketing research is the systematic and objective </li></ul><ul><li>identification, </li></ul><ul><li>collection, </li></ul><ul><li>analysis, </li></ul><ul><li>dissemination, and </li></ul><ul><li>use of information </li></ul><ul><li>for the purpose of improving decision making related to the </li></ul><ul><li>identification and </li></ul><ul><li>solution of problems and opportunities in marketing. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Identification of Information Needed Collection of Data Analysis of Data Dissemination of Information Identifying and Solving Marketing Problems Figure 1.2 Defining Marketing Research Use of Information
  6. 6. Market Research <ul><li>Specifies the information necessary to address these issues </li></ul><ul><li>Manages and implements the data collection process </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzes the results </li></ul><ul><li>Communicates the findings and their implications </li></ul>
  7. 7. Classification of Marketing Research <ul><li>Problem Identification Research </li></ul><ul><li>Research undertaken to help identify problems which are not necessarily apparent on the surface and yet exist or are likely to arise in the future. Examples: market potential, market share, image, market characteristics, sales analysis, forecasting, and trends research. </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Solving Research </li></ul><ul><li>Research undertaken to help solve specific marketing problems. Examples: segmentation, product, pricing, promotion, and distribution research. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Problem Identification Research <ul><li>Market Potential Research </li></ul><ul><li>Market Share Research </li></ul><ul><li>Image Research </li></ul><ul><li>Market Characteristics Research </li></ul><ul><li>Forecasting Research </li></ul><ul><li>Business Trends Research </li></ul>Marketing Research Figure 1.3 A Classification of Marketing Research Problem Solving Research <ul><li>Segmentation Research </li></ul><ul><li>Product Research </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing Research </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion Research </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution Research </li></ul>
  9. 9. Problem Solving Research <ul><li>Determine the basis of segmentation </li></ul><ul><li>Establish market potential and responsiveness for various segments </li></ul><ul><li>Select target markets </li></ul><ul><li>Create lifestyle profiles: demography, media, and product image characteristics </li></ul>SEGMENTATION RESEARCH <ul><li>Test concept </li></ul><ul><li>Determine optimal product design </li></ul><ul><li>Package tests </li></ul><ul><li>Product modification </li></ul><ul><li>Brand positioning and repositioning </li></ul><ul><li>Test marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Control score tests </li></ul>PRODUCT RESEARCH Table 1.1
  10. 10. Problem Solving Research Table 1.1 (cont.) <ul><li>PRICING RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing policies </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of price in brand selection </li></ul><ul><li>Product line pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Price elasticity of demand </li></ul><ul><li>Initiating and responding to price changes </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTIONAL RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>Optimal promotional budget </li></ul><ul><li>Sales promotion relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Optimal promotional mix </li></ul><ul><li>Copy decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Media decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Creative advertising testing </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of advertising effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Claim substantiation </li></ul>
  11. 11. Problem Solving Research <ul><li>DISTRIBUTION RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>Determine… </li></ul><ul><li>Types of distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes of channel members </li></ul><ul><li>Intensity of wholesale & resale coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Channel margins </li></ul><ul><li>Location of retail and wholesale outlets </li></ul>
  12. 12. Table 1.1 Problem Solving Research Segmentation Research - determine basis of segmentation - establish market potential and responsiveness for various segments - select target markets and create lifestyle profiles for demography, media, and product image characteristics Product Research - test concept - determine optimal product design - package tests - product modification - brand positioning and repositioning - test marketing - control store tests Problem Solving Research
  13. 13. Table 1.1 Problem Solving Research (Cont.)
  14. 14. Problem Solving Research (Cont.) <ul><li>Promotional Research </li></ul><ul><li>- optimal promotional budget </li></ul><ul><li>- sales promotion relationship </li></ul><ul><li>- optimal promotional mix </li></ul><ul><li>- copy decisions </li></ul><ul><li>- media decisions </li></ul><ul><li>- creative advertising testing </li></ul><ul><li>- claim substantiation </li></ul><ul><li>- evaluation of advertising effectiveness </li></ul>
  15. 15. Table 1.1 Problem Solving Research (Cont.)
