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Health Psychology Poster


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Excellent example of what a poster should look like. This one was for my Health Psychology assignment.

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Health Psychology Poster

  1. 1. Image source: Google images ADRENAL GLANDS Cortisol Source: STRESS (cortisol) MOTIVATION HEALTH ENGAGEMENT CONTROL MULTI- SENSORY INTERVENTION CARE QUALITY MUSCLE RELAX HEALTH (cortisol) EXERCISE HEALTH EDUCATION EMOTION CONTROL COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPY SPIRITUALITY STRESS: Lat. stringere, “strain” HORMONE: Gr. hormon "that which sets in motion” HYPOTHALAMUS: Gr. hypo “under” + thalamus “vault” PITUITARY: Gr. “mucus” ADRENAL: Lat. ad “near” + renal “kidney” CORTISOL: Lat. cortex ”from the outer shell” + -ol “oil” Psychological COPING RESOURCES can be:  Appraisal-focused (adaptive cognitive)  Problem-focused (adaptive behavioural)  Emotion-focused (social support, self- control, positive re-appraisal, disclaiming, escape-avoidance, responsibility acceptance) (Lions&Chamberlain,2006) PREVIOUS RESEARCH has shown that specific psychological strategies like cognitive behavioural therapy, coping techniques, and emotion control can fight cortisol effects and, hence, improve HEALTH. CURRENT RESEARCH has added previously unknown facts like:  Persistently high or persistently low cortisol levels affect health outcomes.  Stress can begin in the womb from high maternal cortisol.  Persistently high cortisol can affect virtually any organ system and has been associated with skin conditions, migraine, high blood pressure, heart disease, immune-suppression, insomnia, diabetes, gastrointestinal disease, asthma, some cancers, and premature aging.  Persistently high cortisol can also cause or worsen psychological diseases like depression, anxiety, PTSD, burnout addictions, aggressiveness, chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. RECOMMENDATIONS for the FUTURE should cover the following flaws found in the most recent literature on cortisol andhealth:  Betterinternalvaliditycontrolof research.  Longitudinalstudiesto replicateinnovative researchwith highpotentialof effectiveness, acceptanceandaffordability.  Address generalisabilityof studies.  Eliminatebarriers to theimplementationof effective,sustainablestudies.  Actions taken by research institutions to become community - based psychosocial healthcentres.  Creationof an InternationalJournalof RecentlyImplementedPsychosocialHealth Studies. STRESS is any challenge related to both external and internal factors. External stressors come from our environment (nature, society, relationships, job, home). Internal stressors come from our body (illnesses, emotions, cognitions, traits). Individuals ADAPT to stress through biological and psychosocial COPING mechanisms. Cortisol regulates biological adaptation. It is a hormone released by glands on top of the kidneys in response to hormones from the brain. This is the HPA axis. Too high or low cortisol levels cause disease. This is known as HOMEOSTASIS dysfunction or balance alteration of bodily substances. ACRONYMS: HPA (hypothalamus pituitary adrenal), PTSD (post- traumatic stress disorder) Source: www. REFERENCES: Lyons A.C., & Chamberlain, K. (2006). Health Psychology: A critical introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. VIRGINIA WESTERBERG 10143519 - MASSEY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF PSYCHOLOGY - 2011 Source: Source: