Cancer presentation


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Cancer presentation

  1. 1. Cancer<br />Kamille Bauer<br />
  2. 2. General name for a group of over 100 diseases<br />Begins when cells in a certain part of the body grow out of control<br />Many types of cancer, but all start when abnormal cells begin to grow out of control<br />What is it?<br />
  3. 3. Bone <br />Bladder<br />Brain<br />Breast<br />Cervical <br />Colon<br />Eye <br />Liver<br />Leukemia<br />Lung <br />Prostate<br />Pancreatic<br />Common types of Cancer<br />
  4. 4. Signs and symptoms are different for every type of cancer<br />Depends where the cancer is, how big it is, and how much it affects other organs<br />Fever, fatigue, pain, skin color, weight loss<br />Cancer cells use up body’s energy supply<br />Some lung cancers affect the body’s nerves and muscles which can cause the person to feel weak and dizzy<br />Some pancreatic cancers cause blood clots in the legs<br />Signs and Symptoms<br />
  5. 5. Genetic Factors<br />Tobacco Use/Secondhand smoke<br />Sun/UV Exposure<br />Lifestyle Choices<br />“Each year, about 570,000 Americans die of cancer; fully one-third of these deaths are linked to poor diet, physical inactivity, and carrying too much weight.”<br />What Causes Cancer?<br />
  6. 6. Control weight<br />Excess weight causes the body to produce more insulin and estrogen which can promote cancer cell growth<br />Eat healthy<br />Most important are fruits and vegetables<br />Vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants reduce risk of many cancers<br />Be active<br />For adults, at least 30 min of moderate-vigorous activity per day on 5 or more days of the week<br />For children, 60 min or more on at least 5 or more days per week<br />Cancer Control<br />
  7. 7. Helps with weight control<br />Stronger and more fit<br />Helps to enhance the immune system by improving hormone levels<br />Increases energy<br />Increases self-confidence<br />Better mood<br />Less fatigue<br />Need to individualize exercise program for the patient’s specific condition<br />Benefits of Exercise<br /><br />
  8. 8. Tumors effect the affected tissues<br />Shortness of breath for lung cancer patients<br />Seizures are common when CNS and brain are involved<br />Anemia is sometimes experienced when bone marrow is affected <br />Easily fatigued with advanced cancer<br />A concern with cancer survivors is that they are more likely to have CAD, high BP, Diabetes, or high blood lipids<br />Effects on the Exercise Response<br />
  9. 9. Studies have shown<br />Improved shoulder ROM<br />Decreased fatigue, nausea<br />Increase in functional ability<br />Better ability to maintain body weight<br />Enhanced body-image and sense of control<br />Overall improvement of mood and quality of life<br />Effects of Exercise Training for Breast Cancer Patients<br />
  10. 10. Some sort of combination of <br />Surgery<br />Chemotherapy<br />Radiation Therapy<br />Immunotherapy<br />These methods can cause pain, decrease in flexibility, amputation, nerve damage, cardiac or lung scarring, anemia, nausea, fatigue, muscle weakness<br />Other Treatment Methods<br />
  11. 11. Glucocorticoids<br />Growth Factors<br />Doxorubicin<br />Mitoxantrone<br />Bleomycin<br />Corticosteroids<br />Among many others<br />Can cause myopathy, cardiomyopathy,pulmonary fibrosis, and anemia<br />Medications<br />
  12. 12. Durstine, J. Larry., and Geoffrey E. Moore. "Cancer." ACSM's Exercise Management for Persons with Chronic Diseases and Disabilities. 2nd ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2003. 166-71. <br /><br /><br />References<br />