The Seven Natural Wonders Of The World A booklet about the Seven Natural Wonders Of The World
The Northern Lights• They occur most frequently in a belt of radius 2500 km from the north pole.• Usually it occurs between 90 and 130 km above sea level, but some, particularly the ray-like forms, extend to several hundred kilometres up.• The Northern Lights start from when large numbers of electrons at high speed rush in towards the Earth along its magnetic field and collide with the highest air particles.• The resulting colours are an affect of which gases we find up there, the most usual yellow-green colour coming from oxygen. Red light is also due to oxygen with some from nitrogen. The violet you can see at the bottom of the Northern Lights is due to nitrogen, like wise as the blue lights.• It is a natural wonder of the world because it is is an amazing site to see and it does not happen anywhere else.•
Victoria Falls• Located in between of Zambia and Zimbabwe in Southern Africa.• The Victoria Falls are slightly over 1mile wide (1.7km) and 108 Metres high (355 feet)• During the wet season over 500 million litres of water pours over the side creating a 1000 foot high spray that can be seen 30 miles away.• When David Livingstone first saw them he said “scenes so lovely must have been gazed upon by angels in their flight.”• The best time to go see the Victoria Falls is during March to May as of the rainy season is taking place then.• It is a natural wonder of the world as it is the one of the largest waterfall in the world and showcases how powerful water is.
Mount Everest• Highest Mountain in the world, located at Latitude 27° 59 N.....Longitude 86° 56 E Its summit ridge separates Nepal and Tibet.• It was named after Sir George Everest in 1865 ,the British surveyor-general of India. The mountain was once known as Peak 15!• It was first climbed by Sir Edmund Hillary who was from New Zealand on 29 th May 1953.• The youngest person to climb it was 15.• The most ascents of Mount Everest is 11 by Appa Sherpa.• The highest cause of death is Avalanches and there are roughly 120 corpes on Mt Everest.• It is a natural wonder of the world because it is the tallest Mountain in the world and is the most impressive.
The Grand Canyon• The Grand Canyon is found in the US state of Arizona.• The Grand Canyon is 277 miles (446 kilometres) in length.• At its widest point the Grand Canyon stretches 18 miles (29 kilometres) across.• The Grand Canyon is around 6000 (1800 metres) feet deep.• The Colorado River runs through the Grand Canyon, it has been eroding its steep sides for millions of years.• The rock found at the bottom of the Grand Canyon (schist) is around 2 billion years old.• It is a natural wonder of the world because of how spectacular it is and the fact that it is visited by millions of people every year.
The Great Barrier Reef• It is the largest reef in the world being as long as 1300 miles (2300km).• You can see it from the Moon!• There are over 2900 reef and 900 islands in the Great Barrier Reef.• It covers a huge area of 35 million hectares.• The Great Barrier reef has some of the greatest diversity of marine life in the world including-• 1500 types of fish• 400 types of coral• 26 types of whales & dolphins• 4000 types of snails & clams• 100 types of starfish.• It is a natural wonder of the world as it hosts millions of creatures and is the biggest one there is.
Paricutin Volcano• It can be found in the Mexican state of Michoacán.• It grew out of a cornfield• The Paricutin volcano now stands at exactly 1,345 feet above the ground and 9,210 feet above sea level.• It’s hardened lava is covers about 10 square miles, its volcanic sand (unconsolidated fragments of volcanic material) covers about 20 square miles.• Paricutin is named after a small Tarascan Indian village.• It is a cinder cone volcano.• It is a natural wonder of the world because it is so beautiful and magnificent.
Rio de Janeiro Harbour• Located around Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.• Largest bay in the world based on volume of water.• Rio de Janeiro translates "river of January" in Portuguese.• Sugar loaf mountain is off the bay.• It was created by erosion from the Atlantis Ocean.• It is a natural wonder of the world due to it’s size and it’s looks.