LOW CARBON FOOTPRINT IN
METAL EXTRACTION
BY
-KHILESH KUMAR BHANDARI
-KRISHNA KUMAR HANSDAH
-BHAGAT LAL TUDU
CARBON FOOTPRINT
The total amount of green house gas
produced to directly and indirectly
support human activities , usuall...
GLOBAL WARMING
POTENTIAL
Global-warming potential (GWP) is a relative
measure of how much heat a greenhouse gas traps
in t...
SCRAP METAL RECYCLE
• Pressing
• Crushing
• Shearing
• Sorting
• Smelting
Sorting Smelting
Finished products
The biggest savings are with aluminium where the recycled only takes
6% of the energy, but other pollution is caused in th...
Biohydrometallurgy
Biohydrometallurgy can be defined as the field of applications resulting
from the control of natural (b...
BIOLEACHING
Bioleaching is the extraction of metals from their ores
through the use of living organisms. This is much clea...
Cu2+
(aq) + 2LH(organic) → CuL2(organic) + 2H+
(aq)
 Because this complex has no charge, it is no longer attracted
to pola...
The bacterium Paenibacillus polymyxa
grown in the presence of hematite.
BENEFITS OF BIOLEACHING
• Simple and inexpensive process. Substantially lower capex and
opex than in traditional smelting ...
BACTECH BIOLEACH
PROCESS
Nanoscavengers - a simple approach to
metal extraction
This method, termed the nanoscavenger concept, is based on silica p...
The concept behind this research is beautifully simple. The nanoscavenger moves
naturally through the solution under exami...
ADVANTAGES OF
NANOSCAVENGING TECHNIQUE
 the technique is environmentally friendly as smaller
volumes of organic solvents ...
REDUCTION OF CO2
THANK YOU
Low carbon footprint in metal extraction
Low carbon footprint in metal extraction
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Low carbon footprint in metal extraction

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Low carbon footprint in metal extraction

  1. 1. LOW CARBON FOOTPRINT IN METAL EXTRACTION BY -KHILESH KUMAR BHANDARI -KRISHNA KUMAR HANSDAH -BHAGAT LAL TUDU
  2. 2. CARBON FOOTPRINT The total amount of green house gas produced to directly and indirectly support human activities , usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).
  3. 3. GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL Global-warming potential (GWP) is a relative measure of how much heat a greenhouse gas traps in the atmosphere. For example, the 20 year GWP of methane is 72, which means that if the same mass of methane and carbon dioxide were introduced into the atmosphere, that methane will trap 72 times more heat than the carbon dioxide over the next 20 years
  4. 4. SCRAP METAL RECYCLE • Pressing • Crushing • Shearing • Sorting • Smelting
  5. 5. Sorting Smelting Finished products
  6. 6. The biggest savings are with aluminium where the recycled only takes 6% of the energy, but other pollution is caused in the production both times.12 kg of CO2 are produced per kg aluminium from bauxite but only 1.7 kg CO2 from recycled aluminium. Pollution Carbon Footprint Kgs of CO2 produced per kg of metal Aluminium from bauxite 12 Aluminium recycled 1.7 Brass from ores 6.7 Brass recycled 1.7 Carbon Footprint Steel from ore 2.82 Steel recycled 0.5 Carbon Footprint Kgs of CO2 produced per kg of metal Copper from ore 5.5 Copper recycled 1.4-4 Carbon Footprint Aluminium has the highest CO2 production per kg but it is much lighter than most metals.
  7. 7. Biohydrometallurgy Biohydrometallurgy can be defined as the field of applications resulting from the control of natural (biochemical) processes of interactions between microbes and minerals to recover valuable metals.  It is a subfield within hydrometallurgy which includes aspects of biotechnology.  It is used to perform processes involving metals, for example, microbial mining, oil recovery, bioleaching, water-treatment and others.  It is mainly used to recover certain metals from sulfide ores.  It is usually utilized when conventional mining procedures are too expensive or ineffective in recovering a metal such as copper, gold, lead, nickel and zinc.
  8. 8. BIOLEACHING Bioleaching is the extraction of metals from their ores through the use of living organisms. This is much cleaner than the traditional heap leaching using cyanide.Bioleaching is used to recover copper, zinc, lead, arsenic, antimony, nickel, molybdenum, gold, silver, and cobalt. Role of microorganisms in mineral bio-oxidation: •Microbes produce the leaching chemicals. •Microbes also provide the most efficient reaction space for bioleaching to occur.
  9. 9. Cu2+ (aq) + 2LH(organic) → CuL2(organic) + 2H+ (aq)  Because this complex has no charge, it is no longer attracted to polar water molecules and dissolves in the kerosene, which is then easily separated from the solution Cu2+ (aq) + Fe(s) → Cu(s) + Fe2+ (aq)
  10. 10. The bacterium Paenibacillus polymyxa grown in the presence of hematite.
  11. 11. BENEFITS OF BIOLEACHING • Simple and inexpensive process. Substantially lower capex and opex than in traditional smelting and refining processes • No sulfur dioxide emissions as in smelters. • No need for high pressure or temperature • Leaching residues less active than in physico-chemical processes • Ideal for low grade sulfide ores – lower cut-off rate possible
  12. 12. BACTECH BIOLEACH PROCESS
  13. 13. Nanoscavengers - a simple approach to metal extraction This method, termed the nanoscavenger concept, is based on silica particles and is an easy, green approach to the collection and concentration of metals for analysis. The technique is expected to yield both environmental and cost benefits. Analytical chemists regularly need to remove metals from aqueous solutions so they can be analysed. Extraction into organic solvents is currently the most popular procedure for doing this.   Howard and Khdary's approach uses chelating organic ligands to modify the surface of silica spheres with an approximate diameter of 250 nm. These particles are able to bind to metals temporarily, and can be collected easily from solutions. SEM image of the HOC18-nanoscavenger
  14. 14. The concept behind this research is beautifully simple. The nanoscavenger moves naturally through the solution under examination, binding any metal with which it comes into contact. This movement, using Brownian motion, means that no physical agitation is required. Simple filtration removes the metal-bound nanoscavenger from the solution. Finally, separation of the metal and nanoscavenger allows analysis of the metal using standard detection methods. A wide range of organic materials can be extracted on the surface of nanoscavengers by hydrophobic interaction. This is can be achieved by modifying of the silica surface with different organic groups. Indeed, large particle size modified silica has been widely and successfully used for the pre-concentration of drugs and pesticides.
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES OF NANOSCAVENGING TECHNIQUE  the technique is environmentally friendly as smaller volumes of organic solvents are used than with the other extraction methods and only small quantities of nanoscavenger (50-200 mg) need to be dispersed.  Large numbers of samples can be quickly and simultaneously treated, even at the sampling site.  One of the most important physical advantages of this procedure is less human or mechanical effort is needed as no mechanical agitation is required.
  16. 16. REDUCTION OF CO2
  17. 17. THANK YOU

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