  16. 16. Figure 1.4 The Marketing Research Process Step 1: Defining the Problem Step 2: Developing an Approach to the Problem Step 3: Formulating a Research Design Step 4: Doing Field Work or Collecting Data Step 5: Preparing and Analyzing Data Step 6: Preparing and Presenting the Report
  17. 17. <ul><li>Uncontrollable Environmental Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Laws and Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Social and Cultural Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Political Factors </li></ul>Assessing Information Needs <ul><li>Customer Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Channel Members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suppliers </li></ul></ul>Marketing Research <ul><li>Marketing Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Market Segmentation • Marketing Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Target Market Selection • Performance and Control </li></ul><ul><li>Controllable Marketing Variables </li></ul><ul><li>Product </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul>Marketing Decision Making Providing Information Figure 1.5 The Role of Marketing Research in Marketing Decision Making
  18. 18. Figure 1.6 The Information Value Chain
  19. 19. Figure 1.7 Marketing Research Industry: Supplier and Services Research Suppliers Internal Limited Service Full Service External Other Services Field Services Customized Services Syndicated Services Internet Services
  20. 20. Marketing Research Suppliers & Services <ul><li>Internal suppliers </li></ul><ul><li>External suppliers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full-service suppliers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Syndicated services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standardized services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Customized services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited-service suppliers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Field services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coding and data entry services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Analytical services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data analysis services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Branded marketing research products </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Criteria for Selecting a Research Supplier <ul><li>What is the reputation of the supplier? </li></ul><ul><li>Do they complete projects on schedule? </li></ul><ul><li>Are they known for maintaining ethical standards? </li></ul><ul><li>Are they flexible? </li></ul><ul><li>Are their research projects of high quality? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind and how much experience does the supplier have? Has the firm had experience with projects similar to this one? </li></ul><ul><li>Do the supplier's personnel have both technical and non-technical expertise? </li></ul><ul><li>Can they communicate well with the client? </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive bids should be obtained and compared on the basis of quality as well as price. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Careers in Marketing Research <ul><li>Career opportunities are available with marketing research firms (e.g., AC Nielsen, Burke, Inc., M/A/R/C) </li></ul><ul><li>Careers in business and non-business firms and agencies with in-house marketing research departments (e.g., Procter & Gamble, Coca-Cola, AT & T, the Federal Trade Commission, United States Census Bureau) </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising agencies (e.g., BBDO International, Ogilvy & Mather, J. Walter Thompson, Young & Rubicam) </li></ul><ul><li>Positions: vice president of marketing research, research director, assistant director of research, project manager, field work director, statistician/data processing specialist, senior analyst, analyst, junior analyst, and operational supervisor. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Selected Marketing Research Career Descriptions <ul><li>Vice President of Marketing Research </li></ul><ul><li>Part of company’s top management team </li></ul><ul><li>Directs company’s entire market research operation </li></ul><ul><li>Sets the goals & objectives of the marketing research department </li></ul><ul><li>Research Director </li></ul><ul><li>Also part of senior management </li></ul><ul><li>Heads the development and execution of all research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant Director of Research </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative assistant to director </li></ul><ul><li>Supervises research staff members </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Project Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for design, implementation, & research projects </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Handles details in execution of project </li></ul><ul><li>Designs & pretests questionnaires </li></ul><ul><li>Conducts preliminary analysis of data </li></ul><ul><li>Junior Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary data analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Edits and codes questionnaires </li></ul><ul><li>Conducts preliminary analysis of data </li></ul><ul><li>Fieldwork Director </li></ul><ul><li>Handles selection, training, supervision, and evaluation of interviewers and field workers </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Participates in the development of projects </li></ul><ul><li>Carries out execution of assigned projects </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinates the efforts of analyst, junior analyst, & other personnel in the development of research design and data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Prepares final report </li></ul><ul><li>Statistician/Data Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Serves as expert on theory and application on statistical techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Oversees experimental design, data processing, and analysis </li></ul>Selected Marketing Research Career Descriptions
  25. 25. Preparation for a Career in Marketing Research <ul><li>Take all the marketing courses you can. </li></ul><ul><li>Take courses in statistics and quantitative methods. </li></ul><ul><li>Acquire Internet and computer skills. Knowledge of programming languages is an added asset. </li></ul><ul><li>Take courses in psychology and consumer behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Acquire effective written and verbal communication skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Think creatively. Creativity and common sense command a premium in marketing research. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Expert Systems Internal Billing, Production, and Other Records Decision Support Systems Marketing Information Systems Figure 1.8 The Development of MIS and DSS = External Market Information +
  27. 27. Figure 1.9 Marketing Information Systems (MIS) vs. Decision Support Systems (DSS) <ul><li>MIS </li></ul><ul><li>Structured problems </li></ul><ul><li>Use of reports </li></ul><ul><li>Information displaying restricted </li></ul><ul><li>Can improve decision making by clarifying new data </li></ul>Figure 1.9 Marketing Information Systems (MIS) vs. Decision Support Systems (DSS) <ul><li>DSS </li></ul><ul><li>Unstructured problems </li></ul><ul><li>Use of models </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>Can improve decision making by using “what if” analysis </li></ul>
  28. 28. Figure 1.10 Stakeholders in Marketing Research: An Ethical Perspective Client Marketing Researcher Public Respondents
  29. 29. Marketing Research Associations Online Domestic AAPOR : American Association for Public Opinion Research ( AMA : American Marketing Association ( ARF : The Advertising Research Foundation ( CASRO : The Council of American Survey Research Organizations ( MRA : Marketing Research Association ( QRCA : Qualitative Research Consultants Association ( RIC: Research Industry Coalition (www.research

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Introduction To Marketing Research


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