Absolute Monarchs• Unlimited power• Controlled all aspects of society• Divine Right of Kings – Only answered to god, not his/her subject
Absolute vs. Enlightened Rulers• An enlightened despot - considered reforms in order to create more efficient societies, but not at the expense of their own power.• Absolutism and the Social Contract Theory – Argued about the legitimate source of political power centered on divine right – Which enlightened thinker’s ideas/beliefs does this theory conflict with?
Absolute Monarch = King James I • King of both England and Scotland! • A Letter to Parliament (1609) – How does King James I defend his right as king? – What 3 things does he warn parliament to avoid in the future?
Dear King James I!• Write a response to King James I’s letter to parliament from the perspective of one of the 6 enlightened thinkers. – Think of what he/she would think about this letter and how they would react to it.
Absolute or Enlightened? You be the judge!Vote which 18th Century monarchs you think were either absolute or enlightened rulers.