GSWC Workshop, Week 2

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GSWC Workshop, Week 2

  1. 1. Guiding Your Strong Willed Child0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  2. 2. Welcome Back!•  Krista Keintz =•  Me•  ABA =•  Applied Behavior Analysis =•  Science of Learning•  Workshop =•  Really Fun•  You =•  Terrific! Thanks for sharing your videos!
  3. 3. Wave to Say Hello!
  4. 4. Session Overview Review Make it Stick Community At-Home Extensions Content Gift from ScienceCollaboration Practical Applications
  5. 5. Week 2 Review Operational Definitions Community Choices Before Content A for Antecedent Collaboration Bye, Junk Demands!
  6. 6. ReviewOperational Definitions•  Objective – Did I use only observable characteristics?•  Clear – Could an unfamiliar actor use it as a script?•  Complete – Does it include everything I want to include & exclude everything I want to exclude?
  7. 7. ReviewWhy Bother? •  Aid to Communication •  Right Response to Behavior •  Antidote to Nebulous Feeling of Guilt
  8. 8. ReviewNot-A-Test•  Circle all of the words you might find in an “operational definition” of a tantrum. Wanted toy Produces tears Shouts “no” Angry Kicks feet Mad at brother Didn’t sleep well Longer than a minute Happy Throws object
  9. 9. ReviewNot-A-Test•  Circle all of the words you might find in an “operational definition” of a tantrum. Wanted toy Produces tears Shouts “no” Angry Kicks feet Mad at brother Didn’t sleep well Longer than a minute Happy Throws objectAnswer: All except those in black – those all are presumptions we make based on our observations, but are not objective descriptions of behavior
  10. 10. Week 2 Review Operational Definitions Community Choices Before Content A for Antecedent Collaboration Bye, Junk Demands!
  11. 11. CommunityFreedom Within Limits•  Creating a choice-rich environment is an extremely powerful antidote to challenging behavior•  Research has demonstrated that offering choices (even with yolked activities!) decreases challenging behavior and increases on-task behavior•  NOT a free-for-all and NOT during trouble
  12. 12. CommunityWays to Offer Choices Open Ended Questions Structured Choices Micro Choices You or Me Choices
  13. 13. CommunityOpen Ended Questions•  This is what most people think of when they think of offering choices – nice but can be tricky to use effectively with young children – What would you like to do? – What book would you like to read? – To whom would you like to write a note? – Where would you like to go to lunch?
  14. 14. CommunityStructured Choices•  These are a nice alternative to open-ended questions because they set parameters while still offering an opportunity to choose – Would you like to do a puzzle or play with your truck? – Would you like to read Hungry Caterpillar or Tails? – Would you like to write a thank you note to grandma or grandpa? – Would you like to eat at Whole Foods or Burger Bar?
  15. 15. CommunityMicro Choices•  These are a fun & simple way to MAKE deposits in your child’s account – Shall we drive the truck fast or slow? – Would you like me to read with a loud or soft voice? – Would you like to write with a pencil or a pen? – Would you like to walk backwards or forwards into the restaurant? Choice of degree, order, style…
  16. 16. CommunityYou or Me Choices•  These are choices you can offer during thin-ice & historically hot button times but BEFORE the trouble – Would you like to put the puzzle piece in or shall I? – Would you like to sit to listen to the story from your bed or in my lap? – Would you like to write your name all by yourself or with my help? – Would you like to walk into the restaurant or shall I carry you?
  17. 17. CommunityAcademy Awards
  18. 18. CommunityTime for Reflection•  What type of choice did you offer?•  Were choices offered before challenging behavior?•  Did you offer only two simple choices? – If You or Me Choice, could you “enforce” one of the options?•  Did you wait patiently for 10 seconds?•  Did you mix in any extra demands or negotiations?•  Did you honor your child’s choice if s/he chose?•  Did you calmly choose if s/he didn’t?•  Challenges? Surprises?
