Grandentry virtualmuseumtemplate 1_2 (5)

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Grandentry virtualmuseumtemplate 1_2 (5)

  1. 1. Museum Entrance AMilitary Journey Artillery& Techniques TheBeginningof GreekArt ArtMaterials Welcome to the Museum of Greek Military and Art Curator’s Offices
  2. 2. Curator’s OfficeOluomachi Onyekwere, and Catherine Brothers Note: Virtual museums were first introduced by educators at Keith Valley Middle School in Horsham, Pennsylvania. This template was designed by Dr. Christy Keeler. View the Educational Virtual Museums website for more information on this instructional technique. Return to Entry Oluoma Hi, thanks for coming to our museum. I am in 8th grade. I am thirteen years old. I am in charge of the military area of the museum. People call me “Oluoma.” My hobbies are playing computer games, reading, listening to music, any music as long as it sounds good. Catherine Hi! I’m Catherine; I’m in 8th grade, and I’m 13 years old. I am in charge of the art section of the museum. I love listening to music and I love to draw. Thanks for visiting the museum!
  3. 3. Room 1 Return to Entry A Military Journey
  4. 4. Room 2 Return to Entry Artillery & Techniques
  5. 5. Room 3 Return to Entry Art Materials
  6. 6. Room 4 Return to Entry The Beginnings of Greek Art Artifact 15
  7. 7. "Ancient Greece: Lesson 5." Ancient Greece: Lesson 5. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. Return to Exhibit Spartan Boy Thesis: Military training was so important in Ancient Sparta for young boys because since Spartans were outnumbered by their slaves, they needed a large army to keep them under control. This is a special mural done by an artist who has become close to the museum and has been doing this museum a huge favor. This particular artwork illustrates the taking away of a young boy from his mother. At the age of six or seven, Spartan boys were taken from their parents and sent to military training. Boys were being taught military so young because Sparta wanted to create the strongest warriors to keep the city-state powerful. They married the strongest boys with the strongest girls and the fastest boys with the fastest girls in order to bread the best warriors. At age twenty the men of Sparta moved into the barracks and became full time soldiers. Military service lasted until the age of forty, duty in the reserves lasted from forty to sixty years of age.
  8. 8. "Greek Warriors in Front of Troy | Antique Military Illustrations." Royalty Free Images for Commercial Use & Educational Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. Return to Exhibit Trojan War This is an antique illustration of Greek warriors in front of Troy during the Trojan war. The Trojan War was between the Greeks and the people of Troy. The conflict began after the Trojan prince Paris abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta. When Menelaus demanded her return, the Trojans refused. Menelaus then persuaded his brother Agamemnon to lead an army against Troy. Thesis: Military training was so important in Ancient Sparta for young boys because since Spartans were outnumbered by their slaves, they needed a large army to keep them under control.
  9. 9. "Ancient Greek Soldiers | Antique Military Illustrations." Royalty Free Images for Commercial Use & Educational Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. Return to Exhibit Greek Soldiers Thesis: Military training was so important in Ancient Sparta for young boys because since Spartans were outnumbered by their slaves, they needed a large army to keep them under control. This is an antique 19th-century illustration of Ancient Greek soldiers. There powerful weapons and armor are visible in this illustration.
  10. 10. "Sparta –A Military City-state | Www.historynotes.info." Wwwhistorynotesinfo. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. Return to Exhibit Military Training Thesis: Military training was so important in Ancient Sparta for young boys because since Spartans were outnumbered by their slaves, they needed a large army to keep them under control. This picture illustrates Spartan boys military training. Some training included: infants bathing with wine instead of water, in the belief that this toughened them, boys walking barefoot to toughen their feet, boys playing naked to endure any pain and become stronger, sleeping on hard beds, and enduring as much pain as possible. Their education emphasized physical, mental and spiritual toughness and could be quite brutal. Spartans advocated running. Soldiers needed to be quick. They were taught to endure hardship and pitted against each other in fights by their instructors. Adolescents were used to terrorize the Helots, and in a particularly nasty tradition called a Krypteia. They were sent out at night with the goal of killing any helot perceived to be a threat or unlucky enough to be discovered out alone. Each fall the Spartans would declare war on the Helot making it legal to kill any Helot.
  11. 11. "Spartan Weapons." Spartan Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. Return to Exhibit Spartan Swords – Short &Deadly Thesis: Military training was so important in Ancient Sparta for young boys because since Spartans were outnumbered by their slaves, they needed a large army to keep them under control. This picture contains two ancient Spartan military swords. Spartan hoplite warriors carried a short sword called a xiphos. This weapon had an iron blade typically only 12- 18 inches. The Spartans shorter weapon proved deadly in the crush caused by colliding phalanxes formations were it was capable of being thrust through gaps in the enemies shield walls and armor were there was no room for longer weapons.
