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The Case of the Mis-Matched Content

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Example of using storytelling, interactivity and gamification to engage the learner. The content revolves around teaching how to match the right instructional strategy with the right content through examples and modeling what is effective from a learning perspective.

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The Case of the Mis-Matched Content

  1. 1. Follow on Twitter:@kkapp for updates, slides & additional ideas. By Karl M. Kapp Bloomsburg University Author of Gamification of Learning & Instruction and Fieldbook Gamification of Learning Lynda.com course Download Slides & Notes at: www.karlkapp.com/kapp-notes Matching the Right Content to the Right Instructional Strategy
  2. 2. For: Notes/Slides Additional Ideas www.karlkapp.com www.karlkapp.com/kapp-notes
  3. 3. Design Takeaway Challenge
  4. 4. Karl M. Kapp Presents:
  5. 5. It wasn’t a good day for Larry the Learner….
  6. 6. Apparently, he just died of boredom.
  7. 7. And the Press was having field day….
  8. 8. It wasn’t a good day for me either…I had to find out how this happened.
  9. 9. And it’s not a good day for you... You’ve got to help me solve this case.
  10. 10. Stakes are high……
  11. 11. Type of Content Appropriate Strategy Definition First, get a pen and paper and draw something like this. You do have a pen and paper? Right? Tell-Tale Verbs
  12. 12. Text KarlKapp to 37607 Next, take out your text machines. All One Word “karlkapp”
  13. 13. Next you need to choose your disguise…
  14. 14. Now let’s search Larry’s office for clues…
  15. 15. Today: Learn how to create a winning proposal.
  16. 16. Let’s take a look at what’s on Larry’s computer….
  17. 17. Ok so for what type of knowledge is a matching game most appropriate? Today: Learn how to create a winning proposal. RFP Terms Winning Phrases Capture Strategy RFP Sections Writing Facts Bad Example
  18. 18. Ok so for what type of knowledge is a matching game most appropriate? Today: Learn how to create a winning proposal. RFP Terms Winning Phrases Capture Strategy RFP Sections Writing Facts Bad Example It looks like Larry was playing some type of Jeopardy-Game when the incident occurred. So…for what type of content is a Jeopardy- type game the most appropriate strategy?
  19. 19. Hmm, I think we need to learn more about instructional strategies, I know just who to ask. We need to visit one of the toughest L&D folks I know. The Learning Lady.
  20. 20. Let’s get going to her favorite hangout.
  21. 21. On her lunch hour she hangs at a place called “The Dinner”
  22. 22. Yeah, she was a former school teacher. As wicked with the red pen as they come. Oh, no I don’t. It’s not “The Dinner.” It’s “The Diner.”
  23. 23. So tell me about instructional strategys. …strategys No! …strategies Yes!
  24. 24. First, let me tell you about the most basic type of content known to humankind.
  25. 25. “Declarative.” It’s Factual information that can only be learned through memorization.
  26. 26. Type of Content Appropriate Strategy Definition Tell-Tale Verbs Let’s take some notes on that.
  27. 27. Type of Content Appropriate Strategy Definition Tell-Tale Verbs Declarative Information that can only be learned by memorization
  28. 28. Ok, question for you and your detectives.
  29. 29. Got, it. So what strategies would be good for teaching facts?
  30. 30. She started to rattle off the information. Mnemonics As an example, Roy G. Biv HOMES PASS ADDIE
  31. 31. Elaboration Storytelling Learners remember facts better in stories than in bulleted lists.
  32. 32. Association Diagrams Tables Matching Activities…like a Jeopardy-type game.
  33. 33. Ah, good but how do I know if the clue is pointing toward “Declarative Content”?
  34. 34. Look for the following verbs in the learning objectives. Identify Recognize Recall Good, let’s recap what we know so far detectives.
  35. 35. Type of Knowledge Appropriate Strategy Definition Tell-Tale Verbs Declarative Information that can only be learned through memorization -Mnemonics -Diagrams -Elaboration Association -Identify -Recogniz e -Recall
  36. 36. I can’t give you any more information. I have to go. To learn more, you must talk to… Our conversation was over. She had to go. “The King Pin.”
  37. 37. It was a short trip to The King Pin’s Office.
  38. 38. He appeared to be expecting me…. I was expecting you.I got a text you were coming.