  19. 19. CommunityMicro Choices = Easy Money Open Ended Questions Structured Choices Micro Choices You or Me Choices
  20. 20. Week 2 Review Operational Definitions Community Choices Before Content A for Antecedent Collaboration Bye, Junk Demands!
  21. 21. ContentNuts & Bolts of Behavior Extinction & Establishing Operational Preference Operations Definitions Assessments Original Behavior Antecedent Consequence Replacement Behavior
  22. 22. ContentThe ABCs of Behavior Operational Definitions Behavior Antecedent Consequence
  23. 23. ContentAnte – what? Norman Rockwell, Maternity Waiting Room
  24. 24. ContentAnte – what? Photo via fanpop.com
  25. 25. ContentAnte-cedent!•  “A stimulus or event that preceded some other event or a contingency; a discriminative stimulus in a three-term contingency is one kind of antecedent”•  In other words – “What comes BEFORE” Catania, Charles. Learning 4th Edition (1998)
  26. 26. ContentWelcome to Our Home Can youidentify theABCs in this video?
  27. 27. ContentA Closer Look at Antecedents•  Antecedents do not cause behavior!•  What does??? – Stay tuned for week 3!
  28. 28. ContentWho Cares Then?•  Control antecedents to decrease opportunity for challenging behavior to be reinforced – Bjorn can’t jump on chair to see out window to see passing dogs – Bjorn can’t reach plant to dig in plant to eat dirt
  29. 29. ContentVideo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3A7upO0yjw
  30. 30. ContentQuick Note•  We are not talking about unconditioned reflexes in which the relationship between a stimulus and a response does not depend on prior conditioning Palmar Grasp Photo via science-at-home.org
  31. 31. ContentNot-A-Test•  An antecedent, behaviorally speaking, can best be described as: (a) what happens after a behavior occurs (b) what happens before a behavior occurs (c) what causes a behavior to occur (d) how a child feels before she engages in a behavior
  32. 32. ContentNot-A-Test•  An antecedent, behaviorally speaking, can best be described as: (a) what happens after a behavior occurs (b) what happens before a behavior occurs (c) what causes a behavior to occur (d) how a child feels before she engages in a behavior ANSWER: (B) An antecedent comes before a behavior but does not cause operant behavior contrary to popular opinion
  33. 33. Week 2 Review Operational Definitions Community Choices Before Content A for Antecedent Collaboration Bye, Junk Demands!
  34. 34. ContentCollaboration
  35. 35. CollaborationGoodbye Junk Demands!•  Future Goal – Follow through (every time) when you make a demand… WE ARE NOT STARTING THIS YET! – As my director used to ask, “Is this the hill that you want to die on?”•  Current Goal – Stop wasting your hard earned money on junk demands
  36. 36. CollaborationWhat are Junk Demands?•  Question Demands •  Are you ready for bedtime? •  Can you please get ready for school? •  It’s time for dinner, OK? •  Do you need to use the bathroom? Photo via awordywoman.com
  37. 37. CollaborationWhat are Junk Demands?•  Unnecessary Demands •  No running (when it is actually safe) •  Sit still •  Do X this way Photo via amazon.com
  38. 38. CollaborationWhat are Junk Demands?•  Vague Demands •  Be careful •  Show respect •  Be nice to your brother •  Gentle! Photo via mysafetysign.com
  39. 39. CollaborationWhat are Junk Demands?•  Unenforceable Demands •  Come here (from across the room) •  Please turn off the tv (from across the room) •  Be quiet •  Put on your boots while I get your sister ready for school Photo via telegraph.co.uk
  40. 40. CollaborationWhat 16 Junk Demands CanYou Live Without? Brainstorm now. QUESTION UNENFORCEABLE Post them at home as a reminder. Bring your list back to UNNECESSARY VAGUE workshop next week!
  41. 41. CollaborationAt-Home Extension•  Please email by SUNDAY night – Email me a 30-second video of you offering different type of choice than you did this week (p.s. if you parent with a partner, the other partner gets to star this week!) •  Structured Choice, •  Micro Choice, OR •  You or Me Choice I know… I broke the rule and offered three choices! You are adults though so I say it’s OK!

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