Classical Architecture
Technique demands style <ul><li>Post and lintel construction  is simple, strong, </li></ul><ul><li>and limited </li></ul>
Plan of the Parthenon What do you notice about design? …space?
3 Orders of Antique Architecture +  Basic vocabulary
Doric Order = oldest, most austere
Ionic Order = refined, more graceful
Corinthian Order = most complex
Challenge #1: Temple of Athena Nike, Parthenon, Athens Order?
Challenge #2:  Temple of Hera II, Paestrum, Italy    Order?
Challenge #3:   Iktinos and Kalikrates , The Parthenon,    Acropolis, Athens, Greece -  Order?
Connections  ?
In search of ideal relationships Like  Doryphoros,  here is the culmination in a 200 year effort to find  perfect order  a...
Entasis
 
Challenge #4:   Maison Carrée, Nîmes, France  Order?   What seems “un-Greek”?
Look-a-likes What are the differences? What some possible reasons for making them look similar? Why not use the model comp...
value =  P O W E R
Pantheon, Rome, Italy value =  S P A C E
V A U L T S
D O M E S
C E M E N T
A R C H E S
 
Examine: body design, weight and gravity, facial expression,  movement/axis, interaction   1. Which image reflects Classic...
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3 Orders Of Antique Architecture

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3 Orders Of Antique Architecture

  1. 2. Classical Architecture
  2. 3. Technique demands style <ul><li>Post and lintel construction is simple, strong, </li></ul><ul><li>and limited </li></ul>
  3. 4. Plan of the Parthenon What do you notice about design? …space?
  4. 5. 3 Orders of Antique Architecture + Basic vocabulary
  5. 6. Doric Order = oldest, most austere
  6. 7. Ionic Order = refined, more graceful
  7. 8. Corinthian Order = most complex
  8. 9. Challenge #1: Temple of Athena Nike, Parthenon, Athens Order?
  9. 10. Challenge #2: Temple of Hera II, Paestrum, Italy Order?
  10. 11. Challenge #3: Iktinos and Kalikrates , The Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, Greece - Order?
  11. 12. Connections ?
  12. 13. In search of ideal relationships Like Doryphoros, here is the culmination in a 200 year effort to find perfect order and harmony through strict mathematical porportions. Note the development (refinement in search of balance/grace) of many features in the bottom image. Symmetria is controlled by ratio x=2y+1 Sense of order disguises many actual irregularities; entasis, sloping . . . 460 B.C.E. 447-438 B.C.E.
  13. 14. Entasis
  14. 16. Challenge #4: Maison Carrée, Nîmes, France Order? What seems “un-Greek”?
  15. 17. Look-a-likes What are the differences? What some possible reasons for making them look similar? Why not use the model completely? Theories? What can be deduced about the values respective societies by comparing these two edifices?
  16. 18. value = P O W E R
  17. 19. Pantheon, Rome, Italy value = S P A C E
  18. 20. V A U L T S
  19. 21. D O M E S
  20. 22. C E M E N T
  21. 23. A R C H E S
  22. 25. Examine: body design, weight and gravity, facial expression, movement/axis, interaction 1. Which image reflects Classical themes and style? L or R 2. What descriptive words can be applied to each? L R

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