Every good story has these
Point of View
5 stages of Plot
Let’s learn the plot elements of a
good story through the classic
• Setting is the time and place of the
Setting often includes cultural ideas,
customs, values, and beliefs.
The setting in “Cinderella”
• The story takes place a long time ago in
a land ruled by a king and a queen.
• Characters are the actors in a story’s
plot. They can be people, animals, or
whatever the writer chooses.
• The protagonist is the main character
trying to resolve the main conflict.
• The antagonist is the person against the
Characters in “Cinderella”
• Main characters are Cinderella and her stepmother.
• Minor Characters include: the stepsisters, the
fairy godmother and the prince.
• Protagonist: Cinderella
• Antagonist: the step mother
• The theme of “Cinderella” is
implied. The reader can
infer one or more themes
One theme is that you should
make the best of any
situation and things will work
out in the end.
Another might be, good
triumphs over evil.
What other universal themes
can you think of?
• Plot is the sequence of events in a
story. Each event causes or leads to
Main Conflict in “Cinderella”
• Problem: (Somebody)Cinderella
(wanted)wants to go to the ball, but her
stepmother prevents her from going by giving
her more chores than she can complete so
her fairy godmother helps her.
• Conflict: The conflict is external—Cinderella
versus her step mother. Man vs man conflict .
Using the Somebody Wanted But So
Strategy will help you summarize the
problem of the story.
Somebody – main character
Wanted – what do they want
But – what prevents them from
getting what they want
So – what happens to next to begin
solving the problem.
The Five Stages of Plot
• Exposition introduces the story’s characters,
setting, and conflict. All 3 elements must be
present. (Somebody Wanted But So)
• Rising action: steps the characters take to
move towards solving the conflict or struggle
in the story, often includes foreshadowing
and suspense. Rising action leads to the
climax in the story.
Foreshadowing is the hint or clue of what might
happen next in the story.
Suspense is the uncertainty or excitement in the
story, often makes the reader curious about the
The Five Stages of Plot
• Climax is the turning point of the story which
marks the end of the conflict. The main
problem is solved and outcome of plot is
• Falling action is the stage of the plot when
other issues are resolved the story begins to
close. This stage comes after the main
conflict is resolved and the tension begins to
• Resolution presents the final outcome of the
story and wraps up the story.
Cinderella: Plot Diagram
Setting: In a kingdom, a
long time ago.
wanted to go
the ball but
allow her to
go so her fairy
comes to help
4. A fairy
go to the
goes to the
try to force their
feet into the slipper.
It fits Cinderella.
the prince marry.
at the palace
11. They lived