  12. 12. "Spartan Weapons." Spartan Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. Return to Exhibit The Kopis – The Nasty Spartan Weapon Thesis: Military training was so important in Ancient Sparta for young boys because since Spartans were outnumbered by their slaves, they needed a large army to keep them under control. This picture is another weapon that Ancient Spartan Warriors used. This was a vicious hacking weapon in the form of a thick, curved iron sword. Warriors would use this weapon more as an axe then a sword, inflicting nasty wounds compared to the cleaner holes made by the spear and xiphos.
  13. 13. "Spartan Weapons." Spartan Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. Return to Exhibit Spartan Spearhead Thesis: Military training was so important in Ancient Sparta for young boys because since Spartans were outnumbered by their slaves, they needed a large army to keep them under control. This picture represents a Spartan spearhead. The Spartan warriors primary weapon was a spear called a dory. It was typically believed to have been between 7 to 9 feet (2.1 - 2.7 meters) in length. There was a bronze or iron curved leaf shaped spearhead with a long, cylindrical socket in which the shaft was placed. The butt of the spear was capped with a butt spike called a sauroter, Greek for ’lizard killer’. It could be used to stand the spear up or used as a secondary weapon if the spearhead was broke off. Additionally, any enemies that had fallen could be dispatched by the warriors marching over them in the back ranks of the phalanx who were holding there spears in a vertical position.
  14. 14. "Spartan Weapons." Spartan Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. Return to Exhibit The Old Bashing Shield Thesis: Military training was so important in Ancient Sparta for young boys because since Spartans were outnumbered by their slaves, they needed a large army to keep them under control. In this mural there are Spartan soldiers in phalanx formation, but what it truly depicts are the shields used by Spartan soldiers in war. The main purpose of the Spartan shield was defensive; however Spartans also used it to bash their opponents. This could be to stun them, knock them down or get some room to use another weapon. The shield could also be used as a killing weapon outright, its weight and thin edge making it a superb blunt weapon. It weighed about 30 pounds. They were constructed out of wood with an outer layer of bronze. The Greek letter lambda was on their shield, referring to their homeland Lacedaemonia.
  15. 15. This is a picture of clay which is familiar to your eyes. Clay was used to make pottery in ancient Greece. The Greeks would gather clay from the earth and use it to create vases, bowls, and other pieces of artwork. In later years, clay was used to create figures, including gods and goddesses, and morals, normally male. Return to Exhibit Clay Thesis: Ancient Greek art was considered to be so important in Ancient Greece because it represented the interests and lifestyle of Ancient Greeks. “Clay” Clay. “potteryblog.com” N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013
  16. 16. This is a picture of white marble. The Greeks would use marble to create their famous sculptures. White marble was not the only type Greek artist used. Marble in sculptures is shown in many Greek sculptures from 5th century BCE and beyond. Marble also helped the sculptures look more life-like and showed more detail, which the Greeks would try their best to show through their artwork. Many Greek sculptures were also made of stone and were normally painted over. Return to Exhibit Marble “Marble texture”. Marble texture | “Www.istock.com” N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013 Thesis: Ancient Greek art was considered to be so important in Ancient Greece because it represented the interests and lifestyle of Ancient Greeks.
  17. 17. “Wooden canvas” Wooden canvas.“Www.johncolemanstainedglass.com” N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013 Although the Greeks did not create many paintings, they would use wooden panels or canvases such as this one. These were called ‘panel paintings’. Panel paintings normally were of figures, including portraits and still-life. Unfortunately, there are no Greek panel paintings that exist today. Paintings were also created on walls, called Wall Paintings, and were produced in the Classical and Hellenistic periods. Wall Paintings are considered tradition and some even still exist today. Return to Exhibit Wooden Canvas Thesis: Ancient Greek art was considered to be so important in Ancient Greece because it represented the interests and lifestyle of Ancient Greeks.
  18. 18. “Gold” Gold. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013 One of the first pieces of artwork that the ancient Greeks created was jewelry. To create their jewelry, they used metals. These metals included gold, as shown, along with bronze, copper, and silver. These metals were used by craftsmen in shops in Greek villages. Return to Exhibit Gold Thesis: Ancient Greek art was considered to be so important in Ancient Greece because it represented the interests and lifestyle of Ancient Greeks.
