What is absolutism

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Absolute monarchs

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What is absolutism

  1. 1. Absolutism?In your notebooks, write your own definition ofabsolutism. What does this word mean to you?
  2. 2. • Who is in the painting?• What is in the background?• What message does this portrait convey?• What is the meaning?
  3. 3. Yertle the Turtle
  4. 4. Absolute Monarchs• Unlimited power• Controlled all aspects of society• Divine Right of Kings – Only answered to god, not his/her subject
  5. 5. Absolute vs. Enlightened Rulers• An enlightened despot - considered reforms in order to create more efficient societies, but not at the expense of their own power.• Absolutism and the Social Contract Theory – Argued about the legitimate source of political power centered on divine right – Which enlightened thinker’s ideas/beliefs does this theory conflict with?
  6. 6. Absolute Monarch = King James I • King of both England and Scotland! • A Letter to Parliament (1609) – How does King James I defend his right as king? – What 3 things does he warn parliament to avoid in the future?
  7. 7. Dear King James I!• Write a response to King James I’s letter to parliament from the perspective of one of the 6 enlightened thinkers. – Think of what he/she would think about this letter and how they would react to it.
  8. 8. Absolute or Enlightened? You be the judge!Vote which 18th Century monarchs you think were either absolute or enlightened rulers.
  9. 9. Peter the Great - Russia
  10. 10. Catherine the Great - Russia
  11. 11. King Phillip - Spain
  12. 12. Joseph II - Austria
  13. 13. Frederick the Great - Prussia
  14. 14. King Frederick III - Norway
  15. 15. And here are the results.
  16. 16. The Good…• Catherine the Great – Russia• Frederick the Great – Prussia• Joseph II - Austria
  17. 17. The Bad…• King Phillip – Spain• Peter the Great – Russia• King Frederick III – Norway• King Louis XIV - France
  18. 18. The Ugly…
  19. 19. • How does the idea behind an absolute monarch conflict with the ideas of the enlightened thinkers?• Choose one of the ideas of the philosophes to examine this question.

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