  39. 39. Hello King Pin. Call me Bob. Hi, ya Bob.
  40. 40. I need to know about instructional strategies. I only know about Conceptual Content. Start talk’n Bob. Actually, I think I’d like you to call me King Pin.
  41. 41. Conceptual Content is the grouping of ideas or objects having common attributes.
  42. 42. Let me ask you a question detectives...
  43. 43. There are two types of concepts—Concrete Concepts and Abstract Concepts.
  44. 44. I’m listening. Concrete concepts are things you can touch, like a table or a chair.Abstract concepts are things you can’t touch like customer service or compliance.
  45. 45. How does one teach concepts?
  46. 46. Examples and non-examples of the concept. Take the concept of a chair…what are the attributes of a chair?
  47. 47. seat, legs, back, arm rest, cushion, what it's made of, sit on it on, meant or designed to sit on,
  48. 48. What else you got?
  49. 49. Metaphors Being in compliance is as easy as following a recipe. A metaphor transfers the sense or associations of one word or idea to another. The ADDIE Model is a road map. Creating engaging instruction is like writing a mystery novel.
  50. 50. Anything else you want to tell me?
  51. 51. Two words.
  52. 52. Instructional Strategies Declarative Content -Mnemonics -Elaboration -Association -Identify -Recognize -Recall Problem Solving -Review Examples -Question Protocol -Learning Documentary -Construct -Create -Design Conceptual -Metaphors -Examples, Non -Concept Map Verbs -Classify -Discriminate -Compare Procedural -Conceptual Understanding -Big Picture –Why -Verify -Perform -Follow Concept Map.
  53. 53. Alright, detectives did you get those verbs? The one’s in red!!
  54. 54. Instructional Strategies Declarative Content -Mnemonics -Elaboration -Association -Identify -Recognize -Recall Problem Solving -Review Examples -Question Protocol -Learning Documentary -Construct -Create -Design Conceptual -Metaphors -Examples, Non -Concept Map Verbs -Classify -Discriminate -Compare Procedural -Conceptual Understanding -Big Picture –Why -Verify -Perform -Follow
  55. 55. Type of Content Appropriate Strategy Definition Tell-Tale Verbs Declarative Information that can only be learned through memorization -Mnemonics -Elaboration -Association -Identify -Recognize -Recall Conceptual Grouping of ideas, objects having common attributes. 2 abstract & concrete -Classify -Discriminate -Compare -Example, non- example -Methaphor -Concept map
  56. 56. Twittermission Get the Notes/Slides & Additional Ideas www.karlkapp.com/kapp-notes
  57. 57. Now we need to find Ivan…the Informant...
  58. 58. I knew one of his old hangouts...
  59. 59. He was about as friendly as a ghost on Halloween with no one to haunt. Hello, again clueless…
  60. 60. Look I am going to ask you a question about Procedural Content. He was about as friendly as a ghost on Halloween with no one to haunt.
  61. 61. Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Procedural Content is step-by-step instructions for performing a task.
  62. 62. He grabbed his typewriter and made some notes to explain about Procedural Content.
  63. 63. Strategy One: Part-to-Whole De-construct the procedure, teach the individual parts and then have the learners put it back together again.
  64. 64. Strategy Three: Why? Teach the “Why” behind a process or a procedure to provide the context for troubleshooting and for understanding the steps.
  65. 65. Procedures are a bunch of “strung-together” concepts.If the learner is having problems with the procedure, it might be they don’t understand the underlying concepts.
  66. 66. Riddle me this…which verbs do you think are indicators of Procedural Content?
  67. 67. How is your chart looking detectives? We must be getting close.
  68. 68. Type of Content Appropriate Strategy Definition Tell-Tale Verbs Conceptual Grouping of ideas, objects having common attributes. Abstract & Concrete -Metaphors -Examples, Non -Concept Map -Classify -Discriminate -Compare Declarative Information that can only be learned through memorization -Mnemonics -Elaboration -Association -Identify -Recognize -Recall Procedural Step-by-step instructions for performing a task. Part to whole Kobayashi Maru Teach the Why Verify Perform follow
  69. 69. Before you and your loser friends …go, here is a pack of matches. You might want to start a fire. Or, it might be a clue.
