Islands In Classicism


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Islands In Classicism

  1. 1. I s l a n d s i n W e s t e r n H i s t o r y C l a s s i c i s m I n t h e A r t s 1 4 2 5 – 2 0 0 0
  2. 2. Reasoning <ul><li>Cyclical appearance in history </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes as a response to a decidedly non-classical moment </li></ul><ul><li>Often corresponds with times of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political/Social Stability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eras of Intellectual Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of power (on many levels: national to individual) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Renaissance <ul><li>c.1425-1525 </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily in Florence and surrounds, </li></ul><ul><li>later Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Revisiting and building upon Antiquity </li></ul>
  4. 4. Donatello, David
  5. 5. Michelangelo, David
  6. 6. Images of a growing power: Florentine Republic
  7. 7. Brunelleschi, Pazzi Chapel, Florence Humanism as a design factor
  8. 8. French Baroque <ul><li>Early 17 th century </li></ul><ul><li>reigns of Louis XIII – Louis XV </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocratic and serious </li></ul>
  9. 9. Perrault, Le Vau, Le Bron, East Façade of the Louvre
  10. 10. Inner court of the Louvre (a prior style)
  11. 11. Painting in the Grand Manner: Historical and virtuous, optical clarity, order and logic, drawing Poussin, Burial of Phocion
  12. 12. Poussin, Et in Arcardia Ego
  13. 13. Neoclassic <ul><li>18 th century </li></ul><ul><li>the Enlightenment </li></ul><ul><li>Connected to two major revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery of Pompeii influential </li></ul><ul><li>European and North American (initial style of the new country) </li></ul>
  14. 14. David, Oath of the Horatii
  15. 15. The Backstory The Horatii were a set of male triplets from Rome. During a war between Rome and Alba Longa (7 th century B.C.E.), it was agreed that settlement of the war would depend on the outcome of a battle between the Horatii and the Curiatii. The Curiatii were a set of male triplets who were from Alba Longa and of the same age as the Horatii. In the battle, the three Curiatii were wounded, but two of the Horatii were killed. The last of the Horatii turned to flee. The Curiatii chased him, but because they were wounded, they became spread out from one another, which allowed Horatius to slay them one by one. When the victorious Horatius returned carrying the spoils of victory, his sister cried out in grief because she realized the Curiatius to whom she had been engaged was dead. Then Horatius killed his sister, proclaiming, &quot;So perish any Roman woman who mourns the enemy.&quot; For the murder, he was condemned to death but was saved when he appealed to the people. The legend might have been used as the reason why the condemned in Rome were allowed to appeal to the populace. -from Wikipedia
  16. 16. David, Death of Marat Propaganda: institutional disinformation towards an ideology/goal
  17. 17. Latrobe, Baltimore Cathedral and original design for National Capital Monticello, Jefferson Designs for a new democratic empire …
  18. 18. Th. Greenough, George Washington … and a new Caesar
  19. 19. Modernism: The International Style <ul><li>c.1920 – present </li></ul><ul><li>Co-exists with numerous trends and styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible application of ideals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At times a paradox: rejection of traditional modes combined with Classical traits </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Mies van der Rohe The Barcelona Pavilion (1929) “ less is more” “ God is in the details”
  21. 21. The Seagram Building NYC (1958)
  22. 22. a machine for living: Le Corbusier Villa Savoye Poissey, France (1929)
  23. 23. Richard Meier Getty Center Los Angeles (1997)