  19. 19. “Knossos” Knossos. “en.wikipedia.org” N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013 Ancient Greek art is said to have started in the Bronze Age civilizations. These civilizations included Knossos, as pictured, Mycenae, and Troy. These were cultural centers for Greek art in the Bronze Age. The pottery created at Knossos was heavily and uniquely decorated and were likely to be created by Knossos craftsmen, working as jobs. Unfortunately, the pottery created at Knossos has not survived due to the sizes of some pieces and other difficulties. Return to Exhibit The Village of Knossos Thesis: Ancient Greek art was considered to be so important in Ancient Greece because it represented the interests and lifestyle of Ancient Greeks.
  20. 20. “Mycenae” Mycenae.“employees.oneonta.edu” N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013 Mycenae was another village in the Bronze Age civilizations. Mycenae is said to have settled in 2000 BC by Indo- Europeans that practiced herding and farming. During the late Bronze Age, Mycenae was a fortified hill surrounded by hamlets and estates. The rulers had placed their stronghold in a less populated and more remote region for it’s defensive value. Return to Exhibit The Village of Mycenae Thesis: Ancient Greek art was considered to be so important in Ancient Greece because it represented the interests and lifestyle of Ancient Greeks.
  21. 21. “Craftsmen” Craftsmen. “squidoo.com” N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013 Craftsmen played an extremely important role in the beginnings of ancient Greek art. The Greek craftsmen worked in small villages in shops, creating pottery, jewelry, sculptures, etc. They would use clay, marble, stone, etc. for their work. Craftsmen were so important to ancient Greek art, and modern art, because they had created these different forms of art and used these materials for art, which influenced Greek in later years and today’s modern world of art. Return to Exhibit Craftsmen Thesis: Ancient Greek art was considered to be so important in Ancient Greece because it represented the interests and lifestyle of Ancient Greeks.
  22. 22. “Pottery” Pottery. “yasou.org” N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013 The craftsmen in ancient Greece had created many forms of artwork that are still created in today’s world. These include pottery, marble sculptures, and jewelry. These creations were made with fine details and materials. The vase shown is one of the many pieces of artwork that these craftsmen created that would fall under “pottery”. As you can see, these craftsmen would paint over their pottery. The most common things to paint were horses and male figures. The jewelry that these craftsmen created were made of metals, and the sculptures were typically made with marble. Return to Exhibit Early Greek Artwork Thesis: Ancient Greek art was considered to be so important in Ancient Greece because it represented the interests and lifestyle of Ancient Greeks.
  23. 23. "The Spartan Military." Spartan Military. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. Return to Entrance Spartan Hoplite Thesis: Military training was so important in Ancient Sparta for young boys because since Spartans were outnumbered by their slaves, they needed a large army to keep them under control. This statue depicts a hoplite warrior from Sparta. A hoplite typically had a bronze, muscled breastplate, a helmet with cheek plates, as well as greaves and other shin armor. They carried a bowl-shaped wood and bronze shield called an aspis or hoplon. It was very heavy and protected the warrior from chin to knee. They also wore a scarlet cape to represent them as Spartans, though the cape was never worn in combat.
  24. 24. "Random." : The Ancient Near East. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. Return to Entrance Phalanx Formation Thesis: Military training was so important in Ancient Sparta for young boys because since Spartans were outnumbered by their slaves, they needed a large army to keep them under control. This ancient artifact depicts the organized formation Spartan soldiers stood in for war. In a phalanx formation hoplites formed shield walls by overlapping their large shields, the left of each shield protecting the warrior to the left. Only the shins and head of the hoplite were exposed, and these were well protected by grieves and helmets. The spears of the first three ranks of a phalanx formation could be used offensively.
  25. 25. Works Cited "Ancient Greece: Lesson 5." Ancient Greece: Lesson 5. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. "Ancient Greek Soldiers | Antique Military Illustrations." Royalty Free Images for Commercial Use & Educational Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. "Greek Warriors in Front of Troy | Antique Military Illustrations." Royalty Free Images for Commercial Use & Educational Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. "Random." : The Ancient Near East. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. "Sparta †“ A Military City-state | Www.historynotes.info." Wwwhistorynotesinfo. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. "The Spartan Military." Spartan Military. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. "Spartan Weapons." Spartan Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. "Trojan War." †” FactMonster.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. O'Connell, Kim A. Ancient Greece. Berkeley Heights: MyReportLinks.com, 2004. Print. Roberts, Russell. How'd They Do That in Ancient Greece? Hockessin: Mitchell Lane, 2010. Print. Return to Entrance

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