  70. 70. I arrived at the place on the matchbook, as shady as a pine grove at Midnight…
  71. 71. Suddenly “Boss Lady” pulled up in her fancy car.
  72. 72. She threw me a folder…
  73. 73. Then she zoomed off into the cityscape…
  74. 74. Let’s see what’s inside.
  75. 75. We need more information from Boss Lady…let’s go.
  76. 76. This was it, she was going to tell me about the final content level and instructional strategies. Have a seat.
  77. 77. There is no chair.
  78. 78. Ok, look…here are three ways to teach problem solving….
  79. 79. Experts are different from novice learners because an expert can apply knowledge learned from multiple experiences and adapt it to a new experience. First let me tell you this.
  80. 80. So give learners: - Multiple, Realistic Scenarios (case studies) - Problem-based Learning Experiences - Third-Person“Thinkers”
  81. 81. Ok so for what type of knowledge is a matching game most appropriate? She turned on her computer to show me an example…
  82. 82. Also experts solve problems by asking themselves different questions than novices. Provide a list of prompts or questions to help trigger thoughts and question sets. There is a list of questions in the folder I gave you. Did you even look? Ugh.
  83. 83. Create a learning documentary of how to do a job, how decisions are made, how dots are connected. Then she turned on the oldest TV I’d ever seen…to some Reality TV show…What was this? Appointment Television? Show learners how experts think through problems and solve them. It’s a “think aloud.”
  84. 84. Great stuff, how about the verbs for problem solving. Again…in the folder…again ugh.
  85. 85. Let’s see if we know some of the verbs before we check the folder. Question Create Outline Resolve Explore Design Construct
  86. 86. Type of Content Appropriate Strategy Definition Tell-Tale Verbs Problem Solving Previously un- encountered situation Requires application of previously learned content. -Multiple Examples -Question Protocol -Learning Documentary -Construct -Create -Design Conceptual Grouping of ideas, objects having common attributes. -Metaphors -Examples, Non -Concept Map -Classify -Discriminate -Compare Declarative Information that can only be learned through memorization -Mnemonics -Elaboration -Association -Identify -Recognize -Recall Procedural Step-by-step instructions for performing a task. -Part-to-Whole -Kobayashi Maru –Why? -Verify -Perform -Follow Let’s complete our chart. Least Valuable Most Valuable Looks like the Learning Lady was here.
  87. 87. Alright, detectives let’s close the case. Now try those two clues again.
  88. 88. Today: Learn how to create a winning proposal. Here was the original clue….
  89. 89. Ok so for what type of knowledge is a matching game most appropriate? Today: Learn how to create a winning proposal. RFP Terms Winning Phrases Capture Strategy RFP Sections Writing Facts Bad Example Larry was playing some type of Jeopardy-Game –-a matching game. It was the wrong strategy. Here was the other clue….
  90. 90. This case is closed, I’m ready to go home.
  91. 91. Text LEAVE to 37607
  92. 92. It was starting to look like the case wouldn’t end so easily…. Wait. This case is not going to end so easily. Did you see this afternoon’s paper?
  93. 93. I guess we should have checked for a pulse. Find out what instructional strategy woke Larry. Rumor has it…it is not one that you uncovered today.
  94. 94. I’ll conduct an investigation alright.
  95. 95. But now…I’m out of time. We’ll solve that case in a future presentation.
  96. 96. Have a good afternoon. See you in Cyberspace.
  97. 97. The End
  98. 98. Credits: Detective Artwork Courtesy of Vanessa Bailey Typewriter is Clip Art Audience Response by Poll Everywhere
  99. 99. Questions?
  100. 100. Now for the Takeaway Challenge Storytelling, metaphor, examples, third-person thinker, took on a persona, part-to whole, multiple spirals of interaction, gaming and competition, case study, impossible case at the end-- meaning what woke him up?
  101. 101. Now for the Takeaway Challenge 1) Story/Characters 2) Polling/Audience Input 3) Winners/Teams 4) Mystery/Curiosity 5) Blend story/instruction 6) Suprise 7) Humor 8) Tangible Takeaway(notes)
  102. 102. Oh, which team won?
  103. 103. Thank you and Remember For: Notes/Slides Additional Ideas www.karlkapp.com www.karlkapp.com/kapp-notes

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